pearl is a plant of the succulent family that has a different and beautiful appearance. The name of this plant is chosen because of its pearl appearance because the green balls are connected with the help of a thin stem and hang from the pot. This plant does not require special and strict care and can easily beautify your home by hanging its stems and leaves. The remarkable thing about this beautiful succulent is that it is toxic to humans and animals.
In this article, we want to teach you how to maintain and propagate this particular plant at home.
Familiarity with the pearl plant
If you provide enough light and fertilizer for this plant, in one The season grows well and your pot is full of pea leaves of this beautiful succulent. It has a lifespan of 5 years and is propagated by stem cuttings. If you want to always have a pearl string plant in your home, it is better to always take cuttings from it.
Grow a pot full of stems and after the stems hang, hang it on the wall and enjoy its beauty. You can also plant it in a pot and let it grow on the soil surface between the other flowers. By doing this, you bring wildlife into your home. This plant does not have a specific disease and it is not difficult to take care of. The only thing you need to consider is to provide plenty of light on all days of the year.
The pearl plant grows in direct and indirect sunlight and needs 6 to 8 hours of light a day. It is best to expose the pot to direct sunlight in the morning and from around noon, take the pot to a place with indirect light or sun-shade.
The pearl plant is not very strict about soil, but sandy soil is the best soil you can choose for your pot. Cactus soil is one of the best soils available for pearl cultivation. You can also mix the sand in a ratio of 3 to 1, then plant the plant in it. pearl strands are prone to root rot, so do not forget to have a well-drained pot. Earthenware pots can remove excess soil moisture, so the best choice for pearl strings is earthenware pots.
The growing season of this plant is spring and summer, so keep the soil slightly moist, but reduce the amount of irrigation in autumn and winter. Flattened pearl leaves are a sign of dehydration, so you should increase the amount of watering. It is better to water your plant once every 7 to 14 days. plants that are in warmer climates, planted in earthenware pots, or outdoors in the summer should be watered frequently once a week.
The lower the ambient temperature and the more rainfall, the more irrigation Less is needed. If 3 to 5 cm on the soil of your pot is dry, it means that the plant is thirsty and should be watered very quickly. Thorough watering means that all the soil in the pot is wet and water seeps out from under it, so it is best to drain your pot well. Do not forget that as much as drought can destroy this beautiful succulent, too much moisture can rot its roots and end the life of your plant.
Temperature and humidity
The ideal temperature for pearl strings in spring, summer and autumn is 20 to 21 degrees, but in winter it is well at 10 to 15 degrees. grows. This plant does not need much moisture, so it is best not to place it in damp areas of the house, such as the kitchen or bathroom. Do it once during the hibernation period once every 6 weeks. The best fertilizer for this plant is a balanced or water-soluble liquid fertilizer with 50% hardness.
PruningPruning the plant makes it grow better and thicker.
You should use sterile scissors to prune the pearl plant. Regularly and periodically remove dead shoots and leaves that are no longer green from the plant to make the plant look more beautiful and provide better growing conditions. If the stems are too tall, you can cut them.
Plant pearl strands are easily propagated through the stem. If the storage conditions of this plant are suitable, its useful life is 5 years. So if you want to keep the plant alive for many years, you have to periodically cut it and make new pots. Summer or early fall, when the weather is still warm, is the best time to grow pearl plants. It takes 3 to 4 weeks for this plant to take root. You can also plant new seed pots, but the chances of successful seed growth are very low.
Follow the instructions below to cut the pearl plant:
1. To cut with a pruning shears or sterilized sharp scissors, a few 10 to 15 cm pots And you need cactus or succulent soil.
2. Cut a few 8 to 10 cm stems of the plant just below the knot. Separate the last two leaves. Before planting, the stems should be soaked for 1 to 2 days in the shade on clean paper or cloth until the ends of the stem and the parts from which you have separated the leaves are closed and dried.
3. Fill a pot with suitable soil. Make a 3 cm hole in the center and place the cut end of the stem at the end of the hole. Make sure all the leaves are on the ground. Pour soil around the stem to fill the hole.
