What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps strengthen the immune system and is good for skin, hair and health. Most of the properties of vitamin E are related to its antioxidant properties. This vitamin is found naturally in a wide range of foods and is even added to some food products to help you increase your intake. Vitamin E deficiency is not common unless you have an underlying medical condition or your diet is very low in fat. In some premature babies, its level may be low.

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps strengthen the immune system and is good for skin, hair and health. Most of the properties of vitamin E are related to its antioxidant properties. This vitamin is found naturally in a wide range of foods and is even added to some food products to help you increase your intake. Vitamin E deficiency is not common unless you have an underlying medical condition or your diet is very low in fat. In some premature babies, its level may be low.

In this article from BingMag, we discuss what vitamin E is in and what its benefits are for the body. Then we talk about the causes of vitamin E deficiency and ways to treat it. Stay with us until the end of this article.

What is vitamin E?

It is a fat-soluble vitamin that is also known as a strong antioxidant. Antioxidants protect body cells from the damaging effects of free radicals and can reduce the risk of developing dangerous diseases such as cancer, heart disease or even Alzheimer's.

This vitamin was discovered in 1920. In 1936, scientists succeeded in extracting a type of vitamin E from wheat germ and named it "alpha-tocopherol". Later, other types of this vitamin named "beta-tocopherol" and "gamma-tocopherol" were discovered, but they were weaker in terms of effectiveness.

This vitamin is one of the vitamins that our body cannot produce. . Therefore, we must get it to our body by eating food or supplement. Vitamin E deficiency can be eliminated by consuming foods such as nuts, vegetable oils, and some vegetables or through supplements such as vitamin E tablets. Vitamin E is one of the most important factors for strengthening the body's immune system. Preventing premature aging of the skin and having a healthy vision system. However, not all its benefits and side effects are known. It is natural that eating too much of this substance can be dangerous. Therefore, be sure to consult your doctor or nutritionist before taking vitamin E pills or supplements.

In the following, we will introduce you to the properties of vitamin E for skin and hair, as well as health.

h2>What are the sources of vitamin E?

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Vitamin E occurs naturally in eight chemical forms, including Their "alpha-tocopherol" is the only form that can meet human needs. You can read the most important foods containing this type of vitamin E below:

  • Sunflower seeds
  • Olive oil
  • Almonds
  • Hazelnut
  • Peanut
  • Mango
  • Avocado
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Kiwi
  • Tomatoes

The body's need for vitamin E

The amount of vitamin you should receive during the day depends on your age:

  • Infants up to 6 months: 4 mg
  • Infants 7 to 12 months: 5 mg
  • Children 1 to 3 years: 6 mg
  • 4 to 8 year old children: 7 mg
  • 9 to 13 year old child: 11 mg
  • Adolescents and adults: 15 mg
  • Pregnant women: 15 mg
  • Nursing women: 19 mg

Properties of vitamin E for skin, hair and health

Daily intake of vitamin E for adults is 15 mg . By consuming this amount of vitamin, you can benefit from its properties for the body. In the following, we explain some of the most important benefits of vitamin E.

1. Regulation of cholesterol and prevention of cardiovascular diseases

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Cholesterol is a natural substance in the body that is made by the liver. and it is important for the proper functioning of cells, nerves and hormones of the body. When the body's cholesterol level is normal, cells, nerves and hormones are balanced and normal. But when cholesterol is combined with oxygen and oxidized, a dangerous situation will occur.

Studies show that certain isomers of vitamin E are able to protect us like an antioxidant and fight cholesterol oxidation. These are free radicals that cause the oxidation of cholesterol. Due to its antioxidant properties, vitamin E can fight free radicals and prevent cholesterol oxidation. Tocotrienol isomers present in vitamin E also have a positive effect on the health of the cardiovascular system. This vitamin is able to reduce the enzyme activity that is responsible for controlling the production and synthesis of cholesterol. In addition, these isomers prevent cell adhesion and therefore reduce the rate of progression of atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis or blockage of blood vessels.

2. Fighting free radicals and preventing disease

Free radicals fight and break down healthy body cells. These molecules cause serious and severe damage to the body by increasing and oxidizing. This issue can In addition to heart diseases, it can also lead to cancer.

One of the most important properties of vitamin E is that its special isomers have antioxidant power. These isomers are able to reduce free radical damage, eliminate inflammation and naturally slow down the aging of cells.

Vitamin E can fight many diseases. Studies show that this vitamin prevents the occurrence of common diseases and serious and special conditions by strengthening the body's immune system.

3. Properties of vitamin E for the skin

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Vitamin E increases the strength of the capillary wall and increases the moisture and elasticity of the skin. It acts like an anti-aging agent and has a positive effect on the skin. Researchers have found that products containing vitamin E can increase skin moisture. However, they did not find a connection between oral intake of this vitamin and skin hydration. Therefore, those who want to use vitamin E as a moisturizer for dry skin should go for topical products containing this vitamin. Protects cells from damage. In addition, topical vitamin E oil can be used for dry lips and to remove cracks.

According to the studies, vitamin E is beneficial for the skin and in addition to reducing the internal inflammations of the body, it helps maintain health and Prevents premature aging of the skin. Also, this vitamin can prevent skin cancer in smokers or people whose skin is exposed to the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Taking vitamin E and vitamin C after exposure to ultraviolet rays prevents skin inflammation and is useful in reducing symptoms such as pimples and eczema. In addition, creams containing vitamin E help the skin's healing process. They help and treat sunburn by being absorbed through the epidermis layer of the skin. Sunburn itself can lead to skin cancer among other factors.

Since vitamin E increases cell regeneration and regeneration, it is also used to treat wounds, pimples, and skin wrinkles. It is because of this anti-aging property that vitamin E is said to be beneficial for the skin around the eyes and it is used in most eye creams and anti-aging creams.

Note

In general, vitamin E It makes the skin look younger and healthier. But remember that the use of topical vitamin E for the skin can irritate the skin of some people. If you want to use vitamin E on your face and other parts of your body, test a small amount on your skin first to make sure you're not allergic to it. If you experience side effects such as skin sensitivity or allergic reaction, stop taking vitamin E.

People with skin diseases should consult a doctor before using products containing vitamin E. If you constantly break out or your skin pores get blocked easily, using this vitamin topical oil can aggravate your symptoms.

4. Properties of vitamin E for hair

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Vitamin E has many benefits for hair and because it is an antioxidant It is strong, it helps in reducing environmental damage to the hair. This vitamin increases blood flow to the scalp and maintains the natural moisture of the scalp. As a result, the scalp does not become dry and flaky.

Some studies have shown that the lack of antioxidants such as vitamin E may be related to hair loss. Also, vitamin E can prevent hair graying at a young age by neutralizing free radicals. Vitamin E is also useful for frizzy hair. You can open a vitamin E capsule and apply the oil inside to the ends of your damaged hair.

To enjoy the benefits of vitamin E, you should include foods containing it in your diet or take a supplement if necessary. . You can also use hair products that contain vitamin E and vitamin E oil for hair. Apply a few drops of vitamin E oil to your hair for the health and vitality of the hair shaft; Especially when the hair is dry and frizzy. In addition to maintaining health, this also gives the hair a more beautiful appearance.

5. Regulating hormones and helping to lose weight

Among the other properties of vitamin E, we can mention its important and fundamental role in regulating the endocrine glands and the nervous system and balancing hormones. The most important symptoms of imbalanced hormones in the body include premenstrual syndrome (PMS), weight gain, allergies, urinary tract infections, skin changes (acne and excess hair), anxiety, discomfort and fatigue.

Vitamin E with Obesity is also related. Some new research has shown that obese people with metabolic syndrome may be more prone to vitamin E deficiency than others. By balancing the body's hormones, this vitamin makes the menstrual cycle regular and achieving a balanced weight easier. The result of a study on the use of vitamin E for hair loss showed that using the supplement Vitamin E and magnesium can help reduce these hairs in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, it is unclear whether this improvement occurred due to the elimination of nutritional deficiencies or through a different mechanism. Therefore, more studies should be done in this field.

6. Reducing symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

As we said, vitamin E can regulate the hormonal balance, menstrual cycle regularize In addition, if you use vitamin E tablets two to three days before and two to three days after the start of your period, you may see a reduction in symptoms such as muscle cramps, discomfort, sadness, and the desire to eat certain foods. Also, this vitamin can reduce the intensity and duration of pain and reduce menstrual bleeding. The natural regulation of hormones by vitamin E keeps your menstrual cycle regular.

7. Strengthening vision

Vitamin E reduces the possibility of developing macular degeneration or age-related macular degeneration. This disease is one of the common causes of blindness in the elderly. In order to benefit from the properties of vitamin E to maintain eye health, you must consume it along with sufficient amounts of vitamin C, beta carotene and zinc.

It is also said that the consumption of vitamin E and vitamin A on a daily basis It can speed up the process of vision improvement in people who undergo eye laser surgery.

8. Prevention of Alzheimer's disease

Research shows that the anti-inflammatory activity of tocotrienols is effective in preventing Alzheimer's disease. Vitamin E also slows the process of memory loss in people with relatively severe Alzheimer's disease or other neurogenic disorders. Therefore, this vitamin can delay the loss of independence and the need for help from others in these patients.

Also, it seems that taking vitamin C together with vitamin E can have its effect in preventing the progression. Some diseases of dementia and insanity increase.

9. Reducing the risk of cancer and enhancing drug treatment

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Sometimes, vitamin E is used to reduce the side effects of treatment. Cancer is used, as are complications from radiation therapy. This vitamin can reduce the unwanted side effects of some drugs that cause hair loss and lung damage. As we said, vitamin E fights free radicals in the body as a strong antioxidant. Some isomers of vitamin E have the ability to prevent cancer. In animal studies, there is evidence that tumor growth is suppressed by taking oral doses of tocotrienol.

Although more studies are needed in this field, it is believed that some mechanisms, including Cancer cell death, silencing of cancer-related genes, and inhibition of angiogenesis (abnormal growth of blood vessels) within the tumor are promoted by tocotrienols. In animal studies, the ability to prevent cancer in organs such as breast, prostate, liver and skin has been seen.

10. Increasing physical endurance and muscle strength

Vitamin E can strengthen the body's physical endurance, increase the body's energy and reduce the oxidative stress of the muscles after exercise. For this reason, attention is paid to the properties of vitamin E in sports nutrition, especially in sports such as bodybuilding. This vitamin increases muscle strength, eliminates fatigue by increasing blood flow, increases the strength of capillary walls and nourishes body cells.

11. Helping the development of the fetus during pregnancy

Research on the properties of vitamin E for women shows that this nutrient supports reproductive health in women due to its antioxidant properties. Vitamin E is also useful for male fertility and strengthens sperm function.

Getting vitamin E is vital for pregnant women as well as the development of infants and children. Because it protects essential fatty acids from damage and controls inflammation.

Some experts believe that vitamin E affects the early stages of brain and nerve development. For this reason, it is recommended that pregnant women, lactating women and children up to the age of two years include the consumption of foods containing this vitamin in their daily schedule and make sure that they receive a sufficient amount of this substance.

Symptoms Vitamin E deficiency

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Low levels of vitamin E lead to the following problems:

  • Muscle weakness: Vitamin E is essential for the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). This substance is one of the main antioxidants in the body, the lack of which leads to oxidative stress and as a result muscle weakness.
  • Disturbance in coordination and balance of the body and difficulty in walking: Neuron damage Purkinje (nerve cells) due to the lack of this nutrient disrupts their ability to transmit signals.
  • Numbness and tingling: Damage to nerve fibers from correct transmission. Signals are blocked by the nerves, causing this unpleasant sensation, which is called peripheral neuropathy.
  • Vision loss: Vitamin E deficiency can weaken the photoreceptors in the retina and other cells of the eye. slow and cause vision loss over time.
  • Immune system problems: Some research has shown that vitamin E deficiency can inhibit immune cells. The elderly are more susceptible to this problem than others.

Muscle weakness and coordination problems are considered neurological symptoms and show that the central and peripheral nervous system is damaged. The central nervous system communicates between the brain and the spinal cord, while the peripheral system is a network of nerves that are located outside the brain and spinal cord and carry messages throughout the body. and lack of vitamin E means that the body has less antioxidants to protect these fats. Therefore, due to the lack of this nutrient, the functioning of the nervous system is disrupted.

The cause of vitamin E deficiency

The most important factors that cause this vitamin deficiency are:

Genetics

Vitamin E deficiency is often found among members of the same family. Knowledge of family medical history can make it easier to diagnose some rare and hereditary diseases. Two of these diseases are congenital aphalipoproteinemia and familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, which lead to very low levels of vitamin E.

Diseases

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Vitamin E deficiency can result from diseases that severely reduce fat absorption. Because the body needs fat to absorb this nutrient. Some of these diseases include:

  • Chronic pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas or pancreas)
  • Celiac disease
  • Cholestatic liver disease
  • Cystic fibrosis

Deficiency of this nutrient is common in premature babies who have less weight and fat. The digestive system of premature infants is not fully developed and therefore cannot absorb fat and vitamins well. Vitamin E deficiency in these infants can lead to hemolytic anemia, which is associated with the destruction of red blood cells. should consult a doctor to determine the cause of their occurrence. The diagnosis of vitamin E deficiency is based on the symptoms, the result of physical examination and the presence of conditions that increase the possibility of deficiency. Blood levels of the vitamin may also be measured to confirm a deficiency.

With a blood test, the doctor can measure the amount of alpha-tocopherol in the blood. Usually, the normal level of this vitamin is considered between 5.5 and 17 milligrams per liter (mg/L). The normal range may be different for premature babies and people under 17 years of age, as well as in different laboratories. A person whose blood level of vitamin E is less than 4 mg/liter should receive a supplement. or it is related to insufficient fat in the diet, modifying the diet can help to fix it. You may also need to use oral vitamin E supplements that come in different dosages.

