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Lupus diet; List of useful and harmful foods and its effect on the symptoms of the disease

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the immune system becomes overactive and attacks healthy tissues. This condition causes inflammation, swelling, and damage to the joints and organs of the body, including the skin, heart, and kidneys. It can be treated with medication and lifestyle modifications of which the Lupus diet is a part.

Although there is no specific diet for lupus, focusing on healthy eating habits can help control its symptoms. In this article from BingMag Meg we talk about the effect of diet on Lupus symptoms and foods that are good and bad for these patients. Join us.

Benefits of a healthy diet for people with Lupus

There are many benefits to following a healthy, balanced diet for people with lupus, including:

1. Reduce inflammation and other symptoms

Because Lupus is an inflammatory disease, eating anti-inflammatory foods and avoiding foods that cause inflammation can reduce its symptoms.

2. Strengthen bones and muscles

Proper nutrition helps maintain strong bones and muscles. Eating foods rich in calcium and vitamin D is vital for bone health and helps counteract the side effects of some medications used to treat lupus. For example, corticosteroids or corticosteroids may increase the risk of osteoporosis, a condition that causes decreased bone density and increased risk of fractures.

Managing Side Effects of Medications

In addition to counteracting the damaging effects of corticosteroids on bones, a healthy diet can also control other side effects of medications, including fluid retention and high blood pressure.

4. Weight loss and maintenance within the appropriate range

BingMag.com <b>Lupus</b> <b>diet;</b> <b>List</b> of <b>useful</b> and <b>harmful</b> <b>foods</b> and its <b>effect</b> on the <b>symptoms</b> of the disease

Weight loss and loss of appetite are common in lupus. In addition, the side effects of medications can lead to weight loss or weight gain. In these patients, joint pain and the resulting sedentary lifestyle are other causes of weight gain. If you can not maintain a healthy weight, talk to your doctor about proper diet and exercise.

5. Reducing the risk of other diseases Lupus may be associated with several diseases, including heart disease, osteoporosis, thyroid disease, and Sjogren's syndrome. These diseases are chronic in nature and occur simultaneously with lupus. For example, patients with Lupus are more likely to develop heart disease. If you have risk factors for heart disease or other diseases, following a healthy diet and active lifestyle will reduce your risk.

Relationship between diet and Lupus

Special method Not available for people with Lupus to eat. However, because Lupus is a systemic disease that affects the whole body, healthy eating habits help control the signs and symptoms of the disease. In addition, it can reduce the likelihood of hospitalization and increase the effectiveness of treatment.

Effectiveness of the Lupus diet

Diet has a different effect on each patient. Some people notice the changes very quickly, while in other patients the symptoms improve slowly. Of course, changing your diet may not work for some people at all. If you have this problem, seek the help of a nutritionist to modify your diet.

For many patients with lupus, dietary changes should be continued throughout life to prevent symptoms. Some patients also prioritize diet modification in stressful situations and when the symptoms of the disease flare up.

useful foods for people with Lupus

BingMag.com <b>Lupus</b> <b>diet;</b> <b>List</b> of <b>useful</b> and <b>harmful</b> <b>foods</b> and its <b>effect</b> on the <b>symptoms</b> of the disease

Recommended fruits and vegetables, low-calorie and low-fat foods and foods rich in antioxidants, fiber, calcium, vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids in the diet Include lupus. In such a diet, it is important to maintain balance, meaning that the intake of any food should not be too much or too little.

Lupus is an inflammatory disease and therefore anti-inflammatory foods can reduce its symptoms. Some of the anti-inflammatory foods that you should include in your Lupus diet are: Fish omega-3 fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), in fish Fats are found, including salmon, sardines and tuna. EPA and DHA can reduce inflammation that leads to a variety of diseases, including heart disease and inflammatory arthritis.

Studies show that in people who take salmon or EPA and DHA supplements, C-reactive protein Responsible for stimulating inflammation in the body, it is reduced. So try to eat fatty fish at least twice a week to benefit from its anti-inflammatory effects.

Fruits and vegetables Colorful fruits and vegetables such as spinach, lettuce, carrots, blueberries, oranges And rich They are antioxidants and polyphenols that are classified as plant anti-inflammatory compounds. The Lupus diet should include at least five servings of fruits and vegetables each day. A glass of raw vegetables, half a glass of cooked vegetables and a medium-sized serving of one serving of fruit are defined. They may contain alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). The body converts ALA to EPA and DHA. Although this conversion is low efficiency, it can benefit the body omega-3 anti-inflammatory benefits.

Whole grains

People with Lupus should use whole grains instead of refined grains . Barley, oats, quinoa and whole grain breads are some of the best cereals in the Lupus diet. Yogurt and Dairy -4.jpg ">

Research shows that there is a healthy bacterium in yogurt and other dairy products that may reduce the symptoms of the disease in some people with lupus. In addition, eating foods rich in calcium and vitamin D is important for people with Lupus because they are more prone to osteoporosis. If you can not drink milk, use lactose-free substitutes, soy milk, almond milk and juices fortified with calcium and vitamin D.

harmful foods for patients with Lupus

Some foods may aggravate the symptoms of lupus. It should be noted, however, that research into the association between these foods and Lupus is limited. harmful foods and beverages for people with Lupus include: Alpha alpha Some studies have linked the consumption of alpha alpha or alfalfa sprouts to flare-ups of Lupus symptoms. Because this bud contains a compound called L-canavanine, which affects the immune system.

According to research, eating alfalfa sprouts can cause syndrome in people who do not have lupus. Suspect Lupus or reactivate Lupus in people with passive disease. If eating alpha alpha sprouts causes you to develop flare-ups, it is best to avoid eating them. Garlic contains three ingredients called Allicin and Ajoene. And thiosulfinate, which can stimulate the immune system to cause Lupus erythematosus. Of course, eating small amounts of garlic will not harm you, but it is best to limit the amount in your diet.

Processed and refined foods

These foods include canned foods, bread They turn white and often contain a lot of fat, sugar and salt. Studies show that a diet rich in processed and refined foods can increase inflammation throughout the body. You should replace these foods with foods that contain fresh and healthy ingredients, especially if you notice a worsening of the symptoms after eating them.

Knight vegetables

BingMag.com <b>Lupus</b> <b>diet;</b> <b>List</b> of <b>useful</b> and <b>harmful</b> <b>foods</b> and its <b>effect</b> on the <b>symptoms</b> of the disease

Some people with inflammatory diseases, including lupus, experience an increase in inflammation when eating nightshade vegetables (tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, etc.). But according to the American Lupus Foundation, there is no solid evidence to support this claim. However, if you eat vegetables that increase your symptoms, you can eliminate them from your diet. Alcohol Alcohol can interfere with Lupus medications. For example, drugs such as methotrexate are metabolized in the liver, and their consumption with alcohol can increase the risk of irreversible liver problems. Other medications, such as prednisone and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can cause gastrointestinal bleeding if you drink alcohol. They have chronic diseases like lupus, not good. Because too much salt increases the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease. Instead of salt, you can use mint, basil, cinnamon, pepper, or lemon zest to flavor foods. Not recommended. Therefore, you can determine your diet according to your lifestyle. A typical eating pattern includes three meals a day.

Cooking Tips

Cooking and eating at home can reduce the intake of fast foods and meals high in saturated fat. . Remember the following tips for cooking at home:

Use healthy fats

Not all fats are bad for your body. You can use unsaturated fats such as olive oil, avocado or nuts instead of saturated fats such as butter and margarine. Since healthy fats are also high in calories, you need to be careful about how much you eat.

