Bleeding treatment is the most important thing to do in accidents. If you lose one-fifth of your blood, your blood pressure will drop and your heart will have trouble pumping blood to your internal organs. This leads to a condition called "hypovolemic shock" that is fatal if left untreated. Hypovolemic shock, or shock due to decreased blood volume, is the most common shock seen in injured people. It becomes. Arterial hemorrhage occurs in the arteries that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body, and venous hemorrhage occurs in the arteries that carry blood back to the heart. Capillary hemorrhage occurs in the smallest blood vessels that connect the arteries to the arteries. Severe bleeding can be dangerous. For this reason, we will dedicate this article from BingMag Meg to familiarity with different types of bleeding and provide tips on first aid.
Treatment of bleeding according to the type of damaged arteries
Types The main hemorrhages are different in different ways. Arterial blood is expelled from the body by pressure. But the bleeding from the veins is slow and continuous and the bleeding from the capillaries is dripping. Bleeding from the arteries and veins can be severe and therefore should be treated immediately. Capillary bleeding, which is the most common type of bleeding, is mild and easier to control.
Arterial bleeding is the most severe type of bleeding, usually resulting from damage to organs and blood vessels. The blood that comes out of the arteries is different from the blood in the other arteries of the body. For example, its color is bright red due to its oxygen. In addition, it is excreted by leaps and bounds.
Because arterial blood pressure is higher than that of veins, rupture of large arteries causes significant blood to be expelled from the body. This type of bleeding can be difficult to control. Because its pressure is caused by the heartbeat and does not clot or stop easily. The following strategies can help treat arterial bleeding:
- Apply direct pressure to the wound that caused the bleeding with latex gloves and sterile gauze. Also call the emergency room for medical help.
- If the bleeding stops, you should cover the wound with sterile gauze and a bandage to keep the pressure on the wound. Do not remove the dressing from the wound to see if the bleeding has stopped. It is best to raise your hand slightly to see if blood is leaking.
- If the artery in your arm or leg is torn, keeping these organs above the level of the heart can help.
- If your efforts to prevent bleeding from the body are in vain, use a "tourniquet" on top of the bleeding area.
Vein BleedingThe severity of venous hemorrhage is less than that of arterial bleeding. However, it can lead to the death of the patient. Therefore, it needs emergency treatment. The blood that comes out of the veins does not have much oxygen and therefore its color is dark red. In addition, because the arteries are not under direct pressure, blood flows out of the body continuously and with less intensity than the arteries. To treat this type of bleeding, you should do the same steps as mentioned for the arteries.
Tiny capillaries are the smallest blood vessels in the body and their diameter is only 5-10 micrometers. These vessels are located near the surface of the skin as well as in organs such as the eyes and lungs. Capillary bleeding is more common than other types of bleeding and usually occurs due to skin damage. Blood comes out of the capillaries in the form of droplets. This type of bleeding is not severe and is therefore easily controlled. Because capillaries, unlike arteries and veins, are located in the superficial parts of the body. The following steps may help to treat capillary bleeding:
- First clean the wound with soap and water or non-toxic cleansers.
- Rinsing with high-pressure water may be necessary. Do this to completely remove the contaminants and prevent infection.
- Finally, apply pressure to the wound site with latex gloves and a sterile dressing. This usually stops the bleeding and it is not necessary to see a doctor.
This type of bleeding may not seem like a big deal, but it should be taken seriously. If the bleeding does not stop or the patient feels dizzy or nauseous and cannot stand, call the emergency room. Because these symptoms may be a sign of a more serious problem.
The difference between external bleeding and internal bleeding
External bleeding occurs when blood leaves the body. For example, nosebleeds and bleeding from cut skin. But if bleeding occurs inside the body, it is called internal bleeding. This type of bleeding is caused by damage to organs or internal parts of the body.
The hip, knee, elbow, and ankle joints are the most common areas where internal bleeding usually occurs. The brain, large muscles, intestines, or the space around the lungs may also bleed.
Symptoms of internal bleeding
Minor internal bleeding is very common and appears as small red spots on the skin or slight bruising. But the severe form can be fatal. Because the patient loses a significant amount of blood and suffers from hypovolemic shock. Symptoms of internal bleeding vary depending on the location and can include the following:
This occurs when blood vessels inside the skull rupture and around or They bleed inside the brain. Weakening of the arterial wall, which results from high blood pressure, usually contributes to this problem. Symptoms of intracranial hemorrhage include weakness in one side of the body, nausea, vomiting, and headache.
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The pleural cavity (adjacent space) is located around the lungs. Bleeding in this area prevents the natural expansion of the lungs and affects the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the blood. This problem is characterized by symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and dizziness. Abdominal Bleeding Occurs in the large cavity of the trunk, which includes the stomach, liver, and kidneys. Low blood pressure, abdominal pain, vomiting of blood, fainting, blood in the urine and bruising of the abdomen are the most important symptoms of this type of bleeding. The most common causes of bleeding in the abdomen are:
- Damage to the liver, kidneys or spleen
- Damage to the blood vessels in the abdomen
- Rupture of the cyst
Bleeding from a broken bone
Bones have an extensive network of blood vessels. As a result, failure to treat a bone fracture can lead to fatal bleeding. This is especially important when a long bone such as the humerus, thigh, or pelvis is broken.
Inflammation of the large intestine, stomach, or esophagus Tumors are a possible cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. This type of bleeding is characterized by the following symptoms: Cramps and stomach cramps. .
First aid for the treatment of external bleeding
Evidence shows that bleeding is the most important cause of death in wounds and injuries. Following these tips is effective in treating external bleeding:
- Call the emergency number (115).
- Help the person with the accident to stay calm Slowly This helps control heart rate and blood pressure. If your heart rate or blood pressure is too high, the bleeding rate will increase.
- Lay the victim on the floor to reduce the chance of fainting. Then take off his clothes so you can identify where the blood is coming out.
- Remove foreign particles from the wound, but do not touch large objects such as knives. Removing these objects can cause more damage and possibly increase bleeding. In this case, use a bandage to hold the body in place and absorb blood.
- If a first aid kit is not available, cover the wound with a cloth and apply pressure with both hands. You can use the clothes of one of the people present at the scene to do this.
- If you have access to a first aid kit and your arm or leg is bleeding profusely, use a tourniquet. li>
- If you do not have a tourniquet or bleeding in the groin, neck or shoulders, cover the wound with a cloth and apply pressure to it.
When to see a doctor
If a person has severe external bleeding, seek first aid and seek emergency medical help. If you suspect internal bleeding, see your doctor to prevent shock and death. Regardless of the type of bleeding or injury, if the bleeding is severe, you should call the emergency room or go to the hospital.
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Arterial, venous and capillary bleeding are the three main types of bleeding that are named after the arteries from which the blood comes out. have became. In addition, depending on the source of the bleeding, the bleeding can be internal or external.
Severe bleeding is an emergency condition that can lead to shock and death. If a person has severe external bleeding or is suspected of having internal bleeding, he or she should seek medical help immediately.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .
Sources: medicalnewstoday, northwestcareercollege