Who gets liver cirrhosis?
The following factors increase the risk of developing cirrhosis:
- Prolonged consumption of alcoholic beverages
- Liver disease Non-alcoholic fats (fatty liver caused by obesity and diabetes and not related to alcohol consumption)
- Viral hepatitis
- Use of injecting drugs with a common needle and needle
- Unprotected sex
2. What are the symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver?
The symptoms of cirrhosis depend on the stage of the disease. In the early stages, you may not notice any symptoms. If you have symptoms, some of them are general and can be confused with the symptoms of other diseases. Early signs of liver cirrhosis include: loss of appetite. Feeling weak or tired. Nausea. Fever. Unwanted weight loss
As liver function deteriorates, the following symptoms appear:
- Bruising and bleeding
- Itchy skin
- Swelling of the legs and ankles
- Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen called ascites./li>
- urine changes color to brown or orange
- light-colored stool
- blood in the stool
- redness of the palms
- Spider-shaped blood vessels appearing as small red spots on the skin (telangiectasia)
- Confusion, difficulty thinking, memory loss, and personality changes
- Decreased libido , Breast enlargement and testicular shrinkage (in men)
- Premature menopause (in women)
3. What are the complications of liver cirrhosis?
This disease has many complications, the most important of which include the following:
- Portal hypertension: Cirrhosis reduces liver blood flow. As a result, the pressure inside the portal vein, which carries blood from the intestines and spleen to the liver, rises. This condition is called "portal hypertension".
- Swelling in the legs and abdomen: Portal hypertension causes fluid to build up in the legs and abdomen. The accumulation of fluid in the legs is called "edema" and the accumulation of fluid in the abdomen is called "ascites". Edema and ascites can also be caused by the liver's inability to make certain blood proteins, such as albumin. Splenomegaly: Portal hypertension causes the spleen to swell and swell. It causes the shedding of white blood cells and platelets. Decreased white blood cells and platelets are the first signs of cirrhosis.
- Bleeding: Portal hypertension causes blood to flow to smaller veins. As a result, these veins are under extra pressure and bleed. Portal hypertension may cause the veins in the esophagus or stomach to enlarge, leading to severe and dangerous bleeding. Enlargement of the veins in the esophagus and stomach is called "varicose veins".
- Infections: Cirrhosis increases the risk of serious infections such as "bacterial peritonitis". Inflammation and infection of the tissue that covers the inner wall of the abdomen is called bacterial peritonitis. Delete. Therefore, these toxins accumulate in the brain and cause mental confusion and impaired concentration. Over time, hepatic encephalopathy can lead to coma.
- Malnutrition: The liver processes nutrients in foods. For this reason, liver damage disrupts this process and leads to weight loss and general weakness.
- Liver Cancer: Most people with liver cancer have had liver cirrhosis in the past. .
4. Is liver cirrhosis a type of cancer?
This disease is not cancer. However, most people with liver cancer also have cirrhosis of the liver. If you have cirrhosis, you are more likely to get liver cancer.
If you have hepatitis C or hepatitis B, you are more likely to get liver cancer. Because these two types of hepatitis in most cases lead to cirrhosis. All liver diseases can cause cirrhosis and increase the chances of liver cancer. Even if you have fatty liver, you are at risk for liver cancer.
- Is it possible to diagnose cancer with a blood test?
5. Is cirrhosis of the liver an inherited disease?
Cirrhosis of the liver is not inherited in itself and is not passed from parents to children. However, some diseases that cause liver damage and lead to cirrhosis are classified as inherited diseases.
Is cirrhosis of the liver treatable?
No. If your doctor tells you that you have cirrhosis of the liver, the liver disease is in its final stages and the damage to the liver in the past is permanent. Many liver diseases and their complications are involved in liver cirrhosis. If these diseases and complications are diagnosed early and treated successfully, it may be possible to slow or stop the progression of the disease.
7. Is Cirrhosis Of The Liver A Fatal Disease?
Being diagnosed with liver cirrhosis does not mean that you have a deadly disease right away. However, the progression of cirrhosis causes more scars or wounds to form in the liver and further impair the function of this organ. Eventually, liver failure can become a dangerous condition. However, there are still hopes for recovery. If you are a candidate for a liver transplant, your name will be registered in the list of liver transplant recipients.
8. Is cirrhosis a painful disease?
Yes, cirrhosis can be painful, especially in advanced stages. . Eighty-two percent of people with the disease report pain. More than half of these people say their pain is long-lasting (chronic).
Most people with liver disease experience abdominal pain. Liver pain is felt as a vague pain in the upper right side of the abdomen and below the ribs. This pain may be related to enlargement of the liver and spleen due to cirrhosis and swelling due to fluid accumulation.
