Ficus benjamin or deciduous fig is one of the beautiful and native houseplants of tropical and subtropical regions. If you want to have a beautiful shrub at home, Benjamin is a good choice. Read more about how to care for Benjamin.
What is deciduous fig or Ficus benjamin?">
Deciduous fig or ficus tree, also known as Ficus benjamin, grows as an evergreen tree in tropical and subtropical climates but is also maintained as a houseplant in homes, workplaces and offices. It becomes. Benjamin is easy to maintain and will grow well when accustomed to environmental conditions.
This beautiful plant has slender branches with a light gray trunk with dark, dense, glossy leaves. They branch arched. Those who keep this plant at home, usually prune it regularly to maintain a height of about 1 to 2 meters. Sometimes, to further decorate this plant, its stems are woven in a decorative way. This plant grows fast and may need to change pots once a year; But to get the best results, change the pot in early spring. Deciduous figs are poisonous to humans and pets.
General information about BenjaminCommon Letters of deciduous fig, Ficus tree, Benjamin fig, Benjamin Scientific name Ficus benjamina The type of evergreen plant that as The houseplant is maintained. Dimensions of adult plant height 1 to 2 meters indoors, 18 meters outdoors sunlight filtered light, high sunlight soil type rich soil with good drainage pH neutral to acidic soil flowering time rarely blooms indoors. Indigenous region of Asia, Australia Toxic poisoning to humans and pets
Benjamin plant care
Any Rich, well-drained soil is good for Benjamin. This plant does not need soil with nutrients, but you should fertilize it once in a while because it grows fast. When replacing pots, use potting soil that contains perlite, sand, and vermiculite to improve drainage.>
This plant should always have moist soil, but do not let it stay in the water for long. Excessive watering of the pot causes the Benjamin leaves to fall off. Or even the roots may start to rot from inside the pot. In its native area, this plant usually loses its leaves at the beginning of the dry season. For this reason, this plant is sensitive to changes in soil moisture. Always try to have a regular watering schedule for Benjamin.
If you plan to stay home for a while, you should think about watering the plant in advance. Either leave the irrigation to someone or, with the methods we have introduced in the following article, provide conditions so that you do not suffer from dryness and dehydration in a few days away from home.
- How to travel when Are you going to prevent your dear houseplants from drying out?
Temperature and humidity
Ficus tree at 18 to 21 degrees at night and 23 to 29 degrees Celsius at daytime It has the best performance. Use a thermostat to adjust the temperature of the house to the extent that is suitable for this plant. In summer, do not use cooling devices with very low temperatures, because indoor deciduous figs do not like temperatures below 20 degrees.
Benjamin, as a tropical plant, prefers high humidity. Low humidity around the pot will cause the plant leaves to dry out or wrinkle. Use a humidifier or fumigator to adjust the humidity, especially in the winter. Spray.
This plant has a relatively large growth, so you should fertilize it during the growing season so that the nutrients needed for plant growth are not reduced. At the beginning of the growing season, use special fertilizers that are slowly released into the pot. In spring and summer you can fertilize the plant every month. In the fall and winter, try fertilizing every two months.
If Benjamin still has deciduous leaves despite good, ideal light, the right temperature, enough moisture, and enough fertilizer, add some fertilizer. Contain magnesium and manganese at the base. There are different types of ficus that have different characteristics. The most common types are:
This model has slender, glossy green leaves and grows in the form of small shrubs. This plant is less tolerant of cold and shade and needs more light. This species of Benjamin also has a two-color model called F. benjamina variegata and F. benjamina Starlight.
Ficus has thick, shiny, large leaves and is one of the oldest and most popular houseplants. This type of ficus also has different types.
Ficus lirata or rabbi figs have large, violin-like leaves and can grow up to 45 cm in height.
Benjamin is fast growing and very It soon becomes a large shrub. You must prune it so that it does not grow too high and always has the shape and size you want. Of course, pruning time is very important. Pruning should be done in the season when the plant is not in the active growth stage. Most ficus plants are active in spring and summer, and their growth decreases in autumn. These plants are almost dormant in winter, and this is a good time to prune Essen and Ficus benjamin. Pruning is not harmed. Remove the plant dead. This pruning model, which involves cutting dead branches and leaves, can be done in any season of the year. Use special scissors that are disinfected and sharp to prune the plant.
Ficus benjamin propagationFicus benjamin is one of the plants that is easily propagated by cuttings; Even without the use of rooting hormone. It is better to take the desired cuttings in spring and propagate the plant in the season so that you can provide more heat and moisture. Ficus grows slowly from seed, and most houseplants do not bear fruit or produce seeds indoors.
Follow the steps below to cut Ficus benjamin:
1. Cut 8 to 10 cm long cuttings from the plant. The cuttings should have at least two leaves and be separated from the tip of a healthy branch. If there are extra leaves, separate the leaves from the lower half of the cutting. If you like, you can put this part in the rooting hormone.
2. Place the ends of the cuttings in a pot or container containing moist pythagoras. Cover the container with a large plastic bag so that the plastic does not come into contact with the cuttings. You can put a stick in the soil to hold the plastic high. Close the bottom of the plastic bag at the bottom of the pot.
3. Place the pot or container in a well-ventilated area. Cuttings should not be exposed to direct light. The temperature around the cuttings should be more than 20 degrees. Spray the cuttings daily to provide the moisture needed for them to grow. If the top of the pot dries, moisten it.
It takes between 2 and 4 weeks for enough cuttings to take root. You can at least make a hole in the plastic bag so that the plant gets used to the climate of the room.
5. After about 6 weeks, transfer the cuttings to a suitable pot. Keep it until it becomes a small shrub. You can give the propagated plant as a gift to your loved ones.
- Step-by-step instruction on cutting and propagating houseplants
Benjamin pot replacement
Healthy ficus plant grows fast, so you should always take care of its pot. If you feel that your plant is growing slower than before, it is probably due to low humidity or low temperatures.
The need to change the pot depends on how you take care of it. Ficus is almost a plant of flexibility. You can grow it in the form of ordinary houseplants, bonsai, woven ornamental plants and.. In most cases it is necessary to change the pot annually. Change the pot in early spring.
Your Ficus Benjamin can still enjoy the outdoors, even if kept as a houseplant. In seasons when the weather is good for keeping ficus outdoors, you can move it outside. For example, take Ficus out in the summer, but be aware that as soon as the air cools, it should return to the indoor space. Keep in the form of wind. Constant changes in temperature cause stress in the plant.
Common Benjamin Pests
Benjamin leaf fall, if not for the reasons mentioned above, is probably due to common pests of this plant. Benjamin may also be affected by common pests of other houseplants, such as aphids or white bugs. You can use special soaps or sprays to get rid of pests.
Common problems of Ficus benjamin
Benjamin is not a strict plant. The most common problem with Ficus benjamin is leaf fall. This plant may lose its leaves due to the types of stress that occur in the following conditions:
- Replacing the pot
- Nitrogen deficiency
- Excessive watering
- Low watering
- Low light
- Constantly changing the place of storage of the pot
- Being in a place where its temperature changes It is high
When the pot is placed in a new environment and gets used to its conditions, the problem of leaf fall usually resolves.
- 9 common causes of plant leaf fall Apartment (and how to deal with them)
Answers to frequently asked questions about Ficus Benjamin
Is Benjamin easy to maintain?
Maintenance of Ficus benjamin is comfortable because this plant usually adapts very quickly to indoor conditions.
Is Benjamin growing fast or slow?
This plant will grow fast if kept in good condition And usually grows 60 cm per year. That is why it is very important to take care of the plant pot and change it whenever needed. In addition, do not forget to prune the plant regularly and in the right season to keep the size of the pot as large as you like.
What is the difference between deciduous figs and curtain figs (F. microcarpa)?
These two different plants are often confused with each other or both are considered as one type of plant. Of course, these two types of plants have many similarities. Deciduous figs have leaves downwards, but curtain figs grow upwards.