When you are injured, the blood starts to clot to stop the bleeding. These types of clots, which actually save your life, disappear or heal after the wound has healed. But blood clots are not always good for the body and can sometimes be dangerous. If a blood clot forms inside the arteries, it prevents oxygen from reaching the heart, brain, and lungs due to reduced blood flow, leading to a heart attack or stroke. This is why it is important to be aware of the symptoms of blood clots in the arteries.
Obesity, smoking, inactivity, taking certain medications and increasing the risk of blood clots increase. However, you may not have any of these risk factors, but you may have this problem. The effect of a blood clot varies from person to person, however, it usually causes specific symptoms in all people. In this article from BingMag Meg, we will introduce the most common warning signs of blood clots in the arteries. Follow us to the end of this article.
What is a blood clot?
A blood clot is a mass of blood that changes from a liquid to a jelly-like or semi-solid state. blood vessels can be defined as the roads or highways of the body that the blood uses to move from the heart to other parts of the body. In general, there are three types of blood vessels in the body:
- Arteries or arteries that carry blood away from the heart.
- Arteries or veins that return blood to the heart. The capillaries that connect the arteries and veins.
blood clotting is an essential process that prevents heavy bleeding during injury and injury. But when it forms inside one of the arteries, it may not resolve on its own and block blood vessels, reducing or stopping blood flow. As a result, not enough blood and oxygen are provided to vital organs.
Venous blood clot
blood clots can form anywhere in the 60,000 miles of blood vessels in the body, but are more likely to form in the veins (venous blood clots). The most common types of venous blood clots are:
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): Deep vein thrombosis most often occurs in the legs and deep veins of the body, but it can occur It is also found in the arms, pelvis, lungs and brain. Thrombosis is a clot that stays in place and blocks blood flow through the arteries.
- Pulmonary embolism (PE): If the DVT moves to your lungs , Can cause pulmonary embolism. Embolisms are blood clots that travel and travel to other parts of the body.
Arterial blood clots
Fortunately, blood clots form inside the arteries are less common. Arterial clots form when a blood clot blocks an artery. The most important symptoms of blood clots in the arteries are:
- Cold sensation in the affected area
- Decreased pulse in the arm or leg
- Paralysis or not moving Affected area
- Pallor of the arm or leg
- Blisters on the skin and around the damaged artery
- Discoloration or damage to the skin around arteries in which blood has clotted
Creating these clots can prevent oxygen from reaching the heart or brain And lead to a heart attack or stroke. A heart attack is characterized by chest pain, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, arm pain, neck, back or jaw, sweating, nausea and palpitations, and a stroke with symptoms such as paralysis, numbness or weakness of the arm, leg or face, especially in One side of the body is accompanied by stuttering, dizziness, vision problems, difficulty walking and balancing, dizziness, sudden and severe headaches, seizures, and nausea or vomiting.
What are the symptoms of a blood clot in a
vein? It may be difficult to diagnose the early signs of a
blood clot inside a blood vessel. Because
different people can experience different symptoms. This problem is
asymptomatic in some people and causes severe symptoms in
others. However, there are common signs and symptoms
that you should be aware of.
Signs of Deep Vein Thrombosis
DVT can occur in the legs or arms. The most common symptoms of blood clots in the legs are:
most people experience some degree of foot swelling, especially late in the day. This type of swelling is not usually a concern, but should be noted if it is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- It occurs suddenly or is more severe than usual.
- During The day remains and does not go away.
- It does not improve by keeping the legs high.
2. Leg pain
Leg pain can be a sign of blood clots in the arteries of the leg. But if the pain lasts only a few seconds and recurrs If not, it is probably not related to blood clotting. According to experts, the symptoms of blood clots do not appear quickly and do not go away. In other words, they stay for a while.
3. Varicose vein changes
Veins that dilate abnormally due to weakening of the vessel wall are called varicose veins. These types of veins are seen as clusters of blue or purple vessels. If you have varicose veins, the warning signs of deep vein thrombosis are:
- A vein that does not protrude or flatten when you lie down or lift your leg. This condition can be a sign of superficial or small clots forming inside the varicose vein.
