Type 2 diabetes causes a person to have high blood sugar levels. Diagnosing the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes can lead to earlier treatment. Early treatment reduces the risk of severe complications. Type 2 diabetes is a common disease and affects millions of people. Read on to learn more about the symptoms and ways to prevent type 2 diabetes. Stay tuned to BingMag.
When does type 2 diabetes occur?
Many people are in the pre-diabetic stage, meaning they are at risk. Blood sugar levels in people with prediabetes are higher than normal; But doctors still do not consider them diabetics. People with prediabetes often develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years if left untreated.
The onset of type 2 diabetes can be gradual and the symptoms in the early stages can be quite mild. As a result, many people may not realize they have the disease.
In this article, we look at the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes and the importance of early diagnosis. We also discuss the risk factors for this disease. By knowing these signs and risk factors, you can reduce the risk of developing this disease.
Early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes
Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include the following: :
1. Frequent urination
When blood sugar levels are high, the kidneys try to remove excess sugar by filtering it out. This process can lead to frequent need to urinate, especially at night.
2. Increased thirst
Frequent urination, which is necessary to eliminate excess sugar from the blood, can lead to dehydration. Over time, this condition can cause dehydration and a feeling of thirst more than usual.
3. Feeling hungry all the time
People with diabetes often do not get enough energy from the food they eat.
The digestive system breaks down food into a simple sugar called glucose, which the body uses as fuel. Uses. In people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose is transferred from the bloodstream to the body's cells. As a result, people with type 2 diabetes often feel hungry, regardless of whether they have recently eaten./p>
4. Feeling very tired
Type 2 diabetes can affect a person's energy level and make them feel very weak or tired. This fatigue is caused by insufficient movement of sugar from the bloodstream to the body's cells and is one of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
5. Blurred vision
Excess blood sugar can damage the small blood vessels in the eye, causing blurred vision. This blurring of vision can occur in one or both eyes and may fluctuate, that is, develop and heal again.
If a person with diabetes does not seek treatment, damage to these blood vessels can occur. It becomes more severe and may eventually lead to permanent vision loss.
Slow healing of cuts and wounds
High blood sugar can damage nerves and blood vessels in the body, which can impair blood circulation. As a result, even small cuts and wounds may take weeks or months to heal. Slow wound healing also increases the risk of infection.
Tingling, numbness or pain in the hands or feet
High blood sugar levels can negatively affect blood circulation and damage the body's nerves. In people with type 2 diabetes, this condition can lead to pain or tingling or numbness in the hands and feet.
This condition is known as neuropathy and if left untreated, the person can have It may get worse over time and experience more serious side effects.
Darkening of parts of the skin
Darkening of parts of the skin that develop in the folds of the neck, armpits or groin can also indicate a higher risk of developing diabetes. These patches may look very soft and velvety.
This skin condition is known as Acanthosis nigrans.
9. Itching and Yeast Infection
Excess sugar in the blood and urine provides yeast food that can lead to infection. Yeast infections occur in hot, humid areas of the skin, such as the mouth, genitals, and underarms. Affected areas usually itch; But you may also experience burning, redness, and pain.
Importance of Early Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes
Early diagnosis of symptoms of type 2 diabetes can provide an opportunity for a person to be diagnosed early and receive the necessary treatment. Getting the right treatment at the right time, making lifestyle changes and controlling blood sugar levels can greatly improve a person's health and quality of life and reduce the risk of complications.
Without treatment, blood sugar levels Blood that is consistently higher than normal can lead to severe and sometimes life-threatening complications, including:
- Heart disease
- Leg problems
- Kidney disease that can lead to dialysis
- Eye diseases or vision loss
- Sexual problems in men and women
Untreated diabetes can also lead to nonsctonic hyperglycemic hyperglycemia syndrome (HHNS), which causes severe and persistent high blood sugar levels. An illness or infection usually triggers HHNS, which may require hospitalization. This sudden complication affects the elderly.
