Everything you need to know about the herpes simplex virus

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a type of viral infection that can cause genital and oral herpes.

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about the herpes simplex virus

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a type of viral infection that can cause genital and oral herpes.

Many people live with HSV asymptomatically, meaning that the virus is present in their body without outward symptoms. For others, it may be external and they may experience blisters or small fluid-filled sores on some part of their body. These blisters mostly appear in the genital area or the mouth and lips, but they can also appear on the hands or fingers, nose, and other parts of the body.

Also, one of the ways to transmit HSV is through sexual intercourse, but you should not Let's not forget that the virus can be transmitted in other ways. In fact, the presence of herpes virus in the body of people is very common, so in most cases there is no need to worry for adults. According to World Health Organization estimates:

  • In 2016, about 67% of the world's population under 50 years of age had HSV-1.
  • In 2016, about 13% of people between 15 to 49 years of age had HSV-2.

Other research also shows that more than 90% of adults have HSV-1 antibodies by the time they reach 50 years of age.

Also, experts have not yet found a way to cure herpes, but antiviral drugs can help reduce the severity of symptoms and transmission to a partner. We will discuss herpes simplex, the people who are most susceptible to it, the symptoms of herpes, and the areas of the body where herpes may appear.

What are the types of herpes simplex virus?

There are two main types of herpes virus, each of which affects different parts of the body.

  • Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) causes oral herpes, which usually affects the mouth. and involves the skin around it.
  • Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) It causes genital herpes and is generally transmitted through sexual intercourse.

Although it is very important that both types of this virus can also be transmitted through oral or genital contact.

Many people living with genital herpes actually have HSV-1, because the virus is easily transmitted through oral-to-genital contact.

  • Whatever you should do Learn about the HPV virus and ways to prevent it

What is the HSV-1 type herpes simplex virus?

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about the herpes simplex virus

You can spread HSV-1, or oral herpes, to other people through direct contact with a cold sore, saliva, or other body secretions.

Examples of direct contact include: :

  • Kissing
  • Oral sex
  • Other skin contact

In other words, if cold sores If you touch your partner and touch your face or genitals a little later, the virus will probably enter your body. Many children get the virus after being kissed on the face by an adult with herpes.

Theoretically, the virus can be transmitted through shared items such as razors, lip balm, or eating and drinking utensils, but This is very rare, and old estimates suggest that the virus can live outside your body for only a few hours to a few days.

In other words, if a person with herpes drinks from a glass and immediately If he gives it to you and then puts your mouth on the glass in the same spot, you could potentially get cold sores. But the chance of it happening is relatively low.

What is HSV-2?

Like HSV-1, you can get HSV-2 by direct contact with Transfer herpes sores and... Direct contact may include:

  • kissing
  • oral sex
  • sharing sexual accessories during intercourse
  • Vaginal intercourse
  • Other skin-to-skin contact at the site of infection

Remember that although many people misunderstand HSV-1 as oral herpes and HSV- 2 is thought of as genital herpes, but both types of this virus can cause oral or genital herpes in people.

Who is at risk for herpes simplex infection?

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about the herpes simplex virus

Anyone regardless of age can get the herpes virus. If you are exposed to HSV, you are more likely to develop the virus. Although it is more likely to occur in the following people:

  • People whose life partner has the herpes virus.
  • People who are immunocompromised.
  • >People who have a history of any sexually transmitted infection.
  • Women.

Reputable sources show that women get infected with this virus more than men. So this could mean more women They may experience herpes symptoms. Some older research also suggests that antibodies to HSV-1 may help women fight HSV-2. However, many people who live with one type of the virus are likely to get the other type in the future, although they won't get the same type of virus again because it remains latent in the body after getting it. It stays.

If you have sex without using condoms or other protection methods, you may be slightly more likely to get genital HSV. However, keep in mind that condoms and other barrier methods do not always cover the site of infection, as sores can also appear on the buttocks or inner thighs.

Can herpes simplex virus be transmitted during childbirth?

According to 2021 research, about 1 in 1,000 babies born in the United States will be infected with HSV.

If you had genital HSV before pregnancy and recurrent infections If you have, it is unlikely that you will pass the virus to your baby during delivery. But the risk increases if you are infected with the virus during pregnancy, especially late in pregnancy.

Since the virus can cause serious complications, including premature birth, it is important to discuss this with your specialist. Share.

What are the symptoms of herpes?

BingMag.com Everything you need to know about the herpes simplex virus

HSV does not always cause symptoms. . But for some people who may have recently contracted it, the symptoms can be similar to those of the flu, such as:

  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes

    • li>
    • Body aches including headache
    • Unusual fatigue
    • Lack of appetite
    • Pain at the site of infection

    You will usually notice tingling, burning, or itching at the site of the infection before small, painful blisters appear. Blisters may also appear in clusters. Blisters that form during the initial infection take approximately 6 weeks to fully heal, and transmission is still possible before complete healing.

    The sores are often itchy, and genital sores may cause pain when urinating.

    Some people living with HSV may only get cold sores once, while others will get them occasionally every few months. As a person's body begins to produce antibodies to the virus, recurrent episodes will often become less frequent over time and healing will occur more quickly.

    • 21 Surefire Home Remedies for Herpes

    Do herpes virus symptoms differ on different parts of the body?

    Regardless of what type of virus you have or where they appear, you will likely notice similar blisters and symptoms. became. However, the only major difference is where the symptoms appear.

    • If HSV affects your genitals, you may notice pain or burning when you urinate.
    • If HSV affects your mouth, you may have trouble eating spicy or acidic foods while the sore is open.

    How is herpes simplex diagnosed?

    If you think you've been exposed to HSV but have no symptoms, a blood test can help determine whether you have HSV antibodies. . Just be aware that blood tests may not accurately detect HSV for up to 12 weeks after infection. However, it is better to consult a specialist doctor in these cases.

    Final point

    BingMag.com Everything you need to know about the herpes simplex virus

    When you have herpes simplex virus, the virus lives permanently in your nerve cells and often remains inactive, but certain triggers such as stress and nervous tension, menstrual periods, fever or illness, exposure Exposure to sunlight or sunburn, etc. can activate it.

    Generally, although HSV is a lifelong disease, it is not considered a serious health concern and usually affects people's daily lives.

    Herpes blisters can cause some pain and discomfort, but home remedies will help reduce these symptoms and heal the sores quickly. Antiviral medications can also reduce your chances of experiencing recurrent episodes of herpes and reduce the risk of passing the virus to others. , it is indicated:

    • Avoid sharing personal items such as razors or toothbrushes.
    • If you are living with oral or genital HSV, from the time the first symptoms appear until the sores are completely healed, avoid oral sex, kissing, and skin-to-skin contact with the genitals.
    • Wash your hands thoroughly after touching the sores or using the medicine on them.
    • Apply the medicine to the affected area with cotton swabs to reduce your contact with the wounds.
    This article is for educational and informative purposes only. Be sure to consult an expert before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer.

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