- A vein that suddenly tightens./ul>
The symptoms of a blood clot in the arm are similar to those of a foot, but often the swelling is more noticeable. The color of the hand may also appear slightly purple due to congestion due to blood clotting.
In general, the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis depend on the size of the blood clot. Because of this, you may have no symptoms or just a slight swelling in your leg. If the blood clot is large, your whole leg may be sore and swollen.
Usually, blood clots do not form in both legs or both arms at the same time. If symptoms are seen in only one leg or arm, the risk of blood clots in the arteries is increased.
symptoms of pulmonary embolism
symptoms of pulmonary embolism often depend on the following:
- blood clot size
- Your age
- Your general health status
The most common symptoms of a blood clot in the lungs are:
Shortness of breath
Shortness of breath that has just developed and is different from what you have experienced before can be a sign of a blood clot in your lungs, especially if the feeling persists.
Chest pain can be both a sign of a heart problem and a blood clot in the arteries. Chest pain may be persistent, or it may be felt when you take a deep breath, or it may start in the chest area at the front of the body and spread to the back of the body. you may also feel heaviness or pressure in your chest for a long time. If the problem is transient, resolves, and does not recur, it is probably not related to a blood clot.
Coughing up blood
Other symptoms of blood clots in the pulmonary arteries include a bloody cough or sputum in the chest that contains more than one blood vessel. In this disease, the amount of blood that comes out by coughing is high and is as much as a teaspoon or tablespoon.
What causes blood clots in the arteries?
Various factors cause blood to clot inside the arteries. Arterial clots are formed by pieces of plaque, consisting of fatty deposits or minerals, and can block blood flow. Factors that cause blood to clot in the veins include:
- Damage to the area where the clot forms
- Bone fracture
- Autoimmune disorders
- Some medications, such as birth control pills or Hormone therapy
Some factors increase the chance of a blood clot. Hospitalization, especially when it takes a long time or involves major surgery, increases the risk of developing this problem. Other risk factors include:
- Age, especially if you are over 65
- A long journey in which you have to sit for more than four hours >
- Resting in bed or being sedentary for a long time
- Family history of blood clots
- Some birth control pills
Do children get the same problem?
It can also occur in children blood clots form inside the arteries, especially in children who are hospitalized. In general, one in 10,000 children develops a blood clot, while the prevalence of this problem is higher among hospitalized children and is one in every 200 children.
In hospitalized children, inactivity due to illness or injury is the most important cause of blood clots. However, some babies develop congenital or genetic disorders at birth, which causes blood to clot in their arteries. The most common causes of blood clots in children are:
- Decreased blood flow
- Intravenous catheter venous damage
- Inherited diseases such as Genetic Thrombophilia
- Abnormal blood vessel structure, such as May-Thurner Syndrome and Syndrome Paget-Schroetter Syndrome
- Taking certain medications
When should you see a doctor?
Depending on whether you suspect pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis, the steps you need to take may vary.
In some cases, pulmonary embolism is dangerous. Therefore, if you notice any warning signs, you should go to the emergency room for a medical evaluation and have a lung scan on the same day.
Deep vein thrombosis
If you have more than one or two symptoms As the day goes on and it gets worse, call your doctor to help you decide on the next steps. If you do not have access to your doctor, go to the emergency room.
The location of the blood clot is important. For example, blood clots in different parts of the leg are more worrying than in other parts of the body. If a blood clot forms in the leg, your doctor will probably check its condition every few weeks with an ultrasound scan. If a blood clot is in a dangerous condition, doctors will often prescribe a blood thinner within 24 hours. In some people, however, it can cause swelling, shortness of breath, and chest pain. If you think you may have a blood clot, you should contact your doctor immediately to have your symptoms checked and action taken.
symptoms that appear suddenly are usually alarming. If you suddenly have shortness of breath, have difficulty seeing or talking, or feel pressure in your chest area, call 115 immediately or go to the nearest emergency room.
Treatment for a blood clot Inside the arteries depends on the location of the clot, but medication is usually used to remove it. These drugs dissolve the blood clot or prevent it from enlarging and forming new clots.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .
Sources: health.clevelandclinic, healthline