There is no doubt that video games are now recognized as one of the most important and popular forms of entertainment in the world. On the other hand, if the global corona pandemic was destructive to any industry and economic sector, the statistics show that during the quarantine period, many households and the general public were attracted to this interactive space, so that even if one day it is completely To get rid of this ugly crown, it is unlikely that many new audiences will easily give up this new and enjoyable experience.
According to comprehensive statistics, players spend about 3 billion hours a week watching TV or Their monitors are dedicated to the video game experience, which, if not for the extraordinary number - which it is - will definitely make the video game industry ponder. Now the question that must arise for everyone is clear: given the intensity with which we are exposed to video games, is this a useful or destructive experience for our brain?
At a glance, it can be He concluded that a large percentage of the world's population enjoys playing video games. More than 150 million people (about half the population) in the United States now play regularly, at least three hours a week. Interestingly, the average age of these players is 35 years, and about 72% of them are all over 18 years old. If we look at children, it seems that about 70% of their parents believe that video games have a positive impact on their child's life.
In addition to this, as mentioned, the video game industry is evolving day by day and is inviting more players to this interactive medium. In 2016, more than 24.5 billion copies of the game were sold, which increased from 23.2 billion in 2015 and 21.4 billion in 2014 in a row. The best-selling games of 2016 were the new versions of Call of Duty, Battlefield, and GTA V, which are in the genre of first-person shooter and action-adventure. In other words, these action-packed genres make up about 27.5 percent and 22.5 percent, or half of all video game sales.
This may not seem like a big deal, but when you look at it. We see in the media that while many different parties, without any scientific evidence or statistical data, still blame these so-called "violent" games for violence and addiction in the real world, it may be better to use science and data with a magnifying glass. We are told to look at this again.
The fact is that after decades of research into different statistical communities, scientists have not yet come up with a single, definitive view of video games. However, you have to keep in mind that an industry like video games is still in its infancy, and it may take decades for us to really consider its impact on the context of culture at a higher level. On the other hand, the extent of stimuli in today's world makes it difficult to examine the effect of a particular element. Nevertheless, it can be argued that scientists have not yet found a link between video games and real-world violence. But this does not mean that video games do not affect our brains.
Video games And Brain Changes
Given rules such as neuroplasticity, it is not surprising that current data confirm that video games affect our brains and affect many parts of the brain. They change. Scientists recently compiled the results of 116 scientific studies to see how video games affect our minds and behavior. Marc Palaus, lead author of the study, says: They are usually praised or slandered for their positive and negative impact, but without substantiating the facts of these claims. "Playing is also a very popular activity that makes a lot of people think hard about it."
Looking at the results of all the research to date, Palaz and his team have sought to Find a connection between the effect of video games on the structure and activities inside the brain. Of these, 22 studies addressed these structural changes, and another 100 analyzed changes in the activity of the mind and behavior of individuals. The results of this research show that video games not only change the function of our mind, but also completely change its structure.
For example, video games have a significant effect on concentration. The study summary of the study showed that players generally had higher levels of concentration, including long-term focus and selective focus. It also seems that those areas of the brain that are focused on are much more active and functional in players than ordinary people.
Researchers have found that video games can be addictive, a problem that is now "disrupted." "Internet games," they say. In people who are addicted to gambling, the brain's reward system - responsible for feelings of pleasure, learning and motivation - is structurally altered. When we exposed these people to the symptoms that led to video games, the differences in their brain signals showed these changes well, changes that can be seen in other addictive disorders as well.
" "We focused on how the brain reacts to video games. "Of course, these changes do not necessarily mean changes in each person's real life and process." However, as mentioned, video game research is still in its infancy, and we need to know a lot more about the brain to determine its true impact.
According to Palaz, video games are effects They have positives (such as increased concentration, visuals and memory) but their negative aspects (such as addiction) should not be ignored. The best way to find out the truth is to accept this complexity and weigh both sides.
Are Mental Gaming Games Useful?
A group of researchers at Florida State University say that some of the "Mind Gaming" ads that they believe increase brain function should be avoided. They were hesitant. According to them, current science does not support these claims. "Our results and previous research show that these types of games do not have a significant or tangible positive effect on your life," says Wally Boot, assistant professor of psychology and an expert on the effects of age on reduced brain function./p>
People seem to think that mind-altering programs or games protect them from poor memory and other brain disorders. But the fact is that the results of many studies show that the experience of such games does not have much effect on our mental abilities.
Neil Charness, a professor of psychology, says: To do better in some tasks that require good memory, such as memorizing 70 to 100 numbers. But these skills are special and do not manifest themselves in other dimensions. "It means you can cultivate your mind to do a very good job of solving the newspaper table, but that does not mean you have a stronger memory and always remember where you put your keys." In other words, cultivating a particular mental skill is unlikely to enhance our other abilities. Aerobics helps our brain more than mental activity.
Do memory video games
Meanwhile, a study published in Nature shows that the experience of a 3D game designed for this experiment increased the mental performance of middle-aged people. Even some of the side effects of aging have disappeared. Scientists at the University of California-San Francisco believe the study gives some proponents of the positive impact of video games more scientific evidence to support their claims. After 12 hours of training a month, the study found that volunteers between the ages of 60 and 85 performed better in the game, even beyond the 20-year-olds who first experienced the game. There were also two other important areas in mind: memory and concentration. These skills apparently remained with these elderly people for up to 6 months after the completion of the experiment.
Dr. Adam Gazzaley, director of the Neuroimaging Center, said: An older brain can also be flexible.
A recent study by neuroscientists at the University of California showed that the experience of 3D games can enhance memory formation. The volunteers of this experiment were divided into two groups; Some went for two-dimensional games, while others experienced three-dimensional games, each lasting 30 minutes a day for two weeks. After this period, all candidates were tested for memory. The memory of the group playing 3D games increased to 12 percent, which is about the same percentage that the brain naturally loses between the ages of 45 and 70.
According to the institute, the main reason for this is complexity. 3D games are back. Unlike 2D games, these works have a lot of space and distance communication, and players have to process a lot of information per second, which stimulates the brain hippocampus more than any other game. Strategy games, especially in this area, have great potential to improve mental function in the elderly and can even protect players against brain decline and diseases such as Alzheimer's.
However, these researchers also believe that mental training compared to Exercise and physical activity in strengthening the brain is still the second priority. But beyond that, there is evidence that video games can be a good treatment for depression and concentration disorders.
With the information we have now, it can be argued that we still have a long way to go to realize the true impact of video games on the human mind and psyche. However, at least for now, it seems that the benefits of experiencing video games for humans as a form of interactive entertainment - if calculated and without exaggeration - can be considerably more useful.
Medical News Today website translated.