Vomiting is the way the body excretes harmful substances. Most of the time, this is not a major problem and will go away in 1 or 2 days. The cause of vomiting is very diverse. Food poisoning, morning sickness during pregnancy, motion sickness, and gastroenteritis are the most common causes of this gastrointestinal problem.
However, sometimes vomiting is a sign of a serious problem. For example, it could indicate appendicitis (infection and inflammation of the appendix) that requires medical attention. If a person vomits for more than 24 hours, has vomiting blood, or thinks they may have been poisoned, they should see a doctor. To learn more about the cause of vomiting and how to treat it, follow this article from Digitica Kala to the end.
Cause of vomiting
The most important causes of vomiting are:
1. Morning sickness in pregnant women
Morning sickness, also known as "pregnancy nausea and vomiting", occurs in 80% of pregnant women. This problem, despite its name, can cause vomiting at any time of the day. In many women, nausea and vomiting are one of the first signs of pregnancy and usually go away on their own. Most women experience symptoms of morning sickness in the first trimester of pregnancy. Eating fatty and spicy foods helps to cure morning sickness. Occasionally, your doctor may prescribe a vitamin B6 supplement or medication for these women.
Motion sickness when traveling by car, train, plane or ship sickness) causes nausea, dizziness and vomiting. This problem often affects children and pregnant women. Motion sickness is probably caused by overactivity of the parts of the inner ear that control the balance and movement of the eye. This problem can also occur when the brain receives conflicting messages from different parts of the body that sense movement, such as the eyes and nerves inside the muscles. Most people who experience motion sickness usually feel better at the end of the trip.
Gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis, also known as "stomach flu",
refers to inflammation of the intestines. Viruses, bacteria, or
parasites that enter the body through the consumption of
contaminated food or water are usually involved in the development
of this disease. Vomiting, diarrhea, headache, fever and stomach
pain are some of the symptoms of gastroenteritis. Symptoms usually
go away within 24 to 48 hours.
- Food poisoning; Symptoms, causes and home remedies
4. Intestinal obstruction
In some people, intestinal obstruction causes vomiting. Intestinal obstruction prevents food and fluid from passing through the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, vomiting occurs due to the accumulation of food or fluid in the stomach.
In patients with appendicitis, the appendix becomes infected and inflamed. The disease usually causes severe pain in the lower right side of the abdomen. It also causes nausea, vomiting, fever, diarrhea or constipation. People with symptoms of appendicitis should seek medical attention immediately.
Inflammation of the pancreas is called pancreatitis. The disease causes sudden pain in the left upper abdomen (below the sternum). People with pancreatitis also have other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia and fever. In case of symptoms of pancreatitis, you should see a doctor immediately.
7. Brain and central nervous system disorders
The brain and spinal cord are called the "central nervous system". . Some disorders of this system activate the vomiting center in the brain. These include meningitis (infection of the protective membrane around the brain and spinal cord) and migraine headaches. Factors that increase intracranial pressure, including head injuries, cerebral hemorrhages, and tumors, can also contribute to vomiting. Migraine from zero to 100; Symptoms, Stimuli, and Effective Home Remedies
8. Taking toxins or medications
Eating toxins can be one of the causes of vomiting. Medications and drugs such as antibiotics, chemotherapy drugs, morphine, and marijuana may also cause vomiting. People who have eaten a poison or chemical or think they have used it should see a doctor.
9. Periodic Vomiting Syndrome
Periodic vomiting syndrome is a rare disorder that can cause recurrent vomiting at various intervals. There is no known cause for this problem. But genes, nervous system problems, hormonal disorders, allergies, colds, stress, anxiety, overeating and hot weather seem to play a role. Periodic vomiting syndrome usually begins in childhood and is likely to continue into adulthood. Adults with this syndrome may get it due to long-term use of marijuana.
10. Psychological causes
In some people, especially children, stress and anxiety can lead to vomiting. This problem is also seen in people with bulimia nervosa. In bulimia nervosa, a person eats a lot of food and then tries to prevent weight gain through unhealthy ways such as vomiting.
Different medications to treat vomiting There are some that doctors often refer to as "antiemetic drugs." Some of these drugs block nerve messages from reaching the vomiting center in the brain. Some of them also increase the speed of food movement in the intestine. The most common antiemetic drugs include:
Dopamine blocking drugs
Metoclopramide acts directly on the gut. It helps empty the
stomach by stimulating gastrointestinal motility and speeds up the
passage of food through the intestines. In addition, it blocks the
activity of dopamine in the brain. If migraine or decreased bowel
movements are the cause of vomiting, metoclopramide can be
- 19 home remedies that quickly relieve nausea
In addition to medication, the following methods can also help treat vomiting:
- Relaxation techniques
- Drinking Ginger Tea
- Eating Crispy Biscuits
Hygiene, especially food hygiene, prevents bacteria from accidentally entering the body and causing vomiting. To ensure that foods are safe, pay attention to the following:
- Wash all utensils you have used to prepare food.
- Before preparing and consuming food, Wash your hands.
- Wash fruits and vegetables.
- Keep food at the right temperature.
- Separate boards for chopping meat and vegetables Use.
- Cook meat, poultry, and fish thoroughly and avoid eating them undercooked.
If you have nausea, the following steps can make it worse. Prevent your condition:
- Eat a few crunchy crackers or biscuits as soon as you wake up.
- Instead of 3 large meals, eat smaller meals throughout the day. Avoid spicy foods.
- Drink a few sips of clear liquids such as water or broth.
- Avoid acidic juices.
- Use over-the-counter antiemetic drugs.
Complications of vomiting
Vomiting usually resolves spontaneously within 1 or 2 days . However, it may take longer if a particular illness is the cause of the vomiting. Persistent vomiting can cause a variety of side effects, including:
- Impaired electrolytes (imbalance of minerals such as sodium, chlorine, calcium and potassium in the body)
- Dehydration Body
- Tooth decay
See a doctor
Although vomiting may resolve spontaneously, it can be a sign of a serious illness that requires medical attention. It is recommended to consult a doctor in the following cases:
- You can not keep fluids in your stomach.
- You will vomit frequently.
- Vomiting is green, which can indicate an intestinal obstruction.
- Vomiting has lasted for more than 2 days.
- You have lost a significant amount of weight since the onset of the disease.
- You have symptoms of severe dehydration, such as palpitations
and decreased urine volume. . It is important to go to the
emergency room if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Severe chest pain when vomiting
- Sudden and severe headache
- Increased grade Body temperature and neck stiffness
- Severe and sudden abdominal pain
- Observation of blood or coffee-like particles in vomit
Concluding remarksYou may vomit for a variety of reasons, such as motion sickness, taking toxins or certain medications, and psychological causes. There are several medications available to treat this digestive problem. Some prevent nerve signals from being transmitted to the vomiting center in the brain, while others help improve symptoms by speeding up bowel movements. Relaxation and diet modification techniques can also be helpful. If you have severe vomiting or bleeding, as well as severe pain in your chest, head or abdomen, be sure to see your doctor. This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .