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16 important factors that cause abnormal urine odor

BingMag.com 16 important factors that cause abnormal urine odor

The natural smell of urine is unique to each person. Occasionally, you may notice that the smell of your urine has changed and is sharper than normal. This is usually not a concern. But sometimes a change in the smell of urine can indicate a serious illness that needs to be followed up and treated. If you want to know more about the factors that affect the smell of urine, follow this article from BingMag to the end.

What factors change the smell of urine

The most important factors that They can affect the smell of urine, including:

1. Foods and Drinks

Many of the compounds produced during digestion are excreted in the urine. These compounds can change the smell of urine. Asparagus is one of the foods that affects the smell of urine due to its sulfur content. However, in some people, the smell of urine may not change after consuming asparagus for genetic reasons. Other foods such as coffee, fish, onions and garlic can also affect the smell of urine.

Changes in food odor should go away on their own. If this persists, see your doctor. Because other causes may play a role in its occurrence.

2. Dehydration

Fluids are involved in diluting urine. There is always waste products like ammonia in the urine. But if the body is dehydrated, the concentration of this substance is higher and the smell of urine becomes sharper. This does not mean that you are sick. But you should know that dehydration increases the risk of kidney stones and urinary tract infections.

Dehydration does not require special treatment and you just need to drink more fluids. Eating juicy foods such as fruits and vegetables can also help provide the body with the water it needs. However, confusion, weakness, and extreme tiredness are signs of severe dehydration that need medical treatment.

Urinary Tract Infection

BingMag.com 16 important factors that cause abnormal urine odor

If you have a urinary tract infection, you may have frequent urination and the smell of urine Changes. The change in the smell of urine in these conditions is caused by the presence of bacteria in it. Consult a doctor if you have a fever or pain when urinating. Your doctor may need to prescribe antibiotics for you.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones change the smell of urine for various reasons. This disease slows or stops the flow of urine and causes the accumulation of salt and ammonia. It also increases the risk of infection. Some stones made from cystine contain sulfur. If you have cystine in your urine, it probably smells like a rotten egg. See your doctor if you have severe pain or fever or blood in your urine. Stones may need to be removed from the hospital.

  • Kidney stones; Causes, symptoms and proper diet for prevention

5. Maple Syrup Urine Disease

People born with maple syrup urinary incontinence cannot break down some amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. When amino acids accumulate in the body, the urine smells sweet. If your baby has the disease, you will probably notice it 1-2 days after birth. These patients must follow a special diet. Your doctor can help you control your child's illness.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can cause foul-smelling discharge in both men and women. Mixing these secretions with urine creates an unpleasant odor. You may have no symptoms other than a change in the smell of urine, or you may have itching or burning in the genital area. Bacterial infections caused by bacteria such as chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics. But if you have a viral infection, you will need to take other medications.

Uncontrolled diabetes

BingMag.com 16 important factors that cause abnormal urine odor

If you do not treat high blood sugar, you may smell fruit or Get your urine into your nostrils. This sweet and fruity odor is caused by the accumulation of ketones in the body and its excretion in the urine. Sugar enters the cells with the help of the hormone insulin and provides the energy they need. If the body is unable to use sugar and burn fat instead due to a lack of insulin, ketones, which are a type of chemical, are produced.

If you experience problems such as vomiting, shortness of breath or dizziness, immediately See a doctor. Because you may have a serious complication called "diabetic ketoacidosis". Your doctor will test your urine for ketones and help you control your diabetes.

  • 30 Simple Foods to Control Your Diabetes
8. Excessive intake of vitamin supplements

The body excretes excess nutrients through the urine that it does not need. Excess vitamin B6 causes the urine to smell pungent. In people who have taken a lot of thiamine (vitamin B1), the urine smells like fish. B vitamins also change the color of urine and make it a light greenish-yellow color. To prevent this problem, it is recommended that you consult your doctor about the appropriate dose of supplements.

