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major depression; Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Depression is a common and serious illness that can range in severity from mild to severe. In mild cases, the depressed person experiences symptoms such as sadness, anger, and fatigue. But in people with major depression, many of their day-to-day functions are disrupted.

People with major depression may hurt themselves or think about suicide. They feel very sad and upset and can not focus on anything other than their upset. Severe depression affects people's relationships, their perception of the world, and their self-image. Depression is a major cause of disability and disability around the world. If you are interested in learning more about severe depression, its symptoms and how to treat it, read this article from BingMag to the end.

Definition of severe depression

Severe depression, a type of depressive disorder It is basic. major depressive disorder is a mood disorder that causes a person to feel sad or upset most of the time. Although negative events can increase the risk of depression, major depression is different from the feeling of sadness and grief caused by common life problems.

Symptoms

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major depressive disorder mainly affects mood and causes a person to be sad or have negative feelings for a long time. The most common symptoms of depression are:

  • Depressed mood: You may feel sad, upset, or angry most of the time, even when good things happen. .
  • Sleep Disorders: A person may have insomnia or sleep a lot more than usual.
  • Appetite change: Appetite People with depression change and gain weight unintentionally.
  • Movement changes: Some people with depression feel very restless. On the other hand, some of them feel that they are unable to move or that their movements are very slow.
  • Suicide: Depressed people may think of suicide or hurt themselves. Some of them may commit suicide.
  • Inability to enjoy: People with major depression may not be able to enjoy the activities they used to enjoy. li>
  • Feelings of guilt and worthlessness: Depression affects a person's self-esteem and self-esteem and leads to feelings of guilt or worthlessness.
  • Inability to Self-care: A depressed person may have difficulty eating, bathing, or doing family and work responsibilities.

In 2018, a study showed Some symptoms are more common in people with major depression, including:

  • Thinking about suicide
  • Loss of pleasure
  • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  • Depressed mood

Depression can get worse over time. This is especially true when depression makes it difficult to work or engage in meaningful relationships. For some people, depression initiates a vicious cycle of life challenges and causes symptoms that are not a direct product of depression.

The depressed person may have difficulty working and then lose their job. He suffers from stress and as a result his depression intensifies. Research shows that people with depression are more likely to get divorced than others.

Reasons

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Depression is a complex problem that cannot be attributed to just one factor. Because a combination of biological, social and psychological factors are involved in depression. A person who is biologically prone to depression may only become depressed in the right environment. Some risk factors for depression include:

  • Stress, such as living in a violent or unstable environment
  • Trauma or trauma, such as being attacked or abused
  • Brain chemical changes
  • Having genes that increase the risk of depression
  • Family history of depression
  • Alcohol or drug use
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  • Taking certain medications
  • Chronic and serious illnesses

Suicide risk factors

In addition to depression and other mental illnesses, The following factors can also increase the risk of suicide:

  • Present or past drug abuse
  • History of past suicide
  • History Family Suicide
  • Family History of Mental Illness or Drug Abuse
  • Existence of a Firearm in the Home
  • Imprisonment
  • Feeling Desperate

Suicide is a real threat to people who are severely depressed. About 15% of those whose depression remains untreated commit suicide. Suicide warning signs These include:

  • Talking about wanting to kill or kill yourself
  • Looking for ways to commit suicide or buying a gun
  • Talking about despair or not A Reason to Continue Living
  • Talking about being a burden to others
  • Increasing alcohol or drug use
  • Anxious or disturbed behavior and reckless behavior
  • Severe decrease or increase in sleep
  • Withdrawal or feeling of isolation
  • Showing anger or talking about revenge
  • Severe mood swings

diagnosis

BingMag.com <b>major</b> <b>depression;</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

There is no specific blood test or diagnostic method that can be definitive Prove severe depression. Therefore, doctors diagnose depression based on the individual's symptoms. However, if a person has a specific illness or is at risk for certain diseases, your doctor may test you to make sure you do not have other problems, such as hypothyroidism. When you see a doctor, you should inform him of all your symptoms so that your problem can be properly diagnosed.

treatment

The sooner a depressed person seeks help, the sooner His chances of recovery are higher. Prompt treatment can reduce the duration of depression and prevent symptoms from getting worse. All physicians can diagnose depression and refer you to a psychiatrist or psychotherapist if necessary.

For most people, the first line of treatment is to take antidepressant medication. There are many antidepressants, each with its own risks and benefits. If you want to take medication, you need to talk to your doctor about your needs and the side effects of the medication. Other treatments that can be used in combination with antidepressants include:

  • Individual therapy
  • Family or couple counseling
  • Using other Medications, such as mood stabilizers
  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to treat refractory depression
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation, a type of brain stimulation that can reduce symptoms
  • Vaginal Nerve Stimulation

If you or those around you are contemplating suicide, stay away from any weapons, medications, or other devices you may be using. By removing such items from your environment, you may be able to buy time to overcome suicidal ideation and treat depression.

Avoid alcohol and drugs, or treat addiction. Because they can make your depression worse and lead to suicide. If you feel that you can not control the tendency to injure yourself, or if you have already taken steps to injure yourself, go to the emergency room without delay. You may need to be hospitalized to reduce your risk of suicide.

Outlook for Treating Severe Depression

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Treating depression can be difficult. If the patient does not seek treatment or treatment is not effective, periods of depression may last 6 to 12 months. In most cases, whether or not depression is treated, there is a possibility of recurrence.

Studies show that there are no appropriate criteria for assessing the outlook for depression. But the faster the treatment, the better the patient. In addition, people who receive positive results in the early stages of treatment have a better outlook. Sometimes it is necessary for a person with depression to try different treatments to determine the most effective treatment.

Helping a person with major depression

Some people may find that they are depressed Do not or call the doctor and make lifestyle changes alarming. If someone close to you is depressed, be supportive and compassionate, do not blame them for their depression, and maximize their physical presence if requested. Also help the depressed person to call and access the doctor and accompany him or her to the first visit if necessary.

As mentioned, severe depression increases the risk of suicide. For this reason, take the suicide threat seriously and call 123 (Social Emergency) for help.

Concluding remarks

Severe depression can affect both the patient and others. That they love him is a painful experience. People who are severely depressed have difficulty doing their daily chores and building relationships with others and may feel guilty and worthless. Sometimes, depression is so severe that it reduces a person's quality of life and negatively affects their diet, exercise, or occupation.

Never ignore depression. The sooner you start treatment, the better your results will be. Symptoms of major depression can be controlled with medication or other methods such as counseling and electroconvulsive therapy.

This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .

Sources: webmd, medicalnewstoday


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