Sleep disorder is a problem that affects a person's ability to sleep well. Most people sometimes have trouble sleeping due to stress, work or other environmental factors. However, when this is repeated repeatedly and disrupts daily life, it is a sign of sleep disorders. Adults need 7 to 9 hours of sleep a night. Lack of adequate and quality sleep has negative consequences for the health of body and soul. Lack of sleep affects energy, mood, concentration and overall health of the body. It also reduces your performance at work and causes stress in your work and personal relationships. For this reason, it is important to know the types of sleep disorders and their timely treatment. Join us in this article from BingMag Meg to learn about the most common sleep disorders, their causes and how to treat them./ul>
Types of sleep disorders
The most common types of sleep disorders are:
Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder that people in the community struggle with. About 10% of adults experience short-term insomnia, and in about 20% of them, insomnia gradually becomes a chronic problem. 30 to 40% of adults only occasionally experience insomnia. This means that the person has difficulty falling asleep, wakes up several times during sleep, or wakes up too early and cannot sleep again. In order for your insomnia to be confirmed, you need to have enough time to sleep and observe the symptoms of insomnia during the day (such as fatigue and decreased attention and concentration). If the sleep disorder occurs three times a week and lasts for at least a month, your doctor may diagnose your problem as chronic insomnia.
Causes of insomnia
Insomnia has several causes. In some cases, insomnia is a genetic problem. One example is "lethal familial insomnia," which is a rare genetic brain disorder in families. Insomnia caused by this disorder is so severe that it can cause death. Other causes of insomnia include: Caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, and drugs. Stress, anxiety, and other mental health problems. Which cause pain, discomfort, or frequent visits to the bathroom
Treatment of insomnia
Treatment of insomnia It depends on the cause and whether it is a chronic problem. In addition to insomnia, your doctor should look at other underlying problems and illnesses to treat sleep disorders. Sleep hygiene education is an important part of treating insomnia. Proper sleep hygiene includes:
- Having a regular schedule for sleeping and waking up
- Physical activity during the day
- Reducing caffeine consumption
2. Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Snoring occurs when the throat tissue relaxes and the airways become partially closed. This condition causes the tissues to vibrate and produce a snoring sound. People with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) experience irregular sleep apnea, which causes them to stop breathing for at least 10 seconds. Prolonged breathing interruptions lead to a decrease in blood oxygenation and consequently waking up during the night. This can reduce the quality of sleep and have a negative effect on health.
Causes of snoring and sleep apnea
It seems that snoring and obstructive sleep apnea are related. Most people with sleep apnea snore. However, not everyone who snores has sleep apnea. The following factors play a role in the occurrence of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea:
- Anatomy of the head and neck
- Chronic nasal congestion
Treatment of snoring and sleep apnea
in case of snoring Finding or Observing the Symptoms of Sleep Apnea You should talk to your doctor to determine the root cause of this problem. Your doctor will examine your sleep and breathing in a variety of ways to determine the cause of your sleep disorder. The following methods can help treat sleep apnea:
- Use of respiratory aids to keep the airways open during sleep
- Weight loss (if you are overweight and Obesity)
- Use the device to move the mandible forward to prevent airway obstruction by oral tissues
- Treatment of underlying diseases
If you have parasomnias or parasomnias, you may experience abnormal behaviors or events during sleep or during the transition between sleep and wakefulness. This sleep disorder is common in childhood. However, it may continue into adulthood. Parasomnia is characterized by the following symptoms:
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In addition, any abnormal behavior that a person exhibits while sleeping can be a form of parasomnia. Fall for your body
Causes of Parasomnia
There are several causes for parasomnia, including:
- Stress and anxiety
- Depression or post-traumatic stress disorder
- Taking certain medications
- Having other sleep disorders such as insomnia, insomnia or sleep apnea
Treatment of Parasomnia sleep disorder
Some effective ways to treat this sleep disorder These include:
- Sleep hygiene
- Take precautions such as locking windows and using an alarm in case a person walks while sleeping.
- Use of over-the-counter supplements
If you have narcolepsy or a sleep attack (Narcolepsy), you will feel too drowsy during the day. As such, you may fall asleep at inappropriate times, such as while working or driving. In addition to drowsiness, about 10 to 25 percent of people with narcolepsy experience the following symptoms: Cataplexy: Cataplexy causes muscle weakness to suddenly disappear. This will cause you to fall while conscious. Cataplexy usually occurs in response to intense emotions such as excitement, laughter, or surprise. Sleep Illusions: This problem can cause you to have visual, auditory, or tactile hallucinations when you fall asleep while you are still awake. These dream-like hallucinations are often frightening.
There are two types of narcolepsy. If this sleep disorder occurs with cataplexy, it is called "type one narcolepsy." Narcolepsy that occurs without cataplexy is called "type 2 narcolepsy." 10 factors that may affect your sleep
Causes of narcolepsy h4>
The exact cause of narcolepsy is unknown. People with type 1 narcolepsy have low levels of a brain chemical called "hypocretin." This chemical helps keep your muscles awake and strong. Many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 narcolepsy are similar. But patients with type 2 narcolepsy do not have cataplexy or hypocretin levels. Treatment of Narcolepsy There is currently no cure for narcolepsy. But doctors try to control the symptoms by using the following medications:
- Stimulants that help keep a person awake during the day
- Oxybates Such as sodium oxybate to improve sleep quality, relieve daytime sleepiness, and prevent cataplexy. Antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors to control cataplexy. To relieve drowsiness and treat cataplexy
5. Restless Legs Syndrome
Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disease that usually affects women and gets worse with age. This syndrome causes the legs to move uncontrollably due to discomfort. Some people with Restless Legs Syndrome experience symptoms such as pain, burning, tingling, or the sensation of insects crawling on their feet. These symptoms usually appear at night when resting or sleeping. RSL affects the quality of sleep and keeps you awake at night.
Causes of Restless Legs Syndrome
Some of the factors that can lead to Restless Legs Syndrome include: :
- Iron deficiency
- Alcohol, nicotine and caffeine use
- Some Drugs and Supplements
Treatment of Restless Syndrome
To treat this sleep disorder, your doctor will need to treat underlying conditions, including iron deficiency. If the person does not have any underlying disease, lifestyle modifications and weight loss may be recommended if necessary. Some patients also need medication, including: Gabapentinoids: Gabapentin, Pregablin, and Gabapentin enacabril as the first line. Introduce RSL treatment.
Moving the legs helps to improve the symptoms of RSL. Stretching your legs, walking or massaging can also help relieve these symptoms.
- Why is good sleep so important for good health?
Sleep disorders affect the quality of your sleep and therefore your quality of life. Sleep is essential for good health. Therefore, any person experiencing sleep-related problems should consult a physician to determine both the cause of the sleep disorder and its appropriate treatment. A wide range of underlying conditions such as obesity, iron deficiency, stress and anxiety affect sleep. Your doctor can diagnose these diseases and suggest appropriate treatment.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .