Miniature coral plant is one of the most popular houseplants, also known by other names such as ornamental eagle or thorn crown. This plant is native to Madagascar and produces beautiful flowers. To learn more about miniature corals, read on with BingMag to learn the tricks of caring for this beautiful plant.
What is a miniature coral or crown of thorns?
A miniature coral with the scientific name Euphorbia milii is native to the region of Madagascar. The plant is named after Baron Milius, governor of Runion, who introduced the plant to France in 1821. It is estimated that this plant came to the Middle East in ancient times.
Another name for this plant, the crown of thorns, is derived from a legend. It is said that at the time of Christ's crucifixion, a crown of thorns was placed on the head of this plant. Almost everyone who is interested in flowers has at least one miniature coral pot at home. If you live in hot climates, you can grow this plant in your garden as well. The leaves of this plant look like tears, fleshy and thick. The leaves are located on a stem armed with sharp thorns, about two centimeters long.
General information about miniature coralsMiniature Succulent plant type Plant dimensions one to two meters outdoor height, half to one meter indoors Need direct sunlight Soil type with good drainage pH Neutral to acidic soil Flowering season Spring, summer, autumn, winter Red flower color , Orange, Pink, Yellow and White Indigenous Africa Poisoning Poisoning for humans and pets
Caring for miniature corals outdoors
In order for this plant to flower beautifully and in the highest possible condition, you must expose it to full sunlight. After planting this plant in the garden or orchard, you should irrigate it thoroughly to stabilize the root system. After that, you can reduce the amount of water you give the plant because it has a high tolerance and resistance to drought.
If you live in a warm area, you can grow coral outdoors. If you plant it properly and take good care of the coral, it will produce beautiful flowers all year round. This plant is very resistant to high temperatures. This plant can withstand temperatures above 32 degrees.
Miniature corals are very easy to maintain. Just be careful to keep it away from cold and frost. This plant does not tolerate temperatures below 10 degrees. Cold weather causes stress in the plant.
Caring for miniature corals indoors
This succulent or succulent plant needs a lot of sunlight. If you want to keep the crown of thorns as an apartment plant and indoors, you should place it in a bright place next to the sun window in the western or southern part of the house. Unlike many houseplants, miniature corals love plenty of light and direct sunlight.
Miniature coral care begins with placing it in a well-lit environment. This plant needs 3 to 4 hours of direct sunlight daily.
This plant is very easy to propagate and grow because it adapts well to the normal climatic conditions of the room and lasts in dry indoor environments. If you sometimes forget to water it or do not fertilize it, it will forget about your shortcomings without any complaints. The average room temperature, 18 to 24 degrees, is good for storing miniature corals.
From spring to late fall, water the plant whenever the soil dries three inches. This height is approximately equal to one fingertip. Fill the pot with water to water the coral. When all the water in the pot is empty, empty the container below so that the roots of the plant do not remain in the water. In winter, the soil should be dried to a higher height before re-watering. Keep water in its stems. Some water is stored in the leaves of the plant and it gets moisture from the leaves. For this reason, daily spraying of coral can also be a method for irrigating the plant.
Spraying coral with a dilute solution of saline also has a good effect on the plant because this plant has good growth and yield by the sea. The roots of the plant should not be left in the water for a long time as they may rot. Watering the plant on a weekly basis is good and do not forget that between each watering, you should allow the soil of the pot to dry. Plant a variety of cacti, it gives a stunning beauty to the garden.
Like all cacti and succulents, coral pot soil should be well drained. The mixed pot soil offered in florists is suitable for planting miniature corals.
Flowering of miniature corals
Coral flowers are mostly seen in spring to late summer, but if you keep them in ideal condition and get enough light, they will bloom all year round.
Flower color Corals are diverse and come in pink, orange, red, yellow, and two-tone colors.
This plant will grow best if exposed to direct sunlight and experiencing cool summers. If you live in a hot summer environment, place the plant where it will use afternoon shade. The intense sunshine of hot summers can cause the plant to wither and damage. Of course, excessive exposure of the plant reduces the flowering rate of the plant.
One of the problems for houseplants is the change in temperature and climate due to the change of seasons. If you have a houseplant, you should prepare for the weather before the seasons change. At the following link you can read complete information about preparing the plant for the change of seasons.
