Spotting is a type of mild vaginal bleeding that occurs at a time other than a period; So that you may notice a small amount of blood on your underwear or toilet paper when using the bathroom. spotting can sometimes be a sign of a serious problem, but in most cases it is not dangerous. If you want to know more about the causes of spotting and when to see a doctor, read this article from BingMag until the end.
Causes of spotting before period
The most common reasons that you may have a little bleeding before your period, including:
Spotting is common in pregnancy and about 15 to 25% of pregnant women experience it in the first trimester. bleeding caused by pregnancy is light and pink, red or brown in color.
Usually, spotting during pregnancy is not a concern, but you should inform your doctor if it occurs. If the bleeding is heavy or you have pelvic pain, call your doctor immediately. Because it may be a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.
2. Using birth control methods
Sometimes, using pills, implants, etc. to prevent pregnancy causes spotting between two periods. This problem can either happen spontaneously or because of the following:
- You have recently started using a hormonal method of birth control.
- Take birth control pills as directed. you are not taking.
- You have changed the type or dose of medicine.
- You have been using birth control methods for a long time.
Sometimes, Birth control pills are used to treat abnormal bleeding between periods. If your symptoms do not improve or worsen, talk to your doctor.
The results of an old study show that 4.8% of women experience ovulation-related spotting. they do. bleeding related to ovulation is light and usually occurs 14 days before menstruation, which is when the ovary releases an egg. This type of bleeding lasts 1 to 2 days and is red or light pink in color. Other symptoms of ovulation include:
- Increased cervical mucus
- Increased consistency of cervical mucus (like egg white)
- Change in position of the cervix
- Decreasing body temperature before ovulation and increasing it after ovulation
- Increasing libido
- Pain on one side of the abdomen
- Breast sensitivity
- Increased sense of smell, taste or vision
4. before Menopause
As you approach menopause, you may not ovulate for some months. During menopause, periods become more irregular and you may experience spotting. It is also possible that you will not have your period or your bleeding will be less or more than normal.
Suffering from some cancers such as endometrial cancer, cervix, ovary and vagina can be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- abnormal bleeding
- Vaginal discharge
Spotting is usually not a sign of cancer, but if you experience it, you should consult your doctor, especially if you are menopausal.
6. Implantation bleeding
Sometimes, spotting occurs when a fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus. Implantation bleeding often occurs a few days before the start of menstruation, and its duration is shorter and its intensity is less than that of a period. Implantation bleeding can be light pink to dark brown. Other implantation symptoms include:
- Mood changes
- Breast tenderness
- Back pain
Implantation bleeding is not dangerous for the fetus, but its occurrence should be reported to the doctor.
Injury to the vagina or cervix due to rape, rough sex, tampon use or pelvic examination can cause spotting.
8. Polyps of the uterus or cervix
Polyps are small tissues that develop in different places, including the cervix and uterus. be. Most polyps are benign or non-cancerous and lead to the following symptoms:
- light bleeding after intercourse
- light bleeding between periods
- discharge Abnormal
The doctor either notices the presence of a polyp during an ultrasound or sees it during a pelvic examination. Polyps usually do not require treatment unless they cause bothersome symptoms. Polyp removal is easy and painless. Uterine polyps also cause other symptoms which include:
- Irregular menstruation
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause >
Some people experience mild spotting and others may have no symptoms. be.
9. Sexually transmitted infection
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, can lead to spotting after sex or between periods. Other STI symptoms include:
- pain or burning sensation when urinating
- white, yellow or green vaginal discharge
- vaginal or anal itching
- Pelvic pain
If you suspect a sexually transmitted disease, contact your doctor. Many sexually transmitted diseases can be treated with minimal complications if detected early.
