Parvin E’tesami; A shining jewel in the history of Persian literature

Pervin Etsami is one of the unique cultural treasures and one of the prominent poets of Iranian literature and poetry, who, based on adherence to traditional literature, wrote poems with moral and educational themes and Religious, political and social themes are written.

BingMag.com Parvin E’tesami; A shining jewel in the history of Persian literature

Pervin Etsami is one of the unique cultural treasures and one of the prominent poets of Iranian literature and poetry, who, based on adherence to traditional literature, wrote poems with moral and educational themes and Religious, political and social themes are written.

In the rest of this article, we have a short look at the biography and photos of Parvin Etisami, who is known as the most famous lady of Persian poetry.

Biography of Parvin EtsamiBingMag.com Parvin E’tesami; A shining jewel in the history of Persian literature

Rukhshande Etsami, known as Parvin Etsami, is one of the most famous contemporary poets of Iran. She is known as the most famous female poet of Iran. She was born on March 26, 1305 in Tabriz city. His mother was an educated woman and the daughter of a Qajar era poet. Parveen's father "Youssef Etisam al-Molk" was one of the most famous scientists, orators and translators of his time, who was proficient in Arabic literature, French and Turkish languages and mastered the principles of logic and wisdom. Parveen was the last child of the family and had three older brothers named Abul Hasan, Abul Fatah and Abul Nasr. Parveen's father was elected as a representative of the people of Tabriz in the National Assembly, so Parveen had to migrate to Tehran with his family early in his life. . They encouraged Parvin and nurtured his creativity and talent. Thanks to his father's knowledge, Parveen Etsami mastered both Arabic and English since he was a child.

Etsam al-Molk founded the literary magazine "Bahar" in the second decade of his life, which Parveen regularly participated in. In fact, in the long run, this magazine became the main means of promoting his literary talent in a patriarchal society. The literary meetings in which Yusuf Etesami participated played an important role in the formation of Parvin's political views. When Parvin was only 7 years old, he showed his talent in poetry by writing a few poems, and at the age of 11, He mastered the poetry styles of famous Iranian poets such as Sanai, Saadi, Molana, Khayyam, Hafez and Nasser Khosrow. At the age of 14, he had matured his career and was writing meaningful poems. Two of his father's close friends named Ali Akbar Dehkhoda and Mohammad Taghi Bahar nicknamed Malek al-Shaara, who are famous Iranian poets and linguists, closely monitored Parvin's progress as a poet during their frequent visits with this family.

Malek Sherai Bahar praised Parvin and said: "In Iran, which is the source of literature and culture, seeing distinguished male poets does not surprise anyone, but seeing a woman with such taste and talent and deep poems and It is a rare thing to write well-thought. This is very amazing and demands the utmost admiration and respect.

Etsamul Molk was not satisfied with the amount of knowledge his daughter had acquired from her personal education, and Parveen was not satisfied with the traditional curriculum offered in public and private schools. Tehran was not satisfied either. She entered the American College for Girls, where she learned English and became closely acquainted with western cultures, and graduated in 1303.

He wrote the poem "Seedling of Desire" for his high school graduation from Iran's Bethel School. A song that examines women's struggles through historical, social, philosophical and anthropological themes. This work clearly depicts the depth of Parveen's knowledge. Then after a short stint as a college instructor, he decided to return to his family and devote himself full time to writing poetry.

One of the important events was Parvin Etisami's speech at the school's graduation ceremony entitled "Women and History". This speech is known as one of the most eloquent statements of women's rights in the modern history of Iran. This showed his mastery and complete awareness of the status of women in his era. In this speech, he examines the situation of women in the West and the East and talks about the oppression that has been imposed on women over the centuries. Here are some of her words:

at last, after centuries of suffering, women were able to establish their intellectual and literary rights and thus move closer to their true center. This was the era when the great concepts of women and mothers were realized and the meaning of two words which are the basis of survival and promotion of humanity appeared for the first time. It was about Europe. But in the East, the point of growth of religions and civilizations... not everything was like that. The caravan of happiness recently left this stop and the architect of civilization turned away from these lands... During this time, the situation of Eastern women everywhere was dark and sad, full of torment and pain, prison and slavery. Although many lectures and books have been written to cure this social disease, the only cure for the chronic disease of the East is education. After marrying his wife, he went to Kermanshah. Parveen's husband was the head of the Kermanshah police station and when she married him, he became the Kermanshah police commander. Her husband's military spirit was in complete contrast to Parveen's poetic and tender spirit And this issue caused Parvin's separation from his wife, and Parvin returned to Tehran after the separation.

