Dementia is not a single disease. Rather, it is a general term that encompasses a wide range of problems, including Alzheimer's disease. Disorders, classified as dementia, are caused by abnormal brain changes. These changes reduce thinking skills, known as "cognitive abilities," and are sometimes so severe that they can disrupt a person's daily life and independent functioning and affect his or her behavior, feelings, and relationships. Although the risk of dementia increases with age, it is not a normal component of aging. In addition to age, there are other factors that can help prevent dementia. In this article, we talk about the risk factors for dementia from BingMag Meg, and finally, we offer solutions to reduce the risk of this disease. Join us.
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Risk factors for dementia
Different types of dementia Alzheimer's disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of all cases. Vascular dementia, which occurs due to bleeding from the brain or blockage of blood vessels in the brain, is the second most common cause of dementia. Lewy body dementia is another type of disease in which people make proteins called Lewy bodies that damage the brain. Symptoms of dementia can occur in different people. be different. Short-term memory loss and difficulty paying bills, preparing food and remembering appointments are symptoms of this disease. In most people, dementia is a progressive disease. This means that the symptoms start slowly and gradually get worse. If you notice memory problems or changes in thinking skills in yourself or those around you, do not ignore them and see a doctor. Dementia is caused by damage to brain cells. This damage impairs the ability of brain cells to communicate with each other, and therefore affects thinking, behavior, and emotions. The brain is made up of different parts, each of which is responsible for specific functions. When cells in a particular area are damaged, that area can not perform its functions normally. The most important risk factors for dementia are listed below.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia. About one-third of people 85 years and older show symptoms of the disease. The genes you inherit from your parents can lead to Alzheimer's in old age. But other factors such as diet, exercise, social life and other diseases also play a role.
2. Heart Disease
Heart disease is usually caused by fat deposits and plaque buildup in the arteries around the heart, which is called atherosclerosis or atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis reduces blood flow to the brain and puts you at risk for stroke. It also makes it harder to think well or remember different things. Many of the risk factors for heart disease, such as smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, can also lead to dementia. 16 Heart Alarms You Should Never Ignore/li>
Doctors do not know exactly why people with diabetes are more likely to suffer from dementia. But they are aware that these patients are more likely to damage blood vessels. Vascular damage can reduce blood flow to the brain, damage different areas of the brain, and eventually lead to a condition called "vascular dementia." Some people can slow the progression of dementia by controlling their diabetes with medication, exercise and a healthy diet.
Elevated blood cholesterol, especially in middle age, is associated with obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes. All of these diseases increase the risk of dementia. But it is not yet clear whether cholesterol alone can contribute to dementia. Some research shows that high cholesterol in middle age increases the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease at an older age. However, the exact relationship between the two diseases is not known.
Even if you do not have any other disease, high blood pressure is more likely to develop Increases vascular dementia and Alzheimer's. Because high blood pressure damages the blood vessels in the brain. It can also lead to other problems, such as stroke, which in turn contribute to dementia. Controlling blood pressure with diet, exercise, and medication if needed slows the progression of dementia or prevents it altogether.
If you have had depression in the past, you may be more prone to dementia than others. Talk to your doctor or psychologist right away if you feel overwhelmed or sad for more than two weeks or are likely to hurt yourself. Psychotherapy and medication can help improve depression.
Mild brain injury and injury may not increase the risk of developing dementia in the future. But severe or repeated strokes and falls can double or quadruple your chances of getting the disease, even years after the accident. Go to the hospital if you have a head injury and lose consciousness or blurred vision, dizziness, dizziness, nausea, or hypersensitivity to light.
Being overweight in middle age puts you at risk for dementia. It also increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes, which are associated with dementia. To find out if you are obese, you need to calculate your body mass index (BMI). BMI is obtained by dividing weight (in kilograms) by height squared (in meters). . A BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 indicates a suitable weight. But if your BMI is 25 or higher, you are overweight or obese. Following a healthy diet and regular exercise will help you treat your obesity and reduce your chances of developing dementia.
Genes appear to play a role in some types of dementia. However, sometimes only one member of the family gets the disease, and the presence of these genes in the family does not mean that you will definitely get it. If you want to have a genetic test, talk to your doctor about the pros and cons. Doctors usually do not recommend these tests.
In the most common type of stroke, blood flow to certain areas of the brain decreases. Damaged blood vessels can make it difficult to think, speak, remember, or pay attention (vascular dementia). Factors that increase the risk of stroke, such as high blood pressure, heart disease and smoking, also increase the risk of developing this type of dementia. If you notice signs of a stroke such as drooping face, arm weakness, or speech problems, call the emergency number (115) immediately.
We all have trouble sleeping sometimes. But if you experience this problem every night, for example, waking up frequently or not getting enough sleep, you are at risk for dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
A specific routine for your sleep And stick to it. In the last hours of the night, avoid alcoholic or caffeinated beverages and do not use devices such as laptops and mobile phones. Also, try to adjust your bedtime and go to bed at a set time each night.
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Smoking is harmful to blood vessels and can cause vascular dementia by increasing the risk of stroke. Smoking causes problems in thinking or remembering various subjects. If you smoke and want to quit, talk to your doctor or mental health professional.
Lifestyle modification, of which diet and physical activity are important components, reduces the risk of dementia.
The Mediterranean diet, which has many benefits for protecting the heart, is also very good for muesli. To follow this diet, you should include whole grains, fruits, vegetables, fish, nuts, olive oil and other healthy fats such as avocados in your diet and minimize the consumption of red meat.
People who are physically active are mentally better and less likely to develop Alzheimer's and other types of dementia than sedentary people. If you are already in the early stages of dementia, physical activity can help you think and remember things. You do not need to go to extremes to exercise to enjoy the benefits of physical activity. Even 30 minutes of brisk walking, gardening, or similar activities can be helpful.
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Source: webmd <// p>