A complete guide to growing and maintaining Euphorbia trigona at home

The Euphorbia trigona plant, which is known as the African lion tree, is native to the central regions of the African continent. Since this plant grows fast, it is usually grown as a hedge. Although Euphorbia trigona is very similar to cactus, it is actually a species belonging to the genus Euphorbia, and Euphorbia is the name of a very large genus of plants that includes more than 2000 different species. There are nearly 1,200 species of Euphorbias, including Euphorbia trigona, which are succulent.

BingMag.com A complete guide to growing and maintaining Euphorbia trigona at home

The Euphorbia trigona plant, which is known as the African lion tree, is native to the central regions of the African continent. Since this plant grows fast, it is usually grown as a hedge. Although Euphorbia trigona is very similar to cactus, it is actually a species belonging to the genus Euphorbia, and Euphorbia is the name of a very large genus of plants that includes more than 2000 different species. There are nearly 1,200 species of Euphorbias, including Euphorbia trigona, which are succulent.

What is Euphorbia trigona?

BingMag.com A complete guide to growing and maintaining Euphorbia trigona at home

Ephorbia trigona has triangular stems with ridges in each corner. Blades and tear-shaped leaves of the plant branch out from these protrusions. Euphorbia trigona maintains its freshness during the growing season and the buds of this plant appear in bright green color. The red Euphorbia trigona is more popular because of its attractive color. This species turns red at the end of the growing season.

Ephorbia trigona has a long life and fast growth. This plant grows between 30 and 60 cm throughout the year and its height reaches nearly 3 meters. However, when you keep Euphorbia trigona indoors, it will grow to about half of its maximum height. You can grow Euphorbia trigona outdoors only in desert climates, i.e. areas where the temperature does not drop below 10C at night. If you live in an area with these conditions, you're in luck because you'll be able to see an eye-catching sight of Euphorbia trigona.

Ephorbia trigona has a milky white sap that's toxic to humans and pets and can sting the eyes, cause discomfort to the mouth and skin. These discomforts can start from a simple blister and even reach severe inflammation of the eye membrane. Even in some cases, swallowing this sap can lead to convulsions.

  • Cactus buying guide; Knowing the poisonous species, tips and the best-selling species

Ephorbia trigona plant care

Although in some areas, Euphorbia trigona is a popular plant for decorating gardens, but in most areas as A houseplant has many fans. Gardeners usually look to grow Euphorbia trigona so that the plant reaches its maximum height. Of course, this work requires a lot of care, and pruning and tying the plant to a base is a part of this care. But since the root of this plant is smaller than its trunk, if you don't prune the plant properly, it will easily fall over. Like cacti, Euphorbia trigona is relatively easy to propagate by cuttings. Of course, you should not forget to use gloves.

Ephorbia trigona is resistant to dehydration, and if you live in areas where you need to use methods to reduce the plants' need for irrigation, this plant is a suitable option.

p>

Light

Ephorbia trigona likes a lot of but indirect light. If you want to keep this plant indoors, it grows well next to southern windows, and outdoors, you should place the plant in a place with a little sunlight. Of course, in spring, autumn and winter, you can place the plant in a place that is completely sunny, but in summer, you should move the plant to a place that is not constantly exposed to sunlight. If Euphorbia trigona is located in a location that receives too much sunlight and heat, you may need to increase watering to prevent plant damage.

Soil

Although Euphorbia trigona Trigona is not demanding about the soil, but proper drainage is necessary for this plant. Of course, if you want to use clay and dense soil for growing plants, you must correct it in terms of drainage and soil pH, because this type of soil can hinder plant growth.

Adding some mineral pumice or perlite can Improve soil drainage. Of course, mixed soils specially prepared for succulents are the best option for Euphorbia trigona. For Euphorbia trigona to grow well, the pH range of the soil should be between slightly alkaline and slightly acidic. In order to reduce the need for watering this plant, you can use sandy soil or sandy loam soil to grow it.

Water

Ephorbia trigona does not need a lot of watering. If you live in an area that does not face drought, the natural rainfall of your area is enough to water this plant. But in drought conditions, you should water the plant.

If you keep Euphorbia trigona indoors, watering once a week can be enough. Of course, in order to provide the same conditions as the plant's natural habitat, you should water again when the pot soil is dry.

Temperature and humidity

Ephorbia trigona is a drought-resistant plant that prefers dry or desert climates and can withstand relatively high temperatures. Of course, if you live in an area that gets very hot in the summer and keep Euphorbia trigona outdoors, move the plant to a semi-shaded place in the summer or consider a place for the plant that is not exposed to direct sunlight. Excessive heat can damage the plant. To maintain this plant, you do not need to increase the humidity of the environment.

Keeping Euphorbia trigona in a humid environment causes the plant to be in an unfavorable condition and provides suitable conditions for the invasion of pests and the occurrence of fungal diseases.

Fertilizer

Feed Euphorbia trigona with water-soluble fertilizers once a month during the plant's growing season, i.e. spring and summer. Of course, the solution should be more diluted, which means if you are using complete fertilizers, pour half the recommended amount into the water. During autumn and winter, when the plant is not growing, stop fertilizing to provide natural conditions for the plant to go dormant.

