Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Maybe until the last ten years, buying coffee was a very simple thing, when you came back from work, you bought the usual coffee and went home. In fact, at that time there was not much variety in coffee beans and literally nothing to think about! But today the story is completely different, you can buy different coffee beans from different countries of origin and try a drink with different and new flavors. Therefore, in this comprehensive guide from DigiCala Mag's series of articles, we carefully review and provide you with everything you need to buy coffee beans, including the insight and knowledge necessary to choose beans according to your taste preferences and lifestyle.

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Maybe until the last ten years, buying coffee was a very simple thing, when you came back from work, you bought the usual coffee and went home. In fact, at that time there was not much variety in coffee beans and literally nothing to think about! But today the story is completely different, you can buy different coffee beans from different countries of origin and try a drink with different and new flavors. Therefore, in this comprehensive guide from DigiCala Mag's series of articles, we carefully review and provide you with everything you need to buy coffee beans, including the insight and knowledge necessary to choose beans according to your taste preferences and lifestyle.

  • Arabica or Robusta Coffee (Arabica VS Robusta Coffee Species)
  • Getting to know the types of roasts when buying coffee
  • Combined coffee or single coffee , which is better?
  • Getting to know the specifications and information on the coffee label
  • Which countries do the best coffee belong to?
  • What is decaf or decaffeinated coffee?
  • Tips to store coffee in the best way
  • 12 top and popular coffee brands in Iran and the world

Arabica VS Robusta Coffee Species

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

As you know, it has been a long time since the beans Coffee has become a best-selling product; In fact, like oil or cotton, coffee is traded from hand to hand and finds its way to the market. Among these, of course, there are people who over-roast low-quality coffees, intending to hide their low-grade taste, in such a case, your beans will taste like ash, carbon or strong bitterness. Therefore, you should be careful when buying coffee. It is also suggested that if you are interested in tasting the real taste of coffee, buy a grinder and buy the beans separately in the desired roaster and grind them at home. Now, after this introduction, let's move on to the upcoming discussion, is Arabica or Robusta coffee better?

In general, it can be acknowledged that hundreds of different species of coffee plant grow all over the world (mainly in Africa), but What we actually see commercially in the market includes Arabica coffee (Coffea Arabica) and Robusta coffee (Coffea Robusta). These two common types of coffee have a very different taste and aroma, so it is important to be familiar with them at the time of purchase.

Arabica coffee

It is interesting to know that the Arabica plant branches It is small, so not many coffee beans grow on it. Of course, it is important from the point of view that with fewer branches, each coffee bean receives more nutrients for better growth. In this case, amazing and complex flavors are created in this type of coffee, which is unique in its kind. In general, Arabica coffee is a product with diverse flavors, high acidity, and low bitterness.

Robusta coffee

On the other hand, the robusta plant is large and dense and produces several tons per season. Of course, this issue affects its price and this type of coffee has a lower price than Arabica. However, this type of plant divides less brain material between the seeds, so the Arabica complex flavors are not present in Robusta seeds! Put Arabica coffee, because this type of coffee is tastier and at the same time has a more controllable caffeine level.

In the same way, in order to repel pests, the robusta plant produces bitter-tasting compounds that make the brewed coffee very bitter. Bitter and somewhat unpleasant for some people. It is interesting to know that one of the bitter compounds produced by these plants is caffeine; Therefore, Robusta coffee cups have up to 50% more caffeine than the same cup with Arabica coffee. Considering these things, we suggest that you prioritize Arabica coffee beans; Because this type of coffee is tastier and at the same time has a more controllable caffeine level.

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Getting to know the types of roast when buying coffee

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BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Roast or roasting coffee beans in the specialty coffee world is very different from roasting other beans. . In general, there are three categories of roasted coffee beans: light, medium, and dark. In the meantime, you should keep in mind that they usually roast low-quality coffees in a dark way so that you don't feel the taste of low-quality beans! However, in the specialized world of coffee, you should familiarize yourself with the types of roasts; Therefore, in this section, we introduce you to the types of roasts for buying coffee.

1. Light roasts of coffee beans (Light Roasts)

Light roasted beans are usually dark brown in color and no oily surface is visible on it. From As these types of beans are technically less roasted, they retain the flavor and unique characteristics of the original beans compared to other roast levels.

Coffee beans usually contain oil that is darkened during the roasting process. It is released, so it is normal that the oil is not visible on the bean in a light roast.

