anthurium is a tropical plant with a special appearance and is also called flamingo flower. It is not easy to maintain this plant, but it is definitely worth the effort because it is very beautiful and gives a stunning look to your home. Stay tuned to BingMag to read more about the anthurium plant.
What is Anthurium?
anthurium is the name of a genus of perennial or perennial plants that includes nearly 1000 different species. Anthuriums are native to Central America, North America, and the Caribbean. Although anthuriums can be grown outdoors and in the garden in the tropics, they are usually grown indoors or in greenhouses because they require special care. Anthuriums grow slowly, and when they receive enough light, they grow a little faster. Anthuriums also need a lot of moisture and heat to grow well.
Anthuriums have a special, tropical appearance and are therefore also known as flamingos. Anthuriums can be planted and propagated at any time of the year, and the plant can flower throughout the year. Although not all anthurium species flower, the species that flower are easily identified by the distinctive shape of the flowers. Anthuriums have clusters of very small, flowerless stems that are yellow or red in color and look like tails. The spike surrounds the plant, known as the spot. anthurium spots are heart-shaped, shiny and colorful. anthurium species that do not flower have larger leaves with more prominent veins. The colorful spots along with the green leaves make the anthurium look attractive and special and it has become a popular houseplant. anthurium is a long-lived plant and most of its species are ascending. If you want to keep anthuriums at home, keep in mind that this plant is toxic to humans and animals.
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Anthuriums need a lot of light to grow, but This light should not be direct light. Except in winter, anthuriums do not like exposure to direct light. Of course, plants that are fully adapted to their storage conditions are an exception to this rule. Anthuriums are native to areas where temperatures usually do not fall below 15 degrees Celsius. Even the flowerless species of this plant prefer higher temperatures. If the anthurium is stored at a temperature below 15 C, the plant will be damaged. Preserved soil should not be completely wet. In the natural environment, many species of anthuriums are aerobic plants. These types of plants live on other plants instead of growing in the soil. If your anthurium can't hold itself and hangs, place a small wooden pedestal next to the plant so the plant can climb over it. Do you store anthuriums or outdoors; This plant must receive a lot of light in order to grow well. Of course, you should be careful not to expose the plant to direct sunlight as it can burn the leaves. Soil anthurium prefers soils that have a thicker texture and better drainage. If you add some sand and peat to the soil suitable for orchids, it becomes an ideal combination for keeping anthurium in pots. And should not allow the soil to dry completely. Pour some pebbles into a tray, fill the tray with water and place the pot on the pebbles. Using a gravel tray is a good way to keep the soil around the plant moist. Leave enough space between waterings to dry the topsoil, and you can touch the soil surface to determine the right time to re-irrigate. For indoor anthuriums, watering once a week may be sufficient. But if you keep anthuriums outdoors, it is best to water the plant every two or three days during the warmer months of the year.
Temperature and humidity
Anthuriums are native to the tropics, and if you want to be successful in growing them, you must provide them with similar conditions. This plant prefers high humidity and temperatures between 18 and 30 degrees Celsius. At Areas with temperatures between 7 and 16 degrees Celsius can grow anthuriums outdoors. But if you live in areas where the temperature drops to 4 degrees Celsius or even lower, you should not store anthuriums outdoors as the plant is likely to die at this temperature.
If in temperate climates You live dry, and also spray the anthurium daily during the winter when the weather is dry to provide the plant with the moisture it needs. Of course, in the months when the weather is drier, the plant may need more moisture, and it is necessary to use a humidifier, and it is even necessary to have this device constantly on.
As the anthurium leaves wither and die, the plant uses its energy to maintain and improve the leaves. By removing the browned leaves, you can help your plant use its energy only to grow new leaves and flowers. If these leaves do not come off easily, use garden shears to remove them.
Remove the wilted flowers from the plant along with the stem. Only keep the wilted flowers longer if you want to use the plant's seeds.
To make the plant look more beautiful, you need to allow some time to prune it. Remove the leaves and branches that make the anthurium look irregular. Of course, you should not separate a large number of leaves; Leave at least three or four leaves.
Replacing the pot
When the anthurium roots fill all the space in the pot, the plant produces a large number of aerial roots, which means it is time to replace the pot. it is arrived. Anthuriums usually need to be replaced every two years, but this can take more than two years. To replace the pot, move the anthurium to a pot that is only slightly larger than the previous pot. If the diameter of the new pot is 5 cm larger than the previous pot, it is enough and the new pot does not have to be larger than this diameter.
Choosing a pot with a large number of drainage holes is a point that everyone should make. To observe. But people have to choose the type of pot based on their watering habits. If you are one of those people who usually do a lot of watering, choose an earthenware pot. These pots have holes that allow excess moisture to escape. Use plastic or ceramic pots if you are negligent in caring for plants and can not follow a regular watering schedule. In these pots, the soil stays moist for longer.
To replace the anthurium pot, fill one-third of the new pot with fresh, suitable soil. Then place the plant on the soil and gently pour the soil around the main base of the plant. Since after a few weeks the aerial roots of the plant appear above the soil surface, you should not fill the pot completely. After observing the aerial roots, you should pour some soil around the roots you see.
Flowering anthurium plant
Feed the plant with phosphorus-rich fertilizer once a week. Of course, you can also make changes to other plant care conditions. For example; You can use other soil such as soil suitable for orchids or change the location of the plant. Especially when the plant is near a window or vent, it may be a good idea to relocate the plant. Protect against cold weather.
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anthurium plant propagation
Anthuriums They will notify you in a special way that they are ready to reproduce; They produce aerial roots. The roots of the anthurium are fleshy and appear almost as small bumps. These roots branch slightly above the soil surface and branch off from a single stalk. Plants that bloom less or have finished flowering are ideal options for propagation. You can use stem or aerial root pruning to propagate the anthurium.
To do this, you need a clean pot, some well-drained fresh soil, and a sharp, well-cleaned garden knife or scissors. You can also use rooting hormone if you want to experience more successful reproduction. After you have the necessary equipment, do the following steps:
1. Using a garden knife or scissors, remove the aerial roots or a suitable stem from the plant. Choose a stem that has at least two or three leaves and is not less than 15 cm long. If you want to dip the end of the cuttings with rooting hormone.
2. It does not matter if you use an aerial stem or root; plant the prepared cuttings in pots and be sure to use fresh soil to plant them. Water the cuttings well.
3. Move the pot to a bright, warm place, but be careful not to expose it to direct sunlight. You should also be careful to keep the soil moist.
In this method, it takes about 4 to 6 weeks for the new plant to start growing.
anthurium plant propagation by seed h3>
You can propagate anthuriums by sowing seeds, but this is a long-term method and may be frustrating for some people. After sowing the seeds, you have to wait four years for the anthuriums to flower.
The best substrate for planting anthurium seeds is wet vermiculite. Place the seeds on the bed at a distance of 2.5 cm from each other and gently press them into the vermiculite. Cover seeds with a clear plastic wrap to speed up germination. Place the sown seeds near sunny windows, but be careful not to expose them to direct sunlight. If you see water droplets under the plastic cover, remove a small portion of the plastic cover to allow some air to enter. Do not forget that plants also need to breathe. Once you have seen the buds, remove the plastic cover completely. Anthuriums are subject to attack. Of course, aphids also damage the anthurium. Over time, aphids cause the plant's leaves to become stained and no longer look healthy.
Because ants feed on the aphids' sticky droppings, observance of ants on plants indicates that they have been attacked by aphids./p>
Yellow spots on the leaves can be a sign of spider mites. Of course, alfalfa and flour mites also cause spots on the leaves and feed on the younger leaves of the plant. If you do not take action against these insects, not only will your plant wither but the plant will stop growing and eventually die. Be pests. In this way, different parts of the plant are removed from the presence of pests and the pests are drowned. It may be necessary to use insecticidal soaps or garden oils to control more resistant insects. Of course, you should choose natural garden oils because natural oils do not harm the plant.
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Although anthurium is a plant that needs special care, anthurium maintenance is not difficult if you learn how to maintain it and plan to do so.
- Yellowing of leaves: b> The plant has been exposed to strong and direct light or has suffered from bacterial wilt.
- Lightening of leaf color: The plant needs more light than it needs Receives.
- Browning of leaf tips: The plant receives more light than it needs.
- Darkening of stems and leaves: The plant is exposed to a lack of light.
- Loosening of stems: A fungus This problem is called rhizoctonia.