Controlling blood sugar levels is very important to prevent some of these complications. The more blood sugar levels remain uncontrolled, the greater the risk of other health-related problems.
Risk Factors or Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
Anyone Can Get Type 2 Diabetes Be infected; But certain factors can increase the risk of developing the disease. These risk factors include:
- Being 45 years of age or older
- Having a sedentary lifestyle
- Being overweight or obese
- Having an unhealthy diet
- Having a family history of diabetes
- Having a polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Having a medical history of gestational diabetes, heart disease or stroke Brain
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
Millions of people worldwide have this chronic disease; A disease that can have unpleasant and dangerous complications such as blindness, kidney failure and heart disease. Before having diabetes, there is a period of time when blood sugar levels are high but not so high as to be considered diabetes. This stage is called prediabetes.
It is estimated that 70% of people with prediabetes eventually develop type 2 diabetes. Fortunately, progression from pre-diabetes to diabetes is preventable.
Although there are certain factors that you can not change, such as genes, age, or past behaviors; There are many things you can do to reduce your risk of developing diabetes.
Here are 13 ways to prevent diabetes. You can prevent this disease by changing your lifestyle.
1. Eliminate refined sugars and carbohydrates from your diet.
Put your body at risk for diabetes quickly.
Your body quickly breaks down these nutrients into small sugar molecules that are absorbed into the bloodstream.
As a result of high blood sugar, The pancreas stimulates insulin production; The hormone that helps sugar is released from the bloodstream and enters the body's cells.
In people with prediabetes, the body's cells are resistant to insulin function; Therefore, blood sugar levels remain high. To compensate, the pancreas produces more insulin and tries to bring blood sugar to a healthy level.
Over time, this condition can gradually raise blood sugar and insulin levels until the disease eventually Turn to type 2 diabetes.
Many studies have shown an association between frequent consumption of refined sugar or carbohydrates and the risk of diabetes. In addition, replacing them with foods that have a lower effect on blood sugar may help reduce the risk.
Regular physical activity may help prevent diabetes. Exercise increases the sensitivity of cells to insulin. Therefore, less insulin is needed during exercise to control blood sugar levels.
A study of people with prediabetes found that moderate-intensity exercise increased insulin sensitivity by up to 51%, and high-intensity exercise increased it. It increases to 85%. However, this effect only occurs on training days.
Exercise seems to further improve insulin response and function. A study of people at risk for diabetes found that burning more than 2,000 calories a week through exercise is needed to reap the benefits.
So it's best to choose those physical activities If you enjoy it, you can do it regularly and feel that you can stick to it for a long time.
- How to set up a balanced exercise program?
3. Drinking water
Water is the most natural and best drink possible.
In addition, drinking water often helps you avoid high-sugar drinks, preservatives and other unhealthy drinks. Avoid.
Soft drinks such as soft drinks are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and adult latent autoimmune diabetes (LADA).
LADA is a type 1 diabetes that affects people. It occurs over 18 years old. Unlike the acute symptoms of childhood type 1 diabetes, LADA slowly increases and needs more treatment as the disease progresses.
Although not all people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese; But most of them are obese and overweight.
In addition, in people with prediabetes, excess weight accumulates in the middle of the body and around abdominal organs such as the liver. This fat is known as visceral fat.
Excess visceral fat causes inflammation and insulin resistance, which significantly increases the risk of diabetes. Although losing a small amount of weight can help reduce this risk; But studies show that the more you lose weight, the more benefits you will experience.
- Does Calorie Counting Help You Lose Weight?
5. Quitting smoking
Numerous studies have shown that smoking causes many serious diseases, including heart disease, lung, breast, prostate and gastrointestinal cancers.
Research has also been done. Smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke have been linked to type 2 diabetes.
An analysis of several studies on more than one million people found that smoking increased the risk of developing It increases diabetes by 44% in smokers and 61% in people who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day.
Another study looked at the risk of developing diabetes in middle-aged men who smoked after quitting. After five years, their risk was reduced by 13 percent, and after 20 years, their risk was similar to those who had never smoked.
- 11 Important Tips to Quit Smoking Know
6. Very Low Carb Diet
Eating a ketogenic or very low carb diet can help prevent diabetes.
Although there are many ways to lose weight; But low-carb diets have many effects on weight loss.
This diet has been shown to lower blood sugar, increase insulin sensitivity, and reduce other risk factors for diabetes.
7. Paying attention to food size
It does not matter if you follow a low carb diet; In any case, it is important to avoid overeating to reduce the risk of developing diabetes. Especially if you are overweight.
Eating too much food in one meal has been shown to increase blood sugar and insulin in people with diabetes. Reduce the size and amount of meals and increase the number of meals.
8. Avoid inactivity
If you want to prevent diabetes, you need to be more active throughout the day.
If you are not physically active or your physical activity is very low and most of the day You sit down, you lead a sedentary lifestyle. Numerous studies have shown an association between a sedentary lifestyle and the risk of developing diabetes.
9. Eating more fiber
Getting plenty of fiber is good for gut health and weight control. Studies in obese, elderly, and pre-diabetic people have shown that it helps lower blood sugar and insulin levels. Fibers can be divided into two general categories, soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber absorbs water, while insoluble fiber does not absorb water.
In the digestive tract, soluble fiber and water form a gel that slows the absorption of food. This leads to a gradual rise in blood sugar levels. However, insoluble fiber is associated with lower blood sugar levels and a lower risk of diabetes; However, it is not clear exactly how it works.
10. Checking Vitamin D Levels
Vitamin D is important for controlling blood sugar. Studies have shown that people who do not get enough vitamin D or have very low levels of vitamin D in their blood are more likely to develop diabetes.
Most health organizations around the world recommend that vitamin D levels be at a minimum. 30 ng/ml (75 nanomoles per liter).
One study found that people with the highest levels of vitamin D in their blood were 43% less likely to have type 2 diabetes than those with the lowest levels of vitamin D. They get infected.
Good food sources for vitamin D include fatty fish and fish liver oil. In addition, exposure to sunlight can increase the level of vitamin D in the blood. Maintaining optimal levels of this vitamin is essential.
- 13 Foods Rich in Vitamin D
11. Reduce your intake of processed foods
One of the best steps you can take to improve your health is to keep your intake of processed foods to a minimum. These foods cause a variety of health problems, including heart disease, obesity, and diabetes.
Studies show that eliminating packaged foods that contain vegetable oils, refined grains, and additives helps reduce the risk of diabetes.
- 10 Processed Foods That Better Never Eat
12. Drinking Coffee or Tea
Although water should be your main beverage, research shows that diet coffee or tea can help prevent diabetes.
Studies have shown that drinking Daily coffee reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes by 8 to 54 percent, which is most effective in people who consume the most.
Another study from several studies that included caffeinated tea and coffee , Showed similar results with the highest risk reduction in overweight women and men.
13. Herbal Remedies
There are several herbs that may increase insulin sensitivity and reduce the risk Contribute to the development of diabetes. Curcumin Curcumin is one of the constituents of turmeric, which is abundant in curry spices. It has strong anti-inflammatory properties and It has been used as part of Ayurvedic medicine in India for centuries. In addition, curcumin increases insulin sensitivity and improves the function of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Berberine Berberine is found in several plants and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years. Studies have shown that berberine fights inflammation and lowers cholesterol and other symptoms of heart disease. In addition, several studies in people with type 2 diabetes have shown that berberine has potent hypoglycemic properties.
Since its effects on hypoglycemia are so strong, it should not be used. Use with other diabetes medications unless prescribed by your doctor.
Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes high blood sugar levels. Early signs and symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, weakness and hunger, vision problems, slow healing of wounds and fungal infections.
Anyone experiencing the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes should See a doctor for a more accurate evaluation; Especially if there are other risk factors for the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment of type 2 diabetes can improve a person's quality of life and reduce the risk of severe complications.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .
Sources: Medicalnewstoday, Healthline