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Ectopic pregnancy; Symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment

BingMag.com <b>Ectopic</b> pregnancy; Symptoms, <b>risk</b> factors, <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

From fertilization to childbirth, pregnancy consists of several stages, one of which is the attachment of the fertilized egg to the uterus. When an Ectopic pregnancy occurs, the fertilized egg attaches to the fallopian tube (fallopian tube), abdominal cavity, or cervix instead of attaching to the uterus.

pregnancy tests may indicate a woman is pregnant. But the fertilized egg cannot grow anywhere other than the uterus. Ectopic pregnancy is a medical emergency. Prompt treatment of this problem will reduce its complications and increase your chances of a healthy pregnancy in the future. If you are thinking of getting pregnant, follow this article from BingMag Meg to the end to help you quickly identify the Symptoms of Ectopic pregnancy.

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cause of Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a condition in which the fertilized egg is in any place other than The inner wall of the uterus is established and grows. Most Ectopic pregnancies are called "tubal pregnancies" and occur in the fallopian tube. However, they can also occur in other areas, such as the ovaries, cervix, and abdomen. About 1 to 2 percent of pregnancies have an Ectopic pregnancy. Sometimes, the cause of an Ectopic pregnancy is not known. However, the following conditions may be associated with this condition:

  • Inflammation and ulceration of the fallopian tubes due to a disease, infection, or history of surgery
  • Hormonal factors
  • Genetic abnormalities
  • Congenital defects
  • Diseases that affect the shape and condition of the fallopian tubes and genitals

risk factors for Ectopic pregnancy Uterine

BingMag.com <b>Ectopic</b> pregnancy; Symptoms, <b>risk</b> factors, <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

All women are at risk for Ectopic pregnancy. However, the following factors increase the risk:

  • History of Ectopic pregnancy (most important risk factor)
  • Age over 35 (most common among women 35 Up to 44 years old)
  • History of pelvic surgery, abdominal surgery or multiple abortions
  • History of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • History of endometriosis
  • Fallopian tube surgery to close them and prevent pregnancy
  • Use of an intrauterine device (IUD)
  • History of infertility for at least two years
  • pregnancy With the help of drugs or assisted reproductive techniques
  • Smoking (the more cigarettes smoked, the higher the risk of Ectopic pregnancy)
  • History of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia
  • Structural abnormalities in the fallopian tubes that make it difficult for the egg to move
  • Other causes include infection, congenital anomalies, or tumors in the fallopian tubes

If you have one of the above risk factors, consult your doctor to minimize the possibility of Ectopic pregnancy.

Symptoms of Ectopic pregnancy

Nausea and chest pain are common in both normal and Ectopic pregnancies. The following Symptoms are more common in an Ectopic pregnancy and may indicate a medical emergency:

  • Severe pain in the abdomen, pelvis, shoulder or neck
  • Severe pain in one side of the abdomen Mild to severe spotting or bleeding from the vagina
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Feeling of pressure in the anal area
  • If you are pregnant, call your doctor right away if you notice any of the above symptoms. Signs and Symptomsof Ectopicpregnancyusually occur 6 to 8 weeks after the last menstrual period. But if the problem occurs somewhere other than the fallopian tube, the Symptomsmay appear later.

    Other pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea, may also be present in an Ectopic pregnancy. Weakness, dizziness, and fainting when standing can be signs of severe internal bleeding and low blood pressure. Unfortunately, some women do not notice the Symptoms of an Ectopic pregnancy and therefore the diagnosis is delayed until the onset of shock Symptoms (hypotension, weak and fast pulse, pale skin and dizziness). This condition is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.

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    diagnosis of External Uterine pregnancy

    BingMag.com <b>Ectopic</b> pregnancy; Symptoms, <b>risk</b> factors, <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    Rupture is the main risk of Ectopic pregnancy leading to internal bleeding. Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of death in the first trimester of pregnancy. Before the 19th century, the mortality rate from Ectopic pregnancies exceeded 50%. By the end of the nineteenth century, the mortality rate due to surgery had dropped to 5 percent. Available statistics show that with current advances in early detection, the mortality rate has dropped to less than 5 per 10,000 cases.

    In rare cases, an Ectopic pregnancy may coincide with an intrauterine pregnancy. A uterus called "intrauterine pregnancy" occurs. The incidence of heterotopic pregnancies has increased in recent years due to the increasing use of IVF (in vitro fertilization) and other assisted reproductive technologies (ART).

    If you suspect an Ectopic pregnancy, see your doctor immediately. This problem can not be detected by physical examination. However, your doctor may do this to be sure. Occasionally, your doctor may notice a lump during a pelvic exam. Transpaginal ultrasound is another way to help diagnose an Ectopic pregnancy. To do this, a special wand-like instrument is inserted into the vagina so that the doctor can observe the presence or absence of a pregnancy sac inside the uterus.

    In addition, the doctor may use a blood test to determine Use human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and progesterone levels. hCG and progesterone are hormones that are produced during pregnancy. If the levels of these two hormones begin to decrease or remain constant within a few days and the pregnancy sac is not seen during the ultrasound, an Ectopic pregnancy may have occurred.

    If you experience Symptoms such as severe pain or bleeding. Severe, there may not be enough time to do all of these procedures. In severe cases, rupture of the fallopian tube may lead to severe internal bleeding. In this case, the doctor has to perform emergency surgery.

    treatment of Ectopic pregnancy

    BingMag.com <b>Ectopic</b> pregnancy; Symptoms, <b>risk</b> factors, <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    Some women spontaneously absorb the fetus from an Ectopic pregnancy and recover without the need for special treatment. However, it is not possible to predict in which women this problem resolves on its own. Rupture is the most frightening complication of an Ectopic pregnancy, leading to internal bleeding, pelvic and abdominal pain, shock, and even death. he does. Pelvic blood can cause scar tissue (scarring) and make pregnancy difficult in the future. Scar tissue increases the risk of Ectopic pregnancy in the future.

    Ectopic pregnancy is both dangerous for the mother and prevents fetal growth. In order to maintain the health of the mother, it is necessary for the fetus to be removed as soon as possible. Depending on the location of the Ectopic pregnancy and its rate of growth, there are several treatment options, including: Medication The doctor may rule out the possibility of rapid complications. In these cases, he can prescribe several drugs to prevent the Ectopic mass from bursting, one of the most common of which is methotrexate. Methotrexate is a drug that is given by injection to prevent the growth of mass cells. Prevents ectopic. You should have regular blood tests to make sure the medicine is working. If the drug is effective, it can cause Symptoms similar to those of a miscarriage, including:

    • cramps or muscle cramps
    • bleeding
    • movement Tissue

    You may rarely need surgery after these Symptoms appear. Fallopian tube injury is one of the surgical complications that the use of methotrexate does not pose such risks. However, you can not get pregnant for several months after taking this medicine.

    Surgery

    Many surgeons recommend removing the fetus and repairing internal injuries. Surgery is performed through a procedure called a laparotomy, in which a doctor inserts a camera through a small incision. He then picks up the fetus and repairs the fallopian tube injuries.

    If the surgery fails, the surgeon may repeat the laparotomy this time using a larger incision. If the fallopian tube is damaged, the doctor will probably have to remove it during surgery.

    Home care

    BingMag.com <b>Ectopic</b> pregnancy; Symptoms, <b>risk</b> factors, <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    After surgery, your doctor will tell you how to take care of the incisions and keep them clean and dry. You should check the surgery site daily and see your doctor if you have any of the following Symptoms that indicate an infection:

    • Non-stop bleeding
    • Excessive bleeding
    • Redness of the wound
    • Swelling

    After surgery, the vagina may be slightly Bleed and see small blood clots. This problem can occur up to 6 weeks after surgery. Other self-care measures you can take include:

    • Do not lift anything heavier than 4.5 kg.
    • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent constipation. li>
    • Do not have sex and do not use tampons and vaginal douches.
    • Rest for the first week after surgery and then increase your activity if possible in the following weeks.

    Tell your doctor if your pain gets worse or you notice unusual symptoms.

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    Contraceptive contraception

    Prediction and prevention are not possible in all cases. However, you may be able to reduce the risk of such a problem by maintaining good hygiene. For example, ask your partner to use a condom during sex to reduce the risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease or STD. STD is one of the factors that causes inflammation in the fallopian tubes. In addition, see your doctor regularly for periodic checkups and STD screenings. Quitting smoking can also be a good preventative strategy.

    Long-term outlook

    BingMag.com <b>Ectopic</b> pregnancy; Symptoms, <b>risk</b> factors, <b>diagnosis</b> and treatment

    Surgery may cause scarring of the fallopian tubes and increase the chance of an Ectopic pregnancy in the future. If removal of one or both fallopian tubes is necessary, talk to your doctor about other ways to get pregnant. For example, you can use in vitro fertilization, in which a fertilized egg is placed inside the uterus.

    Losing fertility can be a very difficult experience. After this problem occurs, join support groups and take care of yourself by resting, eating healthy foods and exercising. Remember that many women with a history of Ectopic pregnancy can become pregnant and give birth to a healthy baby. Whenever you're ready to get pregnant again, talk to your doctor about ways you can make sure your pregnancy is healthy.

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    Final Word

    An Ectopic pregnancy is a type of pregnancy in which the fertilized egg is placed somewhere other than the uterus. Most Ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tubes and usually prevent the growth of a fertilized egg and the death of the fetus. See your doctor right away if you experience Symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, spotting, vaginal bleeding, and dizziness during pregnancy. Sometimes an Ectopic pregnancy can be treated with medication, but in severe cases surgery may be needed.

    This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .

    Sources: healthline, medicinenet


Tags: ectopic, pregnancy, symptoms, risk, factors, diagnosis, treatment

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