Zinc supplements, which are sold in various forms in pharmacies, are used to treat a wide range of diseases. In this article from BingMag, we introduce the types of zinc supplements and examine their possible benefits and side effects.
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Types of Zinc Supplements
When you buy a zinc supplement from a pharmacy, you have probably noticed that this product is available in different forms. The following supplements have different effects on health: Zinc gluconate: One of the most common zinc supplements, which is often It is found in cold medicines such as lozenges and nasal sprays.
Benefits of zinc supplementation
Zinc has several health benefits, including:
1. Improves immune function
Zinc is found in many over-the-counter medications. Because this mineral can strengthen the immune system and fight inflammation. A review of seven studies shows that zinc-containing lozenges containing 80 to 92 mg of zinc can reduce the duration of colds by up to 33%. Zinc acts as an antioxidant and reduces inflammation and protection in Helps with chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes. A study of 50 elderly people found that taking 45 mg of zinc gluconate for a year reduced several signs of inflammation as well as the number of times they became infected.
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2. Blood sugar control
Helping control blood sugar and insulin secretion is one of the well-known role of zinc. Insulin is a hormone that carries sugar from the bloodstream into cells. The results of some studies show that zinc can keep blood sugar levels stable and increase the body's sensitivity to insulin. Other research shows that zinc helps reduce insulin resistance, thereby increasing the body's ability to use insulin to keep blood sugar in the normal range.
3. Acne Treatment
Zinc supplements are often used to improve skin health and treat common skin conditions such as acne. It becomes. Zinc sulfate is especially useful for reducing the symptoms of severe acne. A quarterly study of 332 people found that taking 30 mg of elemental zinc (a term that refers to the actual amount of zinc in a supplement) was effective in treating inflammatory acne. Zinc supplementation is usually preferred over other treatments. Because it is cheap and effective and has much fewer side effects.
4. Improving Heart Health
Heart disease is a serious problem that accounts for approximately 33% of the world's deaths. Some research shows that zinc intake can improve several risk factors for heart disease and even lower blood triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Researchers reviewed 24 different studies and found that zinc supplements lower total cholesterol. , Bad cholesterol (LDL) and blood triglycerides help to prevent heart disease. In addition, a study of 40 young women found that increased zinc intake was associated with lower systolic blood pressure. However, it is important to note that research on the effect of supplements on blood pressure is limited and more studies are needed.
Other research suggests that a decrease in serum may increase the risk of developing It is related to coronary heart disease, but this finding is not conclusive.
5. Slowing down the progression of macular degeneration
Macular degeneration is a common eye disease that is one of the main causes Loss of vision is considered worldwide. Zinc supplementation is often used to reduce the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to prevent vision loss and blindness.
A study of 72 patients with AMD found that consuming 50 mg of zinc sulfate daily It slows the progression of the disease for three months. Another study found that zinc supplementation prevented advanced AMD. However, some studies have shown that zinc supplements alone do not have a significant effect on improving vision and should be used in conjunction with other treatment options to maximize results.
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The dose of zinc supplementation
The amount of daily zinc intake depends on the type of supplement. Because each supplement contains a different amount of an element. For example, zinc sulfate contains about 23% zinc. Therefore, 220 mg of zinc sulfate is equivalent to about 50 mg of zinc. These values are usually listed on the supplement label so that you can easily determine how much of the supplement to take to meet your daily needs.
Usually the recommended daily dose for adults is 15 to 30 mg per element. Is. Higher doses are used to treat certain conditions, including acne, diarrhea, and respiratory infections. Due to the side effects of high zinc intake, it is best not to exceed 40 mg of the daily supplement unless your doctor prescribes it.
Side effects of zinc supplementation
When zinc supplements are used as directed, they are a safe and effective way to increase zinc intake and improve various aspects of health. However, taking them can lead to undesirable side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and stomach pain.
Taking more than 40 mg of the element may cause flu-like symptoms such as fever, cough, headache. And cause fatigue. Zinc can also reduce the body's ability to absorb copper and gradually lead to a deficiency of this important mineral. In addition, supplements have been shown to interfere with the absorption of some antibiotics and reduce their effectiveness when taken concomitantly.
To prevent side effects, pay attention to the recommended dose. Do not take more than 40 mg of zinc supplement per day without a doctor's prescription. If you experience side effects after taking zinc supplements, reduce the dose and consult your doctor if your symptoms persist.
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It is an essential mineral that the body needs to be met through diet or supplementation. Daily intake of 15 to 30 mg of the element can improve immune system function, blood sugar levels and eye, heart and skin health. However, high intake of the supplement is harmful to health and therefore should not be taken more than 40 mg of zinc per day. Gastrointestinal problems, flu-like symptoms, decreased copper absorption, and reduced effectiveness of antibiotics are side effects of zinc. Zinc supplements are available in capsule, pill, and lozenge form in pharmacies as well as online. If you want to increase your zinc intake through your diet, use zinc-rich foods such as nuts, legumes, meat, seafood and dairy.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .