Willa Cutter’s biography and books; Author of “Death Comes to the Archbishop”

Willa Cutter was a novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet known for her descriptions of life on the American frontier and the immigrant experience. She is one of the most prominent American women writers of the 20th century and wrote numerous novels from the 1910s to the 1930s that became very popular in their time and are still widely read around the world today. Cather wrote many works in many genres, from poetry to short stories and novels, and this writing in different forms helped Cather to write in different layouts and styles. In the following, you will get to know more about this leading writer.

BingMag.com Willa Cutter’s biography and books; Author of “Death Comes to the Archbishop”

Willa Cutter was a novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet known for her descriptions of life on the American frontier and the immigrant experience. She is one of the most prominent American women writers of the 20th century and wrote numerous novels from the 1910s to the 1930s that became very popular in their time and are still widely read around the world today. Cather wrote many works in many genres, from poetry to short stories and novels, and this writing in different forms helped Cather to write in different layouts and styles. In the following, you will get to know more about this leading writer.

Biography of Willa Cutter

Willa Cutter was born on December 7, 1873 in the house of her stubborn grandmother "Rachel Boak", in the valley of Back Creek was born in northwest Virginia. Willa was the oldest of seven children born to Charles Fectig and Mary Virginia Boak Cutter, but he did not like his name and preferred to be called "William".

His father was Charles, a farmer and businessman, and his mother was a school teacher Was. When Willa was about one year old, her parents moved to her grandfather's farm. In 1877, his grandfather and his wife left Virginia and moved to Nebraska, where they bought a farm.

Villa Cutter spent his childhood and adolescence on the Nebraska plains with immigrants from Europe, including Swedes, Bohemians, Russians, and Germans. He learned that some of them later played a prominent role in his writings. He attended the University of Nebraska, originally intending to become a doctor, but after writing an article for the Nebraska State Journal, he discovered his talent for journalism and fiction writing. After graduating in 1895 in Pittsburgh, he worked as a writer for various publications and as a school teacher for almost 13 years before moving to New York City for the rest of his life.

Willa Cutter 1947 in San He died at the age of 73 and was buried in Jaffrey, New Hampshire. He spent the last 39 years of his life with Edith Lewis before being diagnosed with breast cancer and dying of a cerebral hemorrhage. Decades after his death, critics recognized him as a peer of writers such as Hemingway, Faulkner and Wharton. And short stories, he had a unique and at the same time consistent style of writing. He has used two subjects in most of his works; The first is that he wrote about his personal accounts as well as his childhood experiences with others in small-town Nebraska. The second theme you can find in most of his works is that the characters in his books all live in small towns and have to decide whether or not to stay in the town they grew up in and know well. In fact, Villa's writing allowed the reader's mind to go to a small town in Nebraska in the early 1900s.

For example, in the book "My Antonia", the Nebraska landscape is one of the most important symbols of the book. This small town brings the characters together as well as the reader to the characters. You will learn a lot about the characters by reading the book and you will feel like you know them as a close person. All of this is due to Willa Cutter's excellent description and choice to set the story in a small town setting.

In the short book "A Wagner Matinee", Aunt Clark grew up in a small town and lived there for many years. did But one day he boarded the train and went to visit Clark in Boston. This is an example of a character who decided to move away from his small town. In this story, Clarke took her to a performance because of her love of music, and listening to the performance brought back memories of the old town and made her cry. They have.

Cather used his experiences in his youth and included them in his stories; Although the setting was the same in most of his works, the plots and characters would change, bringing new twists to each story. Cutter puts a lot of detail into the story to create vivid images for her readers. For example, in Yes Pioneers, when talking about the hard times Alexandra's family was going through, she describes the land as roads that were "only faint tracks in the grass, and the fields were scarcely noticeable".

Cutter was bold when he wrote and wrote about subjects that other writers did not write about and people had not heard of them before, which made it easy for people to criticize him. Her works reflect the values of pioneer and hardworking families in the Midwest, as she knew this lifestyle best.

The 1920s and 1930s were the beginning of women taking a greater role in society, which at that time many Some people were against it. However, she wrote about issues such as feminism, and most of Cather's main characters were very independent women. In fact, he is the opposite The traditional way of thinking moved and with the strong characters of the women that he displayed in his works, he was loved by the whole world.

Works by Willa Cutter

Kutter, who uses simple language and tone to create a realistic image, made his books easy for everyone to read and thus became very popular. Cutter really knew how to use words to portray different scenes in a story. Although he was not a writer who showed much emotion, you can still feel the change in emotions as you read the book, and the constant change of tone also reflected the constant change of things in the world at the time.

Cather 1923 He won the Pulitzer Prize for his book One of Us, set during World War I. He also received honorary degrees from Yale, Princeton and Berkeley universities, and the French gave him the Femina America award for portraying French culture in North America. His writings also won him the gold medal for fiction writing from the National Institute of Arts and Letters.

In the following, we have briefly introduced some of the works of this popular author:

Death comes to the archbishop BingMag.com Willa Cutter’s biography and books; Author of “Death Comes to the Archbishop”

The book "Death Comes for the Archbishop" with the English title "Death Comes for the Archbishop" is by Willa Cutter, which was first published in 1927. This book, which is considered the masterpiece of Willa Cather, originates from Willa Cather's love for the land and cultures of the American Southwest, and since its publication, it has occupied an important place in the literature of the 20th century.

Some Some critics believe that Cather avoided converting to Roman Catholicism because of his Protestant roots. Nevertheless, Death Comes to the Archbishop reveals Cather's appreciation of Catholic ritual, self-discipline, and symbolism. Cutter depicts memorable images of the lives of the characters in his book to inform about 19th century New Mexico and the religious faith that transformed the people of the region.

When Cutter first visited the American Southwest in 1912, a new world. He imagined and felt that the story of the Catholic Church in the Southwest would be the most interesting of all his stories. This novel is based on history and is taken from the life of Jean-Baptiste Lamy (1814-1888) and its plot is inspired by the conquest of the Southwest by the United States in the Mexican-American War that took place from 1846 to 1848. Bishop Jean Lamy has traveled there with his friend Joseph Vaillant from Sandusky, Ohio. Friends from their childhood in France who organize the new Roman Catholic Diocese of Santa Fe after the Mexican War.

Clergy as they seek to revive the church and build a cathedral in the desert, Bishop Jean Lamy and Fr. Joseph, they face religious corruption, natural adversities and loneliness of life in a strange land; From the moment they arrive in New Mexico, they know their diocese will have a hard time adjusting. They have to wrest power from a bunch of Mexican priests who don't care that New Mexico is now part of the United States.

Latour and Vaillant manage to do some good things over time; They even help catch a murderer. However, they grapple with the fact that they will likely spend the rest of their lives spreading Catholicism in a foreign land that doesn't really want it. As Latour's father grows older, he dreams of leaving a legacy so that the people of New Mexico will remember his work after he is gone. He agrees to build a large cathedral in the city of Santa Fe. Latour not only teaches people about faith, but also tries to improve their diet. He plants fruit trees and vegetables in the church yard to give the people a source of fruit in his diet of beans and tortillas.

The novel is actually a collection of episodes drawn from the experiences of priests (mainly Latour) throughout their lives. It is their adulthood. Most of the stories are fascinating narratives of their encounter with daunting challenges presented by the country, people or other religious figures. In the last years of his life, a missionary priest from Spain came to him and asked him for financial help. All the missionary priests who came from the American region, then as now, were really Samji beggars, Bishop Frand. This Franciscan missionary told the old man the stories of many Indians who had become Christians thanks to him and his successes in difficult and difficult missions. He By this trick he managed to get from the old man a great deal of money and robes and fine cloths and expensive trophies (in fact, anything of value was a booty for him), and he insisted on my grandfather giving him one of the paintings in his collection to adorn the church of his mission in the Indian country. "

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Yes, pioneers!BingMag.com Willa Cutter’s biography and books; Author of “Death Comes to the Archbishop”

The book "Yes, pioneers!" English title "O Pioneers!" Willa Cutter's first major novel was first published in 1913 and for many it remains her undisputed masterpiece. No other work of fiction so faithfully conveys the harsh realities and mythic movement of the transformation of the American frontier and the transformation of the people who settled there.

The title of the book "Yes, Pioneers!" Taken from Walt Whitman's poem "Pioneers! O pioneers! which, like the novel, honored the frontier virtues of strength and inner spirit. The book explores themes of fate, luck, love, perseverance, community, family ties, and the dignity of work.

Many people traveled to Nebraska and the Dakotas to settle in northern Europe in the late 19th century. Many migrant farmers, accustomed to small fishing villages in their countries of origin, were dismayed by the vast expanses, language barriers, and harsh climate that separated them from their lowland neighbors. This feeling of isolation is one of the main themes in the book "O Pioneers!" Is. In fact, loneliness permeates the rural atmosphere of the book and the characters try to maintain meaningful relationships with each other.

The book "Yes, pioneers!" Which is one of the most iconic novels of this esteemed American author, it is widely recognized for its vivid recreation of the hardships of the lives and struggles of immigrant pioneer women. This novel is partially based on Cutter's childhood in Nebraska and reflects the author's belief in the primacy of spiritual and moral values over purely material values. Trying to keep a foothold on the windswept plains of Nebraska. The book's main character, Alexandra Bergson, represents the courage and purpose that Cather felt was necessary to dominate her land. At the beginning of the book, Alexandra's father is dying and asks Alexandra to take over the farm after he is gone.

Alexandra spends a lot of time with her brothers, Emil, Oscar, Lou. And also his childhood friends like Karl Linstrm, Marie Towski and the crazy Ivar who knows how to heal animals. He convinces his brothers that they should rent out their farm to buy more land, even though many of their neighbors are moving away due to the drought and harsh soil conditions. She sacrifices her youth to take care of the farm and fulfill her father's wish of bringing success to the family.

Alexandra's prediction about the land comes true and sixteen years after John Bergson's death, The family farm becomes very prosperous; Alexandra, Lou, and Oscar share the land between them, and Alexandra's farm is the most impressive.

Throughout the book, various temptations distract the characters from their duty to the land, and those who succumb are punished for their weakness. be. The book "Yes, pioneers!" It is very attractive for progressives who are interested in social and economic issues, because this novel examines the strength and adaptability of women and also pays attention to the hardships of the life of immigrants in the United States. We read:

"He untied the brown net from his head and tied it around the boy's neck. The disheveled little hobo, who was just then leaving the shop to go to the pub, stopped and stared stupidly at the shining tuft of hair that Alexandra had revealed by removing her head net; Two thickly braided pigtails pinned to her head by the German model, with the pleats and red-yellow bangs of her bangs sticking out from under her hat. The man took his cigarette out of his mouth and held the wet butt between the fingers of his woolen gloves. In a more or less innocent and stupid manner, he shouted: "My God, girl, I'm going to take that hair of yours!" Alexandra gave him the angry and violent look of an Amazonian and snarled at him - a violence that was absolutely unnecessary." 25713-4.jpg" class="content-pics" alt="BingMag.com Willa Cutter’s biography and books; Author of “Death Comes to the Archbishop”" title="BingMag.com Willa Cutter’s biography and books; Author of “Death Comes to the Archbishop”" loading="lazy">

The book "My Antonia" with the English title "My Antonia" is one of Willa Cutter's fiction masterpieces, which was first published in 1918. Willa Cutter says about this work: "The best work I had is my Antonia book. I feel that I have done a service to American literature with this book."

The United States government in 1862 emphasized the colonization of Nebraska and other territories by creating the Homestead Act, which stated that any person who is an American citizen or intends to To declare to become a citizen, he can acquire 160 hectares of government land ownership or public ownership. Some eastern Americans moved west easily, while others stayed The Shimerdas came all the way from Europe to try their luck at farming on the Nebraska prairies. Both groups were in search of a better life and as shown in the book "My Antonia", both can be considered immigrants as they suffer the trials of a new and unfamiliar life.

Story Set in the late 19th century on the Nebraska frontier in the Midwest, the novel follows the lives of a Virginia boy named Jim Barden and Antonia Shimerda, the eldest daughter of an immigrant family from Bohemia (once part of Czechoslovakia). . This book is a story of contrasts, especially the contrast between poor Antonia Shimerday and Jim Burden, who after being orphaned at the age of ten, is sent to live with his grandparents in Nebraska.

Jim takes the train from Virginia to Blackhawk. It takes place in Nebraska, and on the same train, Antonia Shimerda and her family head to the same destination. The Barden family becomes friends with the Shimerda family along the way, and the life story of Jim and Antonia is connected because of their love for this land.

The first year of attending Black Hawk is very difficult for the Shimerda family. Mr. Shimerda, who is separated from his home and friends and faced with the coming winter without a home, falls into severe depression. However, that winter, the Burden family invited them to dinner many times, helping them as much as they could and giving them items to help. Jim even helps Antonia and her sisters to read English.

The story of the book "My Antonia" is narrated by Jim in a very nostalgic tone; Cather chose a first-person narrator because he felt that novels such as Antonia Mane, which depict deep emotions, should be narrated by a character in the story. let go Jim puts the word "I" before Antonia's name because, although his image of Antonia may not be accurate, it is the way he remembers her. For Jim, the past represents the lost innocence of his childhood, while for immigrants like the Shimerdas, the past means the villages they left behind in Europe.

In a part of the book "My Antonia", we read:>"When grandma was preparing dinner, I sat on the wooden bench next to the stove and got to know that cat better." I was told that apart from small and big mice, it also catches squirrels. The yellow sunlight was shining from the basement floor on the stairs and grandma and I were talking about my trip; We also talked about the family from Bohemia who had just arrived there and grandma said they were supposed to be our closest neighbors. We didn't talk about our old farm in Virginia that had been his home for so many years. But when the men returned from the farm and we were all sitting around the dinner table, he asked Jake about the former farm and our friends and neighbors there."

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