Average height varies from country to country depending on genetics and diet. The tallest men are Dutch, with an average height of about 183 cm, and Latvian women, with an average height of 170 cm, are the tallest women. East Timor men with an average height of 160 cm and Guatemalan women with an average height of 150 cm are the shortest men and women in the world.
Most people think that being tall has many benefits and means being healthy. Numerous studies, however, have challenged this hypothesis and shown that being more or less tall compared to the average has its own advantages and disadvantages. Although much more evidence is needed, it can be said that there is a link between height and some diseases and longevity. If you want to know How your height affects your health, follow us to the end of this article.
Some research has shown that shorter than average height may reduce the risk of certain types of cancer. For example, a study of more than 100,000 women in Europe and North America found that short women were less likely to develop ovarian cancer. Another study of more than 9,000 British men aged 50 to 69 found a link between short stature and a reduced risk of prostate cancer.
Why tall people are more likely to get cancer than others have? One hypothesis is that tall people have more cells in their bodies, and since cancer is caused by abnormal cell growth or proliferation, having more cells may increase the risk of cancer.
2. Diabetes There may be a link between the length of
your legs and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
According to the findings of a study of more than 6,000 adults,
tall people are less likely to develop diabetes. A study of about
460 obese and hypertensive patients also found that people with
shorter legs were less sensitive to insulin than those with longer
legs. Similar studies in China and Brazil have confirmed a link
between shorter legs and an increased risk of diabetes.
It is not clear exactly why there is a link between height and diabetes. However, some researchers believe that short stature can be a sign of poor nutrition or other metabolic problems in the fetus or child.
3. Heart Disease
People who are less than 160 cm tall are 50% more likely to develop coronary heart disease than those who are 173 cm tall or older. For every 3.6 cm shorter than average, you are 14% more likely to develop heart disease. However, you do not have to worry. A healthy lifestyle, including avoiding smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly, can protect your heart. Scientists do not know exactly why there is a link between height and heart disease. One hypothesis is that poor nutrition or prenatal and childhood infections can affect growth. Some genes may also affect both height and the risk of heart problems. About 180 genes are involved in shortening height, some of which can put you at risk for heart disease.
This condition occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain is cut off and brain cells Begin to disappear. Depending on which area of the brain is affected, a stroke can have different effects. The patient may have difficulty raising an arm, smiling or talking, or even losing his or her life. . In a study of more than 7,000 British men, taller men were 50 percent less likely to have a stroke. Nutrition and other childhood health-related factors that affect height may be the reasons for this relationship.
5. Blood clots
Blood clots inside the arteries are a serious problem, especially if the blood clots inside a major vein or if the blood clot travels to the lungs. Blockage of the pulmonary arteries by a blood clot is a potentially fatal condition that causes chest pain, lightheadedness, increased heart rate and respiration, as well as shortness of breath. Research shows that people who are shorter than 152/4 cm are less likely to have blood clots than others. It is believed that blood in the legs of tall people should travel longer distances and therefore have a greater chance of clotting. Earth's own gravity can also increase the risk of blood clots in tall people.
6. Alzheimer's disease
When it comes to this type of dementia, being tall, especially for men, It can be an advantage. In a study of more than 500 people, men who were about 180 centimeters tall or taller were compared to men who were about 170 centimeters tall or shorter, and researchers concluded that tall men were more likely to develop Alzheimer's disease. 60% less. Tall women are also less likely to get the disease than short women, but the link between height and Alzheimer's does not seem to be significant in women.
Some studies have suggested that short stature is the main culprit. They point, not the short stature itself. Short people are more likely to be malnourished as children. Malnutrition stops growth and increases the risk of dementia. Another hypothesis is that growth hormones can prevent dementia. Because some studies have shown that low growth hormone increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease.
Pregnancy in tall women is likely to be longer than in short women. In one study, short-term women (up to 4.152 cm) were more likely to give birth prematurely than tall women (up to 172 cm), and for every centimeter of height difference between two pregnant women, short women were about one-fifth the day before delivery. they did. Scientists do not know the reason for this connection, but believe that it could be related to the size of some parts of the body, such as the pelvis or cervix.
8. Hair loss
A study of more than 22,000 men from seven countries found a chance of developing baldness It is more common in short men. Scientists have been looking for changes in specific genes that could increase the risk of premature hair loss in men. They found four genes that are linked to both male pattern baldness and short stature. Male pattern baldness is the most common type of hair loss in men. Genetics and family history of baldness is the most important cause of this problem. Disorders of male sex hormones are another reason that research has shown can lead to baldness.
Increasing life expectancy
The results of several different studies have shown that short people have a longer life expectancy than tall people and are less likely to develop chronic diseases with age. Scientists are investigating the reasons for this connection, and what they have studied so far are the extent to which cells are damaged over time, the level of certain hormones, and the size of certain organs in the body, such as the brain, liver, and kidneys.
There is a specific genetic mutation that allows some mice, flies and even worms to live longer. This gene has recently been identified in humans, and researchers have found that people over the age of 95 are more likely to carry the gene.
Short people are less likely than others to develop heat exhaustion or a more serious condition called heatstroke. When the body becomes dehydrated and unable to regulate its internal temperature, heat exhaustion occurs, which is not dangerous and is relieved by fluid intake. If heat exhaustion is not treated, it can lead to a serious problem called heat exhaustion, which can reduce alertness and damage organs.
The reason for the link between height and heat fatigue is that people are tall and Obese produces more heat. Therefore, if their body temperature rises too quickly, such as when they do strenuous exercise, they will develop heat exhaustion or heatstroke. This is exactly why tall people are warmer in cold weather than short people.
Glaucoma caused by increased pressure inside the eye is the second leading cause. Visual impairment in the world. Several studies have shown that people's eyes have different shapes depending on their height. Other studies have shown that high cerebrospinal fluid pressure is associated with a reduced risk of developing wide-angle glaucoma.
People with high stature have higher cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Their eyes also appear to be more adapted to the increased pressure that leads to narrow-angle glaucoma. Therefore, tall people are believed to have a reduced risk of developing glaucoma.
These findings do not mean, however, that tall people will ever develop glaucoma. No matter How tall you are, you should see an ophthalmologist regularly, and the older you get, the more important it becomes.
One of the possible reasons for a higher chance of a pelvic fracture in tall people is their high center of gravity (to the point of equilibrium or the point around which the body mass is evenly concentrated). The center of gravity is called). This is not just a possibility Falling increases the height of tall people, but may cause them to hit the ground more strongly when falling.
13. Low Back Pain
Researchers surveyed 13,000 French men and women and found that being taller than average was significantly associated with an increased risk of low back pain as well as a history of low back surgery. Another large study of Swedish women found that their height could help predict future low back pain.
Short stature is to the detriment of people waiting for a lung transplant. A study of more than 13,000 patients found that waiting times for people shorter than 160 cm were approximately 35% longer than for tall people. This problem affects women more, because they are shorter than men.
Various factors affect health and longevity, which may be one height Be one of them. There is some evidence that short or tall stature can increase the risk of certain diseases. But these findings are not conclusive, and there are other factors that can affect health.
The best thing you can do is try to lead a healthy lifestyle, regardless of your height. Eating foods rich in antioxidants such as fruits and vegetables, reducing sugar intake, fast foods and processed foods, quitting smoking and alcohol, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight range reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases and increase life expectancy.This article is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .
Sources: webmd, onhealth