Pepromia is one of the most popular houseplants. This beautiful plant has many different types; Including watermelon peppermint and spoon peppermint. Pepromia is easy to maintain and with a little care you can have beautiful flowers. Reproducing Pepromia is not a difficult task and you can give this beautiful vase to your loved ones. To learn more about Pepromia, stay tuned to BingMag.
What is Pepromia?
Different species of Pepromia vary greatly in the shape, size and color of their leaves. Pepromia can have leaves with a textured or perfectly smooth surface, green, red, purple, gray or multicolored leaves, simple or streaked leaves and large or very small heart-shaped leaves. Spoon plant is one of the types of Pepromia.Different species of Pepromia may be very different from each other. Sometimes the difference is so great that it is difficult to tell if two plants are from the same family. But all species of Peperomia require little care, grow slowly, and can be propagated in all seasons. Perennial type, aerobic Plant size 15 to 30 cm long and 15 to 30 cm wide Need full sunlight or slightly sunny Wet soil type with proper drainage pH Neutral to acidic soil Flowering time Summer Flowers White, green, brown Native American Central America, South America, Caribbean Maintenance of Pepromia
Pepromia is a smart choice It is for those who are interested in caring for houseplants but have no experience in this field. Not only are these plants hardy and they can withstand some harmless negligence, but their remarkable variety in color and texture makes it easy to collect an attractive collection of houseplants. These plants can adorn different places and show off along with different layout styles. In addition to all these attractions, all species of spoon plants need the same care. Place in a bright place. Of course, the plant itself should not be exposed to direct light. Pepromia requires little attention and care; Water the plant only when the soil surface of the pot is dry, and it rarely happens that the spoon plant needs fertilization.
The leaves need a medium to high light environment. Morning light, indirect light and between 12 to 16 hours of artificial light is suitable. Insufficient light reduces the number of new leaves, leaves fall and their color darkens. Direct sunlight is harmful to the plant and causes the leaves to burn. Many species of Pepromia are aerobic plants. In their natural habitat, these plants live on other plants, especially trees, and their roots enter parts of the tree bark that have decayed. Pepromia needs soft, light and acidic soil to grow well. This plant usually grows well in mixed soils, but normal soils can also be suitable. To turn ordinary soil into light soil, you can mix some pittamas or vermiculite with it.
Pepromia has fleshy leaves that can store water . This feature means that the spoon plant does not need frequent watering to maintain freshness and freshness. Between waterings, allow the soil surface to dry. To keep the spoon plant, semi-dry soil is better than soil that is constantly wet. Constantly wet soil, in addition to causing root rot, provides suitable conditions for the life and reproduction of black fungus mosquitoes, which can cause serious problems for the plant.
Humidity and temperature
Pepromia plant can not withstand temperatures less than minus one degree Celsius and prefers a tropical plant in hot and humid environments To live. Especially in spring and summer, when the plant is more active than ever before, this warm and humid environment provides ideal conditions for the plant. If the place where you keep Pepromia plant does not have enough moisture, especially in summer, try to increase the humidity with one of the following strategies:
- Some Pour the pebbles with some water into a tray and place the pot on the tray.
- Install a small humidifier near the pot.
Pepromia plant does not need much fertilizer. Insufficient light or excessive watering is usually the cause of discoloration and leaf fall in the spoon plant, not a lack of nutrients. The spoon plant, as a slow-growing aerobic plant, can live without the need for fertilizer and get everything it needs from the environment in which it is planted.
PruningPrune the plant slightly in early spring to prevent the Pepromia plant from becoming a long-stemmed plant with few leaves. Shortening the stems causes more stems to grow and the plant to look fresher. To prune the spoon plant, you have to cut the stems from the end and before the first series of leaves. You can cut the stems with your fingers or use garden shears to do this.
You can propagate Pepromia at any time, but in spring and summer when the plant is more active for growth, propagation can be better. If you want to prune your plant in early spring, choose the one that grows the most. You can easily use this cut stem to propagate the plant.
Materials needed for propagation:
- Garden shears or ordinary scissors, but perfectly clean.
- a small pot.
- suitable soil.
- bright place
- Cut one of the leafy stems at least 2.5 cm long.
- Place the cut stem in a pot And fill it with suitable soil. You should place the cut stem completely under the soil.
- Place the pot in a bright place. Of course, the pot should not be exposed to direct light.
- Cover the pot with cellophane. This will create a small greenhouse environment that helps retain moisture.
- Water the pot regularly. The potting soil should not dry out.
- The plant will take root after a few weeks. Of course, after the plant has grown enough, move it to a larger pot.
Propagation by seeds
Propagate, you need a mixture of soilless seeds, enough water and a warm, sunny place for the seeds to germinate. The soil should always be moist before the seeds germinate. It takes between 15 and 30 days for seedlings to emerge. Transfer the seedlings to pots with acidic soils, such as mixed soils. Place the pots in a well-lit place away from direct sunlight. Avoid over-watering while the seedlings are growing.
- Step-by-step instruction for cutting and propagating houseplants
The spoon plant can live for years in a relatively small pot. This plant prefers a pot full of roots and due to its slow growth, it does not need to be replaced for a long time. When you see that the roots have come out of the drainage holes, change the pot.
If you have planted Pepromia seedlings in a pot that is about 5 cm deep, use a pot that replaces the pot more. It should be 10 cm deep and wider than the previous pot. Use mixed, acidic soils to fill the pot.
The most common way to maintain and propagate Pepromia is to use a pot. Choosing a well-ventilated pot is important because proper pot aeration plays an important role in promoting root growth and maintaining their health. A pot with a larger opening can be a better choice.
Pottery pots are a better option for storing Pepromia. These pots have natural pores that prevent the soil from getting too wet if you over-irrigate incorrectly. Overwintering If it freezes, your plant will die. If you live in an area where the temperature in winter is lower than the spoon plant can tolerate, move your plant to a warmer place in the winter.
In addition, you should irrigate in the winter. Also reduce significantly. Some people do not water the spoon plant during the winter.
- How to prepare houseplants for temperature changes in different seasons?
When Pepromia is kept as a houseplant, it rarely flowers. Pepromia flowers, which are usually brown or pale green in color, do not have a specific odor. In different species of Pepromia, flowers have different appearances; From clustered flowers to spherical flowers that do not look like flowers and seem to be more of a sub-stem. You may not even like the look of them and want to remove them from the plant.
These flowers wither and fall off naturally after a while, but if you want to remove them from the place where they are attached to the stem. Do this. Pepromia flowers in its natural habitat in summer, but if indoor conditions are similar to summer in terms of temperature and light, you can see Pepromia flowers in any season.
Common problems in maintaining Pepromia
Pepromia is not a hardy plant, it grows slowly and needs little care and watering. Just place this plant in a bright place that is not exposed to direct sunlight and check the soil from time to time. However, the onset of symptoms indicates that your plant needs extra care. It occurs in plants too much and may be detected by the smell of rot. Softening of the stem tissue is usually a sign of a fungal infection. To prevent fungal infections and root rot, make sure the potting soil is completely dry before the next watering. If you diagnose these diseases very quickly and in a timely manner, you can treat your plant by doing the following steps:
- Remove the diseased plant from the pot and the roots that the tissue They are softened and cut the roots that are dark brown or black.
- Wash the remaining healthy roots.
- Place the plant in a suitable place and wait a few hours for the roots to dry.
- At this distance, empty the pot and use it thoroughly using diluted bleach Clean.
- Fill the cleaned pot with new soil and make proper drainage for it.
- After drying Transplant the roots and move the plant to a new pot.
Twisting or yellowing of the leaves
It is a sign that the plant is receiving more water than it needs. Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice. It is better to take action to improve drainage in this situation. You can take the plant out of the pot and put some stones in the bottom of the pot. This prevents the ends of the roots from being left in the water left over from irrigation.
Deformation of the leaves
Cucumber mosaic virus can change the appearance of the leaves and cause circular spots on them. Plants that are over-irrigated are more susceptible to this viral disease. If you remove the leaves that have changed shape, the plant disease will disappear. To prevent recurrence of the disease, only water the plant when the soil is dry.
It is likely that not enough air will reach the roots of the plant.
In this case, you should change the potting soil and use soil mixed
with more sand.
Excessive watering causes white mold to grow on The surface becomes soil. To prevent soil mold, water the pot when the soil is dry. To correct this situation, remove the top layer of soil and add new soil instead. If mold has also grown in the deeper layers of the soil, you will need to change the potting soil completely. To do this, after emptying the pot, wash it and use mixed and thoroughly clean soil to fill the pot.
If your spoon plant has fallen leaves If you do not irrigate too much, you should move the plant to a place with more light. Do not expose the plant to direct sunlight, but you can move it near one of the windows that are exposed to the sun.