Allergy is the immune system's response to a foreign substance that is not usually harmful to the body but causes it. This foreign substance is called an "allergen". Almost Everything can turn into an allergen, from food to pollen or even pets. Some allergies are also seasonal and are called seasonal allergies.
Let's talk about the symptoms. So if you are experiencing allergic symptoms in yourself or those around you with the arrival of spring or autumn, or you are dealing with all kinds of allergies, it is better to read this article to the end.
types of allergies
As we said, allergies are the immune system's response to allergens, and allergens are usually not harmful to the body, they just make the immune system react.Allergic reactions are very common and there are many treatments and prevention of symptoms.
The immune system's job is to fight harmful pathogens, thus keeping the body healthy. Allergens are also recognized by the immune system as a pathogen and cause allergic reactions such as inflammation, sneezing or similar symptoms.
The immune system has the ability to adapt to the environment. For example, when you encounter a pet, you see that their hair or dandruff is not harmful to you, but the immune system may recognize it as an external threat and attack it. This is why every person gets allergies to certain substances.
Symptoms of allergies
1. Food allergies
Food allergies usually cause inflammation, hives, nausea, and tiredness, and it may take a while for a person to diagnose an allergenic food. If you have an allergic reaction after eating and you do not know why it should happen, you should see a specialist immediately. If your reaction is severe, you should go to the emergency room immediately. Specialists can quickly reduce the symptoms and find the exact cause.
2. Seasonal allergies
Seasonal allergy symptoms, such as hay fever, can be similar to the common cold, and you may experience congestion, runny nose, and puffy eyes. These symptoms usually go away at home with home remedies, but if it is bothersome or uncontrollable, be sure to see a specialist.
3. Severe allergies
Severe allergies can cause anaphylaxis. This is a dangerous emergency condition that can lead to breathing problems, lightheadedness, and loss of consciousness. Get the necessary.
Skin allergy is one of the allergic symptoms It is caused by direct contact with allergens.Skin rash is one of the most common symptoms of skin allergies that different people experience. For example, eating foods that you are allergic to can cause a variety of symptoms, such as a tingling sensation in the mouth and throat. This food may also cause skin rashes. These skin rashes are called skin allergy symptoms. Of course, this is usually caused by direct contact with an allergen, such as pepper or bleach.
types of skin allergies:
- Rash: Various areas of skin are irritated, red, or swollen, and sometimes accompanied by pain and itching. They are caused by contact with allergens.
- Sore throat: The throat or throat becomes irritated or inflamed.
- Hives: Red pimples And protruding with itching that occurs on the skin in various sizes and shapes.
- Itching: Irritation or inflammation of the skin that is accompanied by itching.
- Irritation: Inflammation of the skin that results in discomfort and irritation On the skin.
Causes of allergies
Researchers still They do not know why the entry of a substance Harmless to the body causes a reaction in the immune system. One of the causes of allergies is genetic, that is, if the parents are allergic to a particular substance They pass it on to their child. Of course, you should know that certain allergies, such as oyster allergies, are not transmitted from parents to children, and only general allergies, such as seasonal allergies, can be transmitted. There are countless allergens in the world, but common types can be found in the following list:
- Animal allergens: Pet dandruff, tick mites, animal dust mites And beetles
- Drugs: The most common allergenic drugs are penicillins and sulfa drugs.
- Foods: Wheat, nuts, milk, Oysters and eggs
- Insect bites: Bees and mosquitoes
- Mold: Spores produced by molds released into the air .
- Plants: Pollen, weeds, some trees, poison ivy, poison oak
- Other allergens: Existing allergens Found in latex, which is often found in latex gloves and condoms. Metals such as nickel.
Seasonal allergy, also known as hay fever, is one of the most common allergies caused by pollen released from plants. Symptoms of this seasonal allergy include itchy eyes, watery eyes, runny nose and cough.
Various allergy treatments
The best way to prevent allergic symptoms is to stay away from substances that cause reactions in the body. Of course, this is not 100% feasible, but it can be largely controlled. Allergy medication is treated with medications such as antihistamines. Some medications can be taken without a doctor's prescription, but the best way to control allergies is to see a specialist and get the right medication. Immunotherapy is another way to treat allergies. In this method, injections are performed for several consecutive years to get the body used to allergies. Successful immunotherapy can prevent the recurrence of allergies. Emergency epinephrine vaccine is another allergy control method used in severe and risky allergic reactions. To get this vaccine, you must get help from a specialist doctor.
Natural Allergy Treatments
you must consult a specialist, because the use of a plant or a traditional method of treatment of allergies may aggravate you. For example, there are dried plants and flowers that are used as a tea to treat allergic symptoms. But one of these flowers may be close to the flower family to which you are allergic, and this may exacerbate your symptoms after consumption.
The same is true of essential oils. Some people use essential oils to reduce the symptoms of allergies, such as shortness of breath or cough, but the essential oils in the oil may increase the cough or blockage of the airways.
Allergy Detection Method
When you see a specialist for a diagnosis of allergies or allergic symptoms, he or she will first ask you questions and then perform tests. Gives. She asks questions about the different foods you have recently eaten and the ingredients you have come in contact with. For example, if you feel itching in your hands, he will ask you if you have used latex gloves or not. Finally, a blood test and a skin test will confirm or rule out allergens that your doctor suspects.
Allergy blood test
E (lgE) is measured. Immunoglobulins are cells that react to allergens. If your allergic reaction is severe, your doctor will use a blood test to confirm the diagnosis.
In this test, your skin is scratched with small needles containing potential allergens. After inflammation or redness of the skin, it is determined which specific substance you are allergic to.
Prevention of allergic symptoms
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent allergies, but there are ways to prevent symptoms. Remember that the best way to prevent allergies is to avoid allergens. So avoiding or using an allergen-containing substance is the best way to prevent food allergy symptoms. A elimination diet will help you find the cause of your allergies and look for ways to avoid them. Once the allergenic substance or food has been identified, be sure to read the label on the ready-to-eat food. Also, when you go to a restaurant or cafe, be sure to inform your waiter of your allergies to guide you in choosing the right food.
Prevention of seasonal allergies, contact and its different types depending on the location of the allergen and method Avoid them. For example, if you are sensitive to dust, you can install air filters Properly at home, thorough and thorough cleaning of the air ducts and regular dusting, reduce these symptoms. Proper allergy testing can give you a list of stimuli that exactly cause allergy symptoms, thus making them easier to avoid. Also, by being aware of this list, you can prevent dangerous allergic reactions.
Allergy side effects
- Sudden narrowing of the airways
- Increased heart rate
- Possible swelling of the tongue and mouth
Allergic symptoms can have many side effects. A specialist doctor can diagnose the cause of your symptoms and determine the difference between being sensitive to certain substances and allergies. Your doctor can also teach you how to manage allergy symptoms and prevent serious complications.
Asthma & allergies
allergies can increase the severity of asthma. They can also cause asthma in people who are not infected. This condition is called allergic asthma or allergic asthma. It is interesting to know that many people with allergies may first develop asthma.
Allergy to colds
As you know, runny nose, sneezing and coughing are common symptoms of allergies. These symptoms are very similar to the symptoms of colds and sinus infections. So sometimes it is difficult to diagnose the cause of these symptoms. Of course, there are additional symptoms that can help with the diagnosis. For example, allergies are accompanied by skin rashes and itchy eyes, colds can be accompanied by fever and body aches, and in sinus infections, thick, yellow discharge usually comes out of the nose.
allergies can affect the body's immune system. Affect for a long time. When your immune system is compromised, you are more likely to get the viruses that you normally come in contact with. This can increase the risk of catching a cold. This means that if you have an allergy, you are more likely to catch a cold.
Allergy and bronchitis
- Cigarette smoke
- Air pollution
- Plant pollen
- Chemical Smoke
Unlike seasonal allergies, many allergens remain in environments such as the home or office. This persistence can make chronic bronchitis more stable and increase the chance of recurrence.
allergies and children
Skin allergies are becoming more common in children these days. Skin allergies decrease as children get older, but respiratory and food allergies increase. The following is a list of the most common skin allergies in children:
- Eczema: An inflammatory skin condition that causes a red rash and itchy feeling. The rash may develop slowly but persistently.
- Allergic contact dermatitis: This type of skin allergy appears quickly and usually occurs immediately after a child comes in contact with an allergen. . Severe contact dermatitis can cause painful blisters and cracking Peeling.
- Hives: Hives, red bumps, or raised areas of
skin that develop after exposure to an allergen. Hives do not flake
or crack, but pruritus ani may cause skin bleeding. It has no
threat. People at risk for anaphylaxis can learn how to manage
their allergies and what to do in an emergency. Most
allergies can be controlled by avoiding contact or taking
medications and lifestyle changes. Seeing a doctor or allergist can
also help reduce important side effects and make your life more
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