Limit sugar and salt

BingMag.com <b>Lupus</b> <b>diet;</b> <b>List</b> of <b>useful</b> and <b>harmful</b> <b>foods</b> and its <b>effect</b> on the <b>symptoms</b> of the disease

Consuming too much sugar or salt can put you at risk for Put heart disease and high blood pressure. So it is better to use less salt or sugar while cooking. You can flavor the food with herbs, spices, vinegar or lemon. Roast healthy oils. Also, make sure you eat the right amount of meals so that you do not eat more than you planned. Lupus can not be successful. Other lifestyle changes you should make include:

Increase the number of meals

If you have indigestion and indigestion, four instead of three large meals Or eat five small meals. In addition, because fat is difficult for people with Lupus to digest, it is recommended that you avoid high-fat meals. High-fat foods include high-fat dairy products, fried foods, creamy soups, sauces and processed meats (such as sausages). Avoid smoking

Increases and decreases the effectiveness of prescribed drugs. Talk to your doctor if you need help to quit smoking.

Take Vitamin D Supplement

Lupus, like other autoimmune diseases, is associated with low levels of vitamin D. If you do not get enough out of the house and are not exposed to sunlight, talk to your doctor about measuring your vitamin D levels and the need for supplements.

Exercise

In addition On a diet, physical activity can also help you manage the symptoms of lupus. Try brisk walking, swimming, water aerobics, cycling or using an elliptical and treadmill.

Get enough rest

BingMag.com <b>Lupus</b> <b>diet;</b> <b>List</b> of <b>useful</b> and <b>harmful</b> <b>foods</b> and its <b>effect</b> on the <b>symptoms</b> of the disease

Prioritize sleep and try to get 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night. Also, take time to rest during the day.

Manage your stress

Emotional stress and other daily challenges can exacerbate lupus. Try to find effective ways to relax and control stress.

Other dietary approaches

A comprehensive diet focusing on anti-inflammatory foods provides a wide range of nutrients for the body. Reduces inflammation, relieves the symptoms of lupus, helps maintain a healthy weight, and reduces the risk of complications. Although no specific diet is recommended for lupus, here are some common diets for the disease. Mediterranean Diet Mediterranean Fruit and Vegetable Diet Emphasizes whole grains, nuts, legumes, seafood and olive oil. Other foods such as chicken, eggs, cheese and yogurt are also allowed in this diet, but should be consumed in moderation. Research shows that adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduction in inflammation. Healthy sweets are like dark chocolate. They also recommend regular consumption of omega-3 fatty acids and avoidance of fried foods and unhealthy snacks. Studies on diet, autoimmune diseases, and Lupus confirm that eating omega-3 fatty acids as part of an anti-inflammatory diet can reduce the amount of inflammatory proteins in the body. Vegetarian or vegan diet/h3>

Some people believe that reducing the number of inflammatory foods such as meat and dairy products and increasing the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and legumes can help the body heal. Although this is a good approach, it is better to include a supplement in your diet. Because some nutrients are only found in animal products. Also consult your doctor or dietitian before eliminating a food group from your daily routine.

Gluten-free diet

BingMag.com <b>Lupus</b> <b>diet;</b> <b>List</b> of <b>useful</b> and <b>harmful</b> <b>foods</b> and its <b>effect</b> on the <b>symptoms</b> of the disease

Following a gluten-free diet means avoiding wheat and other gluten-containing cereals and choosing healthy alternatives to provide the nutrients your body needs. If you do not have celiac disease or gluten allergy, a gluten-free diet will probably not reduce the symptoms of lupus. In fact, there is little evidence that gluten worsens inflammation, or that a gluten-free diet can improve the symptoms of lupus. Are certain foods helpful in causing or worsening symptoms? Because limiting or eliminating these foods from the diet can reduce the symptoms. To do this, you need to eliminate certain types of foods from your daily routine and start eating them again after a few weeks. If you notice a return of symptoms by eating a certain food, you should eliminate it from your diet.

Paleo diet

In the Paleo diet, you can only eat rich foods. Use nutrients that do not contain sugar or additives. In other words, this diet includes lean meats, fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds. Although eating these foods is good for the body, there is no evidence that the paleo diet is effective in reducing the symptoms of lupus.

Conclusion

The effects of Lupus on different people vary. For this reason, it may be beneficial for one patient to make a specific change in diet, but it does not affect another patient. Keeping track of the foods you eat helps you understand which foods are good for you and which are bad for you. Be sure to consult your doctor or dietitian before changing your diet.

This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .

Source: verywellhealth

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