Growing and caring for succulent plants called succulents is a good way to get acquainted with gardening and caring for flowers and plants. Succulents grow easily and are very easy to maintain. If you want to start taking care of houseplants, succulents are the best choice. So stay tuned to BingMag Meg to read more about these fascinating and diverse plants.
What is a succulent?
In botany, a succulent or succulent plant is a plant whose part is thicker, more fleshy. This plant can retain water inside its organs and is more durable in conditions where the environment or soil of the pot is dry. The word succulent is derived from a Latin word called sucus, which means water or plant sap.
Succulents hold water in their various organs, such as leaves or stems. The amount of water in the organs of some carnivorous plants reaches 90 to 95%. Sometimes this water may accumulate in the roots or organs of the plant that are under the soil.
Succulents are usually kept as an ornamental plant because this plant has many different types. The appearance of some types of succulents is very strange and special. Another feature that makes succulents popular is their ability to survive in harsh conditions and the ability to maintain them with a little care.
Succulents are very diverse. Numerous colors and shapes of this plant have made it one of the most popular houseplants. You can plant different types of this plant together in different colors to suit the decoration of your room and home.
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Things to Know About succulent Care
Succulents They are one of the best houseplants, especially for those who do not have much experience in caring for flowers and plants. They are almost hassle-free to maintain. However, there are some things you need to know about succulent storage conditions to be successful in maintaining it. have. Depending on the type of succulent you buy, your plant should get six hours of sunlight a day. One of the most important things to know about light plants is that small, fresh succulents may burn when exposed to strong sunlight. For this reason, you should gradually introduce these fresh plants to direct sunlight.
First, keep them behind thin curtains and then gradually direct them to more light. In summer, if you think the sun is too bright, place the plant in a place that gets less light, or place it in the light for hours away from strong sunlight. For example, put the plant in the sun in the morning or evening and place it in another place at noon so that less direct sunlight shines on it.
Regular rotation of the succulent plant
Succulents like direct sunlight. For this reason, if you always put a succulent plant in the same position, one part of the plant will be constantly exposed to light and the other part will remain in the shade. This condition causes the plant to grow more towards the sun and lose its symmetrical shape.
Because succulents tend to grow towards the sun, rotate it regularly to maintain the symmetry of the plant so that all parts The plant gets light. Of course, we do not mean to rotate the pot several times a day for several hours. It is sufficient to change the direction of the pot every few days. They need more energy and water. In spring and summer, the plants are growing more and therefore need more water. But in autumn and winter, plant growth usually slows down or stops. You do not need to water the plant as much as in the summer.
The best time to water the succulent is when 4 to 5 cm of soil on the surface of the pot has dried. Excessive watering the plant will kill it, so make sure the potting soil dries between each watering. One of the problems that causes the loss of these plants is excessive watering in autumn and winter. So change the amount of watering the succulent according to the season.
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Care In winter
Some people plant their houseplants outdoors in the warm and temperate seasons of the year. They transfer. This is a good idea for many houseplants, especially succulents, as they can make good use of direct sunlight this season.
Most succulents are sensitive to cold. For this reason, with the onset of winter, you should move the pots to a warmer environment. At best, it's best to move your pots into a greenhouse. But if you can not, the interior of the house is also suitable.
If you do not have enough space for them at home, you can create a greenhouse-like space outside for the pots. Just be careful that the humidity inside this space does not freeze on cold winter nights.
Direct watering of the soil
To water the cyclone pots, be sure to pour water directly on the soil. Pour water into the pot until excess water comes out of the hole under the pot. Do not use spray bottles to water the succulent. Spraying water on the leaves of succulents can cause many problems for the plant. Among other things, it may cause mold on the leaves of the plant. In addition, the roots of the plant become brittle and weak.
There is another way to water succulent pots. In this way, you can provide a tray of water with a little height, and then put the pots in this tray. The water needed by the plant enters the soil through a hole under the pot and then goes to the roots. When the soil surface of the pots is wet, you can remove the pots from the tray.