10. Pelvic inflammatory disease
Abnormal bleeding between periods is one of the common symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). If the bacteria spreads from the vagina to the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries, you get PID. Other symptoms of PID are as follows:
- Pain during urination or intercourse
- Pain in the lower or upper abdomen
- Fever li>
- Abundant or foul-smelling discharge from the vagina
PID can be dangerous if the infection spreads to the blood. Antibiotics usually treat most of the bacterial infections that cause PID.
Fibroids are benign tumors that grow in the uterus and in some cases, they can affect fertility and make it difficult to get pregnant. In addition to spotting, fibroids cause the following symptoms:
- Heavy or prolonged menstruation
- Pelvic pain
- Lower back pain
- Painful intercourse
- Urinary problems
Some people with uterine fibroids do not experience any symptoms. Fibroids are usually benign and may shrink on their own. 12. Endometriosis
Endometriosis occurs when the endometrial tissue of the uterus grows outside the uterus, for example the ovaries, abdomen, and The intestine expands. One out of every 10 women of reproductive age has endometriosis. However, many cases go undiagnosed. In addition to bleeding between periods, endometriosis can cause the following symptoms:
- Pelvic pain
- Heavy or painful menstruation
- Painful intercourse
- Feeling pain when urinating or defecating
- Diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea
13. Polycystic ovary syndrome
Irregular bleeding between periods can be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This disease occurs when a person's ovaries or adrenal glands produce too much androgen or male hormone. PCOS affects the regularity of the menstrual cycle and makes it more difficult to get pregnant. Other symptoms of PCOS include:
- Pelvic pain
- Weight gain
- Hair growth
The following drugs help to treat polycystic ovary syndrome:
- Contraceptive drugs that balance the body's hormones
- Metformin, which is usually prescribed for patients with type 2 diabetes 2 is prescribed and can help regulate the menstrual cycle
- Fertility medicine such as clomiphene, which causes the pituitary gland to produce more follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Stress changes the menstrual cycle and for this reason some people may experience spotting if they experience physical or emotional stress.
Using the following medicines increases the chance of bleeding between periods:
- Blood thinners
- Thyroid medicines
- Hormonal drugs
If you have abnormal bleeding from the vagina, the doctor may stop taking these drugs or recommend alternative drugs.
16. Thyroid problems
Hypothyroidism can cause spotting after the end of the period. Hypothyroidism means that your thyroid doesn't make enough of the hormones that regulate many body processes, including menstruation. Other symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
- weight gain
- dry skin
- sensitivity to cold
- hair thinning
- muscle pain or weakness
- joint pain or stiffness
- high cholesterol
- Puffy face
- Decreased heart rate
Doctors treat this disease with hormone pills such as levothyroxine.
The difference between spotting and menstrual bleeding
Spotting is different from period bleeding and usually with symptoms It is characterized by:
- Bleeding volume is small.
- Blood is pink, red or brown in color.
- Doesn't last more than 1 or 2 days. .
- Usually heavy enough to require pads or tampons.
- 4 to 7 Lasts days.
- Causes loss of 30 to 72 milliliters of blood.
- Occurs every 21 to 35 days.
Is should I take a pregnancy test?
If you are of childbearing age and you may be pregnant. you can do a home pregnancy test. If your test is positive, consult a gynecologist to confirm the result. If the result of the test was negative, but your period was more than a week late, see a doctor to determine the cause.
When should I see a doctor?
If you have unexplained spotting between periods, consult your doctor, especially if you are menopausal. Although there may be nothing to worry about and the problem will resolve itself, it is better to know the cause of its occurrence. If you experience the following symptoms in addition to spotting, see a doctor immediately:
- Abdominal pain
- Heavy bleeding
- Pelvic pain
spotting treatment depends on its cause. The doctor finds out the cause of abnormal bleeding by pelvic examination, blood tests and imaging tests.
Various factors can cause spotting before period, some of which are harmless and Some need immediate treatment. If you experience this problem, be sure to see a doctor to find out the cause.This article is only for education and information purposes. before using the recommendations of this article, be sure to consult a specialist doctor. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer.
Source: healthline< /p>