Is chewing gum good or bad for health?

People have been chewing various forms of gum for thousands of years. Early chewing gum was made from the sap of trees such as fir or Manilkara chicle, but these days most chewing gum is made from synthetic rubber. This article from DigiKala Mag is dedicated to examining the benefits and possible side effects of chewing gum. Follow us to the end of this article. Is chewing gum good or bad for health?

People have been chewing various forms of gum for thousands of years. Early chewing gum was made from the sap of trees such as fir or Manilkara chicle, but these days most chewing gum is made from synthetic rubber. This article from DigiKala Mag is dedicated to examining the benefits and possible side effects of chewing gum. Follow us to the end of this article.

What is chewing gum?

Gum is a soft, rubbery substance that is designed to be chewed, but should not be swallowed. The manufacturing instructions for chewing gum can vary between different brands, but usually all chewing gums are made from the following raw materials:

  • Gum: It is a rubbery and indigestible substance that Gives gum its chewiness.
  • Resin: Usually added to gum to keep it cohesive.
  • Fillers: Special texture. Gum comes from the presence of fillers such as calcium carbonate or talc. Preservatives: These substances are added to extend the useful life of gum. The most popular preservative is an organic compound called butyl hydroxytoluene (BHT).
  • Emollients: These substances are used to keep the gum moist and prevent it from hardening. These materials can be waxes such as paraffin or vegetable oils.
  • Sweeteners: Sugarcane, sugar beet and corn syrup are among the most popular sweeteners used to produce chewing gum. Sugar-free gums contain sugar alcohols such as xylitol or artificial sweeteners such as aspartame.
  • Flavors: Natural or artificial flavors are added to the gum to give it flavor.

Most chewing gum manufacturers keep their exact instructions a secret. All materials used in the preparation of chewing gum must be food grade and classified as suitable for human consumption.

Are the ingredients of chewing gum safe?

In general, chewing gum is considered safe. But some brands of gum contain substances whose harmlessness is debated. Even in these cases, the amount of these substances is so small that they probably cannot harm human health. Processed foods are added. This substance prevents food from spoiling by preventing fats from spoiling. The use of butyl hydroxytoluene in the food industry is controversial, as some animal studies have shown that high doses can cause cancer. Of course, the results of different studies are contradictory.

Few studies have investigated the effect of this substance on humans, so its effects are relatively unknown. A Dutch study evaluated the relationship between butyl hydroxytoluene and stomach cancer and found that men and women who used the substance in normal amounts were not at risk of cancer.

The Food and Drug Administration The United States (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) consider the use of butyl hydroxytoluene in amounts less than 0.25 mg per kilogram of body weight to be safe. It seems that the consumption of this substance by most people is much lower than these amounts. Analysis of urine samples from several countries shows that the average daily intake of butyl hydroxytoluene in adults is 0.21 to 3.31 micrograms per kilogram of body weight.

Titanium dioxide

Titanium dioxide is a food additive that is used to whiten food products and create a smooth texture in them. Some older animal studies have linked very high doses of titanium dioxide to damage to the nervous system and organs in rats. In animal studies, inflammation, oxidative stress and cancer have also been observed as a result of titanium dioxide consumption.

Research has not determined how much titanium dioxide consumption is harmful to humans. Currently, the amount and type of titanium dioxide in food is considered safe. However, more research is needed to determine an acceptable intake.


Aspartame is an artificial sweetener or dietary sugar commonly found in sugar-free foods. The use of this substance is highly controversial, as it is claimed to cause a wide range of problems, from headaches to obesity and cancer. Animal studies have shown that aspartame is carcinogenic to rodents, and its consumption during pregnancy can increase the risk of cancer in the offspring of rodents. . However, people with a rare inherited condition called phenylketonuria should limit their intake of aspartame; Because phenylalanine is one of its components.

Benefits Chewing gum Is chewing gum good or bad for health?

The most important benefits of chewing gum for physical and mental health are:

Reduces stress and improves memory

Research shows that chewing gum while performing tasks can improve various aspects of brain function, including alertness, memory, comprehension, and decision-making. In a study conducted on a group of students, those who chewed gum had less depression, anxiety, and stress and were more successful academically.

