A complete guide to the care and cultivation of Echuria plants

The Echuria plant is a succulent species of the Crassulaceae family and native to Central America, South America and Mexico. Echuria has many fans due to its fast growth, attractive appearance and easy maintenance.

BingMag.com A complete guide to the care and cultivation of Echuria plants

The Echuria plant is a succulent species of the Crassulaceae family and native to Central America, South America and Mexico. Echuria has many fans due to its fast growth, attractive appearance and easy maintenance.

The arrangement of the leaves in the form of a rosette, fleshy leaves and various colors have made Echuria very similar to flowers, and when it blooms in the summer It gives an eye-catching view. Plant Echuria in the spring when the plant's growth season begins.

Most Echuria species are relatively small plants that do not exceed 30 cm in width, but some Echuria species when they grow look like a small shrub. and their height reaches up to 60 cm.

Maintenance of Echuria plant

BingMag.com A complete guide to the care and cultivation of Echuria plants

All succulents have leaves or stems that store water inside them, so they require mostly the same care.

It doesn't matter if you're usually successful at growing plants; It is not difficult to make Echuria an ideal houseplant. Echuria grows well in dry and sunny environments, and even if you neglect it from time to time, it will thank you. It can cause decay or fungal diseases, followed by the death of the plant. Also, remove the dead leaves from the end as the plant grows. These dead leaves provide conditions for pests to attack.

Light

Echuria needs a lot of light to grow. This plant should be exposed to full and direct sunlight for four to six hours a day. If Echuria is not grown in full sun, it will become a low-backed, long-stemmed plant and will likely not flower.

To help Echuria flower, move the plant outdoors during the summer. Of course, if you want to move your plant to the open space, do it gradually so that the plant can adapt to the new conditions. Also, since the sun is strong in the afternoons and can burn the plant, choose a place that has some shade in the afternoons.

Soil

The soil you use to grow Echuria It should be light and porous and have good drainage to keep excess moisture away from the roots. Potting soil for cactus is a good option for Echuria. Of course, you can make your own cactus soil; Just mix three parts of potting soil, two parts of coarse sand and one part of perlite. In terms of soil pH, Echuria grows well in slightly acidic soils.

Water

The most vital aspect in proper Echuria care is irrigation. Like most succulents, Echuria doesn't need a lot of watering, but it doesn't like growing in completely dry soil for a long time either. Wrinkled leaves are a sign that the plant needs watering. It is better to water Echuria less than to over-water, because excessive watering can cause the roots of the plant to rot very quickly.

Wait until the soil is completely dry between two waterings. Then apply for irrigation. At each watering, water the plant in such a way that the water comes out of the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot and the soil is well wet. Depending on the size of the plant, watering with half a cup or a cup of water every 7 to 10 days can be sufficient during the growing season. If you use a flowerpot, be sure to drain the water inside the flowerpot after watering.

During the summer, you should water Echuria more than in the winter. During the winter, watering once a month is enough to prevent the leaves from shriveling.

  • How to prevent your beloved houseplants from drying up when you travel?

Temperature and humidity

BingMag.com A complete guide to the care and cultivation of Echuria plants

Echuria grows in hot and dry environment and cannot tolerate cold well. On the other hand, high humidity can lead to root rot. The right temperature and humidity level for the house is also suitable for keeping Echuria, and you should not put this plant in a humid place like a bathroom. If you live in an area where the temperature does not drop below 10 degrees Celsius in winter, you can plant Echuria in the garden. If frost is predicted in the winter, move Echuria indoors.

Fertilizer

Echuria does not need regular fertilization to grow because this plant thrives in nutrient-poor soil. It is compatible. If you over-fertilize, Echuria will be damaged very quickly. During spring and summer, feed Echuria once in a while to help the plant grow better.

It is better to use cactus and succulent fertilizers to feed Echuria. Of course, you can also use Se Bisit liquid fertilizer, but you must use it in a completely diluted form use, meaning use between half and a quarter of the recommended amount. To fertilize young plants, use fertilizers that have less nitrogen.

Pruning

If you prune Echuria once in a while, it will help the plant to grow better, live longer and prevent You have helped from decay. In general, you don't need to follow a regular schedule for pruning Echuria, but if your plant has a long and elongated stem due to lack of light, trim the stem to make the plant look better. Although you can prune Echuria at any time, it is better to do this at the beginning of the plant's growing season.

On the other hand, the natural life cycle of the plant is such that the lower leaves gradually dry up and die. Place these dead leaves between your fingers and gently pull them off the plant so they don't rot when attached to the plant. Also, removing these leaves can help new leaves grow faster.

Changing the pot

You don't need to change the Echuria pot every year and only do it when you no longer have The current pot does not have room for more plant growth. Since the plant grows more in the spring, it is recommended to change the pot in the spring.

When changing the pot, first make sure that the soil is completely dry and then remove the plant from the soil. Gently lift the plant out of the soil and remove excess soil from around the roots before placing the plant in a new pot. Also, at this stage, you should also remove the rotten and dead roots. Of course, you should use fungicide in the cut places. Place the plant in the new pot, spread the roots of the plant on the soil and fill the pot with suitable soil. To prevent root rot, do not water the plant for a week after repotting.

Wintering

In winter, Echuria cannot survive outdoors and cannot tolerate sub-zero temperatures. slow If you keep Echuria outdoors, the best way to overwinter the plant is to move it indoors. Of course, it is not necessary to choose a very hot place to store Echuria, and an environment with a temperature above 7 degrees Celsius will be suitable. Echuria goes dormant in the colder months of the year and does not need much watering. During this period, watering once a month is sufficient.>Raising a few more Echuria can be fun enough. Echuria is easily propagated by planting seeds, using cuttings, and by stem or leaf cuttings. Taking cuttings is a great way to prevent the plant from becoming stunted, and the best time for this is spring.

Tools needed for cutting:

  • Tray
  • Cactus soil
  • Plastic bag
  • Pot with sufficient number of drainage holes
  • Very clean gardening shears (for stem cutting)

For propagating Echuria For stem or leaf cuttings, perform the following steps:

  • Wiggle a few Echuria leaves very slowly from side to side to separate them from the plant. Since not all leaves will develop into a new plant, always remove more than one leaf for propagation. If the stem of the plant is too long and elongated, you can cut it off for cuttings.
  • If you want to use cuttings or cuttings for propagation, carefully separate them from the original plant.
  • li>
  • Put the separated leaves, stem, plant or stem inside the tray in such a way that they do not overlap each other and wait a few days for calluses to form in the cut places.
  • After the calluses are formed, Plant the cuttings in the pot in such a way that their calloused part is in the soil and fill the pot with special soil for cactus or succulent.
  • Moisten the soil by spraying water, cover the pot with a plastic bag Cover and place it in a sunny place for the new plant to sprout. Of course, the planted cuttings should not be exposed to direct sunlight.
  • When you see the growth of the new plant, it means that the cuttings have rooted enough. You can water this new plant in the same way as you water the mature plants, but it is better to do this gradually.
  • After about a month of planting the cuttings, a rosette will appear at the end of them. Small begins to grow. You should not separate the cutting from this small rosette because it provides the energy and nutrients needed by the new plant. Gradually and with the growth of the new plant, the cuttings will shrivel and die.
  • Propagation of Echuria plant by planting seeds

    First, you need to prepare a suitable substrate for planting seeds. To plant seeds, you can use special soil for cactus and succulents or you can prepare a suitable mixed soil yourself. This mixed soil should consist of 60% soil, 30% coarse sand and 10% perlite.

    Pour the prepared soil into a pot that Have enough drainage holes. Spread the seeds on the soil in such a way that there is some distance between them. Moisten the soil and cover the pot with a plastic bag to keep the soil moist. Place the pot in a sunny place but be careful not to expose it to direct sunlight.

    Take the pot out of the plastic cover for an hour every day to create ventilation. The ideal temperature for seed germination is between 18 and 22 degrees Celsius. After nearly three weeks, the seeds should begin to germinate. Remove the plastic wrap when the sprouts turn into small rosettes. Keep the soil slightly moist and do not allow the soil to dry out.

    Provide conditions to receive sufficient but indirect light. When the small rosettes have turned into seed seedlings, water them once every three or four days and at the same time as the soil surface dries. li>

    Flowering of Echuria plant

    BingMag.com A complete guide to the care and cultivation of Echuria plants

    In Echuria species, only plants that flower At least four seasons have passed since they matured. Echuria flowers bloom at the ends of stems that branch off from the parent plant only to flower. These flowers, which you can usually see in spring and summer, do not have a special scent. You can help the flowering of Echuria with the following care:

    • Removing faded flowers
    • Feeding the plant with special fertilizers flowering; once a month from the middle of April to the middle of September
    • providing sufficient light; At least 6 hours a day
    • Adjusting the ambient temperature
    • Using soil with proper drainage

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *