Unfortunately, vitamin B12 deficiency is especially common in the elderly. Deficiency of this vitamin leads to many physical and mental problems. In this article from BingMag Meg, we examine 13 symptoms of deficiency of this vitamin and explain the cause of their occurrence. Join us.
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Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Vitamin B12 Deficiency About 1/It affects 5 to 15% of people and causes a wide range of symptoms. Regular consumption of foods containing vitamin B12 is very important. Adults should take 2.4 micrograms of cobalamin daily. Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin found in animal foods, such as red meat, poultry, eggs, and eggs.
If you do not eat animal foods, you should consume the plant sources of cobalamin. These include whole grains, whole milk, and breads fortified with vitamin B12.
As the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are very similar to those of other nutritional deficiencies and illnesses, you may not notice them. Knowing these symptoms can help you diagnose and treat this problem. In the following, we will examine the most important symptoms of cobalamin deficiency and their causes.
1. Tingling in the hands or feet
Vitamin B12 deficiency may cause tingling in the hands or feet Be. This symptom occurs because vitamin B12 plays an important role in the nervous system and its deficiency causes nerve damage. In the nervous system, this vitamin helps produce a substance called myelin. Myelin is a protective sheath that protects the nerves and helps them transmit sensory messages.
In people with vitamin B12 deficiency, there may not be enough myelin to cover the nerves, resulting in damaged nerves. To be. This problem is often seen in the nerves of the limbs, which are called "peripheral nerves." Peripheral nerve damage leads to tingling in these parts of the body. Nerve damage is a serious complication of long-term cobalamin deficiency. However, the tingling sensation is a symptom that can have many causes. Therefore, the presence of this symptom alone is not a sign of cobalamin deficiency alone.
Pale or yellow skin called "jaundice" is one of the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency. Jaundice occurs when your body is unable to produce enough red blood cells. Red blood cells that move in the arteries under the skin help to create the skin's natural color. Deficiency of these cells causes the skin to appear pale.
Due to the role of cobalamin in the production of red blood cells, a deficiency of this vitamin causes "red blood cell deficiency" or "megaloblastic anemia". This type of anemia leads to weakening of red blood cells. As a result, the body breaks them down more quickly. When the liver breaks down red blood cells, it secretes "bilirubin." Bilirubin is a yellowish-brown substance that causes yellowing of the skin, which is one of the hallmarks of jaundice.
3. Weakness and fatigue
Megaloblastic anemia is associated with fatigue. Deficiency of red blood cells makes it difficult for the body to carry oxygen to various organs, which leads to extreme fatigue.
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4. Difficulty walking
Over time, damage to the peripheral nerves caused by vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to movement problems. As a result, you can not walk without the help and support of others. In addition, you may have other problems such as muscle weakness and inability to maintain your balance. These problems increase your chances of falling.
Difficulty walking and maintaining balance is more common in the elderly. Because people over 60 are more prone to vitamin B12 deficiency. However, this symptom may also be present in young people who are severely deficient in this vitamin.
5. Increased heart rate
Rapid heart rate can be a sign of vitamin B12 deficiency. If you are deficient in this nutrient, your heart rate may increase to compensate for the decrease in red blood cell count. Anemia causes the heart to pump more blood to different parts of the body, doing so more quickly. The body's goal is to make sure that all the organs have enough oxygen.
Shortness of breath
Anemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency can make you short of breath and dizzy. The occurrence of this problem can be associated with a lack of red blood cells and increased heart rate. All people with respiratory problems should see a doctor immediately.
Blurred vision or impaired vision is one of the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency. This problem occurs when the vitamin deficiency is not treated and the optic nerve that leads to the eye is damaged. This damage affects the transmission of nerve messages that are transmitted from the eyes to the brain and impairs vision. These conditions are called "visual neuropathy." Although vision neuropathy is a concern, it is often reversible and treatable. . Oral ulcers
Cobalamin helps maintain oral health. As a result, its deficiency can lead to the following problems and affect the way you eat and talk:
- Glossitis, which causes swelling, flattening and redness of the tongue Mouth sores
- Burning sensation in the mouth
The cause of these symptoms is that vitamin B12 deficiency reduces the production of red blood cells and As a result, less oxygen is expressed. Studies have shown that swelling and inflammation of the tongue are one of the early signs of cobalamin deficiency.
Difficulty thinking or reasoning
Vitamin B12 deficiency causes problems with thinking ability that doctors refer to as a "cognitive disorder." These problems include difficulty thinking or reasoning and memory loss. The results of a study show that vitamin B12 deficiency increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease, dementia and Parkinson's disease. Decreased oxygen supply to the brain may play a role in problems with thinking and reasoning. Mood swings
Vitamin B12 deficiency can affect your mood and lead to increased irritability or depression. More research needs to be done on the link between this vitamin and mental health. One theory is that cobalamin helps break down a chemical called homocysteine. Excessive levels of this substance in the brain can cause psychological problems.
11. Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
Vitamin B12 deficiency has a negative effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Decreased red blood cell count means that not enough oxygen reaches the gut, which causes nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
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12. Loss of appetite and weight loss
Digestive problems such as nausea can cause a person with vitamin B12 deficiency to lose their appetite. Decreased appetite leads to weight loss in the long run.
13. Rising body temperature
Rising body temperature is one of the rare symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency. The cause of this problem is not known. However, some physicians have reported cases of fever in cobalamin deficient patients that have returned to normal after treatment.
Causes of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Even if you include If you have enough vitamin B12, some underlying conditions can reduce the absorption of vitamin B12 in the gut, including: Crohn's disease, which is caused by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Celiac disease in which patients can not consume the gluten in wheat, barley and rye
The following factors increase the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency:
- Following a vegetarian diet and eliminating all animal foods
- Taking antacids for a long time in order to Treatment of heartburn
- Metformin used by patients with diabetes
- Weight loss surgery or other gastric bypass surgery that may affect the way the gastrointestinal tract absorbs vitamin B12
Prevention and treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency
Most people can get the cobalamin they need from food sources. For those who are unable to do so, your doctor may recommend a dietary supplement. These supplements can be obtained from pharmacies without the need for a doctor's prescription. Most multivitamin supplements contain vitamin B12.
Vitamin supplements are available in the form of oral tablets, sublingual tablets that are inserted and dissolved under the tongue, and ampoules. People who have difficulty absorbing cobalamin are advised to use an injectable form to treat a deficiency of this vitamin.
Red needs vitamin B12. Deficiency of this vitamin causes physical and psychological symptoms such as nerve problems, fatigue and weight loss. Most of these symptoms are due to a lack of red blood cells. Deficiency of these blood cells causes the body to not receive enough oxygen. Providing the organs with the oxygen they need to stay healthy is important.
Like most nutrients, diet is the best way for most people to get enough vitamin B12. If for any reason you can not get this vitamin through your regular diet, you should use fortified foods or supplements.
In most cases, doctors can treat vitamin B12 deficiency. However, people who are deficient in this nutrient for a long time may experience chronic side effects such as nerve damage. The earlier a vitamin deficiency is diagnosed, the more successful the treatment and the less likely it is to cause side effects.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .
Sources: medicalnewstoday, healthline