The heartbeat makes you feel your heart beating too fast or too fast, leaving a pulse or shaking. Normally you do not notice your heartbeat under normal circumstances, but when you have a heartbeat you feel it well. Stress, exercise, medication, or, rarely, various illnesses can cause heart palpitations. This problem can happen at any time, even if you are resting or doing normal activities.
Usually, the heartbeat is not serious, does not last long, and resolves on its own after a few seconds or minutes. But in some people it indicates a serious illness and requires medical attention. This article from BingMag Meg examines the causes of heart palpitations and how to diagnose and treat it. Stay tuned for the rest of the article. Experiences the heart differently. But the following terms are commonly used to describe this problem:
- Severe, rapid, or irregular heartbeat
You may feel your heartbeat in your neck, throat and chest or even while lying on your ears. In some people, the heartbeat only lasts a few seconds, but others may experience it for minutes or hours.
The most common causes of heart palpitations
Many factors can cause heart palpitations, the most common of which are: physical or mental stress, anxiety, dehydration and lack of sleep. Sometimes this problem indicates an underlying heart disease.
A wide range of heart diseases can affect heart rate, such as:
- Cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease) in which the heart enlarges >
- heart valve problems
- Congenital heart disease
heart palpitations may be caused by an arrhythmia that indicates an abnormal heart rhythm. Types of arrhythmias include:
- Ventricular tachycardia: originates in the ventricles (lower chambers of the heart) and, if associated with structural heart disease, causes loss of consciousness and In some cases, cardiac arrest or sudden death occurs.
- Atrial fibrillation: is the most common type of arrhythmia, characterized by a rapid, irregular heartbeat. Atrial fibrillation can lead to serious problems such as blood clots or stroke. People with this condition experience chest pain, palpitations, or shortness of breath. However, some people have no symptoms.
- Supraventricular tachycardia: A rapid heartbeat that originates in the upper ventricles and causes the heart to beat very fast or irregularly. Rapid pulse and dizziness are symptoms of supraventricular tachycardia.
In addition, palpitations may be a warning sign of heart failure or heart attack, both of which can have a wide range of causes. And cause structural problems.
Some medications also play a role in the development of heart palpitations, including:
- Asthma inhalers
- Antihypertensive drugs
- Antifungal drugs
Medications to control the symptoms of ADHD They are prescribed ADHD, such as Adderall, which may increase the heart rate.
Emotional emotions can affect your heart rate. Emotional factors that play a role in this problem include:
- Severe fear
heart palpitations are often caused by anxiety.
Lifestyle-related factors may also affect heart rate, including:
- Consumption of caffeine, such as tea, coffee or energy drinks >
- Alcohol consumption
- Heavy exercise
- Drug use, such as cocaine, heroin, ecstasy or amphetamines
- Consumption of spicy foods
Some underlying diseases lead to palpitations, the most important of which are:
- overactive or underactive thyroid
- Decrease or increase in potassium
- Severe decrease or increase in magnesium
- Hypotension A condition that causes dizziness and low blood pressure while standing
- High fever
- Sleep apnea
6. Hormonal changes Hormonal changes that are a possible cause
of heart palpitations usually occur in the following
- Menstrual periods
- Thyroid problems
Complications of heart palpitations
In many cases, increased heart rate is safe. However, if it is a sign of an underlying heart disease, it can lead to serious complications. Some heart diseases can cause a stroke. heart palpitations may be a sign of heart failure and occur before cardiac arrest. Therefore, always check the cause of this problem and talk to your doctor about ways to control it.
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Time See a doctor
The heartbeat usually goes away quickly and is not serious, but if If it occurs, it is better to see a doctor. It is important to consult a doctor if you have any of the following problems:
- History of heart problems
- heart palpitations that get worse or do not get better Symptoms,such as Chest Pain
When you see a doctor, he or she is more likely to:
- ask questions about the symptoms. >
- Performs a physical exam.
- Examines your medical history.
- Performs an electrocardiogram or ECG to check the electrical activity of the heart. >
Depending on your Symptoms, your doctor may recommend a blood test, exercise stress test, or other diagnostic tests. For example, ask you to use a monitor at home. Holter monitor is a portable device that can be used to continuously monitor heart rate for 24 to 48 hours. The Event monitor is similar to a Holter monitor, but records the heart rhythm for a longer period of time (about a month). You can activate this monitor whenever your heart rate is irregular.
Your doctor may refer you to a cardiologist. Before seeing a specialist, it is best to write down the answers to the following questions regarding your heartbeat and give them to your doctor:
- How do you feel when this problem occurs?
- How often does it occur?
- When does it occur?
- What are the triggers?
- How long does it last?
Answering some of the following questions can also help with the diagnosis:
- Is your heart rate too fast or slow when you have a heartbeat? Is the rhythm regular or irregular?
- Do you experience symptoms such as lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, or chest pain?
- Does it occur during a specific activity? Is there a specific pattern for its occurrence?
- Does it start and stop suddenly?
Not all people with heart palpitations need treatment. Treatment depends on the individual's Symptoms, as well as the type, cause and extent of the heartbeat. The following methods are commonly used to treat this problem:
- Emotional causes: You need to learn how to deal with a panic attack and use breathing techniques to help you stay calm.
- Medications: If your medication is affecting your heart rate, your doctor may change the type of medication.
- Lightweight Life: heart palpitations should go away without treatment. Avoiding stimuli can be helpful.
- Hormonal causes: heart palpitations that occur due to hormonal changes are usually temporary.
Possible Your doctor may prescribe antiarrhythmic drugs such as beta-blockers or calcium channel blockers, both of which are safe. Beta-blockers lower heart rate and blood pressure. Sometimes, these drugs are ineffective and require stronger antiarrhythmic drugs that act directly on the heart's sodium and potassium channels. If you have an arrhythmia, your doctor will recommend the following treatments:
- Catheter ablation: Your doctor inserts a long, narrow tube called a catheter through a deep vein. The groin, neck, or chest are sent to the heart to kill the cells involved in causing a rapid and irregular heartbeat. This treatment is very effective when the doctor can detect an arrhythmia in a specific area of the heart.
- Electrical cardioversion: Using electrodes attached to the body, An electric shock is sent to the chest wall to restore its normal rhythm by destroying abnormal electrical circuits in the heart.
- Placing a Pacemaker or Defibrillator Placement: A pacemaker is a device that monitors and treats electrical problems in the heart.
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Some people have regular palpitations They are heartbroken that this can be annoying. If you are one of these people, you can try the following tips:
- Do deep breathing techniques.
- Try Avoid facing fear. Because it makes the symptoms worse.
- Take magnesium supplements. Of course, you need to talk to your doctor first.
- Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
You can use the Valsalva maneuver try breathing) as well. The results of a study show that the Valsalva maneuver is a simple and non-invasive way to stop an abnormal heart rhythm. However, researchers believe that more research is needed.
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heart Rate Prevention
- Any medication that may affect your heart rate
In addition, you should follow these tips to prevent both heart palpitations and the risk of heart disease. Decrease:
- Following a healthy diet
- Adequate sleep
- Regular exercise
- Doing yoga, meditation, exercise Respiratory or Tai Chi to help control stress
- Avoid known stimuli
Many people experience occasional heart palpitations they experience. Although this problem may seem scary, it is usually harmless and in most cases does not require special treatment. However, it can indicate an underlying disease. For example, it may be due to an arrhythmia or a warning sign of cardiac arrest. For this reason, people with heart palpitations are advised to see a doctor.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .
Sources: medicalnewstoday, hopkinsmedicine
Source: Healthline <// a>Tags: heart, beat;, symptoms,, causes,, medical, treatments, home, remedies