4. Place the pot in a well-lit, indirect light area and wait a few days without watering.>
5. After the soil is completely dry, water the pot thoroughly and place it next to other pots.
If the seeds of the pearl plant are not prepared from the heads, they may never germinate. This is why we say that planting a plant with seeds is very difficult and has little chance of growing, because we do not know if the seeds are alive or not. For planting, you should fill a pot with succulent or cactus soil and drain it properly. Then sow the seeds in the soil. Water the pot well and never let the soil dry out.
If it is difficult for you to maintain soil moisture, be sure to cover the pot with a clear plastic wrap to keep it moist. If the seeds are alive, the sprouts will emerge from the soil 2 to 3 months after planting. If you sow the seeds in spring or summer, the sprouts will come out of the soil faster.
Common pests in the pearl plant">
Aphids, mites, whiteflies, mosquitoes, mealybugs and ants are insects that tend to live in pearl pots. When a plant is not healthy, insects start consuming it. Inadequate drainage, high humidity, overgrowth of branches and insufficient light can weaken the plant and easily prey on insects. To prevent the plant from getting sick, you should observe the following points:
- Avoid excessive watering.
- Spray neem oil solution on the plant.
- Place the plant in a well-ventilated area.
- Examine the plant regularly and periodically to remove any pests if it is present. li>
Neem oil and insect soap are two organic methods for controlling pests and insects in plants. Before going for chemical pesticides, it is better to try these two methods.
The method of flowering pearl plant"> pearl flowers last a month or more on the stems.
The pearl plant blooms in summer. The flowers are white and about 5 cm long, its long red flags appear with bright yellow pollen on the branches. These flowers spread a sweet and spicy scent, similar to the scent of cinnamon, into the air, rather than having a beautiful appearance. Store in a cool place, away from the possibility of frost, and water sparingly. After the beginning of spring, fertilize the plant twice a week. The pearl plant usually blooms outdoors, but if it is fed regularly at home, has enough water and light, and has clean, well-ventilated air in the environment, it can flower.
Common plant problems pearl string
pearl string does not have many diseases and is easy to maintain. The biggest problem that can affect this plant is too little or too much irrigation. Here are the most common problems with this plant due to the amount of moisture and water.
Wrinkling of the leaves
More than needed. If the soil of your plant is always wet and the leaves are withered, it means that it is over-irrigated or does not have proper drainage. It is better to improve the drainage of the pot and water the plant every 7 to 14 days. Remember that before watering, you should check the soil and if it is 3 cm on dry soil, do a full watering. If the leaves have lost their ball shape and are flattened, it means that watering is low and you should increase the amount and frequency of watering.
Yellowing or graying of the leaves
Yellow and gray leaves They are usually caused by the presence of insects and pests in the plant. Spray the plant regularly with neem oil, use insect soap, and keep pots away from insects. Discoloration of stems and leaves. The roots of the plant rot due to excessive irrigation and provide conditions for the growth of fungi in the soil he does. When the roots rot, the plant dies and the pot is destroyed. Avoid this situation by watering regularly and checking the soil before watering. If you see purple stems and leaves in the plant, you should allow the soil to dry completely.
do. But if purple still appears after drying, the roots are gone. In this case, remove the healthy stems and cut them as instructed to have a new pot. Discard contaminated soil and roots and be sure to sterilize the pot before reusing it. -11.jpg ">
You can change the pot twice a year or plant pearl seeds, but if you use the pruning method, the new plant will grow every time you take the cut.
If you live in a cold area, be sure to keep the pot at home during the cold season to save it from freezing and death. Place the plant in a steam-free room that gets at least 6 hours of sunlight a day and water it once a month. It is special and enchanting. The leaves of this plant are in the form of green balls that are connected by thin stems. This plant grows indoors or outdoors and flowers in spring if it has proper environmental conditions and nutrition. The flowers are pearly white and have a cinnamon-like scent.
Source: thespruce <// p>