Prior to Parvin's marriage, his father was against the publication of his poems and considered it inappropriate according to the conditions and culture of that time. He knew, but after Parveen's marriage and his separation from his wife, he agreed to this. With the help of his father, Parveen Etsami published his first book of poetry (Divan) in 1334.

Some of his first known poems were published in Bahar magazine (the first literary magazine in Iran) in 1300-1. After the publication of the first edition of Divan, Etsami worked as a librarian in the library of Danesh Sarai, or the modern Teacher Education University of Tehran. However, his brave and rebellious spirit led him to quit his job in order to devote himself to writing poetry, condemning dictatorship and hypocrisy. One of these poems is "Tears of an Orphan":

One day, a king passed through a passage

A cry of joy rose over every roof and roof

A child asked in the middle. Orphan

What is the radiant Cain that is on the crown of the king

That one answered, how do we know what it is

It is found as a precious possession

A hunchbacked old woman approached and said

This has seen my tears and the blood of your heart

He has tricked us into shepherd's clothing and staff

This wolf has been with the flock for years. It is familiar

The pious man who is a thief of wisdom and property

The king who ate the wealth of the subjects is a beggar

Look at the drop of the orphan's head

To see where the light of the gem comes from

Pervin, what is the use of speaking the truth to a crooked person

Who is such a person who does not speak the truth

Parvin Etisami's grave

Pervin Etisami passed away on April 14, 1320 at the age of 35 due to typhoid disease and was buried next to his father in their family tomb in Hazrat Fatima shrine in Qom. A death that only took his body and never took his true being; As his style of thinking continues to live in his poems.

In his short life, he was able to achieve a lot of fame among Iranians, and since 2003, a film festival named Parvin Etisami has been held every year, in which films They participate with the theme of women. Also, the birthday of this famous Iranian poet has been named as "Parvin Etisami Memorial Day" in Iran's official calendar. Parvin Etisami's house /25989-3.jpg" class="content-pics" alt="BingMag.com Parvin E’tesami; A shining jewel in the history of Persian literature" title="BingMag.com Parvin E’tesami; A shining jewel in the history of Persian literature" loading="lazy">

Parvin Etisami's house in Tabriz, where he lived until he was seven years old, was registered as one of Iran's national monuments on 28 Mehr 1385 and was transferred to the Parvin Museum It was converted into a picket and some of his personal belongings and books are kept there. This house, which was built during the Pahlavi period, has an area of more than 1,300 square meters and is the permanent center of galleries and art exhibitions of East Azerbaijan Province. In the yard of the house and at the beginning of the stairs of this house, there is a statue of Parvin Etisami, so that his presence in this old and open-hearted house can be felt more.> Parvin Etisami was never influenced by the modernist currents of Persian poetry, or maybe he ignored it; His poetry follows traditional patterns both in terms of form and nature. What distinguishes Parvin's poetry is its concept and meaning. His court is full of divine and spiritual truth, lofty human concepts, rebuke of arrogance and injustice, discrimination, class distinction and sympathy for the poor and oppressed. The combination of emotional, mystical and moral tendencies in his poems makes it very pleasant.

Poems in which Parvin severely criticizes the kings and mentions the oppression of the rich and powerful and the pains and hardships of the disinherited. It does, it's amazing. The political flavor of Parvin's poetry is so obvious that some critics have called his poems "politics and ethics" and said that "poetic eloquence and political strength and unshakable moral principles" are gathered in his poems.

The first edition of his Diwan, which was published in 1314, contained 156 odes, and the second edition of his book, which was edited by his brother Abul Fatah Etisami, was published shortly after his death in the same year of 1320.