Pruning

Ephorbia trigona has a long trunk and short roots and For this reason, when the age of the plant increases, its trunk usually becomes heavier and may cause the pot to overturn. Therefore, pruning is one of the essential care for this plant.

When you want to prune Euphorbia trigona, be sure to use gloves and cut the stems using a sharp and clean knife. In the reaction process of the plant to repair the damaged tissues, the cut will dry and a callus will form there. You should prune the trunk of the plant in such a way that the weight of one side is not more than the other side. If one side of the trunk is heavier, it may cause the plant to come out of the soil on the other side.

Changing the pot

The best pot for growing Euphorbia trigona is an unglazed clay pot. Why? The small openings on the wall of this pot help to release excess moisture. In glazed clay pots, soil moisture is maintained more and this condition is dangerous for Euphorbia trigona.

For Euphorbia trigona to grow taller, change the pot every year or every two years. This will allow the roots to grow long enough to hold the trunk of the plant in place (with the help of a support base, of course). Be sure to use gloves when changing the pot and keep in mind that you need someone's help to change the pot of large plants so that you can do it without damaging the plant.

Wintering

Ephorbia trigona cannot survive in cold weather. This plant cannot grow at a temperature lower than 10 degrees Celsius. Therefore, if you live in an area where temperatures drop below 10 degrees Celsius, you should not plant Euphorbia trigona in the garden. Also, if you have planted this plant in a pot but placed the pot outdoors, move the plant indoors before the temperature drops. Of course, you should choose a place for this that has good ventilation.

  • 10 resistant houseplants that grow well in a terrarium (and how to make a terrarium at home)

Ephorbia trigona plant propagation

BingMag.com A complete guide to growing and maintaining Euphorbia trigona at home

Ephorbia trigona is easily propagated by cuttings. Because the sap of this plant is poisonous, when you want to propagate it, be sure to use gloves and if the sap of the plant spills on your hands, wash your hands immediately.

To propagate Euphorbia trigona by cuttings, You will need the following items:

  • A sharp knife or gardening shears
  • Alcohol pad
  • Pot whose diameter is not less than 10 cm
  • Suitable soil
  • Some sand Coarse

After you have the necessary tools, do the following steps:

  • First, clean the blades of the knife or gardening shears with an alcohol pad.

  • li>
  • Cut off one of the stems of the plant. You should choose a stem that has branched from the main trunk and cut it exactly where it joins the trunk.
  • Rinse the end of the cutting with cold water to stop the sap coming out of the cut. . You should pour cold water on the cut, not immerse the cutting in cold water.
  • Place the cutting on a paper towel in a completely dry place and wait for 5 to 7 days until the callus forms on the cut. Be formed. You should choose a place that is not exposed to direct sunlight. Some people skip this step and immediately put the cutting into the soil. Although with this method, the roots will grow after only 3 weeks, but the new plant will be prone to root rot.
  • After the formation of the callus, plant the cuttings in the soil. You should plant the cutting in the pot so that it is about 3 cm below the soil.
  • To help keep the cutting flat, spread a layer of coarse sand over the soil.
  • Put the pot in a warm place Put enough light. The temperature of the environment should be between 18 and 24 degrees Celsius and the pot should not be exposed to direct sunlight. It usually takes two months for the cuttings to root.
  • When you see signs of new plant growth, transfer the plant to a slightly larger pot. The diameter of this pot should not be less than 15 cm.
  • Propagation of Euphorbia trigona with seeds

    Although it is not usually recommended, you can also grow Euphorbia trigona by planting seeds. To be able to find the seeds of this plant is not an easy task, but it is more difficult to provide the conditions for the germination of these seeds. It is better to use the same cutting method to propagate Euphorbia trigona.

    Common pests and diseases

    BingMag.com A complete guide to growing and maintaining Euphorbia trigona at home

    Usually, Euphorbia trigona that is completely healthy and fresh is not attacked by pests and does not face diseases. Of course, you should be careful of cotton-shaped threads because these threads are a sign of a pest called mealybug. To deal with this pest, first pour a few drops of dishwashing liquid into the water and prepare a washing solution. Then wet a cloth napkin with this solution and use it to remove the insects from the plant. You can also use paper towels and alcohol for this task or spray water with pressure.

    Excessive irrigation causes Euphorbia trigona to face fungal diseases such as cottonwood disease. The appearance of cottonwood-like spots on the stems is a sign of this disease. In this situation, you should remove the infected stems from the plant. Yellowing or browning of stems in plants of the succulent family can be a sign of root rot, which is due to excessive watering. In this situation, you will probably have to throw your plant away.

    Common problems in maintaining Euphorbia trigona

    One of the most common problems in maintaining Euphorbia trigona is yellowing and falling leaves. Even the smallest wrong action in plant care can cause this problem. But usually the culprit is excessive watering, lack of water or cold weather. About this problem; Prevention is much easier than cure. It is enough to place the plant in a warm place, whenever the soil of the plant dries up, water it again and do not let the soil of the plant remain dry for a long time.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *