How does diet affect migraines?
Many factors affect migraine attacks and can trigger them; Including foods and beverages.
According to the Migraine Research Foundation, migraine-inducing foods may trigger these attacks when combined with other factors. But these stimuli are different for different people, either together or individually. This is why it is so difficult to research.
There is no such thing as a general cause of migraine. This means that migraine triggers are not the same for everyone. But there are some stimulants that many people have reported as migraine triggers. Here are some food triggers.
If you have a migraine attack, try to control your intake of the following foods to minimize them. Sometimes it is necessary for some people to stop using it altogether.
Consuming large amounts of caffeine as well as quitting caffeine can cause headaches And cause migraines. Of course, the same caffeine, if used occasionally, can be helpful in relieving headaches and stopping the oncoming migraine attack. Caffeinated foods and beverages include:
Coffee, tea, chocolate
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2. Artificial sweeteners
Many processed foods have artificial sweeteners. These sweeteners replace sugar and are added to flavor foods and beverages. But these sweeteners can cause migraines. Of all the sweeteners, aspartame stimulates migraines the most.
Alcohol is one of the most important triggers for migraine attacks. In one study of migraine triggers, 35% of respondents reported alcohol as a migraine trigger. Alcohol can cause dehydration, which plays an important role in causing a variety of headaches.
Chocolate is also one of the most important triggers for migraine attacks after alcohol. Researchers say that 22% of people who suffer from migraine attacks report chocolate as one of the most important stimulants. Chocolate contains caffeine and beta-phenylethylamine, both of which can cause headaches in some people.
Foods containing monosodium glutamate
Monosodium glutamate, or MSG for short, is a sodium salt of glutamic acid that occurs naturally in the body. MSG is found in some foods and is found in many foods as a food additive. It is safe to eat; But some researchers have linked it to migraine attacks.
The American Migraine Foundation notes that it may cause severe migraine attacks in 10 to 15 percent of people with migraines. Other preservatives may also trigger migraines in some people.
Processed meats Processed meats, including ham, hot dogs and
sausages, all contain preservatives. Nitrates are the name that
preserves its color and taste. These foods can release nitric oxide
into the bloodstream, which is thought to dilate the blood vessels
in the brain. There is some credible evidence that nitric oxide can
cause or help increase migraine attacks.
Old cheeses contain a substance called tyramine. This substance is formed when the aging of food causes the breakdown of proteins. The older the cheese, the higher the amount of tyramine.
Tyramine is another chemical that appears to cause headaches and migraines. Common cheeses that contain large amounts of tyramine are:
- blue cheese
- Parmesan cheese
8. Pickles and Fermented Foods
Like old cheeses, fermented foods and pickles can contain large amounts of tyramine. These foods are:
- Okra Pickles
- Halopino Pickles
9. Frozen Foods
Eating frozen foods and beverages, such as ice cream or a frozen fruit smoothie, can cause severe headaches.
You will experience headaches by eating cold foods and snacks fast. These headaches can turn into migraine attacks.
Salty foods, especially processed salty foods that may contain harmful preservatives, can cause migraines in some people. High sodium intake can raise blood pressure and cause headaches or migraine attacks. Migraine Treatment Migraine treatment can include a combination of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications and treatments. Alternatively.
For occasional headaches or migraine pain, you can use over-the-counter pain relievers. Your doctor may also prescribe triptan medications to relieve pain.
If you experience regular migraine episodes, your doctor may prescribe preventative medications. These medications may include beta-blockers, which can lower blood pressure and reduce migraine attacks. Antidepressants are also sometimes prescribed to prevent migraine symptoms; Even in people who do not have depression.
There is evidence that some alternative therapies can help treat migraines. These treatments include:
- Massage therapy that can reduce the number of migraine attacks
- Biofeedback that teaches you how to respond to physical stress, such as stress Examine muscle
- Vitamin B2 or riboflavin, which can prevent migraines
- Magnesium supplements
Perspective and preventionMigraine episodes can be painful and can ruin your life. Fortunately, there are some lifestyle changes and habits that you can use to prevent migraine attacks.
These include the following:
- Eat regularly and never skip meals
- Limit caffeine intake
- Get enough sleep
- Stress with yoga, mindfulness or meditation exercises Reduce in your life
- Limit the amount of time you look at bright screens or in direct sunlight as both can cause migraines
- When using a TV, computer And other screens, consider rest time
- Try a elimination diet that includes eliminating foods that you find to trigger migraines
Other migraine triggers
Migraine triggers are not limited to food and other factors can play a role. Have. Sometimes these factors affect migraines much more than diet. Here are some of these stimuli that you should try to eliminate from your life by changing your lifestyle.
Significantly increase or decrease physical or mental stress Causes migraines.
Danish researchers find that most people with migraines report that their attacks are related to stress.
Other researchers report that between 50 and 80% of people People with migraines say that stress causes them to have migraine headaches. Some people experience a migraine after a stressful event, while others experience a new attack in the midst of a stressful event.
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Lack of sleep or jet lag
Sleep is one of the most common triggers for migraines. Inadequate sleep often triggers acute migraine attacks. Excessive sleep is also a stimulus that most people report. Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder associated with chronic migraines. People with chronic migraines as well as insomnia are more likely to have anxiety or depression.
These conditions have one thing in common: sleep disorders. At the same time, many people report that sleep often relieves their migraine headaches.> Hunger or dehydration
People with migraines should avoid skipping meals. Research shows that skipping meals is often associated with the onset of migraines. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. This is probably due to low blood glucose levels. Dehydration has also been suggested as a possible trigger for migraines. Not drinking enough water is associated with the onset of headaches.
A small survey of people with migraines found that "insufficient fluid intake" was associated with the onset of headaches in about 40% of respondents.
Overuse of medication is one of the most common triggers for migraines.
People who overuse regular painkillers are more likely to From occasional migraines to chronic migraines. People with migraines often take medications such as opioids and butalbital.
Overuse of these medications and other painkillers, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may actually cause recurrent headaches. . It may also cause more pain during migraine attacks.
Drugs in the opioid group are more likely to be associated with chronic migraines. It is not clear why excessive use of painkillers can make migraine symptoms worse. Abnormal or pungent odors People with migraines often report that pungent or unusual odors cause headaches. They often cite perfume as a trigger for migraines.
In addition, about half of people with migraines report intolerance during attacks. This phenomenon is known as osmophobia and is unique to people with migraine headaches. One study found that people with migraines and osmophobia were more likely to have symptoms of anxiety and depression. High light and loud noise Some people reported Excessive light, blinking or thumping or loud noises may act as migraine triggers.
A small study in Europe found that even short-term exposure to sunlight can cause migraines. Study participants reported that they were relieved by some of the following:
- Wearing a hat and sunglasses
- Wearing sunglasses
- Avoiding places Sunny
- More sleep
However, one neurologist noted in this study that sunlight may not be a major cause of migraines. He said that sunlight only causes migraines if alcohol has been consumed the night before.
Your blood sugar is due to skipping meals. He concludes that too much light, especially sunlight, may be a secondary stimulus.
People who think their migraine attacks are caused by intense light should consider whether other factors are possible Whether or not they were stimulants.
Climate change in the experiments was associated with the onset of migraine headaches. In a study of Brazilian adolescents with migraines, the weather patterns that were most likely to cause headaches were sunny, bright, hot, cold, and changeable.
Another small study found That the storm accompanied by lightning is significantly associated with the onset of headaches. In particular, the researchers concluded that lightning is a stimulus, although they are not sure how lightning can cause migraines. Migraines Women are three times more likely to get migraines than men. Evidence suggests that fluctuations in female sex hormones may play a role in the onset and severity of headaches.
More than half of female participants in a 2012 study reported experiencing severe migraine headaches during menstruation. A small subset of these women have experienced migraines only during menstruation.
Using oral contraceptives may make symptoms worse; While pregnancy may be relieving for some women with migraines. However, pregnancy has been associated with worsening symptoms for some women. After menopause, you may get some relief from headaches.
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Many people with exercise-induced migraines report headaches. It starts with neck pain. More than half of them have given up their favorite exercise to prevent migraine attacks.
Some people have reported that they have been able to replace low-intensity exercise with high-intensity activity that may trigger an attack.
If you are one of the millions of people who deal with recurrent or occasional migraines, it is important to know the triggers that are usually specific to you. are. Do your best to make them. It is also important to keep in mind that overuse of migraine medications can make your symptoms worse.
Make a personal list of your migraine triggers. This list may be helpful in preventing future migraine attacks.
One way to find migraine triggers is to talk to other people. Migraine triggers may cause problems for others. Finally, you can find a list of these factors that, by eliminating them, you will experience a healthier life without pain and discomfort.This article is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .