You can live well without a gallbladder. In fact, most people who have a cholecystectomy, which means that their gallbladder is surgically removed, do not experience any problems in the long run. However, they may need to change their diet. This is because the risk of diarrhea increases after gallbladder removal. . Bile has a laxative effect and can cause diarrhea.
In this article, we will talk about the effect of gallbladder removal on gastrointestinal function. This information shows you how to change your Diet to have both a healthy and balanced Diet and to avoid foods that may cause problems. The goal is to limit the amount of fat you eat. Because the role of bile is to break down fat and help absorb it, and changing the Diet improves the function of the remaining bile in the small intestine.
Reasons to change the Diet after surgery to remove the gallbladder
Diarrhea is one of the most common problems that occur after gallbladder removal. Because after surgery, the digestive system changes and bile, which helps break down food in the small intestine, is directed directly into it. Diarrhea interferes with the body's absorption of nutrients. Changing your Diet and reducing your fat intake can help prevent these symptoms and improve nutrition.
Not everyone who has gallbladder surgery has diarrhea or other gastrointestinal symptoms. However, between 10 and 40% of them experience these symptoms in the first three years after surgery. Studies have shown that there are few ways to identify people at risk and contributing factors to these symptoms. Researchers who reviewed 125 cases of gallbladder surgery found that men were more likely to develop symptoms. 45 years is more when they have not reduced their dietary fat at least one week after surgery. Complications such as biliary acid diarrhea and dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi or painful spasm of the valve between the pancreas and small intestine were observed in these patients. Research shows that people who are prone to diarrhea before surgery, after They also get more diarrhea from gallbladder surgery than others. Obesity can also play a role.
How to change your Diet after gallbladder removal
Immediately after cholecystectomy, your doctor may recommend a "smooth fluid diet" to prevent problems such as nausea and vomiting. In this case, you can use the following foods:
- Purified Meat Water
- Ice Cream
- carbonated drinks
Then over the next few days, your Diet will change to your BRAT diet. The BRAT Diet includes bananas, white rice, apple sauce and toast and can help treat diarrhea. If your bowel movements are normal, you may not need this diet. At this time, you will be prescribed a low-fat Diet that you should follow for at least a few weeks.
A standard low-fat Diet provides a maximum of 30% of calories from fat, which is equivalent to 9 calories per gram. Is. For example, a 1,500-calorie Diet contains 50 grams of fat per day, and a 2,000-calorie Diet provides 67 grams of fat per day.
In most cases, you should avoid all high-fat or fried foods. You should also avoid processed and sugary foods, as they can lead to diarrhea. People who experience severe symptoms after gallbladder surgery may need to reduce their intake of dairy products, fatty meats, caffeine, and spicy foods. Trials and errors will help you identify foods that do not cause digestive problems.
You should not completely eliminate fat from your diet. Because fat intake is essential for cell growth, absorption of certain nutrients, protection of organs and production of hormones. Healthy unsaturated fats, especially omega-3 fatty acids, make up the bulk of your diet.
You may need to make other changes to your diet. For example, you need more fiber. Fiber can attach to excess bile in the gut and prevent gastritis (inflammation of the stomach).
Diet change time
Cereals h Gradually return to your normal diet, increasing your
fiber intake and eating whole grains (including brown rice and
barley) Focus. Toast and crackers may be helpful in recovering from
surgery, but ultimately it is best to replace refined white flour
products with whole grains.
for digestion Protein You do not need a gallbladder. In other words, high-protein foods are probably not a problem for you unless they are high in fat. Eliminate excess fat from chicken, beef and other meats before eating.
Nuts, seeds and butter are good sources of vegetable protein, but are high in fat. Soy beans and products are healthy choices as long as they do not cause gastrointestinal symptoms.
You may need to avoid soft drinks at first. It is recommended to avoid high-sugar drinks such as sweetened juices. Over time, you will realize What is best for you.
Coffee made with whole milk can be very difficult to digest. Look for low-fat or non-dairy options made with soy milk or almond milk. Herbal teas, especially peppermint, can also be very soothing to the digestive system. Desserts High in trans sugars and fats are difficult to digest. Ice cream, cakes, cookies, puddings and chocolates should be consumed sparingly and in moderation. Low-fat, non-dairy desserts are good in grocery stores, but beware of artificial sweeteners such as sorbitol, which can increase the risk of diarrhea.="https://bingmag.com/picsbody/2204/18749-6.jpg" alt="BingMag.com Diet after gallbladder removal; What are the useful and forbidden foods?" loading="lazy">
after gallbladder removal surgery, you need to change the timing of your meals and snacks. It is best to have 4 to 6 small meals instead of three large meals to make it easier to digest.
Avoid strenuous activity after eating, as it increases the risk of indigestion. Avoid sitting in the sun for long periods of time if you eat outdoors. Excessive body heat can lead to diarrhea.
Cooked vegetables Better than raw vegetables, they bind to bile acids and are easier to digest. You can also steam fish or chicken instead of frying it in a frying pan. If you need oil to cook food, use oil spray instead of oil. As a general rule, avoid cooking with butter, margarine and solid oil.
Use white balsamic vinegar and fresh herbs to flavor salads instead of oily sauces. You can also substitute mayonnaise with sauces made with low-fat yogurt, vinegar, garlic powder, mustard and fresh herbs.
Although some spices, such as curry and cinnamon, are not tolerated by the stomach, Ginger or turmeric can be soothing. Always start with the least amount of spices to see how your body reacts. Eating processed foods may lead to indigestion and diarrhea.
Other needed changes
If you have other conditions, such as high blood pressure or type 2 diabetes, your Diet may Need more changes. However, the foods you should eat after gallbladder surgery are almost identical to the foods that help control high blood pressure or diabetes. If you have celiac disease or lactose intolerance, gluten and dairy should be eliminated from your diet.
Any change in Diet can cause side effects. Your body is an interconnected system that strives to maintain homeostasis (balance). If something upsets this balance, the body tries to restore it. Constipation is one of the problems you may experience when starting a low fat diet. It is usually possible to reduce symptoms by drinking plenty of water and taking fiber supplements if needed.
Sometimes, high fiber intake can cause diarrhea by increasing the consumption of vegetables and whole grains. In this case, try the BRAT Diet or reduce your fiber intake until your body adapts to the changes. Fortunately, side effects are usually mild and go away after a few days or weeks. If this does not happen, talk to a gastroenterologist to find out if there is another reason for your symptoms.
It changes and many people develop diarrhea and other digestive problems. For this reason, the Diet must be modified. Some of these changes, such as drinking clear, refined fluids, last for several days. But dietary fat may need to be limited forever. Fortunately, there are many foods that you can eat after surgery. If you are hesitant to choose the right foods, get help from a doctor or nutritionist.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .