How to find your right job by knowing the types of intelligence?

When you hear the word intelligence, the concept of intelligence quotient (IQ) may immediately come to your mind. Intelligence is often defined as human intellectual potential; It means that what we are born with is measurable and can hardly be changed. However, in recent years other views about intelligence have been proposed. For example, a psychologist named Howard Gardner has pointed out that there are different types of intelligence by proposing the theory of multiple intelligences. In today's article, BingMag examines the types of intelligence from Gardner's point of view and introduces suitable jobs for each of them. Stay tuned.

BingMag.com How to find your right job by knowing the types of intelligence?

When you hear the word intelligence, the concept of intelligence quotient (IQ) may immediately come to your mind. Intelligence is often defined as human intellectual potential; It means that what we are born with is measurable and can hardly be changed. However, in recent years other views about intelligence have been proposed. For example, a psychologist named Howard Gardner has pointed out that there are different types of intelligence by proposing the theory of multiple intelligences. In today's article, BingMag examines the types of intelligence from Gardner's point of view and introduces suitable jobs for each of them. Stay tuned.

Theory of Multiple Intelligences

This theory suggests that traditional psychometric views of intelligence are too limited. Gardner expressed his theory for the first time in 1983 in the book "Mental Frameworks: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences". According to Gardner, humans do not have only one mental capacity, but different types of intelligence, including musical intelligence, It has interpersonal intelligence, visual-spatial intelligence and linguistic intelligence. Although you may be strong in one particular area, such as musical intelligence, you likely have a wide range of different abilities. For example, you may show good performance in verbal, musical and natural intelligence.

Criticism of Gardner's theory

Some psychologists and educators have criticized Gardner's theory. . These critics believe that Gardner's definition of intelligence is very broad and the types of intelligence introduced by him only show talents, personality traits and abilities of people. Furthermore, there is insufficient research to support Gardner's theory. However, the theory of multiple intelligences has considerable popularity among educators. So that many teachers use this theory in choosing their teaching method.

Types of intelligence

Different types of intelligence from Howard Gardner's point of view are:

1. Visual-spatial intelligence

BingMag.com How to find your right job by knowing the types of intelligence?

Visual-spatial intelligence is the ability of a person to understand, It refers to the processing and analysis of visual information. Those who are strong in visual-spatial intelligence can visualize everything very well. These people often perform well in orientation and wayfinding and have no problems using maps, charts, videos and pictures.

Strengths: Visual and spatial judgment (well they can recognize the distance of objects)

Characteristics

People with visual-spatial intelligence:

  • They enjoy reading and writing.
  • They are good at making puzzles.
  • They interpret pictures, graphs and charts well.
  • They enjoy drawing, painting and visual arts.
  • They recognize patterns easily.

Career Choices

If you have high visual-spatial intelligence, suitable career choices for you are: architecture, artwork, and engineering.

2. Linguistic-verbal intelligence

The ability to use words to express thoughts and feelings while speaking or writing is called linguistic-verbal intelligence. Those who have high verbal-linguistic intelligence can use words well both in speech and in writing. These people are usually good at writing stories, remembering information, and reading material.

Strengths: Using words when speaking or writing

Characteristics

People with verbal-linguistic intelligence:

  • Remember written and spoken information well.
  • They enjoy reading and writing.
  • Can participate in debates or give persuasive speeches.
  • Can explain things well.
  • Use humor to tell stories.

Career choices

Some jobs are more suitable for people with high verbal-linguistic intelligence, including: writing, journalism, lawyering and teaching.

3. Logical-mathematical intelligence

One of the types of intelligence that is related to reasoning, logic and calculations is logical-mathematical intelligence. People with high logical-mathematical intelligence are skilled in reasoning, pattern recognition and logical analysis of problems and are interested in thinking about the concept of numbers, relationships and patterns.

Strengths: Analysis of mathematical problems and operations

Characteristics

People with logical-mathematical intelligence:

  • They have great skill in solving problems.
  • They enjoy thinking about abstract ideas.
  • They are interested in conducting scientific experiments.
  • They are good at performing complex calculations.

Career Choices

Those who are strong in logical-mathematical intelligence can work as researchers or mathematicians or pursue careers such as computer programming, engineering, and accounting. go.

4. Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence

BingMag.com How to find your right job by knowing the types of intelligence?

This intelligence means the ability to maintain balance and awareness of It is the posture of the body. Those who are strong in this field show good performance in performing physical movements and physical control and are highly skilled in hand-eye coordination.

Strengths: Physical mobility. and movement control

Characteristics

Persons with physical-motor intelligence:

  • They are good at dancing and sports.
  • From They enjoy creating things with their hands.
  • They have good body coordination.
  • They remember everything by doing instead of listening or seeing.

Career choices

If you have high physical-motor intelligence, acting and sculpting seem like suitable jobs for you.

5. Musical intelligence

Musical intelligence refers to the ability to understand sounds. People with high musical intelligence are strong at thinking about patterns, rhythms, and sounds. They enjoy music and are often good at composing and playing an instrument.

Strengths: Understanding rhythm and music

Characteristics

People with musical intelligence:

  • Enjoy singing and playing musical instruments.
  • Recognize musical patterns and notes easily.
  • Songs and remember melodies.
  • They have a thorough understanding of the structure, rhythm and notes of music.

Career choices

If strong in this field are, suitable career choices for you are: playing, composing, singing, teaching music and conducting an orchestra.

6. Interpersonal intelligence

Interpersonal intelligence means the ability to communicate with others. Those with high interpersonal intelligence are good at understanding and interacting with others. These people are skilled in evaluating the feelings, motivations and desires of those around them.

Strengths: Understanding others and communicating with them

Characteristics

People with interpersonal intelligence:

  • They are capable in communicating verbally.
  • They are skilled in communicating non-verbally.
  • They approach situations from They look at different angles.
  • They can have positive relationships with others.
  • They help to resolve conflicts in the group.

Career choices h4>

For people with high interpersonal intelligence, jobs such as consulting, psychology, sales and political activity are suitable.

7. Intrapersonal intelligence

BingMag.com How to find your right job by knowing the types of intelligence?

Among other types of intelligence, we can refer to intrapersonal intelligence It means self-awareness. Those who are strong in terms of intrapersonal intelligence have a good awareness of their emotional states, feelings and motivations. They enjoy daydreaming, examining their relationships with others, and evaluating their own strengths.

Strengths: Introspection and self-reflection

Characteristics

People with intrapersonal intelligence:

  • They analyze their strengths and weaknesses well.
  • They enjoy analyzing theories and ideas.
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  • They have high self-awareness.
  • They understand the root and basis of their motivations and emotions.

Career choices

If in You have a strong intrapersonal intelligence, jobs related to philosophy, writing, theorizing and research are suitable for you.

8. Naturalistic intelligence

The last intelligence that Gardner added to his theory is called naturalism, which has faced more resistance than the previous seven intelligences. According to Gardner, people strong in this area are in tune with nature and are often interested in growing plants, exploring the environment, and learning about other living things. It is said that these people quickly become aware of slight changes in the environment.

Strengths: Finding patterns and relationships related to nature

Features

People with naturalistic intelligence:

  • Interested in subjects such as botany, biology, and zoology.
  • They categorize and list information easily.
  • Enjoy hiking, gardening, nature walks, and exploring the outdoors.
  • Disinterested in learning unfamiliar subjects that have nothing to do with nature.

Career Choices

If you are strong in naturalistic intelligence, suitable career choices for you include biology, horticulture, agriculture, and environmental protection.

9. Existential intelligence

BingMag.com How to find your right job by knowing the types of intelligence?

Existential intelligence is the ninth intelligence proposed as a complement to Gardner's original theory. has been Gardner described existential intelligence as the ability to explore the meaning of life and existence. People with this type of intelligence think about important questions about the meaning of life and how to achieve big goals.

Strengths: Ability to see the big picture

Characteristics

People with existential intelligence:

  • They have a long-term perspective.
  • Think about how current actions affect future outcomes.
  • Interest in asking questions about the meaning of life and death.
  • Interest in and considerate of others.
  • They can look at different situations from the outside.

Career choices

If you are strong in terms of existential intelligence, you may choose from jobs Enjoy related to philosophy and theology.

Concluding Remarks

The theory of multiple intelligences is important because it allows us to think about our different mental abilities and strengths. Knowing the types of intelligence may help us identify personal preferences. However, it should not be confused with learning styles (the way we learn material better). According to the theory of multiple intelligences, all people have different degrees of intelligence and their learning style is not related to the field in which they are more intelligent. For example, a person who is strong in linguistic intelligence may not necessarily be able to learn material well through writing and reading.

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