water or fluid retention occurs when the body's various mechanisms to regulate fluid intake become impaired. The circulatory system, kidneys, lymphatic system, hormonal factors, and other body systems all play a role in controlling fluid intake. If problems occur in one or more systems, fluid retention, known as "edema," may occur.
Edema occurs for a variety of reasons and can affect any area of the body. Sometimes, this problem resolves on its own, but in severe or sudden cases it is necessary to see a doctor. This article from BingMag Meg examines the causes and symptoms of edema as well as how to treat it. Follow us to the end of this article.
Symptoms of fluid retention depend on where it occurs. The most common areas of the body that are affected by edema are the lower legs, arms, abdomen, and chest. Symptoms of water retention in the limbs, legs, and arms usually include the following:
- Skin discoloration
- Shiny or puffy skin
- The skin sinks and stays the same by pressing a finger, a condition called "digging edema"
- Pain and tenderness in the limbs
- Joint stiffness
Fluid retention can affect the following areas:
Fluid retention in the brain to which Hydrocephalus is characterized by symptoms such as vomiting, blurred vision, headache, and difficulty maintaining balance. Hydrocephalus is dangerous and can be fatal.
Excess fluid in the lungs or "pulmonary edema" indicates a serious problem with the heart or respiratory system. Breathing problems, coughing, chest pain and weakness are symptoms of pulmonary edema. Because this disease can affect the ability of the lungs to supply the body with the oxygen it needs.
Reasons for water retention in the body
The human body uses a complex system to regulate the amount of water and fluids. Hormonal factors, the cardiovascular system, the urinary system, the liver and the kidneys all play a role. If there is a problem in one of these areas, the body may not be able to excrete fluids properly. In the following, we will examine the possible reasons for fluid retention in more detail.
1. Capillary damage
Capillaries are small blood vessels that play an important role in controlling fluid balance in the body. Capillaries carry fluids called "interstitial fluid" to surrounding tissues. The interstitial fluid delivers nutrients and oxygen to the cells and returns to the capillaries after the nutrients are delivered.
If the capillaries are damaged, edema may develop. Changes in the pressure inside the capillaries and excessive leakage of the capillary walls cause a large amount of fluid to escape from the capillaries and enter the space between the cells. If the fluid is not reabsorbed by the capillaries, it will remain in the tissues, causing swelling and water retention.
Some medications, such as high blood pressure medications, can damage the capillaries. Some people also experience this type of edema due to a rare condition called "systemic leaky capillary syndrome."
Congestive heart failure
Pumping blood by the heart helps maintain normal pressure inside the blood vessels. If the proper functioning of the heart is impaired, blood pressure changes and fluid retention occurs. In these conditions, the legs and ankles may become swollen and symptoms such as chronic cough or respiratory problems may occur due to fluid accumulation in the lungs. Eventually, congestive heart failure can lead to respiratory problems and pressure on the heart, which can be fatal.
This is why swelling occurs in the legs, especially in hot weather or after standing for long periods of time. Hormonal changes and enlargement of the abdomen can also play a role.
Usually, water retention during pregnancy is not dangerous and resolves after delivery. However, if the swelling suddenly becomes more severe, it may be a sign of "preeclampsia." Preeclampsia is a type of high blood pressure that can damage the health of both the mother and the fetus. You should see a doctor right away.
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4. Lymphatic system disorders
The lymphatic system carries lymph throughout the body. Lymphatic fluid contains white blood cells that help the body's immune system fight infections. The lymphatic system transports and reabsorbs lymph fluid, thereby maintaining fluid balance.
If the lymphatic system is malfunctioning, fluid will begin to accumulate around the tissues. This can lead to swelling in various parts of the body, including the abdomen, ankles or legs. Cancer, infection and obstruction are all factors that can cause problems in this system.
5. Kidney Diseases
The kidneys purify the blood and play a role in maintaining fluid balance in the body. Waste, liquids and other substances pass through small tubes in the kidneys that act as filters. The bloodstream reabsorbs whatever the body can reuse and excretes waste through the urine.
If the kidneys are not working properly, they will not be able to excrete waste products, including excess fluid and sodium. . Therefore, fluids remain in the body. For example, people with chronic kidney disease may notice swelling in their legs, arms, or face.
People who have mobility problems or a sedentary lifestyle may have leg edema Get up. Lack of physical activity causes the leg muscle pump to lose power. In these cases, following these tips may help:
- Keep your feet up.
- Wear compression (medical) socks.
Obese people may become swollen due to being overweight. On the other hand, obesity increases the risk of high blood pressure, kidney disease and heart disease, all of which are causes of edema and water retention in the body. Obesity also increases the risk of metabolic syndrome. People with this syndrome have high blood sugar and blood pressure.
- What is metabolic syndrome, what are its risks and how is it treated?
Albumin is a protein that helps the body control fluids. If a person is severely protein deficient, it may be more difficult for the body to return interstitial fluid into the capillaries. Severe malnutrition leads to "Kwashiorkor" which is associated with fluid retention in body tissues, enlargement of the abdomen and loss of muscle mass.
9. Infection and allergies
The role of the immune system is to protect the body against diseases and infections. The immune system attacks them after identifying unwanted attackers such as bacteria or allergens. Inflammation is part of this process.
When inflammation occurs, the body releases histamine. Histamine widens the gap between the capillary cell walls so that disinfected white blood cells can reach the site of inflammation. In addition, it allows fluids to leak from the capillaries into the surrounding tissues. Inflation due to this condition usually persists for a short time. People with long-term inflammation may experience water retention.
Some medications can also cause water retention in the body, including:
- Calcium channel blockers
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Hormonal drugs, such as some birth control pills Prednisone, a corticosteroid
- Some diabetes medicines
Talk to your doctor. Your doctor may be able to change the dose of the medicine or replace it with another medicine.
Hormonal Problems Hormonal imbalances can cause fluid retention in the following ways: Menstruation: Before menstruation, hormonal changes lead to fluid accumulation in the body. As a result, bloating may occur and a person's breasts may become sensitive to touch.
Treatment of water and fluid retention
In many cases, edema resolves without treatment. But if an underlying disease is involved, the doctor must treat it. Diuretics (diuretics) are one of the treatment options. They can help the kidneys get rid of excess fluid from the body. However, diuretics are usually used in the short term. Because they may be associated with side effects and lead to problems such as dehydration and kidney damage.
If your lower limbs (legs) are swollen, the following tips can be helpful: Be:
- Sit several times a day with your feet above the level of your heart.
- When sleeping, place your swollen foot on a pillow to be above the level Hold the heart.
- Grasp the affected area tightly and gently massage toward the heart.
how to dress
People are better off People with edema should wear loose clothing. Because it is easier and helps the circulation of fluids in the body. Use support socks to improve blood circulation in the lower extremities. Diet One way to control dietary water retention is to reduce salt intake. In addition, a study found that increasing magnesium and vitamin B6 intake reduced the symptoms of PMS, including edema. Magnesium is found in beans, nuts, whole grains and leafy vegetables, and vitamin B6 is found in bananas, walnuts and potatoes. These two nutrients are also available as supplements, but you should talk to your doctor before taking them.
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Prevention of water retention in the body
To reduce or prevent fluid retention, try:
- Keep your weight in the normal range.
- Exercise regularly.
- If your limbs If you have edema, wear support socks.
- Avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time.
- Take short walks on long trips.
- Avoid exposure to heat Avoid strenuous activities such as saunas or hot baths.
Although fluid retention can not always be prevented, following a healthy diet and regular exercise reduces the risk.
water retention or edema occurs when excess fluid accumulates in the body. water retention occurs in the circulatory system or within the tissues of the body and can cause swelling in the hands, wrists or legs. There are several reasons for this, many of which are not serious. Some women experience water retention during pregnancy or before menstruation. People who lead a sedentary lifestyle, are unable to move due to illness, or sit for long periods of time while traveling may develop edema. It is a heart. If the edema occurs suddenly or is severe, see a doctor right away. The use of diuretics, holding the legs high, using supportive or compression stockings, increasing magnesium and vitamin B6 intake, and reducing salt intake can help treat edema.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .
Source: medicalnewstodayTags: common, causes, water, retention, body, (edema), how, treat