In this article, we intend to look at video games from a sociological perspective, the concept on which our way of life is based. The process of playing itself is a kind of social activity. This statement does not only include large role-playing games (MMORPGs) or group games. The entertainment or artistic and intellectual activity that a person chooses affects him as a social being and changes the role he plays in society.
Video games are made by people who are active in society and in the context of society. Are reviewed. that is why there is no game in which no trace of social activity can be found. A critic who wants to interpret games in a social way can choose any game he wants. However, in this episode, the goal is to introduce 10 games in which the social streaks are stronger and more prominent and deal deeply with certain social problems.
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10. Bully ( Bully )/Education
Platform: PC, PlayStation 2, Xbox 360, Wii, iOS,
There is no doubt about the importance of education in human societies. In some ways, education is the cornerstone of any society and determines the success or failure of that society. All philosophers have spoken about the importance of education; From Plato and John Locke and Emmanuel Kant to contemporary philosophers. Education has become so important that today several academic disciplines are exclusively dedicated to it.
There are few games that address this issue directly. Bullying is a good example of such a game, as its main subject is the adolescent boy's difficulties at school.
Bullying is a humorous game. Its characters are caricatured and the logic behind it is cartoon logic. The game tells the story of a boy named Jimmy Hopkins who, when he first enters school, is forced to do so, but eventually places himself in the hearts of his classmates and eventually becomes the school's most popular student. Play students have stereotypical personality types that we commonly attribute to American students: backgammon, complacent athletes, cool handsome kids, and corrupt and stupid schoolteachers. Even an English teacher who sponsors students is a regular drinker. The main character enters into a relationship with a new girl whenever you finish one of the chapters of the game.
If we pay attention to the humorous aspect of the game and keep in mind that many of the messages in the story are conveyed in a magnificent way, We can safely conclude that this game addresses many of the problems that children and adolescents face at school. Sometimes the pressure of school is so great that it makes teens anti-social and vicious.
That's why we need to pay attention to the message of the game. Jimmy encounters teens who are violent, antisocial, cowardly, restrained, overly shy, and stupid. He also encounters teachers who are unfair, superficial and deviant. None of these features are fantasies, and they do exist. So we have to recognize these social problems in schools.
Jimmy is a good example of a teenager. Although he is playful and angry, he always takes the right side and defends his individuality even in the most difficult situations. For people like me who have had the honor of teaching, a teenager like Jimmy may seem overly troublesome, but it is also respectable.
Consider, it can be said that it has performed well in conveying this message.
9. Mafia ( Mafia )/Crime
Platform: PC, PlayStation 2, Xbox
Release Year: 2002
Crime is one of the most important social problems. The success and health of society as a whole is rooted in many factors, most of which are related to the issue of crime. For example, crime statistics, prison populations, and the number of annual executions in the country are factors that sociologists pay close attention to. There is no doubt that crime is a problem and needs to be solved.
As you know, there are many games that address this issue. But among these games, Mafia was chosen as the most prominent example. What is the reason?
The reason the Mafia stands out is that it looks at crime as a real problem. Many Organized Crime games use this category as an excuse to play a violent and action-packed plot and do not take it in-depth. But this game is an exception to this rule.
In the Mafia, Tommy Angelo joins the Mafia because he is looking for money, women and power. In short, he regrets this decision. He is forced to sell his family to the police, live under the "Witness Protection" program, and is eventually killed in the humiliation.
that life of criminals is portrayed realistically: hard, unpaid, violent, tragic and cruel. That's why this game does not idolize criminals and portrays crime as it really is.
8. Grand Theft Auto IV ( Grand Theft Auto IV )/Migration
Platform: PC, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
is the fourth title in a series of articles about Nikko Bellic. Niko immigrated to the United States in search of the American dream. But instead of the American dream, he faces difficulties and is forced to enter a world of evil. All he finds in America is torment, pain and corruption. The end of the game ends in tragedy.
After experiencing the game, the question may arise: Wouldn't he have been better off if he had stayed in Serbia? Why, it would undoubtedly be better. He emigrated for a better life, but was given a worse life instead.
The issue of immigration cannot be ignored, as it has great potential for human rights abuses. Many immigrants face discrimination, hatred, and misery after arriving in the cold land they host. In the worst case, they have to live in camps and ghettos, and that is why many of them do the opposite.
In Western countries, the situation of immigrants is bad. For example, we constantly hear about how the United States treats illegal Mexican immigrants. They have to work twice as much as an American citizen and at the same time get paid less. They are always in danger of being arrested. Add the problem of racism to the equation. But in other countries this issue has turned into a crisis. At least in Western countries, there is a way to obtain a citizenship certificate and protect the minimum human rights. Outside the West, Palestinian refugees have the darkest lives in the Arab world. Many North Korean immigrants in China and Afghan immigrants in Iran are also having a bad experience.
These bitter truths are all reflected in the game. The game will never let us forget the fact that Nico is an uninvited guest in America and all the hardships he endures are because of his immigration. For this reason, the game deals with the issue of immigration in a realistic way.
7. Primal ( Primal )/Gender Equality
Platform: PlayStation 2
Release Year: 2003
Feminism is both a social movement and a movement in the field of literary criticism. As a literary movement, its concern is to examine the depiction of women in fiction. Feminism believes that the literary canon has been taken over by male and patriarchal writers. For this reason, in literary works, women are portrayed more as personality stereotypes than as independent persons: these stereotypes include the personality types of seductive mother, wife, and wife. According to feminists, in the context of patriarchal societies there are only two views of women: a chaste, obedient and talkative woman (mother) and an ugly, adventurous and rebellious woman (prostitute). Feminism seeks to expose the existence of this duality in great literary works, while at the same time introducing literary works in which their female characters are not the product of patriarchy and show traces of intellectual and personal independence: such women can be called "Bath Wives". (Wife of Bath) in The Canterbury Tales, by Geoffrey Chaucer, and Nora, the main character in The Doll House, by Henrik Ibsen./p>
How are women portrayed in video games? Most gamers are men in their 20s and older They are middle class. Given that most hardcore gamers are male, they have a special interest in the sexual attractiveness of women. Given that most of these gamers are young, they have not yet found the concern of obedience and obedience of women. That's why the only patriarchal stereotype repeated in video games is Damsel in Distress, like Princess Peach in Super Mario, Princess Zelda in The Legend of Zelda and Ashley. Resident Evil 4.
But this is not the main and most important type of stereotype in games. The main and most important type of female personality is strong and sexually attractive. Over the years, gamers' favorite female characters have been women who were sexually attractive, yet strong, independent, and in the spotlight, such as Lara Croft, Nina Williams, Cammy, and Chun-Li, Mona Sax, Bayonetta, Heather, and In this sense, video games have feminist aspects in addition to patriarchal aspects. Gamers' keen interest in sexual attractiveness and powerful women has made video games the most powerful female main characters compared to other media.
Of all the games with strong female characters, I chose Primal I did. Why? Jane, the main character of the game, is a strong, independent woman with high sexual attractiveness. But the story that is told about him is also interesting. This game breaks the stereotype of "save a girl in danger". If we consider Super Mario - which is about saving a woman from a man - the most patriarchal game possible, Primal is the most feminist game possible by reversing this scenario. You would be shocked to hear that one day your grandfather's father will be told the story of a woman who embarks on a long journey to save her beloved male lover, who does so through heroic missions.games shows that not only video games are not behind literature and cinema, but in some areas of these media. Forward.
6. Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas ( Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas )/Racial Equality
Platform: PCs, PlayStation 2 and 3, Xbox and Xbox 360, iOS,
Release year: 2004
Gender, race is another issue that is often discussed in discrimination and equality. Two of the largest and most prominent anti-racist movements in contemporary history were the Black American struggle for civil rights (led by Martin Luther King) and Nelson Mandela's struggle against apartheid in South Africa. These days, almost everyone agrees that racism is bad, and everyone at least pretends not to be racist. Of course, it can be argued that the fight against racism is limited to the fight against racist insults and jokes, and we have not been able to address the root causes. But as soon as an attempt is made to purge our language of racist insults, it shows that there is a sensitivity to this issue, at least compared to previous generations.
But the conditions are not ideal. In the United States, the situation is not at all in favor of blacks, the people of Mexico and Central/South America, and worst of all, the people of the Middle East. The glass roof is cracked, but not broken. But we should not limit our gaze to the United States. In most underdeveloped countries, hatred between different races is a serious crisis. Sudan and Sri Lanka are striking examples. The majority deny the existence of these barriers. Like Niko, he has gone in the wrong direction, not by his own choice, but because of the pressure he feels from society. Unlike Gate 4, which we talked about earlier, the game is less serious and has a lot of humor. But this does not mean that the game does not deal deeply with race.
In fact, the game plays a lot in this regard. There are at least two episodes in the game in which Siji speaks directly about the issue of race and claims that he has lived a difficult life because of his poverty and skin color. In this sense, San Andreas can be considered a social critique of race.
5. Fallout 2 ( Fallout 2 )/Social Minority Rights
Platform: Personal Computers
Year of Publication: 1998
It can be argued that women and blacks are making progress They have achieved remarkable rights and are now on the road to victory in their fight against discrimination, but social minorities continue to fight against hatred and injustice. Although egalitarianism has prevailed on many fronts (for example, most European countries grant social minorities the right to marry, and in the United States it does not legislate, do not ask, do not tell minorities. Which had made their tendency public, did not allow them to join the army (abolished in 2010), but social minorities continue to be hated and demonized. Of course, in this regard, as in the above areas, the situation in the West is better. In the Middle East, social behavior is still considered a crime and sometimes carries the death penalty. ), As an evil (like Chrono Trigger) and as a normal thing (like Fear Effect). Of course, none of these illustrations are inherently mixed with hatred. Because of course there are funny or ugly social minorities or.. But none of the illustrations seem noticeable.
There are 2 tricks in Fallout that you can use to marry someone like that. This is the first time that the marriage of social minorities has been portrayed in video games. The family of the person you are marrying is reacting badly to this.
The reason I admire this game is that it is not only a positive step in the field, but also a challenge and a negative reaction. It also showed that such a decision was made.
4. Fallout New Vegas ( Fallout New Vegas )/Class Differences
Platform: PCs, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
Year of publication: 2010
A fundamental problem that all societies are involved in and in measuring economic and social health Society has a fundamental role, the problem is class differences. In a nutshell, class differences refer to differences in wealth between different social classes of society. The shorter the distance, the better. This problem becomes a serious crisis if the extremely rich are extremely rich and the extremely poor are extremely poor. This can only happen in an unequal environment. Although the concepts of "rich" and "poor" are ubiquitous, it is important to know exactly how far apart the "rich" and the "poor" are. For example, although there are super-rich people in the United States (such as Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos, Ilan Mask, etc.), the distance between them and the super-poor is not as bad as in some other countries. The poor in America are the equivalent of the middle class in many other countries. But the situation in Russia is catastrophic. Although many of the world's richest people are Russian, poor Russians make up a large portion of the population, and some of them are at risk of starvation.
This was well addressed in the fourth Fallout game. I am referring specifically to The Strip and the neighboring Freeside.
Freeside is a slum. The people there are very poor. They survive by eating poisoned food, living in dilapidated houses and wearing tattered clothes. The number of homeless people in Freeside is very high. Many people are also addicted. There is no security in Freeside. Every time you enter a dark alley, poor people who want to steal from you attack you. There is also a refugee camp there. The Mojave telecommuters who wanted to immigrate to Strip but could not are trapped in the camp and have to endure a life of misery and poverty.
You will see other coins. Here the people have windfall wealth. Strip is a place for pointless entertainment and wasting money. There are gambling casinos and prostitutes abounding. All superficial pleasures for the rich and middle class are available in the strip. The name of one of the casinos is Gemora (referring to the corrupt city of Gemora in the Bible). This is a place to indulge in such annoying pleasures. Another casino name is Ultra Luxe. There, people buy expensive drinks and make "chic games". Their lives are limited to gambling, sex and drunkenness.
The coexistence of these two places shows us the depth of social criticism of this great game. Although some people are dying of extreme poverty, their neighbors have spent their lives on superficial pleasures with their windfall wealth. Doesn't this unfair duality exist in our world as well?
3. Castlevania: Symphony of the Night ( Castlevania: Symphony of the Night )/Family
Platform: PC, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
Year of publication: 2010
Family is the foundation of society; Ancient societies, medieval societies, modern societies. In this entry, I would like to draw your attention to a theme that is perhaps the most cohesive theme in the literature: tension between family members. In ancient literature, this theme manifested itself in the form of a son being killed by his father (or vice versa). There is a trace of such a story in all ancient myths. Oedipus in Greek mythology, Rostam and Sohrab in Shahnameh or Aspu in Babylonian mythology. This theme has also found its way into the modern world. It is very interesting that we attach great importance to the concept of family and examine its instability in fiction. Fiction also includes video games.
Family tensions are a common theme in all video game genres, especially in role-playing games. The story of many role-playing games is about the inevitable conflict between father and son, brothers and husbands (or mistresses). Highlights include: Final Fantasy 4 (Brotherhood Conflict) and Final Fantasy 10 (Father-Son Conflict)
But this theme is not limited to role-playing games. Another popular game about family tension is the Tekken fighting game.
But one of the most prominent examples in this field is Castlevania: Symphony of the Night. This game is located entirely in Dracula's castle. Alucard wakes up from a long sleep and now wants to kill his father Dracula. The story of the game is told skillfully and artistically and you can feel the tension between father and son. We can clearly see Allocard's concern for his dignity and the influence of his family on him.
2. Starcraft ( Starcraft )/Ethnicity
Platform: Personal Computers
Release Year: 1998
Many people think that their ethnicity or nationality plays a key role in shaping their social identity. This assumption is correct; Ethnicity plays an important role in determining your role as a member of society. Ethnicity also largely determines your customs, eating habits, tastes, and even your definitions of abstract concepts. Countries inhabited by several different ethnicities clearly see this difference.
However, something interesting happens when a person questions their ethnicity for any reason. Under these circumstances, a person's identity is shaken and ethnicity becomes a problematic factor for him. This happens in two situations: When a person's ethnicity is suppressed. A more complex situation in which a person can not communicate with any identity or has a dual identity.
In the world of StarCraft, such a person is Sarah Kerrigan. In the beginning, he is a human being and plays the role of a special and skilled agent in the war against alien beings (who are hated ethnicities). The Zerg traps him and turns him into a semi-human/semi-adult. After this change, she is nicknamed the Queen of Blades.
Sarah Craigan has been praised for her depth and sophistication. Let's think for a moment about the root of this complexity. One of the reasons for Craigan's complexity is his mixed race. What exactly is he? Man or Zarg? Should we kill him? Should we treat it? What should we do about him?
The player will have painful feelings for Craigan because he cannot tell if he is an insider or someone else. There is no clear answer to this question. Sarah's problem is that she does not have a proper understanding of her identity due to the loss of her original ethnicity. He can no longer be categorized into a group. He has become a complex creature.
1. Max Payne ( Max Payne )/Social games
Platform: PC, PlayStation 2, Xbox, iOS, Android <//Year>
Well, we're at the Top of the list: Determining which game is the best example From social criticism. The game of choice is Max Payne. Why?
Answer this question: What made Max Payne a great game? Of course, except for the great gameplay, which set a new standard level for future shooter games. Deep story? What made Max Payne's story so profound? The plot of the game looks very straightforward. A woman, a child and a friend of a policeman are killed during a clash between drug traffickers. He finds the root of the crime and kills everyone involved. What is so special about this story?
In the background of the game's story, the community has a permanent presence. The plot of revenge is just a chocolate coating for the cake. The cake itself is one of the greatest social critiques of all time. This is a great achievement. Max goes from place to place, killing anyone he sees on the way, and he does nothing else in the middle. However, the game succeeds through its narrative line of social critique Transmit its power. Take a look around: What you see is a sick society, a sick society that thrives on crime, prostitution, poverty and corruption.
Max begins his journey at the lowest level of society: the underground station Full of murderers and homeless addicts, a cheap hotel for criminals and then mafia bosses. In the third part of the story, he attacks the reputable members of society - the police and commercial companies. Finally, he realizes that the government is also involved in this chain of wrongdoing and corruption. This game is very hard-hearted, because it considers the same from the lowest level of society to the highest level; It is as if corruption is infecting everyone equally.
As the game progresses, a great storm paralyzes the city. I have no doubt that this storm has a symbolic role. We are paralyzed. We are under attack. Drugs, sex, and snow consumerism are raining down; Lies and corruption are the storm that follows the snow. Just like any snow that covers all the roofs, we are all guilty.