Everything you need to know about separation anxiety disorder in children

Separation anxiety disorder in children can be problematic depending on the cause. If this disorder is simply a sign of a strong relationship between the child and the parents or those who take care of him, it can be tolerated, but if it is due to more serious conditions and problems, the parents should decide to find a solution in relation to it. . In this article, we will introduce the problem of separation anxiety disorder in children, how to diagnose it and its treatment solutions.

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about separation anxiety disorder in children

Separation anxiety disorder in children can be problematic depending on the cause. If this disorder is simply a sign of a strong relationship between the child and the parents or those who take care of him, it can be tolerated, but if it is due to more serious conditions and problems, the parents should decide to find a solution in relation to it. . In this article, we will introduce the problem of separation anxiety disorder in children, how to diagnose it and its treatment solutions.

What is separation anxiety disorder in children?

Separation anxiety disorder in children is a type of mental health problem. Is. A child with this disorder has a lot of anxiety about being separated from family members or other close people. These children are very worried about getting lost or something bad happening to their family members if they are not with them.

All children and teenagers experience anxiety and anxiety is a natural part of the growth process. Separation anxiety disorder is normal in very young children. Almost all children between 18 months and 3 years have separation anxiety and have a degree of dependence and attachment to their parents.

But the symptoms of separation anxiety disorder are more severe. A child must experience symptoms of separation anxiety for at least four weeks to be diagnosed with this problem. A child with this anxiety has worry and fear about being separated from his home or family, which is not appropriate for his age.

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What causes separation anxiety in children?

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about separation anxiety disorder in children

Karstasan believes are that separation anxiety disorder is caused by both genetic and environmental factors. A child may have a hereditary tendency to anxiety. The imbalance of two chemicals in the brain (norepinephrine and serotonin) play a key role in this problem.

A child can also learn fear and anxiety from family members and others. Traumatic events also lead to separation anxiety disorder.

Which children are at risk of separation anxiety disorder?

Separation anxiety disorder occurs equally in boys and girls. But children who have parents with anxiety disorders are more prone to this disorder.

How is separation anxiety disorder diagnosed in children?

A child psychiatrist or other mental health professional can diagnose this disorder. identify For this purpose, experts and specialists evaluate the child's mental health. To diagnose separation anxiety disorder in a child, the child's fear or anxiety about being away from family members should take at least 4 weeks.

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What are the early signs of separation anxiety disorder in a child?

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about separation anxiety disorder in children

Each child may have different symptoms. Show separation from anxiety. But the most common symptoms are:

  • Not sleeping alone.
  • Seeing separation theme nightmares.
  • Extreme anxiety when separated from home or Family.
  • Excessive worry about the safety of family members.
  • Excessive worry about getting lost.
  • Avoid going to school.
  • Fear and dissatisfaction with being alone.
  • Complaining of frequent heartache, headache and other physical pains.
  • Muscle stiffness or pain.
  • Extremely worried about own safety.
  • Extremely anxious when sleeping somewhere away from home.
  • Extremely dependent even when at home.
  • Panic attacks or crying and Crying when separated from parents or caregivers.

Symptoms of separation anxiety disorder may look like other health problems. Be sure to take your child to a specialist to diagnose this problem.

What is the treatment of separation anxiety disorder in children?

The treatment of this disorder depends on the symptoms, age and general health of the child. has it. In addition, the severity of the condition should be considered for treatment. Treatment for separation anxiety disorder often includes a combination of the following:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy; This therapy helps the child learn how to better manage his anxiety. The goal is also to help the child master situations that lead to anxiety.
  • Medication; Antidepressants or anti-anxiety drugs can help calm the child down more.
  • Family therapy; Parents play a vital role in any treatment.
  • school entry; The child's school may also enter the treatment process.

How can parents prevent separation anxiety disorder in a child?

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about separation anxiety disorder in children

Experts don't know how to separate from anxiety disorder Prevented in children and teenagers, but if you notice the symptoms of this disorder in your child, you can get help as soon as possible by checking and evaluating. Early treatment can reduce the symptoms of the disorder and improve the normal development of the child. In addition, it increases the quality of the child's life.

How to help a child with separation anxiety disorder?

As a parent, you have a key role in treating your child. Here are some things you can do to help your child:

  • Accompany the child to all the appointments you have with the mental health professional.
  • Show your support and reassurance. Encourage age-appropriate independence.
  • Identify situations that stress the child. Knowing what stresses your child and planning to deal with them can help your child succeed.
  • Explain to others about your child's separation anxiety disorder. Work with your child's therapist and mental health specialist and have a treatment plan. Remind the teachers at your child's school that your child needs extra reassurance and support in certain situations.

Key points about separation anxiety disorder in children

Separation anxiety disorder It is considered one of the mental health problems. A child with separation anxiety experiences a lot of worry about being separated from family members or other close people.

The reason for this disorder can be genetic or environmental. The symptoms of separation anxiety disorder are much more severe than normal separation anxiety, which almost every child between the ages of 18 months and 3 years experiences. To diagnose this disorder, the child must have these symptoms for at least 4 weeks. In addition, mental health assessment is also done. The treatment of the disorder includes counseling and drug treatment.

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Examples of the signs of separation anxiety disorder in children and the help of parents to reduce anxiety They

Here are the signs that indicate the presence of separation anxiety disorder in a child and the solutions that can be used to help eliminate them.

1. Baby cries when parents leave the room

There are times in a baby's life that, depending on the milestones, can be associated with separation anxiety. For example, a baby who is between four and eight months old starts crying when he does not see his mother in the room. His crying is a sign of the stress he feels when someone he loves leaves him.

The reason for this is that they have learned to recognize only familiar objects and people and build their emotions around them. do They don't yet know that just because they can't see the person doesn't mean the person isn't there.

This is a fascinating time to show your child that you keep reappearing. . Play with your child and enjoy this time.

As children grow older, they realize that their parents always come back. By building trust in them, they will learn that people and places that are trusted by their parents are safer.

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2 . They get stressed when seeing new people and places

Sometimes the child gets anxious when seeing new places. They may be unhappy about leaving home to go to a new place, stand in a corner when they reach the desired place, or show compulsive behavior and crying.

One of the anxiety-inducing factors is facing The person, object or place is unknown. The way to deal with this is to prepare the child as much as possible.

Tell them what to expect. This can include showing pictures of the place you are going to and the people who are there, or if possible describing the activities and behaviors that take place there. You can even show them a preview of the new place without having to separate.

If you think about it a little, you will understand why children are oriented towards school. It will be very useful if we use the same model for new places that our children are going to see without us.

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about separation anxiety disorder in children

Preparation is key. It is important to know what they can expect from the new location. Talking ahead of time about expected behaviors for them and others around them empowers children and ultimately keeps them safe when parents aren't around.

Be honest. Let them know why you are leaving them alone in a new place or with new people, why you trust them, why you trust the people caring for your child, and tell them what you will do if someone does something wrong. All these talks can help calm your child's worries.

3. Bedtime is a battle

Bedtime can be a very difficult time for children. Even adults can experience stress while sleeping. Dreams are unknown and can be scary at times. When the house is quiet and dark everywhere, the house becomes a completely different world.

Thinking about sleeping alone can induce stress and anxiety in the child. Signs that the child has this anxiety include reluctance to sleep, not going to bed, crying and showing aggressive behavior.

In such a situation, you can do the following to help the child:>

  • Creating a regular comfortable and predictable sleep schedule.
  • Creating a comfortable and relaxing atmosphere in the bedroom.
  • Having lots of supportive conversations with the child during the day. .
  • Using some special warm and heavy dolls or special blankets to put next to the child in bed
  • Gradual change from sleeping with parents to sleeping alone
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    Consistency and predictability are key points for bed anxiety. With each successful sleep, positive experiences are created until the day your child is ready to go to bed without any anxiety.

    4. Negative experiences have a huge impact

    According to research, separation anxiety disorder is characterized by "excessive or inappropriately developing anxiety about being separated from home or from people to whom one is dependent."

    Sudden symptoms of separation anxiety disorder show themselves either suddenly or gradually over time. Children with separation anxiety may have this anxiety because of negative experiences.

    If your child has a hard time being separated from you, is reluctant to leave the house, or feels sick when you want to go somewhere. The problem may be caused by a negative experience.

    The most important thing is to follow up on negative experiences with our children. It is important to prepare them and follow through. Talk to your child about their experiences, let them know you are there if they ever feel unsafe, if something uncomfortable happens, or if something or someone confuses them.

    As with many other aspects of parenting, you need to keep the lines of communication open. This can also mean reaching out to a therapist or other professional that the child trusts.

    Once the details of the negative experiences are known, it is very important to deal with it calmly at first, the behavior Model the appropriate response and find a solution together.

    If appropriate, one way to reassure the child of safety is to remove him from the situation. Of course, elimination is not always the most effective solution, that's why we have used the appropriate word here.

    Reinforcing negative behaviors related to separation anxiety is one of the problems that parents can experience. Giving in to a child's antics or accepting their claim of illness without checking can make the child feel less safe. The reason for this is that all the control falls into the hands of the children. They need our help to guide them, to support them and to know that they always feel safe with us.

    Parents can do this in the following ways:

    • Talking about negative events
    • Taking action when needed
    • Employing a nurse or other caregiver
    • Talking about strategies for the future
    • Empowering the child with the tools to succeed
    • Do lots of practice at home and return to the place or person where the incident happened

    Children need to build their confidence, manage their own affairs and know that they do not always have to do this because their parents are their supporters.

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    5. The child experiences trauma

    The truth is that parents cannot control all aspects of their child's life. Not everything that happens to a child is the result of bad parenting or bad events. Sometimes circumstances out of control can lead to a child experiencing trauma.

    Since trauma is a negative experience it is very different from not being understood or simply something the child doesn't like. Trauma is a much more serious issue and requires more support.

    Caregivers are not always aware or responsible for what the child does. We have a responsibility to do everything we can to protect, support, and love our child.

    Children with separation anxiety tell us a lot about attachment to a person or a place. The reason for this is that the person or the place is a symbol of security for them.

    In conclusion

    There are many reasons for separation anxiety disorder in a child. The people and places that the child attaches to show that they are safe for the child. strengthen and Modeling good behavior, creating a safe and predictable environment, preparing the child for new places and people, talking with the child and seeking help from professionals when needed can help improve this issue.

    If this article You have read to the end. You are a parent who wants the best for your child. This means that you are a safe place for your child. If you see the signs of separation anxiety in your child and realize that they are clinging to you, know that you are a safe person for them.

    This is a good thing and the next step is to ask professionals to help your child get through the trauma. Get help getting better. Talk to your child's doctor, therapist, or other trusted family members and build a team to support your child and family members.

    Resources: Lifehack, Stanford Medicine Children's Health

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