9. Medications Sulfa drugs can cause bad breath. These include sulfonamide antibiotics. These antibiotics are commonly used to treat urinary tract infections and other infections. Medications for diabetes and rheumatism can also change the smell of urine. If the smell of urine bothers you, talk to your doctor. Further investigation may be needed to ensure that no other factor is involved.

Pregnancy During pregnancy, dehydration caused by morning sickness and taking vitamin supplements during pregnancy. They change the smell of urine. In addition, pregnancy increases the risk of urinary tract infections and urinary ketone excretion, both of which can affect the smell of urine.

The smell of urine may not have changed and you may be sensitive to different odors. This condition is called "hyperosmia". Researchers believe that during pregnancy, hormones change a person's perception of odors. In other words, even if the smell of urine does not change, you think it smells weird or spicy.

  • 9 great exercises during pregnancy that are good for the health of mother and fetus
  • >

    11. Vaginal shower

    Rinsing the inside of the vagina with water or a mixture of fluids is called a "vaginal shower." Some women use this method to eliminate bad vaginal odor, prevent pregnancy and prevent infection. Under normal circumstances, the vagina does not need to be washed. Washing inside it can upset the balance of beneficial and harmful bacteria. This leads to infection and consequently bad breath.

    Using a vaginal douche increases the risk of fungal and bacterial infections and pelvic inflammatory disease. You do not need to eliminate the natural smell of the vagina. If you feel that the vaginal odor has changed, it is best to consult a doctor.

    12. The entry of feces into the bladder

    The hole that forms between the two limbs is called a "fistula". If this hole is made between the bladder and the intestines, feces or gas in the intestines may come out when urinating. People with cancer or inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn's disease, are more likely to develop this type of fistula. In women, this problem may be seen after childbirth. Fistulas can be treated with surgery.

    13. Failure of body organs

    BingMag.com 16 important factors that cause abnormal urine odor

    Liver disease causes urine and respiration to have a pungent odor. This unpleasant odor is caused by the accumulation and release of toxins in the urine. Also, if you have kidney failure, you may smell ammonia when urinating. Be sure to see your doctor if you experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes, and unwanted weight loss.


    Some babies are born with a condition called type 1 tyrosinemia. In patients with this disease, there is no suitable enzyme for the breakdown of the amino acid tyrosine. As a result, an increase in this amino acid changes the smell of urine. Their urine may smell like cabbage. The symptoms of this disease can be controlled with the help of drugs and reducing the amount of tyrosine in the diet.

    15. Fish Odor Syndrome

    This genetic condition, also known as trimethylaminuria, makes the urine smell like fish. It occurs when the body cannot break down trimethylamine and you get rid of it through urine, sweat and breathing. This does not mean being sick. But your doctor can help you control odor by prescribing antibiotics and special soaps or recommending certain foods.

    16. Holding urine for a long time

    If urine stays in the bladder for a while, the smell may change. In addition to changing the smell, holding urine also increases the risk of urinary tract infections. This is more common in children who do not urinate when they feel the need. For this reason, it is best to remind children to go to the bathroom.

    When should we see a doctor?

    BingMag.com 16 important factors that cause abnormal urine odor

    If the pungent and abnormal odor of urine lasts for more than 2 days or you notice the following symptoms, see your doctor:

    • Urine with odor Sweet
    • Confusion
    • Flatulence
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Unwanted weight loss

    These symptoms can indicate diabetes, liver disease, kidney failure or severe dehydration. Your doctor will use the following methods to determine if urine odor is caused by a disease:

    • Urine test: A urine sample is tested for a variety of bacteria and other elements.

    Concluding remarks

    Urinary odor changes are not always caused by a disease. Dehydration, taking vitamin supplements, and taking certain medications can cause bad breath. However, if this unpleasant odor does not go away or you have other symptoms such as fever, nausea, vomiting, pain and unwanted weight loss, be sure to see your doctor.

    This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .

    Sources: webmd, healthline

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