Light roast beans usually have a more dynamic acidity (the same as coffee acidity) and a crunchy texture that increases the lightness of the bean. Also, floral and fruity notes usually appear at this level of roasting the coffee bean. In general, light roast or light coffee beans are light, with clear aromas and no bitterness. On the other hand, it should be noted that it is more difficult to grind seeds at this level of roast, because the seeds are denser in this state.

Specifications of seeds with Roast Light:

  • More preservation of the taste and smell of the seeds from the farm of origin
  • More dynamic acidity
  • The presence of sweet, floral and fruity notes in the seeds
  • Light body with Clear and perceptible scents
  • No bitterness

2. Medium roast coffee beans (Medium Roasts)

Medium roast coffee beans are light brown in color and rarely release surface oil. This type of seeds, such as Roast Light seeds, is still close to the unique characteristics of the seeds of the farm or the region of origin, but together with it, it evokes a pleasant sweetness such as caramel or honey. In fact, the coffee beans are less acidic at this stage and create a more balanced feeling. In this type of beans, a slight bitterness may appear, but this slight amount helps to improve the taste of the coffee.

Specifications of beans with medium roast:

  • More balanced acidity
  • The presence of floral and fruity notes with the sweetness of honey or caramel
  • Semi-light body
  • Rich and inhalable aromas with pleasant bitterness

3. Dark Roasts

Generally, in dark roasts, the color of the coffee beans tends to be dark brown, and most of these beans have a thin oily sheen on their surfaces. In terms of flavor, dark roast beans are less characteristic of farm-raised beans, but at the same time, you should know that these types of beans do not have a monotonous or boring taste. The acidity of these seeds is more and their aromas are deep and rich. Also, the sweetness of beans with dark roast is like chocolate or sugar syrup and is accompanied by notes of spices, earth and wood.

Characteristics of beans with dark roast:

  • Less similar to the taste and aroma of the seeds from the original farm
  • Mild acidity with deep notes of spices, earth and wood
  • These seeds have a sweet taste like chocolate!
  • >
  • The body of the seeds is heavy and combined with rich and deep aromas. Avoid roasting beans darker than dark roast, as this level of roast is so dark that it destroys all the pleasant flavors of the coffee beans, leaving you with ashy, carbonaceous flavors that impart a harsh bitterness.

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    Which one is better, combined coffee or single coffee?

    If interested in using coffee in a professional way, probably the samples of single dating are more popular for you, because with this coffee You can discover and find the subtle differences and characteristics of seeds. But of course, these products are not suitable for all people and mixed samples have their own fans.

    Single Origins Coffee

    Single Origins coffee can be considered basically coffee It originates from a specific farm. Since all the beans in the bag come from the same place, the unique flavors and characteristics of the beans really come through, so arguably that's what makes single-origin coffees so exciting.

    Ethiopian and Kenyan coffees They usually have different tastes, even though they are considered neighboring countries; Beans from Sumatra and Bali also have their own unique flavor, while both islands are part of Indonesia.

    It is interesting to know that even two coffees from two different farms on either side of the volcano in Guatemala can have different flavors. have different However, single date coffee comes with disadvantages. For example, such foods are usually seasonal products and rarely last more than a few months. On the other hand, this type of coffee is less consistent than the combined options when brewing, which can be unpleasant for some people who like good coffee. Also, the strange flavors of single match coffee are a bit too spicy for traditional coffee lovers.

    Advantages

    • Great variety in The taste with various flavors and aromas
    • Better understanding of the farmer's skill in growing coffee beans

    Disadvantages

    • These strange flavors are not interesting for some people!
    • This type of coffee is available seasonally.
    • In some cases it is difficult to brew, which means it is late brewing!

    Coffee Blends

    The different combinations of coffees have changed a lot during the last few decades, because in the past the combination of beans was a way to reduce the less desirable flavors of coffee, while today the combination of beans is more to create complementary flavors to create new experiences. Expert coffee makers are interested in producing coffees with deeper aromas and notes, such as Mexican coffee with earthy, chocolatey notes, with lighter coffees, such as Kenyan beans with floral and spicy notes. Indeed, such a combination creates a sense of balance and integrity that is unusual in single-origin coffee!

    However, it must be acknowledged that there is less variety (compared to the four to eight flavors of single-origin beans) among There are mixed seeds, that's why in professional cafes they combine only two or maximum three seeds. In modern blends, milder flavors and aromas balance out the harsher notes, and blended coffees are more consistent and flavorful when brewed. It should be noted that you can use mixed seeds on most days of the year and this issue is not dependent on different seasons.