Role Women in the poems of Parvin Etisami

In his various poems, Parvin points out the problems of women, in some of them he clearly and clearly mentions titles related to women, such as "Women in Iran", which 1334 and another example is the poem "Angel of Anas" which is undoubtedly one of his masterpieces. In this piece, Parvin has written one of his strongest and strongest poems, and in terms of the themes used in this poem, it can be considered original. Parvin believed that the real foundation of any stable society lies in its ability to educate and empower women. Parvin Etisami's poems expressed the social disharmony of his time and said that the eternal war between good and evil is the product of the human mind. Based on adherence to traditional literature, he wrote poems with moral, educational, religious, and political themes. and social composition. Parvin's poems include topics such as anti-tyranny, anti-poverty, justice and idealism. His poetry expressed the pain of poverty and exploitation and called people to rise against the offenders. His poetry expressed the social disharmony of his time and said that the eternal war between good and evil is a product of the human mind. Many of Parvin's poems express his criticism of kings and the oppression of the powerful.

Professor Heshmat Moid says about Parvin's works: "Parvin is about men and women from different social backgrounds, a collection of animals, birds, flowers, trees, He wrote cosmic and natural elements, objects of daily life, abstract concepts that are all his embodiment and symbol. Through these figures, he presents a mirror to others that shows them the abuses of society and their failure in moral commitment, and also in these debates, he expresses his basic thoughts about life and death, social justice, morality, education and the importance of excellence. Knowledge expresses."

Parts of Parvin Etsaami's poems

Divan of Masnavis and fragmentsBingMag.com Parvin E’tesami; A shining jewel in the history of Persian literature

In a part of the poems of this book, we read:

"Makhmour said to Laleh Nargess at dawn that whoever is in the queue of the garden is the owner of art

Purple gives us the tidings of Nowruz, the flower is known from the treasure and the jewels.

Except for your face, which is beautiful and carpets the blood of the heart.

He answered I am also the owner of art. In this book, I also have a role and an effect. Between my fire and I will not burn. It is always above me like the evil sky. This is a sign of danger. This pool of blood. Dirty, whoever is on your way is in danger.

My blood has been spilled and it will be your turn too. Sahar Gahan Ifrist

From that, time taught us to stand up so that we don't fall on our feet, so that our feet and head are still

One looks at the flower and the other says what is the meaning of good and ugly? No matter what you think

No, every breeze that is here will pass over you. It is good for every green and its flower. What is the difference between a tulip and a daffodil, both are pleasant. What is it, flirting?

You are drowned in wire and gold, and I am in the blood of a colored heart. This is where the fire is.

I was not an artist. You didn't see the fate and fate on the hard side. Still, what makes you is Aster. A good fruit is a fruitless life Even though there is no name and no address, it is famous"

Buy the Divan book of Masnavis and fragments from Fidibo

Excerpts of poems

In a part of the poems of the book of excerpts of poems, we read Parvin Etisami :

"You must be free, leave the world, keep your pure life from pollution, come to your head and break this watery dome, break this empty drum." It is a long time ago, this house of the sages, go and inquire of the eternal government, from every wind, as it is surrounded by a height, which is low, the height of the sky. How easily the flood threw those ladies into your house, Gitti, how cheaply it took your precious life

You are the constable of your eyes and I see this constable sleeping together.>What did Samand you fall from the precipice?

What do you know about the ways and customs of the market? You did not know the profit and the loss. Count this time

Enlarge this vision of low light

You who have been sleeping for years, open your eyes, you who are lost, interrogate the caravan

Mafrasa with dark voice inside, Miala with shrill mouth. This garden"

buy selected books Poems by Parvin Etisami from Fidibo

Kliat Divan Parvin Etisami

In a part of the poems of Kliat Divan Parvin Etisami we read:

"In the morning, Sahibdali was heard in Golshid." The sight of white, red, and yellow flowers, jasmine, khairi, basil, and roses. p>Each body, brighter than life

Flower leaves, fresh and radiant dew

Say that expert, he had no opinion. And he didn't have a passion for spectacle.

No beautiful side appeared on him, no flowers, no buds smelled.

Everywhere there were flowers, there was time. p>In the row of flowers, let him suddenly hide as a withered flower

far away from the goat My friends, he has been tamed by the persecution of thorns.>Al-Qahar, the owner of a bright and smooth heart, that withered flower was picked and became smooth.>

We didn't know what this riddle was. Who is his superiority over us?

He said, there were many flowers in the garden. O fati, let no one pick the withered flower, I made this fallen flower on the way to look for it.

Buy the book Kilat Diwan Parvin Etisami from Fidibo

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