Human activity in recent decades has catastrophically damaged the environment and upset its balance . These injuries have dire consequences, such as the entry of microplastics into food, the lungs, and ultimately human blood. But the more important issue that we are dealing with more than ever these days is dust storms, dust storms and sandstorms that enter Iran from the western borders and affect the whole country. Unfortunately, the number of these storms is increasing every year, and according to the forecast of the Meteorological Organization, we are going to deal with them much more this year than before. An issue that is beyond our control and requires decisions by the countries of the region. In the meantime, the only thing we can do is protect ourselves from dust.
In this article, we want to get a little familiar with the causes of these storms from BingMag, and then explore ways to protect our health against dust.
dust cycle and its effect on climate
dust storms are more likely to occur in arid and semi-arid regions. As the storm begins, sand and soil particles rise from the dry ground and move thousands of miles away, then the gravity of the ground keeps the dust scattered in the area in the air. This increases the likelihood of dust stability in the area.
Vegetation is a natural filter against dust storms but when destroyed by human activities or drought , The soil is easily lifted from the ground and spread in space. The average lifespan of dust particles in the atmosphere varies from a few hours for particles larger than 10 microns in diameter to more than 10 days for particles below micrometers. dust masses block sunlight from reaching the earth by creating a greenhouse effect and also absorb long-wave radiation coming back from the earth's surface; Then they reflect this radiation in all directions.
The effect of air pollution with fine dust on human health
dust in the air poses serious risks to human health. Particles larger than 10 microns are not breathable and only damage external organs, irritating the skin and eyes, causing inflammation and increasing susceptibility to eye infections. But particles smaller than 10 microns usually enter the mouth and nose and get stuck in the upper respiratory tract, causing respiratory disorders such as asthma, pneumonia, allergic rhinitis and silicosis.
Smaller particles can reach the lower respiratory tract, enter the bloodstream and affect all internal organs. In this case, we face cardiovascular disorders due to dust pollution. A global assessment conducted in 2014 estimated that air pollution with particulate matter caused about 400,000 premature deaths from cardiovascular disease.
Protecting health against dust
Protecting your health from dust is a necessary and important step that should not be ignored. As you read earlier, fine dust can cause serious damage to the body, so we must take great care of them. Here are some ways to protect your skin, hair and lungs.
Air pollution with fine dust or contaminants can cause deep damage to your hair. The following is a list of steps you can take to protect your hair in these situations:
1. Cover your hair : Always cover your hair with a scarf or hat so dust does not come in direct contact with it. In order for the hair to be completely under the scarf or hat, it is better to first tie it tightly behind the head and then cover it. If your hair is long, attach it to your head after tying it so that it does not protrude from under the hat or scarf.
2. Wash your hair every day : dust sticks to the outer part of the hair, the cuticle, and you can easily remove it by washing your hair. Daily washing of the hair can also prevent itching of the scalp and dandruff. It is better to use mild and sulfate-free shampoos for daily washing, and be sure to wash the scalp with shampoo. If your hair is long, wash it from the middle of the hair shaft to the bottom of the hair after washing with a mild conditioner to ensure that it is clean and free from possible damage.
3. Do not use hair styling tools: for To stay healthy against dust and minimize damage to the hair, it is best not to use hair styling tools such as hair dryers, hair straighteners or hair curlers. This tool makes the hair prone to brittleness, damage and split ends.
4. Take a steam bath every week : Deep hydration of the hair with the help of a hot shower and staying in a hot bath is effective in hair health. It is best to do this once a week so that your hair receives the necessary moisture.
5. Use hair serum : Use hair serum every day to protect the hair surface and cuticle. The best time to use the serum is when the hair is wet. Pour one to two drops of the serum in the palm of your hand and rub the hands together well, then pass the hair in groups between the palms of your hands. Finally, pull your hands and fingers between the hair so that the serum is well distributed on the hair. Be careful to use only a few drops of serum as more than that can make the hair very oily and this fat helps to absorb more dust.
Facial skin care
To take care of facial skin in case of air pollution, it is enough to do a few simple things:
1. Wipe off your makeup : Wipe off your makeup twice a day and thoroughly cleanse and wash your face to remove impurities from the skin.
2. Exfoliate: Exfoliate once or twice a week. In addition to opening the pores of the skin and killing dead cells, this prevents the accumulation of contaminants and bacteria.
3. Keep your skin moisturized : After cleansing and exfoliating, be sure to use a good skin serum and a good moisturizer. Serums and supplements help to regenerate the protective layer of the skin.
4. protect your skin from the sun: It is always necessary to use sunscreen, but in the event of more pollution, you should be careful of sunlight. Ultraviolet rays are not only harmful to the skin, but also multiply the effects of pollutants and dust.
5. Increase your intake of healthy antioxidants and fats: Consume garlic, almonds, eggplant, broccoli, avocados, whole grains, fatty fish and eggs to regenerate the skin's hydrolipid layer (the outermost layer of the skin that plays a protective role) and strengthen Healthy tissues help.
Perhaps the most important step in protecting your health from particulate matter is to take care of your lungs. You can take good care of your lungs by doing the following in air pollution with dust or contaminants.
1. Follow the weather : Before leaving home, be sure to check the weather through news or apps. If you are in a dangerous or unhealthy situation, leave the house only to do the necessary work and be sure to use a filtered mask.
2. Do not exercise outdoors.
3. Keep houseplants at home.
4. Light a cold incense at home.
5. Use an air purifier.
Documentary "Earth 2100", the most realistic picture of the future
The documentary "Earth 2100" was made in 2009 about the future of the Earth ecosystem. In this documentary, we get acquainted with the first signs of climate change, and then we see the series of events that occur for humans and the ecosystem. You may say to yourself that change and decision-making must be at the macro level and by governments, but every big change starts with a small step. You can take the same small step that changes the future of the earth. We have already published articles on ways to reduce environmental damage that can be a good guide to start changes.
- 12 simple things to do to protect the environment that we can all do
- How to reduce plastic consumption?
- 25 Creative Ideas for Reusing Empty Glass
- How to easily make compost at home?
Air pollution with dust and dust is a problem that we have been dealing with for the past decade, and this has increased the importance of protecting our health from dust. In this very simple and comprehensive article, we have stated strategies to protect your health against dust, and we hope that by doing so, you will be able to take the best care of your health and that of your loved ones.
This article is for educational and informational purposes only. . Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .
Sources: WMO, hindustantimes, jeancoutu, American Lung Association