Interestingly, some studies have shown that chewing gum while Doing work may be a little distracting at first, but it will eventually help you focus for longer. Other studies have found that chewing gum is only beneficial for the first 15 to 20 minutes.

Experts do not know exactly how chewing gum improves memory. One theory is that it increases blood flow to the brain.

Studies have also shown that chewing gum reduces stress and increases feelings of alertness. In a small study of college students, chewing gum for two weeks reduced participants' feelings of stress. The act of chewing appears to reduce levels of stress hormones such as cortisol.

Research shows that gum's effect on memory lasts only as long as you're chewing it. However, people who habitually chew gum are likely to benefit from its effects on increasing alertness and reducing stress throughout the day.

Helps with weight loss

Chewing gum can help Losing weight is a good solution. Because it is sweet and low-calorie, it reduces the desire for sweets without having a negative effect on the diet. In addition, chewing gum has been found to reduce appetite, which can prevent overeating.

In a small study, chewing gum between meals reduced feelings of hunger and reduced consumption of high-carbohydrate snacks in The afternoon was relevant. The results of another study showed that chewing gum while walking can help burn calories. However, the results of research are contradictory. Some studies have reported that chewing gum does not affect appetite or energy intake. One study even found that people who chewed gum ate less fruit. This result may be due to the fact that the participants chewed peppermint gum before the meal, which made the fruit taste bad in their mouths.

There is also evidence that chewing gum can increase the metabolic rate. More research is needed to determine the long-term effects of chewing gum on weight.

Helps protect teeth and reduce bad breath Is chewing gum good or bad for health?

Chewing sugar-free gum can protect your teeth from decay. These gums are better for teeth than regular sugar-sweetened gums. Because sugar can damage teeth by feeding harmful oral bacteria.

All sugar-free gums are not equally good for teeth. According to research, gums containing a type of sugar alcohol called xylitol are more effective in preventing tooth decay than other sugar-free gums. Because xylitol prevents the growth of bacteria that cause tooth decay and bad breath. In one study, chewing gum containing xylitol reduced the amount of bad bacteria in the mouth by 75%.

In addition, chewing gum after a meal increases saliva. This helps wash away harmful sugars and food debris, both of which increase bad bacteria in the mouth.

Consequences of chewing gum

Although chewing gum has many benefits, chewing more Too much can cause unwanted side effects, including:

Sugar-free gums contain laxatives and fudamp

Alcohol sugars used to sweeten sugar-free gums, in large amounts have laxatives; This means that chewing a lot of sugar-free gum can cause digestive discomfort and diarrhea. In addition, all sugar alcohols are FODMAPs and therefore can cause digestive problems in people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Chewing sugary gum is bad for teeth

The sugar in these gums is digested by bad mouth bacteria and over time causes an increase in plaque on the teeth and tooth decay. In addition, excessive sugar consumption is linked to problems such as obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes.

Chewing too much gum can cause problems in your jaw

Persistent chewing may It can lead to a problem called temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) in which sufferers feel pain when chewing. Although the disorder is rare, some studies have found a link between excessive chewing and TMD.

Gum chewing is linked to headaches Is chewing gum good or bad for health?

The results of a scientific study show that regular gum chewing may People who are prone to migraine attacks and tension headaches can cause headaches. More research is needed to confirm this, but researchers believe it is best for people with migraines to limit chewing gum.

Which gum should you choose?

If chewing gum If you like it, it is better to choose sugar-free gum containing xylitol. Of course, this recommendation does not apply to people with irritable bowel syndrome, because sugar-free gum can aggravate their digestive problems due to the presence of Fudamp. Those who cannot tolerate food stamps should choose gum with low-calorie sweeteners such as stevia.

Be sure to read the ingredient list of the gum to make sure you are not allergic to any of its ingredients. You can consult your dentist or nutritionist to decide on the best type of gum.

Final Word

Gum ingredients are safe for humans and chewing gum can provide amazing health benefits. And have a soul! However, some people experience side effects such as jaw pain or headache as a result of chewing gum. If you think chewing gum is contributing to your problems, limit its use. Otherwise, chewing a gum or two between meals is not a bad idea.

This article is for educational and informational purposes only. Before using the recommendations of this article, be sure to consult a specialist doctor. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer.

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