Vitamin E Supplements

BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

Babies and premature children receive this vitamin supplement through a tube placed in the stomach. If necessary, it can be administered intravenously. Although a single supplemental dose can sufficiently raise blood levels of vitamin E, multiple doses may be needed. they need. Taking supplements can stop the progression of the disease. If the deficiency is diagnosed in time, it may be possible to prevent neurological symptoms with supplement therapy.

Supplements of this vitamin are available in natural and synthetic forms. Manufacturers label the natural form of the supplement with the letter "d" and the synthetic form with the letter "dl." The amount of vitamin E is expressed in two ways, i.e. milligrams and international units (IU).

You can convert IU to milligrams using the following formula:

  • 1 The international unit of the natural form of the vitamin is equivalent to 0.67 mg of alpha-tocopherol. 1 international unit of the synthetic form of the vitamin is equivalent to 0.45 mg of alpha-tocopherol. You can also use the following formula to convert milligrams to IU:

    • 1 mg of the natural form of alpha tocopherol is equivalent to 1.49 international units.
    • 1 mg of the synthetic form of alpha Tocopherol is equivalent to 22.2 international units.

    When to take vitamin E is the most common question of people who use supplements. This vitamin is fat-soluble, so you should take it with a meal or with foods containing fat, such as nuts. Otherwise, fine It is not absorbed.

    Vitamin E is sensitive to heat and breaks down quickly if exposed to extreme heat or direct sunlight. Therefore, always store it in a dry and cool place.

    In addition to oral supplements, vitamin E oil is also sold in pharmacies, which is only used topically.

    Complications Vitamin E

    BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

    Vitamin E deficiency is very rare, unless a person has an underlying chronic disease or Be genetically affected or have a very low-fat diet. Therefore, usually other people in the society do not need to receive supplements.

    Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin, and for this reason, taking too much of the supplement is dangerous and can lead to problems such as abnormal bleeding, muscle pains, diarrhea. And vomiting leads. This bleeding can increase the risk of stroke and early death.

    Some studies have shown that vitamin E supplements can be harmful for women who are in the early stages of pregnancy. Women who take high-dose supplements during the first eight weeks of pregnancy may have an increased risk of congenital heart defects. Some evidence also shows that taking this vitamin supplement is associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer.

    You should inform your doctor about all the supplements you take regularly. Also, be careful not to take supplements more than the dosage indicated on their packaging, unless prescribed by a doctor. Consult your doctor before taking vitamin E if you have any of the following:

    • Vitamin K deficiency
    • Eye disease in which the retina is damaged ( Retinitis pigmentosa)
    • Bleeding disorders
    • Diabetes
    • History of heart attack or stroke
    • Head and neck cancer
    • Liver disease

    Vitamin E supplementation may increase the risk of bleeding. If you are planning to have surgery, stop taking the supplement two weeks before. Also, if you have recently had or are about to have an angioplasty to open a blocked artery, talk to your doctor about taking a vitamin E supplement.

    Vitamin E Drug Interactions

    BingMag.com What are the benefits of vitamin E for the body and what are the symptoms of its deficiency?

    This vitamin supplement may interact with the following medications:

    • Alkylating agents and antitumor antibiotics : There is concern that high doses of vitamin E may affect the use of these chemotherapy drugs.
    • Anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs, herbs and supplements: If combined with drugs , herbs and supplements that prevent blood clotting, use vitamin E, may increase the risk of bleeding.
    • Statins and niacin: These drugs are for people with cholesterol. are prescribed above and taking vitamin E together with them can reduce the effect of niacin.
    • Vitamin K: Taking vitamin E with vitamin K may reduce the effects of vitamin K.

    Final words

    Vitam Yin is essential for vision, reproduction, brain, heart, skin and hair. This nutrient has antioxidant properties and protects cells from free radicals. Free radicals play a role in many diseases, including cancer and heart disease.

    Most people can get the vitamin E they need from a healthy diet that contains enough fat. Foods rich in vitamin E include nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils. However, genetic diseases, chronic diseases that affect nutrient absorption, and following a very low-fat diet can cause a deficiency of this vitamin. Supplements play an important role in the treatment of vitamin E deficiency, but it is best to consult your doctor before taking them, especially if you are taking medication.

    This article is for educational and informational purposes only. Before using the recommendations of this article, be sure to consult a specialist doctor. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer. Sources: Dr.Axe, ods.od.nih, medicalnewstoday, mayoclinic, stylecraze. strong>

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