Keep the plant clean
The flowers and plants we keep at home become dusty over time. You may be surprised, but this dust can hinder the growth of the plant. One reason for this is that dust on the leaves prevents the plant from getting enough light.
To prevent this, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. You can use soft brushes to clean areas where the napkin does not reach. Be careful not to wet the leaves of the plant. Only clean it with a slightly damp cloth.
Carefully drain the pot
Meat plants do not like to stay wet. That's why it's important to use a pot that has good drainage to plant this plant. The bottom of the pot should have a hole to drain excess water. The soil in the pot should not be too hard. This soil should have enough free space for water to pass easily through the pot.
One of the best types of pots you can use to plant and maintain succulents is earthenware pots. These pots can absorb soil moisture from all sides.
Another mistake people make when storing succulents is to plant them in terrariums or glass pots that have no way out of excess water. . It is best not to choose this plant for the terrarium or make sure that the excess water comes out.
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Use the right soil
The soil in which you grow the succulent plant should be well drained. For this reason, hard soil, normal potting soil, and soil you remove from the garden are not suitable for planting and maintaining succulents. To plant this plant, use cactus soil, pot soil mixed with sand or perlite. The roots of the succulent plant are very sensitive. When changing the pot, be careful with the roots.
To change the pot, be sure to move the pot soil slightly away from the sides of the pot and make sure that the roots do not stick to the pot. After turning the pot over and removing the plant, carefully place it in a larger pot that you have already poured a little soil into.
Get rid of pests
succulent plants in the environment Keep indoors, they are rarely attacked by pests and insects. Some of these pests and insects are most attracted to plants that have very wet soil and their roots are about to rot. To avoid this problem for the plant, make sure that the pot is well drained.
To get rid of the babies of these insects and the eggs they have laid, spray 70% isopropyl alcohol on the soil. Flour beetle is one of the most common succulent pests. Excessive watering and over-fertilization can be one of the most important reasons for flour mites to attack pots. If you find these pests in the plant, separate them from other pots to prevent them from spreading to other pots.
Fertilize in summer
Succulents do not need much fertilizer. But if you want them to grow better, you can fertilize them a little in spring and summer. These two seasons are the period of plant growth, and the succulents are most active in these two seasons.
Be careful not to over-fertilize the plant. Because too much fertilizer causes rapid growth of succulents. This rapid growth eventually weakens the plant. The number of leaves on the plant may also decrease and shrink.
Choosing the right succulent
There are different types of succulents. Not all types of succulents are suitable for indoor storage. If you have a dimly lit home, your living environment may not be adequate to accommodate most succulents. Try to find models that can withstand both moderate and low light. Is. If you choose the right type from the beginning, you will usually not have a problem. Watering at intervals Succulents need a lot of water, but the distance between each watering should not be short. . In fact, you should water this plant a lot, but increase the distance between each watering. Fill the pot completely with water until excess water comes out from under it. home succulents should not be watered daily. The pot soil should be dried between each watering.
Suitable temperature for succulent storage
In general, most carnivorous plants and cacti grow well at temperatures between 5 and 25 degrees. Of course, a slight temperature difference is not a problem for succulents. For example, if the temperature is a little over 25 degrees or a little below 5 degrees, your plant will not spoil.
But temperature changes above 5 degrees can be destructive. Some of the problems caused by temperature changes in plants are not solvable and can destroy the plant completely. So when changing the seasons and when moving the pot and moving it to the open or closed space, be careful of the air temperature.
In seasons when the temperature changes a lot, for example, it gets very cold during the night, be careful that the plant In the right place.
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Succulents from It is an attractive houseplant that has a great variety. These plants need a lot of light, so you should have a bright house. This plant is easy to maintain and is also suitable for beginners. If you can provide enough light for the succulent, you can enjoy the unique variety of colors and models of this beautiful apartment plant in your home.
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