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10 important blood tests you should do to be aware of your health

BingMag.com 10 <b>important</b> <b>blood</b> <b>tests</b> <b>you</b> <b>should</b> do to be <b>aware</b> of <b>your</b> health

A blood test is one of the most important things you can do to find out about your health. Doing this at regular intervals allows you to track your body changes over time and make more informed decisions about your health.

Some blood tests allow your doctor to look at how different organs are working. The body helps. Some examples of organs whose malfunction is determined by a blood test include the thyroid gland, liver, and kidneys. In addition, a doctor can diagnose diseases such as diabetes, HIV, anemia, cancer, and coronary heart disease with a blood test.

Even if a person does not have heart disease, a blood test can show if Is he at risk for this disease or not? Other blood tests determine the effectiveness of medications or the condition of the blood clot. Join us in this article from BingMag to get acquainted with the most important blood tests.

1. Complete blood Count

Complete blood Count (CBC) examines the main cells of the blood, namely white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. important components of this test include red blood cell count, hemoglobin and hematocrit. The table below shows the normal values for this test, although these numbers may vary slightly between different laboratories: blood Compositions Normal

Red blood cells

(cells that carry oxygen In the body)

Men: 3.4 to 9.5 million per cubic millimeter

Women: 3.5 to 5.5 million per cubic millimeter

White blood cells

(cells of the immune system in the blood) 4500 to 11000 cells per cubic millimeter


(cells involved in blood clotting) 150,000 to 400,000 cells per millimeter Cube


(protein inside red blood cells that carries oxygen to organs and tissues and returns carbon dioxide to the lungs)

Men: 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter blood cells in the whole blood) men: 41 53 percent women : 36% 46%

Abnormal levels of these components may indicate the following problems:

  • Nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin B6 or B12 deficiency
  • >
  • Anemia (iron deficiency)
  • Problems with blood clotting
  • Leukemia
  • Infection
  • Immune system disorders

Depending on the results of this test, your doctor may order other tests to make a more accurate diagnosis.

2. Base Metabolic Panel

The basal metabolic panel (BMP) usually measures the following eight compounds in the blood:

  • Calcium
  • Glucose (blood sugar)
  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Bicarbonate
  • Chloride
  • blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

you may need to fast for at least eight hours, depending on your doctor's instructions, to have this test. Abnormal test results may be related to the following problems:

  • Kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal imbalance
tests to find the cause of the disease.

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel

BingMag.com 10 <b>important</b> <b>blood</b> <b>tests</b> <b>you</b> <b>should</b> do to be <b>aware</b> of <b>your</b> health

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) In addition to all BMP measurements, the amount of proteins and related substances It also examines the function of the liver, including: albumin, a complete protein, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), an enzyme found mostly in bones and Found in the liver and involved in various body reactions

  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), an enzyme found in the liver
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), an enzyme found in the liver and other body tissues There is
    • bilirubin, which is produced by the breakdown of red blood cells

    In the table below you can see the reasons for the decrease and increase of the above enzymes and proteins:

    The name of the test is to increase the decrease in ALP

    bile duct obstruction

    hepatic cirrhosis

    gallbladder inflammation


    hepatitis Bone metabolism disorders

    Heart surgery


    ALT deficiency

    Liver cirrhosis



    liver cancer

    normal liver damage in n AST

    Cirrhosis of the liver

    Heart problems



    Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) is considered normal Bilirubin can cause abnormal hemolysis or destruction of red blood cells. Destructive drug reactions. Gallbladder obstruction. Gilbert's syndrome. Hepatitis is not a concern.

    4. Lipid Panel

    This test looks at two types of cholesterol:

    • High-density lipoprotein (HDL) or good cholesterol
    • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or Bad Cholesterol

    HDL is considered good cholesterol because it removes harmful substances from the blood. It helps the liver break down and excrete them. LDL cholesterol is bad because it can cause plaque in the arteries and increase the risk of heart disease.

    you usually need to fast for at least eight hours to get this test done. The table below shows the normal values for these two types of cholesterol: Abnormal test levels Normal HDL levels Men: Less than 40 mg/dl Women: Less than 50 mg/dl From 60 mg/dL LDL above 160 mg/dL to less than 100 mg/dL

    Normal cholesterol levels can vary at different ages.

