begonia is a plant of large families with more than 2,000 species in the world that lives for several years and is native to tropical and subtropical regions. This plant is one of the most popular plants for landscaping and green space designers use it to have green spring and summer and autumn full of flowers around buildings. begonia is also a popular houseplant, and you can easily maintain it and even see it bloom by providing a greenhouse-like atmosphere.
Now that we are at the beginning of summer, we have decided We have taught you how to maintain and propagate the begonia plant so that you can easily have some beautiful pots in your home for years.
begonia is a plant native to the tropics, so it needs a warm environment with high humidity to grow. It grows well when the humidity conditions are suitable and stable, but if the environment is dry or cold, it reacts quickly and dries. The soil of this plant should be relatively rich and well drained.
Place the begonia pot in a fully sunny or semi-sunny place and take good care of it to make it last and grow in your home. begonia is easy to keep at home, you just have to take good care of it. For more durability, it is better to separate the old flowers and leaves from the main plant so as not to hinder its growth.
begonia prefers sunlight behind glass to any light and grows well in all areas except hot and dry areas. The bronze leaves of this plant are more resistant to the sun than the green leaves. If you keep begonias at home, it is best to place them behind a window to expose them to the sun. East and west windows are the best windows to place begonias because they provide the most light.
If you plant begonia in the garden, you should water it at least once a week so that about 3 cm of water collects on the soil. You can apply a layer of mulch to the soil to retain moisture. If you keep begonias at home, you should water the pot thoroughly when it is 3 to 5 cm dry on the soil, so that the water comes out of the pot completely.
It is better to put the pot in the bath for irrigation. Give because the water in the pot must be completely drained and nothing is left in the pot. The presence of moisture in the pot causes root rot.
Temperature and humidity
This The plant likes moderate to warm temperatures and can not tolerate cold weather and frost. The best temperature for the growth of this plant is between 50 and 60 degrees. begonia needs a humid environment if it is outdoors, but if you keep the pot at home, you should know that they do not need much moisture. A humid home environment can cause mold on the leaves.
begonia It grows in the open air and in the garden in any soil, it is enough to have proper drainage. If the soil in the garden is very dense, you can turn it upside down with a shovel or rake and mix a little pittamas and organic matter with the soil to make it suitable for growing begonias. If you keep this plant at home, it should be placed in a pot with light soil with excellent drainage so that there are no problems with the roots.
begonia in the garden should be fed monthly with liquid fertilizer. If the begonia pot is at home, it should be fed weekly with liquid fertilizer with a strength of a quarter or once every two weeks with a strength of 50%. You should also use high phosphorus fertilizer for the third or fourth time.
The best time to cut begonias is spring.
This plant is propagated by cuttings and greenhouse owners usually do not plant seeds. Select cuttings from leafy, non-flowering stems. Note that the stem must have at least 2 nodes. Separate the stem from the main plant and place it in a moist soil mixture, then place the pot in a warm, semi-shady place to keep the soil moist. When you see the first signs of growth in the plant, you can place the new pot next to the old pot.
Pests And common diseases
It does not matter if the begonia is planted in the garden or in a pot, if in a humid environment with air circulation. Poorly located is prone to powdery mildew, botrytis and stem rot. Flour beetles and thrips are also pests that can be seen on this plant. To kill pests, you can use pesticides.
begonia is a tropical and subtropical plant that you can keep at home. Caring for begonia and propagating it is not difficult at all, as long as you provide a suitable growing environment for it and keep the pot away from cold and drought. This plant is green in spring and blooms in summer and autumn. The best way to prevent plant disease is to place it in a well-lit and well-ventilated area.