Getting to know Haworthia plant and its maintenance methods

Havortia is the name of a large genus of the family of small succulents, most of which are native to South Africa. Although all of these plants are known by the common name Haworthia, some species may have other names. These small succulents can make attractive houseplants. Haworthia is usually kept in a pot and moved outdoors only for the summer season, but in frost-free areas, some people grow this plant in the garden. The green and fleshy leaves of Haworthia grow in the shape of a rosette and these leaves are covered with many pearly white bumps.

BingMag.com Getting to know Haworthia plant and its maintenance methods

Havortia is the name of a large genus of the family of small succulents, most of which are native to South Africa. Although all of these plants are known by the common name Haworthia, some species may have other names. These small succulents can make attractive houseplants. Haworthia is usually kept in a pot and moved outdoors only for the summer season, but in frost-free areas, some people grow this plant in the garden. The green and fleshy leaves of Haworthia grow in the shape of a rosette and these leaves are covered with many pearly white bumps.

Maintaining Haworthia is an easy task and growing a beautiful Haworthia is not that difficult. Like most succulents, Haworthia grows relatively slowly. Haworthia, like other succulents, needs a lot of light and sufficient moisture in summer, and in winter it should be kept in relatively drier conditions than this plant. Avoid overwatering, but don't let the soil dry out completely. Also, during the spring and summer when the plant is growing, you should have a regular schedule of fertilizing.

If you want to keep Haworthia outdoors, do not place this plant in full sun. Haworthia grows best in semi-shaded places. This is the feature that makes it easy to maintain Haworthia as a houseplant. Being able to place Havertia next to a window depends on how much sun the window is. You can grow Haworthia in any kind of pot, but it is better to choose a pot that has enough drainage holes.

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Light

Although Haworthia likes a lot of light, it cannot tolerate strong and direct sunlight. In its native habitat, this plant usually grows in semi-shaded places, and for example, you can find it in the shade of a rock. Haworthia can tolerate morning sun, but strong afternoon sun can burn the leaves of this plant.

Red, yellow or white Haworthia leaves usually indicate that the plant is exposed to too much direct and intense sunlight. has taken. On the other hand, if Haworthia does not receive enough light, the green color of the leaves will fade. If you want to keep Haworthia indoors, this plant grows well next to west or east windows.

Soil

Haworthia likes sandy soil with very good drainage. You can use all types of potting soil to grow Haworthia, as long as it has ideal drainage. Of course, the best option for growing Haworthia is cactus soil.

To improve soil drainage, mix the soil with perlite, aquarium sand or mineral pumice.

Water

During spring and summer, water whenever the topsoil is dry. Of course, every time you water, make sure that the water covers all the soil. In autumn and winter, you should reduce watering and only water the plant to the extent that the leaves do not lose the water contained in them. Never allow the part of the plant rosette that is on the soil to stay under water for a while because it will lead to rotting and damage of the plant. It likes up to 35 degrees Celsius and lower than 10 degrees Celsius in winter. In conditions where the temperature drops below 5C, Haworthia is likely to be damaged. In the maintenance of Haworthia, humidity is not an important issue and what is important is proper ventilation. This plant needs proper ventilation especially at night when it absorbs carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. Package the fertilizer products. Fertilize regularly in spring and summer, which is the season of plant growth, and stop fertilizing in fall and winter. /24037-3.jpg" class="content-pics" alt="BingMag.com Getting to know Haworthia plant and its maintenance methods" title="BingMag.com Getting to know Haworthia plant and its maintenance methods" loading="lazy">

Hauertias are small plants that usually reach 8 to 13 cm in height and grow relatively slowly. Usually, these plants grow in shallow and wide pots in such a way that you see several small plants separated from each other. You can plant any of these small plants in a pot. To plant Haworthia, unglazed clay pots are the best option; Because excess soil moisture can escape from their walls. Also, in order to have good drainage, the pot must have enough drainage holes. It usually takes between 3 and 5 years The plants grow enough that the plant needs a bigger pot. During spring and early summer, you can change the pot. You can transfer the mother plant to a wider pot with the plants that have grown, or separate the plants and plant them in separate pots. Use fresh soil to fill new pots.

Even if the plant doesn't need a bigger pot, repotting means using the same pot as before but filling it with fresh soil. It is usually beneficial for the plant. It is better to do this once every 3 to 5 years.

Havertia plant propagation

BingMag.com Getting to know Haworthia plant and its maintenance methods

A low-cost way to propagate Haworthia is to use its leaves. A plant is a new and small plant that branches from the closest part of the mother plant to the soil. The use of peduncles to propagate the plant prevents the mother plant from being overcrowded in the pot and creating a messy appearance. The best time to propagate Haworthia is when the roots of the plant are out of the pot and it is time to change the pot. Cut from the point closest to the stem of the mother plant, taking care to leave most of the plant's roots intact. After removing the plant, wait a day and let the cut dry well and then plant the plant in the pot. Choose a small pot to plant the plant and fill this pot with the same type of soil that you used to grow the mother plant in.

Common pests

Havertia is the most infested. Pests are not included, except for one common pest, which is the mealybug. These small, oval-shaped insects suck the sap of the plant, and there are two ways to get rid of them; One is physical removal and the other is the use of insecticide spray. Also, if excess moisture remains in the soil for a while, fungus-loving mosquitoes may cause problems. The only thing you can do to deal with this pest is to improve the drainage and change the watering schedule to solve the problem of excess soil moisture.

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    Common problems in maintaining Haworthia

    BingMag.com Getting to know Haworthia plant and its maintenance methods

    Havortia is a relatively resistant plant And if you provide ideal conditions for its maintenance, you will not face much problem; But the maintenance conditions can cause problems, some of which are more common. But in most cases, the cause of this problem is excessive watering and its result is root rot. Wet soil can destroy the roots.

    Until the excess soil moisture is removed, this moisture causes the soil pores to close and the soil cannot carry out the process of gas exchange or so-called breathing. The permanent result of this condition is root death due to lack of oxygen.

    To avoid this problem, water only when the top surface of the soil is dry and never allow the plant to be completely wet in the soil for a period of time.

    Yellowing of leaves

    Usually exposure of Haworthia to a lot of strong sunlight causes the leaves of this plant to turn yellow. The reason for the red or whiteness of Haworthia leaves is the same. Moving the plant to a semi-shaded place can solve this problem. Of course, you should not transfer the plant to a completely shady place.

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