    5. Thyroid panel

    BingMag.com 10 <b>important</b> <b>blood</b> <b>tests</b> <b>you</b> <b>should</b> do to be <b>aware</b> of <b>your</b> health

    Thyroid panel or thyroid function test, the rate of production of hormones of this gland and its reaction to some Examines hormones, such as:

    • triiodothyronine (T3): together with T4 regulates heart rate and body temperature.
    • Together with T3, regulates metabolism and body growth.
    • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH): is secreted by the pituitary gland And regulates the amount of hormones produced by the thyroid.

    The thyroid is a small gland located in the front of the neck that regulates various functions of the body such as mood, energy levels and metabolism. The normal values of T3, T4 and TSH are as follows:

    • T3: Between 80 and 180 ng/dL (ng/dL)
    • T4: Between 0.8 and 1.8 ng/dl
    • TSH: Between 0.5 and 4 milliliters per liter (mIU/L)

    An abnormal result can indicate several problems, including:

    • Low levels of protein in the body
    • Thyroid disorders such as Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
    • Abnormal levels of testosterone or estrogen

    6. Cardiac Enzymes or Enzymes

    Enzymes are proteins that help your body perform specific chemical processes, such as digestion and blood clotting, and are used throughout the body for many vital functions. Abnormal levels of the enzyme can indicate many diseases. The most common enzymes tested are: Creatine kinase (CK): An enzyme found primarily in the brain, heart, and skeletal muscle that indicates a condition. The health of these organs. When muscles are damaged, creatine kinase enters the bloodstream in large quantities. The normal amount of creatine kinase is 30 to 200 units per liter (U/L).

  • Creatine kinase MB or CK-MB: This enzyme is found in the heart and often after an attack Heart or other heart damage increases the amount in the blood. Normal CK-MB values are considered to be between 0 and 12 international units per liter (IU/L).
  • Troponin: is a cardiac enzyme that can cause Leak into the blood. Normally, troponin is less than 1 ng/ml.
  • 7. Testing for Sexually Transmitted Infections Many sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be tested using a blood test. Recognized. These tests are often combined with a urine test or swab sampling for a more accurate diagnosis. A blood test can detect the following sexually transmitted diseases: Chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes (HIV)

  • Syphilis
  • In some cases, it can not be detected by a blood test immediately after infection. For example, you may need to wait at least a month for a blood test to detect an HIV infection.

    blood coagulation panel

    Coagulation tests measure the amount and duration of blood clotting. Examples include prothrombin time (PT) testing and fibrinogen activity testing.

    blood clotting is a vital process that helps you stop bleeding after an injury or injury. However, it can be fatal if a blood clot forms inside a vein or artery. Because it reduces blood flow to the brain, heart or lungs, it can cause a heart attack or stroke. The results of this test can be used to diagnose the following:

    • Leukemia
    • Hemophilia
    • Thrombosis (formation of blood clots inside the arteries) li>
    • Liver problems
    • Vitamin K deficiency

    9. Test for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S)

    The hormone dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is secreted by the adrenal glands (adrenal glands) and this test measures its amount. In men, DHEA helps to develop masculine features such as body hair growth, which is why low levels are considered abnormal. In women, an increase in this hormone can lead to masculine features and excessive hair growth. Therefore, in women, low levels of it are considered normal.

    Decreased DHEA may be associated with the following problems:

    • Addison's disease
    • Adrenal dysfunction
    • Pituitary insufficiency

    Increased DHEA in men and women results from:/p>

    • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
    • Presence of benign or malignant tumor in adrenal glands
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
    • Ovarian tumor

    10. C-reactive protein C

    BingMag.com 10 <b>important</b> <b>blood</b> <b>tests</b> <b>you</b> <b>should</b> do to be <b>aware</b> of <b>your</b> health

    When body tissues become inflamed, C-reactive protein or CRP is made by the liver. Elevated CRP indicates inflammation for a variety of reasons, including:

    • Bacterial or viral infections
    • Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus or rheumatism
    • Inflammation associated with Diabetes
    • Inflammation from trauma (smoking) or smoking
    • Cancer

    The higher the protein, the higher the risk of heart disease More:

    • Less than 0.3 mg per deciliter: Natural
    • 0.3 to 1 mg Per deciliter: A slight increase in CRP may be related to a person's gender, body mass index (BMI), or problems such as depression and insomnia.
    • 1 to 10 mg per deciliter:
    • Above 10 mg/dL: Significant increase This protein is associated with severe bacterial or viral infection, severe trauma, or systemic vasculitis.
    • Above 50 mg/dL: Usually increased CRP iodine is caused by an acute bacterial infection.

    What does a routine test include?

    If you experience certain symptoms and think you are ill, get tested for See a doctor. your doctor will perform a physical exam and prescribe the necessary tests for you. If you want to request a routine checkup and test yourself, the most important things to consider are:

    • Complete blood Count (CBC)
    • Basic Metabolic Panel
    • Measure vital nutrients, such as iron or B vitamins

    Other tests you may need to do include: you are at risk for cancer, liver cirrhosis, stroke or celiac disease

  • Test for a sexually transmitted infection if you have recently had unprotected sex
  • How often should we do routine tests?

    BingMag.com 10 <b>important</b> <b>blood</b> <b>tests</b> <b>you</b> <b>should</b> do to be <b>aware</b> of <b>your</b> health

    According to the instructions of various health organizations, the time of these tests depends on your age:

    • 18 to 39 years: at least once every five years
    • 40 to 49 years: every two to three years
    • 50 years and older: once every two years

    In general, it is recommended that blood lipids be measured from 20 C Algae start and if the risk of heart disease is low, repeat every five years. People who are more prone to heart disease should have this test done at shorter intervals.

    If your blood pressure is always above 80/135 mm Hg, you should have your blood sugar measured. do. People over the age of 50 should have a secret blood test in the stool every year to screen for colon cancer.

    Some doctors recommend routine tests when you see them for an annual checkup. They may also order more tests for the following:

    • you are constantly experiencing abnormal symptoms. These symptoms can range from fatigue and unwanted weight gain to variable pain.
    • you want to improve your health. Knowing LDL and HDL cholesterol levels will help you improve your diet or fitness plan.
    • you want to reduce the risk of disease or its complications. Regular blood tests can help diagnose diseases early. Many heart, lung, and kidney diseases can be diagnosed using a blood test.

    If you want to have certain tests or more than once a year, talk to your doctor first.

    Why do we have to fast for some blood tests?

    Everything you eat and drink contains vitamins, proteins and other nutrients that can temporarily increase or decrease some Of compounds in the blood. Therefore, fasting for 8 to 12 hours will make your test results as accurate as possible. Some common tests that may require fasting include:

    • Measuring cholesterol
    • Measuring blood sugar
    • Liver function tests
    • Kidney function tests
    • Basic metabolic panel

    How long does it take for the test result to be ready?

    BingMag.com 10 <b>important</b> <b>blood</b> <b>tests</b> <b>you</b> <b>should</b> do to be <b>aware</b> of <b>your</b> health

    Test results may take several hours to prepare It may take a few days, for example:

    • Complete blood count: 24 hours
    • Basic metabolic panel: 24 hours
    • Comprehensive metabolic panel: 24 to 72 hours
    • Lipid panel: 24 hours

    This schedule depends on the laboratory where you perform your test and the number of tests you have. If the number of factors to be checked is high, you may not get a final result until all the tests are completed.

    How is a blood test done?

    Only a few blood tests. It takes minutes, and the nurse or technician usually does the following:

    • cleans and disinfects the blood collection site.
    • wraps a rubber band around the arm to The veins become more visible and ask you to punch your hand.
    • Gently insert a needle into a tube to collect your blood.
    • Remove the needle from the vessel. Pulls out and opens the rubber band.
    • Cover the blood collection site with a bandage or cotton swab and medical tape.

    blood tests have very few side effects, but sometimes May cause the following problems:

    • Mild pain when the needle enters a vein
    • Fainting due to blood loss
    • Venous perforation

    Concluding remarks

    A blood test gives a complete picture of your health. It can also help diagnose diseases early and show the effectiveness of medications and treatments received. Most people should have a routine blood test at least once a year, including a complete blood count, thyroid function test, and blood sugar measurement. Consult your doctor to find out if you need further tests.

    This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .

    Source: healthline

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