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Low blood pressure: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

BingMag.com <b>Low</b> <b>blood</b> <b>pressure:</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

blood pressure that is much lower than expected and falls below 90/60 mm Hg is called Low blood pressure or hypotension. Hypotension may have no Symptoms, but in some people it can lead to unpleasant symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, and nausea. In some cases, hypotension is dangerous, so early diagnosis and treatment are important. Join us in this article from BingMag Meg to learn more about this problem.

What is Low blood pressure?

Hypotension can be and may be a disease in itself. It is a sign of a wide range of medical problems. There are two definitions of hypotension:

  • Absolute drop in blood pressure: Your resting blood pressure is less than 90/60 mm Hg.
  • Orthostatic (postural) hypotension: When you switch from sitting to standing, your blood pressure drops in three minutes. The rate of change should be at least 20 mm Hg for systolic blood pressure and at least 10 mm Hg for diastolic blood pressure./p>
    • Systolic (higher number): Systolic blood pressure is the pressure that enters the arteries each time the heart beats.
    • diastolic ( Lower number): This number indicates the amount of pressure that enters the arteries between heartbeats (at rest).

    Thanks to advances in technology, modern devices have been developed that They can measure blood pressure automatically. These devices are very easy to work with and therefore it is recommended to use them instead of the old devices.

    Who is affected by hypotension?

    Hypotension can affect everyone Engage in different age groups. However, it is more likely to occur in the elderly (especially orthostatic hypotension). This problem may be asymptomatic in those who are very physically active, especially young people.

    What is the prevalence of this problem?

    BingMag.com <b>Low</b> <b>blood</b> <b>pressure:</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    Because Low blood pressure is asymptomatic in many cases, it is not possible to determine its exact prevalence. However, the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension appears to increase with age. About 5% of people get it at the age of 50, and this figure rises to more than 30% in people over 70.

    What effect does Low blood pressure have on the body?

    In many people, hypotension causes no symptoms and therefore You will not notice it until you measure your blood pressure. If symptoms do occur, the effect of Low blood pressure depends on the cause and how quickly it progresses. A rapid drop in blood pressure reduces the amount of blood flow to certain parts of the body and can have unpleasant, destructive, or even dangerous effects.

    What are the symptoms of Low blood pressure?

    The most common symptoms of hypotension are Decreased blood flow to the brain is caused by:

    • dizziness or lightheadedness
    • fainting or syncope
    • nausea or vomiting
    • Blurred vision
    • Rapid and shallow breathing
    • Fatigue, weakness or lethargy
    • Confusion or difficulty concentrating
    • Restlessness or other What causes abnormal changes in a person's behavior?

    What causes Low blood pressure?

    BingMag.com <b>Low</b> <b>blood</b> <b>pressure:</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

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    Hypotension occurs for a variety of reasons:

    • Orthostatic hypotension: Occurs when you get up too quickly and your body can't pump blood at the same rate. To the brain.
    • Central Nervous System Diseases: Diseases such as Parkinson's affect how the nervous system controls blood pressure. People who suffer from hypotension due to this type of disease may experience the effects of Low blood pressure after eating. Because their digestive system uses more blood to digest food.
    • Decreased blood volume: Loss of blood from severe injuries can cause hypotension. Dehydration also plays a role in reducing blood volume.
    • Life-threatening diseases: Problems such as irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia), pulmonary embolism, heart attack, anaphylaxis, and immune reactions to severe infections ( Sepsis) can all cause hypotension.
    • Heart and lung disease: When your heart beats too fast or too slow or your lungs malfunction blood pressure may be below normal.
    • Some medications: Sometimes hypotension is caused by medications used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, erectile dysfunction, and problems. Nervousness, depression and prescribed, are related. Some herbal supplements or vitamins may also affect blood pressure. Therefore, you should inform your doctor about their use.
    • Alcohol or drug use: Both alcoholic beverages and drugs can cause hypotension. The effect of alcohol on hypotension lasts for a short time, and long-term use can lead to high blood pressure.
    • Severe temperature changes: Very hot or very cold weather can affect blood pressure drop And intensify its effects.

    How can hypotension be detected?

    BingMag.com <b>Low</b> <b>blood</b> <b>pressure:</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    Hypotension is easy to diagnose on its own and only requires measuring blood pressure. However, finding out why it happened is another story. If hypotension is associated with Symptoms, your doctor will use a variety of tests to diagnose the cause and the degree of danger it may pose to you.

    What tests help diagnose?

    Laboratory tests

    blood and urine tests detect the following possible problems:

    • Diabetes
    • Vitamin deficiency
    • Thyroid problems or other hormonal diseases
    • Low iron (anemia)
    • Pregnancy (for any Someone who may be pregnant)

    Imaging

    If your doctor suspects a heart or lung problem, he or she may use imaging techniques to confirm or rule it out. These methods include:

  • X-ray
  • Computed tomography or CT scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI (MRI) )
  • Echocardiogram (Echocardiography) or other ultrasound-based tests (ultrasound)
  • Other diagnostic tests

    Using the following methods Detect specific problems in the heart or other body systems:

    • Electrocardiogram or ECG (ECG or EKG)
    • Exercise test
    • Tilt test Or Tilt table test (helps diagnose orthostatic hypotension)

    Can Low blood pressure be treated?

    Usually, treatment for hypotension begins with finding the cause. . Because if the cause is treated, the drop in blood pressure will improve on its own. For example, if hypotension results from injury and bleeding, repairing the damage and replacing the lost blood (blood transfusion) can help regulate blood pressure. If your medication is causing hypotension, your doctor will change the dose or ask you to stop taking it altogether.

    What medications and treatments are available?

    BingMag.com <b>Low</b> <b>blood</b> <b>pressure:</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    Usually direct treatment of hypotension is done in one of the following three ways:

    • Increase blood volume : In this procedure, which involves injecting blood, plasma, or intravenous (IV) fluids, fluids enter the blood.
    • Contraction of blood vessels: As some Medications lower blood pressure by relaxing blood vessels. There are also medications that have the opposite effect of raising blood pressure by constricting blood vessels.
    • Changing the way body fluids are regulated: Your kidneys are responsible for maintaining fluid balance in the body. Some medications help the kidneys retain fluids and salts and thus treat hypotension.

    Side effects of treatment

    Side effects depend on the type of medicine or treatment you choose has it. Your doctor can best explain the side effects to you and recommend appropriate treatment depending on your specific condition, including your health condition, the medications you are taking, and more.

    Prevent blood pressure?

    It is usually not possible to prevent hypotension. The only exception is to avoid conditions or actions that can lower blood pressure, such as avoiding drugs or herbal remedies that lower blood pressure.

    How long does it take to drop blood pressure?

    How long this condition lasts depends largely on the cause. If you have hypotension due to aging, you will probably have it for the rest of your life.

    What are the side effects of Low blood pressure?

    BingMag.com <b>Low</b> <b>blood</b> <b>pressure:</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    If you have no Symptoms, hypotension is unlikely to cause you any problems. But if hypotension is associated with Symptoms, it can impair your ability to stand, take care of yourself, cook, drive, and many other activities. That's why understanding the situation and following the doctor's instructions is very important to minimize the impact of this condition on daily life. Other complications that may occur due to hypotension include:

    • Falling and resulting injury: Sometimes, Low blood pressure is accompanied by dizziness and fainting and causes falling. Falling can lead to bone fractures, concussions and other serious or even life-threatening injuries. If your blood pressure is low, preventing falls should be one of your top priorities.
    • Shock: When your blood pressure is low, many parts of your body are affected by reduced blood flow. This can lead to limb damage or even shock.
    • Heart problems or stroke: Low blood pressure causes the heart to pump blood faster or faster. Over time, this condition can lead to permanent heart damage and even heart failure, leading to problems such as deep vein thrombosis and stroke. Because blood does not flow as it should and clots inside the arteries.

    How do I take care of myself?

    If hypotension is accompanied by Symptoms, it is best to do so. What you can do is follow your doctor's instructions for managing the disease. Your doctor's advice usually includes one of the following:

    • Control your diet. Follow your dietary recommendations, especially the amount of salt you should have in your diet. , Can help prevent the symptoms of hypotension.
    • Take your own medications. Using these medications can help control the symptoms and prevent the harmful effects of the disease.
    • Wear compression socks. Compression socks that put a little pressure on your feet can move blood up and help increase pressure.
    • Avoid rapid posture change. If you have orthostatic hypotension, do not get up too quickly. Keeping this in mind will prevent dizziness and fainting from hypotension.
    • Sit down. If you notice dizziness or lightheadedness, sit down. Falling and falling from a height can expose you to serious injuries such as pelvic fractures, concussions, skull fractures or rib fractures.

    When should I see a doctor?

    BingMag.com <b>Low</b> <b>blood</b> <b>pressure:</b> <b>Symptoms,</b> <b>causes,</b> <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    If you know you have Low blood pressure and are experiencing severe symptoms that are affecting your life or your normal activities Disrupted, you should see a doctor. If you do not know if you have Low blood pressure, you should consult your doctor if you experience frequent dizziness or fainting. In this situation, contacting a doctor is very important. Because these symptoms may be related to other illnesses, some of which are dangerous.

    When should I go to the emergency room?

    If your blood pressure is low, you should see the following See hospital:

    • Chest pain (angina)
    • Anesthesia or fainting
    • Falling down due to lightheadedness and trauma to Headache (especially if you are taking blood thinners)
    • Symptoms of shock include cold, sweating, rapid breathing or increased heart rate and bruising or blue skin and nails

    Concluding remarks

    Low blood pressure is a condition that may have no symptoms and therefore many people do not know they have it. In people with symptoms of hypotension, daily life may be disrupted. Be sure to see your doctor if you think your blood pressure is too low. Because timely diagnosis and treatment is very important and can prevent falls and other complications. Fortunately, in most cases this problem can be treated and your doctor can help you control it.

    This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .

    Source: my.clevelandclinic <// a>

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