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Diabetes medications; Types, how to use and their side effects

BingMag.com <b>Diabetes</b> <b>medications;</b> <b>Types,</b> <b>how</b> to <b>use</b> and <b>their</b> <b>side</b> effects

Diabetes is a condition that leads to high blood sugar. This problem occurs when the body can not make enough insulin or use this hormone. Insulin is a substance produced by pancreatic beta cells that helps the body use food sugar. Therefore, not producing it in the body or reducing its effectiveness requires people to use Diabetes drugs.

There are different types of diabetes, of which type 1 Diabetes and type 2 Diabetes are the main ones. People with both types of Diabetes need medication to keep their blood sugar in the normal range. There are currently many medications for Diabetes that you can take depending on your type of disease and other conditions. In this article from BingMag, we will introduce different types of Diabetes medications and their effects on the body. Stay tuned for the rest of this article.

Type 1 Diabetes medications

Insulin is always used to treat type 1 diabetes. Because the pancreas of these patients is not able to produce the hormone insulin. Thus, injectable insulin replaces the insulin produced by the body and keeps blood sugar levels constant.

  • Type 1 Diabetes in children; From signs and symptoms to how to diagnose and treat

Insulin is injected under the skin with a syringe or pen. It is also available in powder form that patients can use as an inhaler. Some people also prefer to use insulin pumps. These pumps are small devices that are placed outside the body and inject insulin through a narrow tube under the skin. Today, different types of insulin are produced that differ in the following characteristics:

  • Effective time: It takes time for the injected insulin to start working
  • Peak effect time: When insulin reaches its maximum activity after injection.
  • Duration of effect: The total time the injected insulin stays active in the body and can lower blood sugar.

Fast-acting insulin

BingMag.com <b>Diabetes</b> <b>medications;</b> <b>Types,</b> <b>how</b> to <b>use</b> and <b>their</b> <b>side</b> effects

Fast-acting insulins are injected before a meal. The effect of these insulins starts in 5 to 15 minutes, but their duration of action is short and between 2 to 4 hours:

  • Insulin Lispro
  • Insulin Aspart (Aspart)
  • Insulin Glulisine

Short-acting insulin

Short-acting insulins are injected at least 30 minutes before a meal. their effectiveness starts after 30 minutes to 1 hour and lasts for 3 to 8 hours:

  • Regular insulin

Medium-acting insulin The effect of moderate-acting insulins, which are usually injected twice a day, begins 1 to 4 hours after injection and lasts 12 to 18 hours:

  • Isophane insulin Also called NPH insulin

Long-acting insulin

Usually long-acting insulins are injected once a day. These Diabetes medications start working 1 to 2 hours after injection and remain active for 14 to 24 hours:

  • Insulin Glargine
  • Insulin Detmir ( Detemir)
  • Degludec insulin

Mixed insulin

Mixed insulins are produced from a combination of specific amounts of the above insulins. The effectiveness of these insulins starts 5 minutes to 1 hour after injection and lasts between 10 to 24 hours:

  • Insulin lispro protamine and insulin lispro (Humalog Mix50/50 and Humalog Mix75/25 )
  • Insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart (NovoLog Mix 50/50 and NovoLog Mix 70/30)
  • Insulin NPH and regular insulin (Humulin 70/30 and Novolin 70/30)

Inhaled Insulin

Patients with Diabetes can take fast-acting inhaled insulin, which starts in 12 to 15 minutes and lasts for 2.5 to 3 minutes. Hours continue:

  • Human insulin powder (Afrezza)

Other type 1 Diabetes medications

In addition to insulin, use medications The following are also common in people with type 1 diabetes:

  • Amylin analogues: Pramlintide is a hormone called "amylin" that plays a role in regulating blood sugar. Is imitating.
  • Glucagon: If glucose drops sharply due to over-injection of insulin, glucagon can cause it.

Type 2 Diabetes medications

BingMag.com <b>Diabetes</b> <b>medications;</b> <b>Types,</b> <b>how</b> to <b>use</b> and <b>their</b> <b>side</b> effects

  • how to improve insulin resistance with natural methods?

Sulfonylureas Sulfonylureas improve pancreatic insulin secretion and are usually taken once or twice daily before meals. In most cases, patients use the following newer drugs that have fewer side effects:

  • Glimepiride
  • Glipizide
  • Glyburide

Older, less commonly used sulfonylureas are:

  • Chlorpropamide
  • Tolazamide )
  • Tolbutamide

Today, doctors are less likely to prescribe sulfonylureas than in the past. Because they can lead to severe hypoglycemia, which can cause many problems for patients. Meglitinides Meglitinides are drugs that increase insulin production by pancreatic beta cells. . Because these drugs stimulate insulin secretion, their use can lead to hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia). Meglitinides are taken before all three meals and include the following:

  • Nateglinide
  • Repaglinide

side effect of metformin that is less likely to occur if the drug is taken with food.

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Thiazolidine Diones

BingMag.com <b>Diabetes</b> <b>medications;</b> <b>Types,</b> <b>how</b> to <b>use</b> and <b>their</b> <b>side</b> effects

  • Pioglitazone
  • Rosiglitazone

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

  • Miglitol
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors

    Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP-4) inhibitors reduce the rate at which gastric contents drain into the intestine, thereby reducing the absorption of sugar. These include: Alogliptin
  • Linagliptin
  • Sitagliptin
  • Saxagliptin
  • Sodium-glucose transporter inhibitors 2

    Sodium-glucose transporter inhibitors (SGLT2) cause the body to pump more sugar out of the bloodstream Excrete urine. They may also lead to weight loss, which is beneficial for people with type 2 diabetes. Increased sugar in the urine by these drugs can increase the risk of urinary tract infections and yeast infections. The most common sodium-glucose transporter inhibitors are:

    • Canagliflozin
    • Dapagliflozin
    • Empagliflozin
    • Ertugliflozin

    Incretin mimetics Incretin mimetics are drugs that mimic the function of the hormone incretin. This hormone stimulates the secretion of insulin after eating. Incretin mimics include: Exenatide Exenatide

  • Liraglutide
  • Dulaglutide
  • Lexiconate Lixisenatide)
  • Semaglutide
  • Oral Combination Drugs

    BingMag.com <b>Diabetes</b> <b>medications;</b> <b>Types,</b> <b>how</b> to <b>use</b> and <b>their</b> <b>side</b> effects

    Diabetics can use a variety of products that are a combination of the above drugs. For example: allogliptin and metformin

  • allogliptin and pioglitazone
  • glipizide and metformin
  • glyburide and metformin
  • >
  • linagliptin and metformin
  • pioglitazone and glimperide
  • pioglitazone and metformin
  • rapaglinide and metformin
  • rosiglitazone and glimperide
  • Rosiglitazone and metformin
  • Saxagliptin and metformin
  • Sitagliptin and metformin
  • Other drugs for type 2 Diabetes

    The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of an ergot alkaloid called bromocriptine to treat type 2 diabetes. But doctors often do not recommend or prescribe this drug.

    Some people use drugs that bind to bile acids (BASs) to control blood cholesterol. These drugs can also help maintain stable blood sugar. Of these drugs, only Colesevelam is approved for type 2 diabetes. Because BAS drugs are not absorbed into the bloodstream, they are usually safe for patients who are unable to use other drugs due to liver problems. BAS medications may cause bloating and constipation.

    Some medications help prevent the complications of diabetes. Your doctor may prescribe angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-2 receptor blockers to treat high blood pressure. These drugs are also involved in preventing or controlling the kidney complications of diabetes. Patients can control the cardiovascular complications of diabetes, such as heart disease and stroke, with statins (cholesterol-lowering drugs) and low-dose aspirin, as recommended by their doctor.

    Weight loss is an important part of Diabetes treatment and prevention. It consists of it. If lifestyle modifications do not improve, your doctor may prescribe medications to help treat your diabetes. Lorcaserin, which increases the feeling of satiety after a meal, helps treat obesity. Orlistat reduces the absorption of dietary fat in the gut and causes weight loss. Phentermine and topiramate is a combination drug that suppresses appetite and is an approved treatment for obesity.

    • Everything you need to know about type 2 diabetes; Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

    Diabetes Medications for People with Cardiovascular Diseases

    Tags: diabetes, medications;, types,, how, use, their, side, effects

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