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Restless Legs Syndrome; Symptoms, causes, diagnosis, medications and home remedies

Restless Legs Syndrome (RSL) is a neurological disorder also known as Willis-Ekbom disease. . RSL causes unpleasant sensations in the legs, so that the sufferer has a strong tendency to move them. In most cases, these unpleasant feelings occur while sleeping.

Sleep disorders are the most serious concern for people with RLS, causing drowsiness and fatigue during the day. If left untreated, RLS and sleep deprivation can lead to many problems, including depression. RLS can occur at any age, but is usually more severe in middle age or later. Women are twice as likely as men to have the syndrome.

At least 80% of people with RLS have a condition called "Sleeping Cycle Movement" (PLMS). PLMS causes the Legs to contract or shake during sleep, which can occur every 15 to 40 seconds and last all night. PLMS leads to insomnia. Restless Legs Syndrome is a lifelong, untreated problem, but medications can help control its symptoms. Join us in this article from BingMag Meg to learn more about it.

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Symptoms of Restless Legs Syndrome

The most obvious sign of RLS is a strong desire to move your legs, especially when you are sitting or in bed. You lie down, it is created. You may also experience unusual sensations in your legs, such as tingling, crawling, or stretching. Moving your Legs usually helps relieve these unpleasant feelings.

If the RLS is mild, symptoms may not occur every night. You may also attribute these movements to restlessness, nervousness, or stress. But severe RLS can not be ignored. Because the simplest activities, such as going to the movies or taking a long plane ride, can be difficult.

People with RLS may have trouble sleeping. Because the symptoms get worse at night. RLS symptoms usually affect both sides of the body, but some people only feel them on one side of the body. RLS can affect other parts of the body, including the arms and head. In most people with RLS, the symptoms get worse with age.

People with RLS often use moving the affected limb as a way to relieve the symptoms. These movements are done by walking on the floor or spinning in bed. If you sleep with your spouse, you may disturb his or her sleep.

Causes of Restless Legs Syndrome

BingMag.com <b>Restless</b> <b>Legs</b> <b>Syndrome;</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis,</b> <b>medications</b> and <b>home</b> remedies

Most of the time, the cause of RLS is unclear. A genetic predisposition or environmental stimulus may be involved. There are five types of RLS-related genes, and more than 40% of people with RLS have a family history of the problem. In these conditions, symptoms usually begin before the age of 40.

Even when a blood test shows that the body's iron levels are normal, there may be a link between RLS and low levels of iron in the brain. RLS can be associated with disruption of dopamine pathways in the brain. There is also a link between Parkinson's disease and dopamine. This association may explain the cause of RLS in many patients with Parkinson's. Some medications can be used to control the symptoms of both conditions.

Some substances, such as caffeine or alcohol, may trigger or exacerbate the symptoms of RLS. medications used to treat allergies, nausea, depression, and psychosis can also cause RLS. RLS may be related to another condition, such as neuropathy (nerve damage), diabetes, or kidney failure. In this case, treatment of the underlying disease can also solve the problems of RLS.

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Restless Legs Syndrome

Some factors appear to increase the risk of developing RLS. But it is not clear exactly whether they actually cause RLS. These risk factors include the following:

  • Gender: Women are twice as likely as men to develop RLS.
  • Age : Although this problem can occur at any age, RLS is more common and more severe after middle age.
  • Family history: If other members of your family have RLS If you are infected, you are more likely to get it.
  • Pregnancy: Some women get RLS during pregnancy, especially in the last trimester. This problem usually goes away within a few weeks of giving birth.
  • Chronic Diseases: Diseases such as peripheral neuropathy, diabetes, and kidney failure can lead to RLS. Treatment of these conditions often relieves the symptoms of RLS.
  • Medications: Nausea, antipsychotics, antidepressants, and antihistamines stimulate or aggravate the symptoms of RLS.
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    Having RLS can affect your general health and quality of life. RLS and sleep deprivation increase the risk of the following problems:

    • Heart disease
    • Stroke
    • Diabetes
    • Disease Kidney
    • Depression
    • Premature death

    Diagnosis of Restless Legs Syndrome

    BingMag.com <b>Restless</b> <b>Legs</b> <b>Syndrome;</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis,</b> <b>medications</b> and <b>home</b> remedies

    There is no test that can confirm or rule out RLS infection. Your doctor can diagnose this syndrome based on your description of the symptoms. All of the following should be present to confirm the diagnosis:

    • Strong urge to move the affected limb, usually accompanied by strange sensations
    • worsening of symptoms at night and Reduce or eliminate them early in the day. If you have any of the above Symptoms, you may still need a physical exam. Be sure to give your doctor enough information about any medications or supplements you are taking. Also let her know about your chronic illness. Blood tests can be done to check for iron and other deficiencies or abnormalities. RLS may be more difficult to diagnose in children who are unable to describe their symptoms.

      home remedies for Restless Legs Syndrome

      Although home remedies are unlikely to completely cure the Symptoms, They can help reduce them. You should try and test the effectiveness of the following methods to reduce the symptoms of RLS:

      • Reduce or eliminate caffeine, alcohol and tobacco use.
      • Any Exercise a little during the day (such as walking or swimming).
      • Try yoga or meditation.
      • Check your mattress and pillow. If they are old and uneven, it is time to replace them.
      • Make sure that the curtains completely prevent light from entering the room.
      • Use at least one hour before bedtime Stop electronics.
      • Keep all digital devices, including clocks, out of your bed.
      • Avoid overheating your bedroom.
      • Try to go to bed at a set time every night, even on weekends, and wake up at a set time each morning.
      • Massage your feet or take a hot shower just before bed. .
      • Try sleeping with a pillow between your legs. This may help prevent nerve entrapment and stimulate symptoms.
      • Use a warm pad or ice pack if symptoms occur.

      Try something Do things that require long sitting, such as traveling by car or plane, early in the day. If you are deficient in iron or other nutrients, talk to your doctor or dietitian about how to improve your diet. Avoid taking supplements arbitrarily. Because excessive consumption of some of them is harmful.

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      Medication

      BingMag.com <b>Restless</b> <b>Legs</b> <b>Syndrome;</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis,</b> <b>medications</b> and <b>home</b> remedies

      Drugs do not cure RLS, but can help control its symptoms:

      Dopamine-boosting drugs ( Dopaminergic agents)

      These drugs reduce leg movements:

      • Pramipexole
      • Ropinirole

      Side effects of super-light medications are mild nausea and vomiting. The effectiveness of these drugs diminishes over time, and in some people their use worsens the symptoms of RLS.

      Hypnotics and muscle relaxants (benzodiazepines)

      They do not eliminate, but they do improve sleep:

      • Clonazepam
      • Eszopiclone
      • Temazepam
      • Zaleplon
      • Zolpidem

      Sleepiness during the day is a side effect of these drugs.

      Drugs ( Opioids)

      These drugs can reduce pain and strange feelings:

      • Codeine
      • Oxycodone combined hydrocodone and acetaminophen
      • combined oxycodone and acetaminophen

      Opioid use may cause dizziness and nausea. If you have sleep apnea, you should not use these medications. These drugs are powerful and addictive.

      Anticonvulsant drugs

      These drugs help reduce sensory disturbances:

      • Gabapentin li>
      • Gabapentin enacarbil
      • Pregabalin

      Side effects of anticonvulsants include dizziness and fatigue.

      Nutritional recommendations for people with Restless Legs Syndrome

      BingMag.com <b>Restless</b> <b>Legs</b> <b>Syndrome;</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis,</b> <b>medications</b> and <b>home</b> remedies

      No specific dietary guidelines for people with There is no RLS. But it is better to check the diet for adequate intake of essential vitamins and nutrients. Try to reduce your intake of high-calorie processed foods that have low nutritional value. Some people with RLS are deficient in certain vitamins and minerals. In these cases, changing your diet or taking supplements can help. If you have iron deficiency, eat the following foods that are high in iron:

      • Red meat
      • Chicken
      • Seafood
      • Iron-fortified foods such as some breakfast cereals, breads and pastas
      • Legumes
      • Dried fruits
      • Dark green leafy vegetables

      Vitamin C helps the body absorb iron. Therefore, eat iron-rich foods, especially plant-based foods, along with foods that contain vitamin C. The following foods are high in vitamin C:

      • Grapefruit, oranges, tangerines, strawberries and kiwis
      • Citrus juice
      • Tomatoes and peppers
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        Restless Legs Syndrome in Children h2>

        Children, like adults with RLS, can experience a tingling sensation in their legs. But it may be difficult for them to describe. Children with RLS are more likely to have symptoms during the day than adults.

        A child with RLS may appear inattentive, irritable, restless, or inactive. Diagnosis and treatment of RLS can help address these issues and improve a child's academic performance. Adult criteria are used to diagnose RLS in children. In addition the child should be able to describe foot-related emotions in their own words. Otherwise, one of the following must be present:

        • A clinical sleep disorder based on the age of the child
        • Infection of one parent or sibling RLS

        Children with RLS should be treated for nutritional deficiencies and caffeine should be avoided. If necessary, your doctor may prescribe drugs that work on dopamine, benzodiazepines, or anticonvulsants.

        Restless Legs and pregnancy syndrome

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        RLS symptoms may first appear during pregnancy, usually in the last trimester. Statistics show that pregnant women are two to three times more likely to develop RLS. The exact cause is not known, but vitamin or mineral deficiencies, hormonal changes, or stress may be involved. Pregnancy can cause leg cramps and make it difficult to sleep. It is difficult to distinguish these symptoms from RLS. If you are pregnant and have symptoms of RLS, talk to your doctor. You may need to be checked for iron or other nutritional deficiencies. The following home remedies can also help reduce the symptoms of RLS:

        • Avoid sitting for long periods of time, especially in the evening.
        • Try to exercise a little each day.
        • Massage your feet before bed or do leg stretching exercises.
        • Use a hot or cold pad on your feet when symptoms occur.
        • Stick to a regular sleep schedule.
        • Avoid antihistamines, caffeine, cigarettes, and alcohol.
        • Make sure you get all the nutrients you need from your diet or supplements. You are getting pregnant.

        Some medications used to treat RLS in pregnant women are not safe. RLS usually resolves spontaneously within a few weeks of delivery. Otherwise, you should see a doctor for treatment.

        Concluding remarks

        Restless Legs syndrome, which usually occurs at night and when sleeping, is caused by a tendency to move. Gives increase legs. This syndrome is called "restless legs", but it can also affect the arms, torso or head. People with RLS are usually involved on both sides of the body, but some people only feel it on one side of the body.

        Restless Legs syndrome is more common in the elderly and women, especially pregnant women. The cause of RLS is often unclear. But more than 40% of patients have a family history of this problem. If a family member has RSL, symptoms usually appear in relatives before the age of 40. There is no cure for RLS, but its symptoms can be controlled with medication and lifestyle modifications.

        This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .

Source: healthline

Tags: restless, legs, syndrome;, symptoms,, causes,, diagnosis,, medications, home, remedies

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