- How to prepare houseplants for the change of temperature in different seasons?
If coral leaves suddenly fall off, you must first determine the cause. Excessive watering and lack of proper drainage is one of the most common reasons for shedding plant leaves. After solving the problem, the plant usually gives fresh and healthy leaves again.
Always check the miniature coral leaves for health status. Occasional shedding of leaves from mature stems is not a problem and is normal. But if all the leaves fall off suddenly, it indicates a stress that is threatening the plant.
Leaf fall is a common problem in houseplants. Leaf loss of houseplants can have many causes and each plant has a different cause. To get acquainted with some of these problems that cause plant leaf fall, follow the article below.
- 9 Common causes of house plant leaf fall (and how to deal with them)
This plant needs a small amount of fertilizer and nutrients. Liquid fertilizers that are spread slowly in the pot are the best option for strengthening the plant. This plant stays healthy even without fertilizer, but if you sometimes give it a little liquid fertilizer, the amount of flowering will increase.
Do not use fertilizers that contain boron because miniature coral is sensitive to this substance. .
This plant does not grow fast so it does not need a lot of fertilizer. If you keep it outdoors, fertilize it once a spring and summer.
This plant needs to be potted less than other plants because it grows relatively slowly. However, if you prepare a relatively large pot for it from the beginning, you will be comfortable thinking about replacing the pot for a long time.
Keeping Miniature Corals in Winter
Keeping miniature coral pots outdoors in the summer is a good idea, but do not forget that rapid changes in temperature and cold can damage Be quick to plant. So return the pot to the house before the first cool autumn breezes arrive.
Gradually return the pot to the open air in the spring. First leave the pot for an hour or two a day and then a few hours a day to get used to the fresh air. In order for the plant to adapt to the environment, you can keep it in a semi-sunny place and after a week or two, move it to a completely sunny place.
Miniature coral pests and diseases
In general, miniature corals are rarely infested with pests and diseases of houseplants. But if you keep the plant indoors, it may be affected by common houseplant pests, such as aphids.
To get rid of pests, clean the damaged leaves of the plant with a damp cotton ball. Moisten the cotton with some soap and water or special pesticides. You can also wash the branches and leaves of the plant with water. Just be careful that the pot does not fill with water and its roots do not remain in the water.
You can also use special sprays to use pesticides. After cleaning the plant and removing the damaged parts, keep the pot away from other pots for a while.
Pruning and maintenance of coral
In autumn, remove the old branches and withered and yellow leaves of the plant. This stimulates the growth of new shoots in the spring. To maintain the size of the plant, do not prune it too much. Although this plant is evergreen, it grows more in spring and summer.
Collect the fallen leaves and flowers of the plant from its soil so that air can flow well into the soil of the pot. The presence of flowers and leaves in the rosemary soil can also cause fungus.
When pruning miniature corals, be careful not to spill the white juice on the skin as it may cause inflammation and irritation of the skin. Pouring this sap into the eye can also cause temporary blindness.
Wash pruning shears and hands thoroughly after pruning. You can disinfect your tools with alcohol.
Reproduction of coral
This plant can be propagated easily by cuttings. Cut a cut from the young shoots of the plant during the growing season. To do this, use a sharp, clean cutter and cut the branch where it separates from the trunk. Dip one end into warm running water.
Place the cuttings on a paper towel in the newspaper for a few days to dry and seal the ends. Prepare some moist, light soil. Insert the closed end of the cuttings into the rooting hormone and then plant them in moist soil.
Place the pot in a warm place at a temperature of about 25 degrees so that it gets a lot of light and the sun shines directly on it. Do not water it for a few days and wait. In a few weeks, the cuttings begin to take root. You can gently pull the cuttings upwards. If it resists, it means it is rooted. After about a month, you can see the first signs of growth in the plant. At this point, you can start watering the plant regularly.
Reproducing more houseplants is easy. By propagating the plant, you can provide attractive gifts for your loved ones. Read the following article about the technique of plant cutting.
- Step-by-step tutorial on cutting and propagating houseplants
Sources: Crazycrittersinc, Thespruce