7 practical recommendations to protect eyes from sunlight

Many people fear the dangerous effects of ultraviolet (UV) rays on the skin, but few of them realize the danger that UV rays can have on the eyes.

BingMag.com 7 practical recommendations to protect eyes from sunlight

Many people fear the dangerous effects of ultraviolet (UV) rays on the skin, but few of them realize the danger that UV rays can have on the eyes.

Both UV rays originating from sunlight and UV rays from artificial sources can damage the surface tissues of the eye as well as the cornea and lens. In addition, UV can burn the skin in front of the eyes just like a sunburn. Therefore, just as you protect your skin by using sunscreen, you should also think about maintaining the health of your eyes and vision.

The effect of ultraviolet rays on the eyes

Ultraviolet rays, rays They are invisible and form part of the energy produced by the sun. In addition to the sun, these rays can also be emitted by artificial sources such as welding machines, tanning beds, and lasers. In general, there are three types of UV rays:

  • Ultraviolet A or UVA
  • Ultraviolet B or UVB
  • Ultraviolet C or UVC

UVC radiation is absorbed by the ozone layer and therefore poses no risk to humans. But exposure to UVA and UVB rays can have adverse effects on eyes and vision. Prolonged exposure to these two dangerous rays can cause significant damage.

The UV index indicates the intensity of ultraviolet radiation and estimates how long it may take for the sun to cause damage. The higher this index, the greater the effect of ultraviolet rays on the skin and eyes. An index of 1 to 3 indicates that the risk of exposure to sunlight is low, but if the index is 8 to 10, the probability of injury from exposure to sunlight is very high.

Ultraviolet rays are present in all It is present throughout the year, but is strongest in spring and summer. Keep in mind that this radiation is also present on cloudy days and can be reflected from surfaces (such as snow, sand, and water). Therefore, not looking at the sun is not enough to protect the eyes.

Short-term effects of UV

BingMag.com 7 practical recommendations to protect eyes from sunlight

If you are exposed to large amounts of UV rays for a short period of time without taking precautions, your eyes may experience a problem called snow blindness or photokeratitis. Photokeratitis is a type of corneal inflammation that occurs as a result of short-term exposure to ultraviolet rays, usually due to UV reflection from the surface of snow and ice. Photokeratitis may be painful and cause symptoms such as red eyes, feeling A foreign body or a feeling of sand in the eye, extreme sensitivity to light and tears. This problem is usually temporary and rarely causes permanent eye damage.

Long-term effects of UV

Long-term exposure to UV rays can have more serious risks. Research has shown that exposure to small amounts of UV rays over a long period of time increases the risk of developing cataracts and may damage the retina, which is full of nerves and plays an important role in vision. Retinal damage is usually irreversible.

Cumulative damage from repeated exposure to UV rays may lead to chronic eye disease and also increase the risk of developing skin cancer around the eyelids.

Long-term exposure to ultraviolet rays is a risk factor for pterygium. In patients with pterygium, as a result of benign growth of connective tissue and conjunctival vessels, a triangular lesion of the conjunctiva (white of the eye) stretches over the cornea (black of the eye).

How to protect our eyes?

How to protect our eyes?

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It is not yet known exactly how much UV radiation you need to be exposed to before your eyes and vision are damaged. However, observing the following points will reduce the possibility of eye damage:

1. Wear sunglasses

BingMag.com 7 practical recommendations to protect eyes from sunlight

Ophthalmologists recommend when working or exercising outdoors or doing any other activity in Wear good quality sunglasses and a brimmed hat in the sun. Don't forget to wear sunglasses in winter too, especially when it's snowy. Because UV rays can reflect off the surface of the snow.

To adequately protect your eyes, your sunglasses should be able to block 99-100% of UVA and UVB rays and 75-90% of visible light. It should also be completely harmonious in terms of color and without defects. Using gray lenses makes you less likely to make mistakes in recognizing colors.

2. Wear a hat

Sunglasses help protect the eyes, but they cannot cover all angles. There are still openings through which sunlight can reach your eyes. To fully protect the eyes and face, it is better to use a large and brimmed hat.

3. Seek shade

Being in the sun It's good for your health and helps your body produce vitamin D, so you don't have to avoid it all the time. But try to stay in the shade at regular intervals, especially when the sun is too strong. The shade reduces the effects of ultraviolet rays and helps you protect your body.

4. Consider the outdoors

Think about where you will be this summer. Eye care in different environments may require different equipment. For example, if you spend a lot of time in the pool, you need swimming goggles. If you're at the beach, a hat and sunglasses are essential, and if you're in the city, sunglasses may be enough.

If you wear contact lenses, always have eye drops handy. Use it if your eyes are irritated or dry. Also, if you wear prescription glasses, be sure to bring a hat. Planning and foresight is an important part of preventive care.

5. Be careful with children

BingMag.com 7 practical recommendations to protect eyes from sunlight

Remember to protect your children's and teens' eyes from UV rays. protect Usually, children spend more time under the sun than adults, and for this reason, not protecting their eyes increases the possibility of serious injuries in the future. It is subject to damage related to ultraviolet rays. Because, unlike the eyes of adults, children's eyes cannot effectively filter ultraviolet rays. For this reason, more rays reach the retina.

If you notice frequent blinking, rubbing of the eyes or redness, keep the child away from the sun for a while. In this situation, a cold compress can help relieve eye pain.

6. Teach good habits to children

Eye protection should start from a young age. On hot summer days, encourage your child to wear sunglasses and a hat. Talk to the child about the importance of taking care of the skin and eyes so that good habits develop in him.

7. Visit the eye doctor regularly

It doesn't matter whether you use prescription glasses or contact lenses or not, in any case, both you and your children should visit the eye doctor regularly to ensure the health of your eyes. become Eye examination every 3 years for children and every 4 to 5 years for adults helps to diagnose vision problems.

Final word

Summer is the season for swimming, playing and having fun under the light. is the sun Although it is common to use sunscreen to protect from the sun, many people forget or neglect to protect their eyes, especially since the effects of sunlight on the eyes may not be immediately apparent.

However, Eyes are vulnerable to sunlight and without proper protection, they may suffer serious damage. Using high-quality sunglasses and a brimmed hat plays a big role in protecting your eyes and helps you have a safe and healthy summer.

This article is for educational and informational purposes only. Before using the recommendations of this article, be sure to consult a specialist doctor. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer.

Sources: verywellhealth, mathervisiongroup

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