heartburn in pregnancy; Symptoms, causes, home remedies and medications

Heartburn during pregnancy is one of the most common problems that pregnant women experience due to changes in hormones and changes in body shape. This condition leads to a burning sensation in the chest and a bitter or sour taste in the mouth. Heartburn occurs as a result of acid reflux or the return of acid from the stomach to the esophagus (the tube that carries food and liquids to the stomach).

BingMag.com heartburn in pregnancy; Symptoms, causes, home remedies and medications

Heartburn during pregnancy is one of the most common problems that pregnant women experience due to changes in hormones and changes in body shape. This condition leads to a burning sensation in the chest and a bitter or sour taste in the mouth. Heartburn occurs as a result of acid reflux or the return of acid from the stomach to the esophagus (the tube that carries food and liquids to the stomach).

Between the esophagus and the stomach is a muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). There is one that opens when food passes and then closes so that acid does not return to the esophagus. If this valve doesn't close properly, stomach acid can back up into the esophagus, leading to heartburn.

Although heartburn is common and generally harmless, it can be very annoying. More than half of women experience heartburn in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, although it may start earlier in some of them. In today's BingMag article, we talk about the symptoms and causes of heartburn in pregnancy and ways to deal with it. Stay with us.

Symptoms of heartburn

BingMag.com heartburn in pregnancy; Symptoms, causes, home remedies and medications

Until the acid If it is in the stomach, it will not harm you. Because the covering wall of the stomach protects it against acid and digestive enzymes. But the lining of the esophagus is more sensitive than the lining of the stomach, and when stomach acid returns to the esophagus, it causes irritation and burning. The most common symptoms of heartburn in pregnancy are:

  • Burning or pain in the chest or throat, especially after eating
  • Sour or bitter taste in the mouth
  • Bloating, heaviness or fullness in the stomach
  • Frequent belching
  • Cough

Usually symptoms of heartburn after eating It appears and often worsens at night or when lying down. Heartburn symptoms may last from a few minutes to a few hours. If you experience the above symptoms, talk to your doctor to determine the cause of their occurrence.

Causes of heartburn in pregnancy

The following factors contribute to the occurrence of this problem:

  • Changes in the level of hormones: During pregnancy, due to hormonal changes, the food digestion process is affected. Hormones reduce the motility of the digestive system, which causes bloating and heartburn.
  • Lower esophageal sphincter relaxation: Progesterone, known as the pregnancy hormone, can relax. the lower esophageal sphincter and as a result the return of stomach acid.
  • Enlargement of the uterus: With the growth of the fetus, the uterus also enlarges and the pressure it puts on the stomach causes acid to enter the esophagus. will be For this reason, heartburn is more common in the third trimester of pregnancy, i.e. the last few months of pregnancy.

In rare cases, gallstones cause heartburn during pregnancy. In some cases, overeating, consumption of spicy and spicy foods, fatty foods, citrus fruits, tomatoes, chocolate, caffeine and soft drinks or other carbonated drinks, smoking, obesity and stress lead to heartburn.

Heartburn Home Remedies

BingMag.com heartburn in pregnancy; Symptoms, causes, home remedies and medications

Prevention is the best thing you can do to reduce heartburn. The following strategies are effective in preventing this complication and minimizing it:

  • Avoid eating foods and drinks that upset your stomach. Carbonated drinks, drinks Alcohol, caffeinated foods and drinks, citrus fruits, tomatoes, mustard, vinegar, products containing mint, processed meats and fatty, fried or spicy foods can lead to heartburn during pregnancy.
  • Reduce the size of your meals. Instead of three large meals, eat several small meals throughout the day. Also, take time to eat and chew your food thoroughly.
  • Drink water between meals. Drinking water during pregnancy is very important, but overdoing it or drinking too much fluids Along with food, it can swell your stomach and increase the possibility of heartburn. Instead of drinking water with meals, drink water between meals to keep your body hydrated.
  • Chew gum after eating. Chewing gum stimulates your salivary glands and Saliva can help neutralize stomach acid.
  • Eat two to three hours before bed. This will give your body time to process the food before bed. digest.
  • Raise your head when you sleep. When you sleep, raise your head about 15 cm with several pillows or a wedge pillow (inclined pillow). This prevents stomach acid from returning to the esophagus and helps digestion.
  • Wear comfortable clothes. Tight clothes put pressure on the stomach and make heartburn worse. , but wearing loose and comfortable clothes will help relieve it.
  • Do not smoke. Smoking is not only for health. It is harmful, but it can increase stomach acid. If you have trouble quitting smoking, ask your doctor for help.
  • Watch your weight gain. Losing weight during pregnancy is not recommended and all pregnant women should gain some weight. But gaining too much weight also puts a lot of pressure on the stomach, which makes heartburn worse.
  • Pay attention to your posture. Bending over Your stomach is straining, so try to sit up straight and roll your shoulders back when you walk.
  • Reduce your stress and get enough rest. Stress and Fatigue aggravates heartburn. So get as much rest as you can and use techniques like meditation and listening to music to help you relax.
  • Try alternative therapies. Research has shown that acupuncture It can help treat heartburn during pregnancy.

Medicine to relieve heartburn during pregnancy

BingMag.com heartburn in pregnancy; Symptoms, causes, home remedies and medications

If the heartburn does not go away, see a doctor. Your doctor can suggest over-the-counter medications that are suitable for pregnancy or prescribe you prescription medications. These medications include:

  • Over-the-counter antacids such as calcium carbonate or magnesium hydroxide. In general, these medications are safe to use during pregnancy. You may find that liquid medications are more effective in treating heartburn because they coat the surface of the esophagus.
  • H2 receptor blockers. Medicines such as cimetidine and famotidine. They prevent the production of stomach acid. Some of these drugs can be obtained without a prescription, but stronger types require a doctor's approval.
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). H2 receptors help reduce stomach acid. Proton pump inhibitor drugs such as lansoprazole and omeprazole are divided into two categories: non-prescription and prescription. In general, the drugs of this group are less dangerous for pregnant women, but their long-term use can cause a deficiency of B vitamins and calcium deficiency. H2 or proton pump inhibitors Talk to your doctor. These medications can reduce the effectiveness of supplements.

    Medications to avoid during pregnancy

    Consult your doctor before taking any medication, even over-the-counter medications. Some of them contain substances that may harm you or your child.

    In 2020, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the sale of one of the H2 receptor blocking drugs, Ranitidine. He banned it because it was contaminated with a carcinogenic agent. If you are using ranitidine over the counter, stop taking it, but if your doctor has prescribed it, talk to your doctor about other options before stopping.

    When to see your doctor

    When to see your doctor

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    BingMag.com heartburn in pregnancy; Symptoms, causes, home remedies and medications

    If heartburn doesn't go away with home remedies, talk to your doctor so he can prescribe medication if needed. It is safe to use them during pregnancy. If you observe the following symptoms, you should also consult your doctor:

    • Waking up during the night due to heartburn
    • Swallowing disorder or painful swallowing
    • Feeling of something stuck in the throat
    • Hoarse voice or laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx)
    • Coughing or breathing problems
    • Presence of blood in the contents of the throat
    • >
    • Black stools
    • Weight loss

    Symptoms of heartburn can be similar to those of a heart attack. If you haven't experienced heartburn in the past and now you have chest pain, call your doctor or go to the nearest emergency room.

    Final Word

    Heartburn In pregnancy, it is one of the common symptoms that women experience especially in the third trimester. You can prevent or relieve this problem by making changes in your lifestyle and diet. If the home remedies are not effective, go to the doctor to prescribe medicine. Never take medicine arbitrarily without consulting a doctor during pregnancy. Some antacid drugs contain sodium and cause water retention in the body. Some of them are dangerous for pregnant women due to the presence of aluminum.

    This article is only for education and information. Before using the recommendations of this article, be sure to consult a specialist doctor. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer.

    Sources: my.clevelandclinic, babycenter, webmd, verywellfamily

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