How do optimism and pessimism affect our lives?

Is it better to be optimistic or pessimistic? The answer to this question is not as clear as you think. Although research shows that optimists are happier, healthier, and perform better in school and sports, there are benefits to being pessimistic that may surprise you. In this article, we examine the impact of mentality, optimism and pessimism on life. How do optimism and pessimism affect our lives?

Is it better to be optimistic or pessimistic? The answer to this question is not as clear as you think. Although research shows that optimists are happier, healthier, and perform better in school and sports, there are benefits to being pessimistic that may surprise you. In this article, we examine the impact of mentality, optimism and pessimism on life.

For example, pessimistic people are more accurate in their evaluations than optimistic people. That's why they always call themselves realists. On the other hand, optimistic people may overestimate the amount of work they can do in a short period of time. This issue can lead to over-hoping and causing stress when reaching the tasks we are behind.

But in general, optimism is better than pessimism. In the following, we will explain the reasons for this problem.

The difference between an optimist and a pessimist

Before we examine the reasons for the superiority of optimism over pessimism, we will first examine the difference between optimism and pessimism. A pessimistic person has a negative orientation and believes that even when he has no idea of the output and result of work, things will still not go according to his wishes. But an optimist, on the other hand, tends to even Don't believe that everything goes well without documents. But in fact, the story is more than this.

The role of expectations

Research indicates that expectations play a role in the outcome of work. Optimistic people tend to make the best of any situation. As a result, their attitude towards life has a placebo effect.

The placebo effect refers to a study in which a pill that has no medicinal effect caused healing and improvement in people who expected it to improve. On the other hand, pessimists have a nocibo effect, which refers to a negative result that a person expects something will not go well.

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Resilience in Optimists and Pessimists How do optimism and pessimism affect our lives?

Martin Seligman, Key Optimism Researcher Against pessimism, he says that optimistic people have a resilience that leads to greater success. For example, if something bad happens, they think that it is a temporary failure and instead of focusing on that failure, they go back to the normal life before it. Or help the classroom. An optimist forgets a bad game or poor exam performance. They consider these random events to be temporary and associate them with external factors.

On the other hand, negative people tend to see the same conditions as permanent and permanent. In addition, they blame themselves more than external factors for failing. This issue makes it more difficult to eliminate and forget mistakes and has a negative effect on a person's self-esteem.

Optimistic and pessimistic people have different thoughts about positive and negative situations. A person who has a positive mentality sees the crisis as something that has a short life and is out of his control, but a negative person sees the same event as something that is permanent, is completely his fault and can affect other aspects of life. /p>

When something positive happens, an optimist thinks that this is the way it will always be, and they believe that their talent and hard work led to that result. On the other hand, the pessimist says it was just a coincidence and I was lucky this time. While they blame themselves when they do things wrong, but when they achieve success, they do not consider themselves the cause of success.

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Can a person be both an optimist and a pessimist? How do optimism and pessimism affect our lives?

No person is Kamal is neither optimistic nor pessimistic. In order to continue life, there is a need for a balance of both of them. People we call pessimists simply have a more negative orientation, but optimists are more likely to expect good things to happen.

Pure pessimism creates a bad life that is not worth living. One hundred percent optimism also leads to risky behaviors that can reduce life expectancy. In addition, it leads to making unhealthy financial decisions that affect the quality of life.

Furthermore, every person can be positive in some parts of his life and negative in others. For example, people may expect their relationships to be successful but have little hope regarding financial matters.

The difference between optimism, pessimism and realism

Although pessimists may think They are realistic, but realistic people have a combination of the characteristics of optimists and pessimists. optimistic person He believes that everything will get better. A pessimist believes that things will get worse, and a realistic person accepts and accepts everything as it is.

Realistic people have less idealism and less unrealistic expectations. These people are more interested in solving problems than thinking about why these problems happened or pretending that everything is better than it really is.

A realistic person thinks critically and objectively. These people understand that life can be difficult, but this should not cause them to fall down emotionally. Realists can help optimists like a driving force and help pessimists get rid of negative thoughts.

The common characteristics between pessimists and realists are more than optimists and realists. The reason for this is that the first two groups do not avoid difficult life events.

How does having a positive or negative mindset affect life?

Suppose you are a student and have a low grade in You have taken an exam. In such a situation, you tell yourself that it was just an exam and you try harder for the next exam. You will most likely believe that the teacher designed the exam too hard and you will blame the teacher more than you blame yourself. You do more for the next test. Your positive outlook led to an improvement in your overall performance. You don't see getting down as an isolated event. You may think that you are not smart enough to pass this exam. In this case, you blame yourself for your bad study habits or lack of talent rather than the teacher's role in designing the exam.

As a pessimistic student, you are less likely to be motivated to study more for the next exam. did Your self-esteem will suffer due to blaming yourself for getting a low grade and ignoring external factors. In this situation, your negativity will have a destructive effect on your performance and efficiency.

Similar results can be extended to work, relationships and other aspects of life. If you fight with your parents and you are a negative person, you may think that the whole relationship is black. But the positive person sees the fight as an isolated incident that has no effect on the rest of the relationship.

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How to change your mindset How do optimism and pessimism affect our lives?

If you are pessimistic, the good news is that you can change your attitude towards life. And be positive. Contrary to the belief of some people, optimism and pessimism are not fixed behavioral characteristics and can be changed with a little work. Dr. Seligman calls this learning positive thinking and introduces several ways to adjust perspective.

  • Find joy in small things; Instead of limiting your happiness to big things, find joy in small, everyday things to be happier.
  • Visualize what you want; Instead of expecting the worst possible thing, visualize what you want to make it more possible to achieve it.
  • Be realistic; Realistic optimism is the best model because it protects one from the dangers of excessive optimism and prepares one for what the world throws at one.
  • Practice gratitude and appreciation>; Pay more attention to what you have than what you don't have. This can be done as simply as changing the focus, and there is no need to pretend things are different than they are.
  • Find a creative job; Creativity is a positive and enjoyable experience that can inspire an improved mind.
  • Be kind to yourself; Challenge your inner critic by being kind to yourself. Stop blaming yourself and support yourself with positive self-talk.
  • Practice mindfulness; Mindfulness simply means paying attention to the present. Accept every thought and feeling you have without judgment.
  • Find your purpose; Why are you here now? Having a meaningful life improves your mental, physical and overall health.

In conclusion

The difference between optimism and pessimism is not only clear but also complex. and has many nuances. Optimism is better for quality and efficiency of life. Of course, unrealistic optimism can lead to risky behavior and poor financial choices.

Realism is the third category after optimism and pessimism, which has a more independent view of life. A realistic person accepts everything as it is. Realistic people will do whatever it takes to solve life's problems and why Bad things happen, don't focus.

Both optimism and pessimism are states of resilience. By doing the simple exercises above, a pessimist can quickly enjoy the benefits of learned optimism. Among the benefits of optimism, we can mention health, happiness and more resilience.

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