turmeric is a yellow-orange spice that has its origins in South Asia. In India and the Middle East, this popular spice is used to prepare many foods. The use of turmeric is not limited to cooking, and these days the use of supplements containing turmeric or curcumin (its main active ingredient) has become popular. However, some experts have expressed concern about the side effects of turmeric and curcumin, arguing that supplementation is not for everyone.
People have traditionally used turmeric to treat disease for hundreds of years. In modern medicine, the benefits of turmeric have been widely studied and researchers have found its properties in reducing inflammation and maintaining heart health. Consumption of turmeric in small amounts, ie the amount used in cooking, usually does not cause any health problems. But higher doses, when taken for long periods of time, can harm the body. High doses mean the use of turmeric as a supplement. If you want to know the side effects of turmeric, stay with us until the end of this article.
What is turmeric?
Turmeric, also known as Curcuma longa, is an Indian spice, a medicinal plant. And it is a food coloring that belongs to the ginger family. This spice has a bitter and peppery taste and almost all the turmeric in the world is cultivated and consumed in India. The underground stems of turmeric, called rhizomes, are bright orange or yellow. Rhizomes are usually dried and pulverized.
turmeric is mainly composed of starch and fiber, which are classified as carbohydrates. However, like other spices, it contains many plant compounds and nutrients. Underground stems are also rich in plant compounds called curcuminoids. Curcuminoids are the main active ingredients of turmeric, which is the reason for the yellow-orange color of turmeric and most of its properties. Curcumin, which has been widely studied in various studies, is curcumin, which makes up about 4% of turmeric.
Usually turmeric or commercial curcumin powders contain additives such as silicon dioxide. Some inexpensive turmeric powders may also contain unauthorized additives that are not listed on the product label. This type of turmeric is called counterfeit turmeric, which we will discuss in more detail below.
Benefits of turmeric
turmeric is used as a spice and food coloring and gives flavor and color to foods. In addition, some people use turmeric because of its health benefits. Almost all the properties and properties of turmeric are attributed to curcumin, its main active ingredient. Curcumin supplementation has many benefits, the most important of which are:
- Reducing inflammation: Chronic inflammation is associated with many diseases. Studies show that curcumin supplementation can lower inflammatory markers and help treat or reduce the symptoms of inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis, psoriasis, depression and atherosclerosis (atherosclerosis). Improve your antioxidant status: Curcumin and other curcuminoids are powerful antioxidants that can improve your antioxidant status. Antioxidants protect the body against cellular damage caused by free radicals associated with diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.
- Improving blood vessel function: Studies show Curcumin supplements dilate blood vessels, increase blood flow, and lower blood pressure.
- Reduce the risk of heart attack: These supplements may improve endothelial function through their anti-inflammatory effects. (Inner layer of blood vessels) or improve cholesterol levels reduce the risk of heart attack.
- Cancer prevention: Curcumin may help slow the growth of cancer cells and kill them Be. Researchers are currently studying the role of curcumin as a treatment for a variety of cancers, including breast, prostate, pancreatic, colorectal, and lung cancers.
- Maintaining health Nervous system: Curcumin supplements may improve the symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis or multiple sclerosis (MS) and dementia.
side effects of turmeric and curcumin
In general, both turmeric and its main active ingredient, curcumin, are considered safe and without serious side effects. However, some people may experience side effects with high doses of supplements.
turmeric contains about 2% oxalate. In high doses, this rate Oxalate may cause kidney stones in susceptible individuals. In addition, not all commercial turmeric powders are pure and some are counterfeit; This means that cheaper and potentially toxic items are added to them that are not listed on the product label.
Studies show that commercial turmeric powder may contain fillers such as cassava starch, barley, wheat flour, or Be rye. In people with gluten intolerance or celiac disease, eating turmeric containing wheat, barley or rye flour can cause side effects.
Some turmeric powders are also possible They contain unbelievable food colors that are added when the powder is mixed with flour to improve the color. One of the most commonly used food colors in India is methanyl yellow, also called acidic yellow. Animal studies show that high consumption of yellow methanol may cause cancer and nerve damage. Although the toxic effects of methanol yellow have not been studied in humans, its use is illegal in the United States and Europe. In addition, some turmeric powders may be high in lead. Lead is a heavy metal that is toxic to the body, especially to the nervous system.
Usually, turmeric in the diet does not have a significant effect on how the body processes drugs. But research on the side effects of turmeric shows that supplementation can interfere with or increase the performance of some drugs. Turmeric, for example, has an anticoagulant effect, meaning it can interfere with blood clotting. Therefore, taking it with anticoagulants or blood thinners such as aspirin, aspirin, clopidogrel, or warfarin can increase the effects of these drugs and lead to excessive bleeding. turmeric It can lower blood sugar and therefore may potentiate the effects of anti-diabetic drugs or injectable insulin. In addition, it is effective in lowering blood pressure and increases the effect of antihypertensive drugs. It also helps with digestion by increasing the level of stomach acid and as a result may inhibit the effect of antacids. To minimize the side effects of turmeric, talk to your doctor before taking a supplement to make sure it does not interfere with your medications.
Curcumin supplements are considered safe and their use in low doses has not been reported as a side effect. An old study of 10 adults found that taking 490 mg of curcumin a day for a week was safe. A new study also found that taking about 1,000 milligrams of curcumin a day did not cause any side effects. However, a small proportion of people who take higher doses of curcumin may experience mild side effects, including the following:
- Digestive problems: Experience mild gastrointestinal problems such as bloating, acid reflux and diarrhea at daily doses of more than 1000 mg.
- Headache and nausea: Doses above 450 mg may cause headaches. And nausea in a small number of people.
- Skin rash: Some people have reported a rash after taking at least 8,000 mg of curcumin, but this seems to be the case. Complications are very rare.
Studies in mice show that very high consumption of curcumin (more than 2600 mg per kg body weight) can cause serious side effects, including an increase in Liver size, stomach ulcers, inflammation, and increased risk of bowel or liver cancer. Cummins can have serious side effects for humans in the short term.
Although curcumin is safe, some research suggests that it may affect how the body processes certain drugs. Including:
- Chemotherapy Drugs
A study found that curcumin supplements induce a gene that can reduce the levels of some antidepressants and antipsychotics. In an animal study, curcumin also increased the antidepressant effects of fluoxetine. Curcumin may also increase the amount of sulfasalazine. Sulfasalazine is a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) prescribed for the treatment of rheumatism and ulcerative colitis. Evidence suggests that curcumin may inhibit the anticancer activity of drugs used for chemotherapy. Therefore, those undergoing chemotherapy should consult their physician before taking curcumin.
Curcumin has an anticoagulant effect and should be taken with medication. Anticoagulants or blood thinners such as aspirin, clopidogrel, or warfarin can cause heavy bleeding. In addition it can lower blood sugar and blood pressure and increase stomach acid levels. For this reason, it may interact with injectable insulin and other antidiabetic drugs, antihypertensive drugs, and antacids. Research on curcumin drug interactions is limited, and there is insufficient evidence to suggest whether curcumin supplements Whether or not other drugs interact or not. If you are taking certain medications, consult your doctor before taking curcumin supplements.
How dangerous is turmeric?
There are no official recommendations or instructions for consuming turmeric and the maximum tolerable consumption is not specified. As a general rule, supplements should not exceed the recommended dose on the product label. However, there are some formal guidelines for curcumin. The FAO/WHO Joint Committee has set an acceptable daily intake of 3 milligrams per kilogram of body weight.
However, an old study shows It shows that curcumin in doses of 3600 to 8000 mg does not cause serious side effects. The results of another study show that doses of 12,000 mg are well tolerated. If you want to avoid the side effects of turmeric and curcumin, talk to your doctor before deciding on a supplement.
How to make sure the quality of turmeric?
Some turmeric powders contain These are inexpensive additives and fillers that are not listed on the product label. It is difficult to identify these counterfeit powders without chemical analysis. Therefore, it is better to choose products that have a standard mark and are approved by the Ministry of Health. If you are taking turmeric or curcumin supplements, buy them from reputable pharmacies.
turmeric has many health benefits and can strengthen the immune system, reduce inflammation and maintain Help cardiovascular health. Using turmeric to cook foods and improve their color and flavor is a great and safe way to enjoy the benefits of this popular spice. It does not matter. However, some people may experience mild problems with high doses such as headaches or diarrhea. Keep in mind that counterfeit turmeric is of poor quality and may cause adverse symptoms in people with gluten intolerance due to the presence of fillers such as wheat starch. Curcumin supplements can be combined with other medications you take Overlap. If you are currently ill or taking other medications such as blood thinners, insulin or antihypertensive drugs, consult your doctor before taking any supplements.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .