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11 essential checks and tests that you should never forget

BingMag.com 11 essential checks and tests that you should never forget

You must have heard the phrase "prevention is better than cure". Regular checkups by your doctor and screening tests will help you stay healthy and reduce your risk of developing chronic diseases. One of the important questions that arises is that you should see a doctor every once in a while for a checkup. If you want to get a complete answer to this question and get acquainted with the most important screening tests, we recommend that you read this article from BingMag to the end.

What are the benefits of regular checkups?

During the annual checkup, your doctor will review your lifestyle and medical history, assess your current health status, and determine the screening tests you should do. Regular visits to the doctor have many health benefits, the most important of which are:
  • Diagnosis of important diseases before complications
  • Faster treatment of diseases that increase the likelihood of recovery.
  • Controlling diseases and thus preventing the worsening of symptoms or severe complications.
  • Reducing the cost of treating complex and serious diseases that have not been diagnosed in a timely manner.
  • Learn new ways to live a healthy life and improve your health

What are the most important screening tests and tests?

Doctors usually use the following factors to check their health:

1. Weight and height

BingMag.com 11 essential checks and tests that you should never forget

It does not matter if you go to the doctor's office for an annual checkup or to be treated for the disease. See her, in any case your doctor will probably measure your height and weight. Your doctor will use your height and weight to determine your body mass index (BMI). BMI is obtained by dividing weight (in kilograms) by height squared (in meters). A BMI between 18.5 and 9/24 indicates that your weight is in the proper range. A BMI of less than 18.5 is a sign of underweight and a BMI of more than 24.9 is a sign of overweight and obesity. And it protects against some types of cancer. If your BMI is not in the healthy range, you should get it back to normal with the help of a nutritionist and by modifying your diet and lifestyle.

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2. Blood pressure

Blood pressure indicates the amount of force and pressure exerted on the blood vessels. If blood pressure is too high, the risk of heart disease and stroke increases. Blood pressure should be less than 80/120 mm Hg. Doctors define blood pressure, which is at least 130/80 mm Hg, as "high blood pressure" or "hypertension".

After the age of 18, you should have your blood pressure at least every 2 years Measure once. If you have high blood pressure, you should increase your blood pressure and check your blood pressure regularly. You can ask your doctor for advice on how often you should measure your blood pressure.

Blood Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a type of fat found in the blood. High cholesterol can lead to heart disease and stroke. If you are over 20 years old, you should have your cholesterol measured every 4 to 6 years. Doctors usually advise men, the elderly, and overweight people to check their cholesterol levels at shorter intervals. It is also recommended that you increase your blood cholesterol check-ups if you have the following conditions:

  • History of high cholesterol in the past
  • Family history of heart disease or high cholesterol
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  • Diabetes

4. Colorectal cancer screening

BingMag.com 11 essential checks and tests that you should never forget

During screening, the colon for abnormal blood or tissue that They are called "polyps" and are evaluated. If you are not at high risk for colon cancer, you should start screening at age 50. But if you are more likely to get the disease, for example if you have a family history of colon cancer, the age at which screening starts will decrease.

A secret blood test is recommended In feces (FOBT), sigmoidoscopy should be performed annually every five years and colonoscopy every 10 years. Sigmoidoscopy examines only part of the large intestine and colonoscopy examines the entire colon.

  • The most important warning signs of colon cancer that should not be ignored

5. Blood sugar test

Your blood sugar test shows you have pre-diabetes and diabetes. A blood sugar test is a simple test that measures the level of sugar (also called glucose) in the blood. When you reach the age of 45, you should have your blood sugar measured regularly. In the following cases, your doctor may suggest that you start this test at an early age:

  • Be overweight
  • Your cholesterol or blood pressure is high
  • Have had gestational diabetes in the past

6. Examining the skin

It is best to check for any changes in moles, freckles and other symptoms on your skin on a regular basis. According to experts, you should check your skin once a month. If skin cancer is diagnosed early and treatment is started quickly, the chances of recovery increase. If you or a family member has had skin cancer in the past, it is best to see your doctor regularly.

7. Assessing bone density

BingMag.com 11 essential checks and tests that you should never forget

As you grow older, your bones become thinner and weaker. Over time, this can lead to osteoporosis, which makes bones very weak and brittle. Checking bone density is one of the most important tests that older people should do. This check-up starts at the age of 65 for women and at the age of 70 for men. If you have the following conditions, your doctor may recommend that you start measuring bone density at an early age:

  • Have a history of bone fractures.
  • Long-term steroids (corticosteroids) If you have consumed.
  • Have rheumatism.
  • Your parents have suffered a fracture of the hip bone (pelvic bone in the pelvis) after a minor injury.

8. Mammography

Mammography examines breast changes using X-rays. Experts disagree about how often you need this test and at what age you should start doing it. Talk to your doctor about this when you reach the age of 40. Depending on your condition, your doctor may tell you to wait until you are 50, or he or she may recommend that you have your first mammogram right away.

Some experts believe that mammograms should be repeated annually, but others It is considered appropriate to do it every other year. So it is better to talk to your doctor about the intervals of mammography.

9. Cervical Cancer Screening

There are several different tests for cervical cancer screening. The Pap smear looks for changes in the cervix that could lead to cancer. To perform this test, your doctor uses a device called a "speculum" to hold the vagina open and then samples the cells of the uterus.

"Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Test" Which causes cellular changes that eventually lead to cervical cancer. Talk to your doctor about cervical cancer screening when you are about 21 years old. You may need to have both Pap smears and HPV tests, or just one of them.

Examination of the prostate gland

BingMag.com 11 essential checks and tests that you should never forget

Expert opinion on how often you should examine the prostate gland Check for signs of cancer is different. Most men need to talk to their doctor about starting prostate cancer screening by age 50. Men with a family history of prostate cancer should talk to their doctor about it between the ages of 40 and 45.

In most cases, a prostate cancer screening and screening with a test The blood is called a prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Sometimes a rectal exam is needed. Your doctor will determine which screening method is best for your condition.

Examining your teeth

Brushing and flossing will help protect your teeth. However, it is wise to see your dentist regularly to check for tooth decay, gum disease and other oral problems. Depending on the health of your mouth and teeth, you may need to go to the dentist once or twice a year.

  • 11 foods that are the enemy of your teeth

Word Final

Regular checkups and examinations help improve health and reduce the risk of various diseases. The time intervals for seeing a doctor and the age of starting screening depend on various factors such as age and current health status. The older you get, the more important screening and screening becomes. It is best to see a doctor once a year after the age of 50 and every three years before the age of 50 to check on your health.

This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .

Source: webmd <// a>

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