    Advantages

    • Multiple and balanced flavors
    • Fresh and quick-drying
    • Mostly available all year round.

    Disadvantages

    • Lower variety of flavors compared to single-pot coffees
    • Less flavor clarity

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    Getting to know the specifications and information on the coffee label

    BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

    As the popularity of coffee increases As an energy drink, it is better to familiarize yourself with some of the features on the label of these products.

    • AA; This characteristic indicates a very large coffee bean in Kenya according to the coffee grading. This type of seed is usually sold at a higher price than any other grade.
    • C.A.F.E.; This phrase is an idiom on Starbucks coffee and an abbreviation of "Coffee and Farmer Equity" which means coffee and farmer's financial right. In fact, the purpose of this term is to help farmers grow coffee in a way that is better for both people and the planet!
    • Caffeine; It shows the amount of caffeine in a cup and it can be very different depending on factors such as the composition, the brewing method and the type of beans.
    • Decaffeinated; Despite such a writing, you should know that the caffeine has been removed from the green coffee beans before roasting. Vanilla, Irish cream, etc. are available and are obtained by adding flavorings to the roasted beans.
    • Growing Region; Coffee is grown throughout the tropics. And, naturally, geography has a huge impact on the unique flavor and aroma of the beans.
    • Organic; Organic coffee means that the beans are grown without chemical fertilizers and most industrial pesticides. .
    • Rainforest Alliance certificate; With such a certificate on the coffee package, we can be sure that the use of chemical pesticides was limited during the cultivation of the seeds. Also, water and soil are not exploited and farm workers are treated fairly.

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    The best coffee owned by Which countries is it?

    Generally, South America has a lot of diversity in the field of coffee cultivation, coffee with fruity notes, coffee with earthy notes, coffee with the taste of nuts and in fact any type of coffee you can imagine. It exists on this continent. One of these cases is the coffee farms of Ecuador, these farms are located in the heights of the Andes mountains, and due to the altitude of 6,000 to 10,000 feet of these plantations, brown beans with more acidity are grown. Also, the volcanic soil of these fields increases the tendency to create soft and fruity notes in the seeds.

    Besides Ecuadorian coffee, there are other examples of coffees such as Colombian coffee. In this country, Arabica seeds are grown exclusively, which have high acidity and notes of citrus fruits, chocolate and flowers. In some coffee beans of this country, spicy and forest notes are present in a deeper and bolder way. Another well-known country in the field of coffee is Brazil; In fact, the agricultural lands for planting coffee in this country are located in low or low-altitude areas, for this reason, most of the coffees in this country are mild in terms of acidity, but have a heavier structure. , Thailand and Myanmar are named as the most famous coffee producers. Vietnam second It is the largest producer of coffee in the world, but unfortunately, almost all of its coffee is robusta, so it operates mostly in the field of instant coffee production. Myanmar (formerly Burma) is one of the countries that recently entered the coffee industry; In fact, the beans produced in this country often have acidity like cola and have a very complex aroma and taste! In the long menu of cafes that you should know

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What is decaffeinated coffee?

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Decaffeinated coffee is one of those products that doesn't have a very good reputation because in the 1970s, it was one of the common solvents used in the decaffeination process. It was introduced by the National Cancer Institute as one of the carcinogenic factors. However, these days decaffeinated coffee is recognized as a healthy product like any other coffee. In this regard, there are three main and safe ways to produce this food, which we mention in this section.

1. The use of CO2 in the production of decaffeinated coffee

In this procedure, green coffee beans are soaked in CO2, which is neither completely gas nor liquid (I don't know exactly what it looks like!). In such a case, CO2 selectively collects caffeine from the beans, then the caffeine is removed from the CO2 (for reuse) using activated carbon filters. Of course, it should be noted that this unusual process is considered one of the most expensive methods and is not very common.

2. Production of decaffeinated coffee in the chemical solvent process

In this method, coffee beans are soaked in almost boiling water for several hours, and then the brewed liquid is transferred to another tank containing one of two solvents, ethyl acetate or methylene chloride. There is, they transmit. After this transfer, these chemicals are quickly attached to caffeine molecules and caffeine filtering occurs. The brewed, decaffeinated concentrate is then reabsorbed by the same initial grains. It should be noted that this method is quick and cheap, but it literally destroys the taste of coffee.

3. Swiss Water Process

It is interesting to know that water alone can do part of the decaffeination process of coffee beans. In this method, the seeds are soaked in hot water under pressure for several hours. They are then immersed in a coffee solvent-rich water known as green coffee extract (GCE). After this, the caffeine is sent out of the GCE through the carbon filter system and the carbon is sent to the recycling furnace for burning. In general, in this method, sugars, oils, acids and other flavoring compounds that were inside the coffee beans remain; Because these molecules are already present in GCE extract. This method is not very fast, but it preserves the taste of the coffee as well.

  • 10 surprising health benefits of coffee that you did not know

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Tips for storing coffee in the best way

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Beautiful and decorative glass canisters may look great on your table or kitchen counter, but they are definitely not the best way to store coffee. In general, to preserve the freshness and taste of the beans, you should keep coffee away from moisture, heat, light, and strong smells (such as spice containers); Because coffee can pick up strong odors from other substances that are near it. Storing coffee in the refrigerator is not an ideal option either, because the humidity of the space strongly affects the quality of the coffee; Instead, the tips in this section can help.

1. Keep the coffee covered!

You can use ceramic, glass or metal containers for this. It is better if you buy a lot of coffee, divide it between two containers and keep the storage container closed until you need it.

2. Keep coffee in a cool environment!

Keep coffee beans in a dark, cool place away from the oven and stove. Also, if it is exposed to the sun during the day, change the place of the coffee.

3. Buy little by little.

Coffee loses its freshness quickly after being roasted; Therefore, it is better to buy roast coffee in small quantities and for one to two weeks to preserve its freshness and taste.

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11 popular coffee brands in Iran and the world

Now that you are familiar with the necessary tips to identify and buy high-quality coffee beans, it is time to check 11 examples of the most popular coffees based on the BingMag site, so that if If you are interested in online shopping, you can safely enjoy your morning coffee.

Starbucks BLONDE and COLOMBIA coffee, volume 400 grams, two packs

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

BLONDE and COLOMBIA Starbucks coffee is prepared from the combination of two medium Starbucks coffees for those who do not like dark coffee with high caffeine. In general, this type of famous coffee in addition to taste and It is a wonderful aroma with a medium roast degree, and its BLONDE beans and Colombian coffee powder are 100 hundred Arabica. It should be noted that the packaging of these products (total of 400 grams of coffee) is completely original and made of envelopes with valves, and it is considered a suitable option for use in espresso machines and coffee pots.

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Lavazza Qualita Oro coffee beans - 1 kg

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

One of the most popular coffee brands in Italy is Lavazza coffee, which In addition to high quality, it also has a wide variety. Lavazza is one of the companies that has a history of more than 124 years, and Lavazza Qualita Oro coffee is one of the best-selling options of this company. This product is 100% Arabica and has the aroma of fruits and flowers. It is also the place of cultivation of this coffee in South and Central America, which shows the authenticity of this attractive coffee. Qualita Oro Lavatza coffee is available in the market in the form of 1 kg, and its roast level is medium. It should be noted that the aroma of this product is similar to a combination of orange peel and chocolate, so it may not be very attractive for those who like bitter taste.>

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

The Corsini brand is one of the successful coffee production brands in Italy, which respects the taste of customers and offers different types of coffee with different flavors. has presented a variety to the market. In the meantime, one of these successful products is Corsini Gourmet coffee, which is a popular and best-selling coffee with a 50-50 combination of Robusta and Arabica coffee with dark roast. In general, with dark roasted beans in this coffee, you can have an espresso with the right concentration and pleasant bitterness. The packaging of this product has been done in a very precise and principled way, and by purchasing it, you can get 3 kg of original and high-quality coffee. Corsini Gourmet coffee beans are a suitable option for people who like bitter taste with a high aroma, which can be used to prepare espresso coffee. Pack of 4

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Riman Donisi Robusta coffee beans are a high-quality product made from a combination of 80% Arabica beans and 20 The percentage of Robusta is perfect for preparing espresso coffee. This type of coffee beans with suitable acidity and fruity and floral aromas is a suitable drink for those who like mild bitterness, medium roast and dark side with an obvious aroma. It should be noted that this coffee is a combination of Arabica coffee beans from Brazil, Ethiopia and Colombia along with Vietnamese Robusta coffee beans. The packaging weight of this product is 4 kg and it can be easily used together with the envelope with valve.

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Cafe Bourbon coffee beans, golden blend, amount 1000 grams

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

If you are looking for one of the best coffee beans in Iran, you should try Cafe Bourbon coffee with golden blend. These coffee beans are a combination of 70% Arabica and 30% Robusta beans, and velvety, creamy and aromatic notes can be clearly smelled in its aroma structure. In general, you should know that the acidity of this type of coffee is dominant and its bitterness is quite mild, so it can be a golden choice for your morning espresso. It should be noted that the volume of this product is one kilogram.

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Benmano Espresso Coffee Prisca Model 250 grams

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

If you are looking for a product with a reasonable price and a good taste, Prisca model Benmano Espresso coffee is a cost-effective option that is sold in the form of 250 grams. Among the features of this product is the combination of 80% Arabica and 20% Robusta with the origins of Africa and Indonesia, caramel flavor, floral and spicy aroma, along with a precise and professional mechanism to prevent air from entering the packaging. Also, the roasting of this coffee beans is medium, its acidity level is 8 and it has a clear aroma. It is necessary to emphasize that Benmano's exclusive combination is the result of the participation and consultation of international experts and can be a reliable option among coffee fans in Iran.>

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Bar Italia Fairtrade Sakuela coffee beans, 1 kg product, made from a combination of Robusta coffee and Arabica coffee from Central American countries, Santos Brazil and India. In general, among the features of this product is medium roast grade, intense aroma and strong taste with long-lasting taste, chocolate aftertaste and suitable for espresso machine, mokapot and French coffee machine. This coffee is marketed in a valved envelope and is considered one of the mid-range coffees with a good taste. img src="https://bingmag.com/picsbody/2208/22628-14.jpg" class="content-pics" alt="BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips" title="BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips" loading="lazy">

100% Arabica Molinari coffee beans are among the products suitable for espresso machines and coffee pots, which have a 3 kg package. Among the characteristics of this coffee is the combination of 100% Arabica, medium roasted beans and made in Italy. Choosing Arabica seeds is a valuable discovery; Because of such seeds, the flavors of hazelnuts, walnuts, pistachios can be felt along with the strong taste of cocoa, honey, beeswax and even the taste of fresh flowers, aromatic herbs, tea and toasted bread. It should be noted that this product, like its similar samples, is packed under a modified atmosphere, so before opening the lid, allow this gas to be discharged. - 1000 grams

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Jacobs espresso coffee beans is one of the other famous brands in the field of coffee, whose authenticity and flavors Real and obvious is one of its distinctive features. This coffee is a selected combination of beans from different countries with a dark roast grade, which has a strong taste and aroma along with a spicy taste. The beans of this coffee are originally prepared for use in an espresso machine, but you can also use other brewing methods such as a French coffee machine, French press, etc. Jacobs Espresso coffee beans with a weight of 1 kg and packaged in a bag have been released to the market and can be a high-quality and tasty product for coffee lovers.>

BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

As you probably know, Colombian coffee beans are larger than other beans (size 8) and They are stronger in terms of taste; Naturally, such a feature makes it have a higher price. It is interesting to know that the aroma and taste of this coffee is very strong, but at the same time it has a balanced acidity (degree 6), which makes it very popular all over the world. The roast of this coffee is medium, and the best way to brew it is to use an espresso machine and an air press. It should be noted that this type of coffee, in addition to its balanced sourness, has a sweet aroma similar to tropical fruits and caramel with a concentration of 5. p>BingMag.com Everything about coffee; Types of seeds, roasting methods and storage tips

Raees coffee bean is an attractive product from the Brazilian cultivation area, which is made only from Arabica beans. This 4 kg product is grown at altitudes between 1000 and 1400 meters above sea level, and its roasting degree is medium. It is interesting to know that this type of coffee is completely moderate in terms of bitterness and acidity and its sweetness is low due to the use of 100% Arabica beans, these characteristics have made this product extremely popular. In addition to these items, the taste of caramel, nuts and chocolate is also evident in its background notes. In general, Brazilian coffee is a single origin and medium roast product that can show you the joy of real coffee. Cafe Model Next Plus; A capsule for hassle-free coffee

  • Review of Pars Khazar coffee maker, hot model; Delicious coffee in the fastest time
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    Final remarks

    In the end, we must emphasize that in When buying coffee beans, be sure to note that the beans should not be over-roasted and charred; Because in this case, your brewed coffee will have at least the basic aroma, taste and notes. Also, try to buy a good quality coffee maker. In fact, note that the best coffee makers reach a temperature of 195 to 205 degrees Fahrenheit during brewing, which is the perfect temperature to get the best flavor from the beans and avoid a weak or bitter brew.

    Source: Java Presse, Consumer Reports

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