Pain may be caused by diseases that have caused liver cirrhosis. On the other hand, liver cirrhosis can also aggravate the pain of other diseases. For example, if you have obesity, osteoarthritis, and cirrhosis of the liver at the same time, cirrhosis will increase the pain in your bones and joints. This liver disease causes an inflammatory condition throughout the body. Inflammation and the body's response to it play a role in causing pain.
- High cholesterol; From fatal causes and complications to symptoms and home remedies
9. How can cirrhosis of the liver be diagnosed?
Your doctor will ask you about your health history and the medications you are taking. If you have a history of alcohol or injecting drug use or have had hepatitis C and B in the past, your doctor may suspect you may have cirrhosis. For a more accurate diagnosis, your doctor will perform a physical exam and recommend one or more of the following diagnostic procedures: And examines spider-shaped skin, yellowing of the skin or eyes, bruising of the skin, redness of the palms, and swelling of the abdomen.
If you suspect cirrhosis, your blood will be checked for signs of liver disease. Symptoms of liver damage include: Decreased albumin and factors involved in blood clotting: Decreased these factors indicate that the liver has lost the ability to make them.
In addition, other tests to check for hepatitis B or C, find signs of infection, and Anemia is caused by internal bleeding.
Imaging examines the size, shape, and texture of the liver. These diagnostic tests can determine the amount of sores, fat in the liver, and fluid that has accumulated in the abdomen. CT scans, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used to examine the liver.
A special ultrasound called a "transient elastography" measures the amount of fat and stiffness in the liver. Your doctor may also use two types of endoscopy to help diagnose. "Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography" helps diagnose bile duct problems, and "upper endoscopy" helps diagnose enlarged veins (varicose veins) or bleeding in the stomach, esophagus, and intestines.
It removes a small amount of tissue from your liver and sends it to a lab for examination under a microscope. Liver biopsy can confirm the diagnosis of cirrhosis. Sampling determines the severity, extent, and cause of liver damage.
What methods are used to treat cirrhosis of the liver?
Treatment of this liver disease due to its occurrence Depends on:
- Treatment of alcohol dependence: People who suffer from cirrhosis due to alcohol consumption should stop drinking alcohol.
- People with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease should lose weight and control their blood sugar.
- Hepatitis control drugs: </<strong> Medications can prevent further damage to liver cells from hepatitis B and C.
- Medications to control other causes and symptoms of cirrhosis: Some medications can reduce the symptoms of the disease and prevent it from progressing. . For example, medications relieve symptoms such as itching, fatigue, and pain. Nutritional supplements counteract the malnutrition caused by cirrhosis and prevent osteoporosis.
Treatment of complications of cirrhosis of the liver
They are controlled using the following methods:
- Fluid accumulation in the body: Medication and a low-salt diet prevent ascites and fluid accumulation in the body. If fluid accumulation is severe, these fluids should be drained. If you have varicose veins, you may need medication to reduce the risk of bleeding.
- Infections: You may need antibiotics or other medications to treat the infection.
- Hepatic encephalopathy: Physician By prescribing medicine, it tries to prevent the accumulation of toxins in the blood and brain.
If you have advanced cirrhosis, liver transplantation is the only treatment option. Cirrhosis of the liver is one of the most common causes of liver transplantation.
How can liver cirrhosis be prevented?
Follow these tips to avoid this Reduces liver disease:
- Eat a healthy, low-fat diet. A healthy diet includes fruits, vegetables, lean proteins and whole grains.
- Avoid raw seafood. These foods may contain bacteria that can cause serious illness.
- Reduce the amount of salt in your diet and use other spices to flavor foods.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages.
- Keep your weight within a healthy range. Excess body fat damages the liver.
- Exercise daily.
- See your doctor regularly for checkups. Follow your doctor's advice to control obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and high blood fats.
- If you smoke, quit.
- High-risk behaviors that can lead to hepatitis B or C, avoid. These behaviors include the use of shared needles for injecting drugs and unprotected sex. Talk to your doctor about pneumonia. People with cirrhosis are more likely to get infections.
- Avoid over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, indomethacin, celecoxib, and aspirin) and acetaminophen. These drugs are involved in the development of liver disease or deteriorating liver function.
- 15 foods containing trans fats that you should not eat to lose weight and health
Cirrhosis is a liver disease in which obesity, alcohol
consumption, and viral hepatitis increase the risk. There is no
definitive cure for this disease, but its progression can be
prevented. If left untreated, the disease progresses to the point
that the patient needs a liver transplant. A healthy diet, keeping
a healthy weight, avoiding smoking, alcohol and injecting drugs,
and timely treatment of hepatitis B and C all play a role in
preventing liver disease.
This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to
consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this
article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg
Sources: my.clevelandclinic, mayoclinic